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Beiträge zum Göttinger Umwelthistorischen Kolloquium 2010 - 2011

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ISBN: 9783863950163 Year: Pages: 285 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-475 Language: English|German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sociology --- Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This annual yearbook presents essays in environmental history based on lectures given at the Göttingen study group “Environmental History” by external authors. As previous yearbooks it is dedicated to the plurality of approaches in environmental history and serves as a valuable source for information about current research in that realm.

Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes of Southeastern Brazil

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110480849 9783110480979 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.1515/9783110480849 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Ecology --- Botany --- Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 14:10:27
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The state of São Paulo, Brazil, is one of the most densely populated and developed areas in South America. Such development is evident both in terms of industrialization and urbanization, as well as in agriculture, which is heavily based on sugar cane, Eucalyptus plantations and livestock. This intense land use has resulted in great alteration of the original land cover and fragmentation of natural ecosystems. For these reasons, it is almost a paradox that jaguar, a species that requires large areas of pristine forest to exist, is still found in some parts of the state of São Paulo. It is possible that wild animals could leave in coexistence with intense land use, or is it the case that such rare encounters with large wild animals in São Paulo will disappear in the near future? All ecologists are aware of the problems of habitat changes caused by humans, but it was not until recent years that researchers started to consider that the land used for production could also serve as an important habitat for many different kinds of wild species. This book is about this new approach to conservation. It also highlights the important role that sciences could and should have in this discussion in order to better understand the problems and propose possible solutions.

Biodiversity of Angola

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030030834 Year: Pages: 549 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03083-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Zoology --- Botany --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
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This open access multi-authored book presents a 'state of the science' synthesis of knowledge on the biodiversity of Angola, based on sources in peer-reviewed journals, in books and where appropriate, unpublished official reports. The book identifies Angola as one of the most biologically diverse countries in Africa, but notes that its fauna, flora, habitats and the processes that drive the dynamics of its ecosystems are still very poorly researched and documented. This 'state of the science' synthesis is for the use of all students of Angola's biodiversity, and for those responsible for the planning, development and sustainable management of the country's living resources. The volume brings together the results of expeditions and research undertaken in Angola since the late eighteenth century, with emphasis on work conducted in the four decades since Angola's independence in 1975. The individual chapters have been written by leaders in their fields, and reviewed by peers familiar with the region.

Biofuels and Sustainability

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISBN: 9784431548959 Year: Pages: 265 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54895-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Ecology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05

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This open access book presents a comprehensive analysis of biofuel use strategies from an interdisciplinary perspective using sustainability science. This interdisciplinary perspective (social science-natural science) means that the strategies and policy options proposed will have significant impacts on the economy and society alike. Biofuels are expected to contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, revitalizing economies in agricultural communities and alleviating poverty. However, despite these anticipated benefits, international organizations such as the FAO, OECD and UN have published reports expressing concerns that biofuel promotion may lead to deforestation, water pollution and water shortages. The impacts of biofuel use are extensive, cross-sectoral and complex, and as such, comprehensive analyses are required in order to assess the extent to which biofuels can contribute to sustainable societies. Applying interdisciplinary sustainability science concepts and methodologies, the book helps to enhance the establishment of a sustainable society as well as the development of appropriate responses to a global need for urgent action on current issues related to biofuels.

Biological Invasions in Changing Ecosystems. Vectors, Ecological Impacts, Management and Predictions

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ISBN: 9783110438659 9783110438666 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.1515/9783110438666 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Biology --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 17:16:03
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When organisms are deliberately or accidentally introduced into a new ecosystem a biological invasion may take place. These so-called ‘invasive species’ may establish, spread and ecologically alter the invaded community. Biological invasions by animals, plants, pathogens or vectors are one of the greatest environmental and economic threats and, along with habitat destruction, a leading cause of global biodiversity loss. In this book, more than 50 worldwide invasion scientists cover our current understanding of biological invasions, its impacts, patterns and mechanisms in both aquatic and terrestrial systems.

The Bionarrative: The story of life and hope for the future

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ISBN: 9781760460501 Year: DOI: 10.22459/B.08.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Biology --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 11:01:05
License: ANU Press

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This book is for the general reader interested in the human place in nature and the future of civilisation. It is based on the biohistorical approach to the study of human situations. This approach recognises human culture as a new and extremely important force in the biosphere. The book discusses the evolution of life and the essential ecological processes on which all life, including human civilisation, depend. It describes the conditions of life and ecology of humans in the four ecological phases in human history, with emphasis on the impacts of human culture on biological systems. It explains how, as cultures evolved, they often came to embrace not only factual information of good practical value, but also assumptions that are sheer nonsense, sometimes leading to activities that caused unnecessary human distress or damage to local ecosystems. These are examples of cultural maladaptation. There have been countless instances of cultural maladaptation in human history. The days of the fourth ecological phase of human history, the Exponential Phase, are numbered. Cultural maladaptations are now on a massive scale, and business as usual will inevitably lead to the ecological collapse of civilisation. The only hope for the survival of civilisation lies in radical changes in the worldviews and priorities of the prevailing cultures of the world, leading to a fifth ecological phase — a phase in which human society is truly sensitive to, in tune with and respectful of the processes of life. This is called a biosensitive society. The book concludes with discussion on the essential characteristics of a biosensitive society and on the means by which the necessary cultural transformation might come about.

Messung von Ressourceneffizienz mit der ESSENZ-Methode: Integrierte Methode zur ganzheitlichen Bewertung

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783662492635 9783662492642 Year: Pages: 161 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-49264-2 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:44:07
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Eine belastbare Methode zu entwickeln, um den Ressourceneinsatz zu bewerten, ist das Ziel dieses Buches. Notwendig ist dies, da das starke Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten Jahrzehnte zu einer intensiven Beanspruchung natürlicher Ressourcen geführt hat. Mit ihrer steigenden Nutzung gehen auch zusätzliche Belastungen der Umwelt sowie Restriktionen der Verfügbarkeit von Ressourcen einher. Aus diesen Gründen ist ein effizienter Einsatz von Ressourcen als wichtiger Beitrag zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung erforderlich. Die ESSENZ-Methode (Integrierte Methode zur ganzheitlichen Berechnung/Messung von Ressourceneffizienz) wurde in einer Kooperation der Technischen Universität Berlin mit den Industriepartnern Daimler AG, Deutsches Kupferinstitut Berufsverband e. V., Evonik Industries AG, Siemens AG, ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG und Wissenschaftlicher Gerätebau Dr. Ing. Herbert Knauer GmbH entwickelt. Sie unterstützt die umfassende Messung und Bewertung von Ressourceneffizienz innerhalb der vier Dimensionen „Verfügbarkeit“, „Gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz“, „Umweltauswirkungen“ und „Nutzen“. Um diese vier Dimensionen wissenschaftlich abzubilden, werden 21 anwendbare Indikatoren entwickelt und vorgestellt. Die ESSENZ-Methode kann sowohl für die Analyse und Optimierung eines einzelnen Produktes als auch für den Vergleich mehrerer Produktalternativen verwendet werden. Ihre Anwendbarkeit ist für Metalle, und fossile Rohstoffe bereits erprobt.

The Bluefin Tuna Fishery in the Bay of Biscay

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Biology ISBN: 9783030115456 Year: Pages: 123 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11545-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
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This open access book is an original contribution to the knowledge on fishing and research associated with one of the most enigmatic fish of our seas: bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (L.). Based on available evidence, it reconstructs the possible methods used to catch large spawners in the Strait of Gibraltar thousands of years ago and describes the much more recent overfishing that led to a great reduction in the catches of the trap fishery on the area and the disappearance of the northern European fisheries. It is the first book to relate the overfishing of juvenile fishes in certain areas to the decline of large spawners in other very distant areas, revealing one of the main underlying causes of this decline, which has remained a mystery to the fishing sector and scientists alike for over 50 years. This finding should serve to prevent similar cases from arising in the future.

Border Experiences in Europe

Authors: ---
Book Series: Border Studies. Cultures, Spaces, Orders ISBN: 9783845295671 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 261 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845295671 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Sociology --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-02 08:28:12
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For a decade now, borders in Europe have been back on the political agenda. Border research has responded and is breaking new ground in thinking about and exploring borders. This book follows this development and strengthens a perspective that is interested in life realities and that focuses on everyday cultural experiences of borders. The authors reconstruct such experiences in the context of different forms of migration and mobility as well as language contact situations and are sensitive to the freedom of the participants. In this way, they empirically identify everyday cultural usage or appropriation strategies of borders as vastly different experiences of borders. The readers of this volume will gain insights into current developments in border research and liefe realities in Europe where borders are (made) relevant. With contributions by Christian Wille, Birte Nienaber, Carsten Yndigegn, Isabelle Pigeron-Piroth, Rachid Belkacem, Ursula Roos, Elisabeth Boesen, Ariela House, Ignacy Jóźwiak, Corinne Martin, Erika Kalocsányiová, Xosé-Afonso Álvarez, Konstanze Jungbluth, Florian Dost, Nicole Richter, Dominik Gerst Seit einem Jahrzehnt stehen Grenzen in Europa wieder auf der politischen Agenda. Die Grenzforschung hat darauf reagiert und schlägt neue Wege ein, um Grenzen zu denken und zu untersuchen. Das Buch folgt dieser Entwicklung und macht eine Perspektive stark, die sich für Lebenswirklichkeiten interessiert und die alltagskulturelle Erfahrung der Grenze in den Blick rückt. Die Autor_innen rekonstruieren solche Erfahrungen im Kontext verschiedener Migrations- und Mobilitätsformen sowie Sprachkontaktsituationen und sind sensibel für die Gestaltungsspielräume der Akteure. Auf diese Weise werden alltagskulturelle Gebrauchs- bzw. Aneignungsstrategien von Grenzen als höchst unterschiedliche Erfahrungen der Grenze empirisch herausgearbeitet. Die Leser des Bands bekommen Einblicke in aktuelle Entwicklungen der Grenzforschung und in Lebenswirklichkeiten in Europa, in denen Grenzen relevant (gemacht) werden. Mit Beiträgen von Christian Wille, Birte Nienaber, Carsten Yndigegn, Isabelle Pigeron-Piroth, Rachid Belkacem, Ursula Roos, Elisabeth Boesen, Ariela House, Ignacy Jóźwiak, Corinne Martin, Erika Kalocsányiová, Xosé-Afonso Álvarez, Konstanze Jungbluth, Florian Dost, Nicole Richter, Dominik Gerst

Climate change and marine top predators

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197361 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-736-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Ecology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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Climate change affects all components of marine ecosystems. For endothermic top predators, i.e. seabirds and marine mammals, these impacts are often complex and mediated through trophic relationships. In this Research Topic, leading researchers attempt to identify patterns of change among seabirds and marine mammals, and the mechanisms through which climate change drives these changes.

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