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Migration (94 books)

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Turismo, cultura e desenvolvimento

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ISBN: 9788578791940 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788578791940 Language: PT
Publisher: SciELO Books - EDUEPB
Subject: Social Sciences
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As discussões sobre turismo e cultura têm suscitado crescente interesse pelas dinâmicas dos processos que afetam ao desenvolvimento de regiões e lugares. O desafio posto pelos autores do livro é contribuir no debate teórico/conceitual para explicação do turismo e da cultura enquanto fenômeno e realidade empírica de forma a promover o desenvolvimento voltado ao ser humano e o aprofundamento das pesquisas nos diversos estados do Brasil.

"Fit im Forst" - eine bewegungsbezogene Intervention für Forstwirte

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ISBN: 9783863951047 Year: Pages: 291 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Education --- Sports Science --- Public Health --- Social Sciences
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Die Waldarbeit ist eine körperlich anspruchsvolle Tätigkeit und geht mit intensiven Belastungen des Stütz- und Bewegungsapparates einher. Die Berufsgruppe der Forstwirte ist somit nicht vom, in der heutigen Gesellschaft weit verbreiteten, Risikofaktor Bewegungsmangel betroffen. Vielmehr sind stereotype Bewegungsmuster verantwortlich für die Ausprägung muskulärer Dysbalancen, die wiederum ätiologisch für Rückenbeschwerden sein können. Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Studie wurden zunächst die Bedingungen und Arbeitstätigkeiten bei der Waldarbeit analysiert. Auf der Grundlage eines biopsychosozialen Ansatzes wurde darauf aufbauend eine bewegungsbezogene Intervention für Forstwirte konzipiert. Die Zielsetzung bestand darin, die berufsbedingten Belastungen im Sinne eines sportlichen Ausgleichstrainings zu reduzieren sowie spezifi sche Gesundheitsressourcen zu stärken. Die Intervention wurde im betrieblichen Kontext für einen Zeitraum von drei Jahren implementiert. Die Evaluation erfolgte anhand ausgewählter motorischer und psychosozialer Parameter sowie einer Analyse des Krankenstandes. Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen die Notwendigkeit einer bewegungsbezogenen Intervention bei einem Berufsbild mit vergleichsweise hoher körperlicher Belastung und es wurde aufgezeigt, wie eine solche Maßnahme im betrieblichen Kontext langfristig implementiert werden kann.

Die Waldarbeit ist eine körperlich anspruchsvolle Tätigkeit und geht mit intensiven Belastungen des Stütz- und Bewegungsapparates einher. Die Berufsgruppe der Forstwirte ist somit nicht vom, in der heutigen Gesellschaft weit verbreiteten, Risikofaktor Bewegungsmangel betroffen. Vielmehr sind stereotype Bewegungsmuster verantwortlich für die Ausprägung muskulärer Dysbalancen, die wiederum ätiologisch für Rückenbeschwerden sein können. Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Studie wurden zunächst die Bedingungen und Arbeitstätigkeiten bei der Waldarbeit analysiert. Auf der Grundlage eines biopsychosozialen Ansatzes wurde darauf aufbauend eine bewegungsbezogene Intervention für Forstwirte konzipiert. Die Zielsetzung bestand darin, die berufsbedingten Belastungen im Sinne eines sportlichen Ausgleichstrainings zu reduzieren sowie spezifi sche Gesundheitsressourcen zu stärken. Die Intervention wurde im betrieblichen Kontext für einen Zeitraum von drei Jahren implementiert. Die Evaluation erfolgte anhand ausgewählter motorischer und psychosozialer Parameter sowie einer Analyse des Krankenstandes. Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen die Notwendigkeit einer bewegungsbezogenen Intervention bei einem Berufsbild mit vergleichsweise hoher körperlicher Belastung und es wurde aufgezeigt, wie eine solche Maßnahme im betrieblichen Kontext langfristig implementiert werden kann.

"Wir schützen unseren Park" - Aushandlungsprozesse von Räumen, Identitäten und Institutionen im Pendjari-Nationalpark (Benin)

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ISBN: 9783863952624 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
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Pendjari National Park in northern Benin is not only a tourist attraction and an area for the protection of biodiversity, it is also a showcase for participatory management approaches. Since its foundation as an animal protection area in 1954 under French colonial rule, the park has been object of often conflictual but productive negotiations between different groups of neighboring dwellers, such as peasants, herdsmen and hunters, as well as the park administration itself. During 19 months of fieldwork, ethnographic data on conflicts and negotiation processes were collected. Their detailed analyses show how different groups of actors construct the park as a socially relevant entity. Data from historical investigation and an extended case study of the participatory attempts at cooperation between the park administration and local hunters illustrate the social construction of spaces, identities as well as norms, values and institutions: Local hunters consider the park primarily a nowadays illegal hunting ground and a domain of spirits, while park administrators and international development actors declare it a zone of state-protected biodiversity. By showing how the national park and related spaces, identities, norms, values and institutions are socially produced, the analysis contributes to recent debates in the field of human-environment interaction and especially political ecology. Moreover, it offers complex insights and practical recommendations regarding participatory approaches to the management of natural resources and especially national parks.

Der Pendjari-Nationalpark in Nordbenin ist nicht nur touristisch attraktiv und bedeutsam für den Schutz von Biodiversität, sondern auch ein Vorzeigeprojekt für partizipative Verwaltungsansätze. Er wurde 1954 während der französischen Kolonialzeit als Wildschutzgebiet gegründet und ist seitdem Objekt konfliktreicher, aber produktiver Aushandlungsprozesse zwischen Akteuren der Anrainer – wie Feldbauern, Viehhirten, Jäger – und der Parkverwaltung. Während einer 19-monatigen Feldforschung wurden ethnographische Daten über Konflikte und Verhandlungsprozesse zwischen den Akteuren gesammelt. Die Analysen der Interaktionen machen deutlich, wie der Nationalpark auf unterschiedliche Art als sozial relevante Realität von verschiedenen Akteursgruppen konstruiert wird. Anhand einer historischen Betrachtung der Parkentwicklung und einer Fallstudie zu den Kooperationsbestrebungen zwischen der Parkverwaltung und den lokalen Jägern wird deutlich, wie Räume und Identitäten sowie Normen, Werte und Institutionen im partizipativen Verhandlungsprozess konstruiert werden: Die lokalen Jäger betrachten das Parkgebiet in erster Linie als ein Jagdgebiet und als Welt der Geister, während die Parkverwaltung und Akteure der internationalen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit dieses Territorium als staatlich geschütztes Gebiet für Biodiversität deklarieren. Die detaillierte Analyse der ethnographischen Daten leistet einen Beitrag zu wissenschaftlichen Debatten der Mensch-Umwelt-Beziehungen sowie insbesondere der politischen Ökologie, indem sie die soziale Produktion des Nationalparks und der mit ihm verbundenen Räume, Identitäten, Normen, Werte und Institutionen betrachtet. Darüber hinaus lassen sich auch praktische Empfehlungen für die Gestaltung einer partizipativen Verwaltung von Naturschutzgebieten und insbesondere von Nationalparks ableiten.

60 Jahre Studium Generale und 20 Jahre Angewandte Kulturwissenschaft : Entstehung - Dokumente - Konzeptionen

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Book Series: Problemkreise der angewandten Kulturwissenschaft / ZAK, Zentrum für Angewandte Kulturwissenschaft und Studium Generale ISBN: 9783866444393 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_422355 Language: German
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
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Zum Jahr des Doppeljubiläums - 60 Jahre Studium Generale, 20 Jahre Angewandte Kulturwissenschaft an der Universität Karlsruhe - dokumentiert der Band die Geschichte und Inhalte der beiden Institutionen. Versammelt sind neben Dokumenten und Quellen zur Gründung und Weiterentwicklung von Studium Generale und Angewandter Kulturwissenschaft auch programmatische historische und aktuelle Texte zur überfachlichen Lehre und den Aufgaben kulturwissenschaftlicher Ansätze an einer Technischen Universität.

Across the margins: Cultural identity

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ISBN: 9780719057496 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
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Across the margins offers a comparative, theoretically informed analysis of the cultural formation of the Atlantic Archipelago. In its overall conception and in specific contributions (including an introductory essay), this collection demonstrates the benefits of working across the disciplines of history, geography, literature and cultural studies, but also presents new configurations of cultural forms hitherto associated with specifically national and sub-national literatures. The essays, from both established and new scholars working in the fields of British, Irish and comparative cultural studies, addresses broad questions raised by the interface between language, gender, sexuality and ethnicity in relation to marginal identities, but also includes specific genre-based case studies on contemporary poetry, fiction, drama, popular music and art. This format recognises the importance of specific concerns which emerge from different geographical locations, but also encourages movement beyond traditional formations of national cultures. Responding to recent constitutional developments in Great Britain and Ireland, it explores their implications both for the cultural negotiations of marginality and for established critical paradigms. It is therefore of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and academics working in the areas of comparative literature, postcolonial theory, Irish, Scottish and Welsh studies, and British political/cultural studies.

Keywords

transatlantic --- culture --- literature

Actuele bestaansonzekerheid (Book chapter)

Book title: Sociale (on)zekerheid. De voorziene toekomst

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ISBN: 9789462984608 Year: Pages: 14 Language: Dutch
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
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Sociale zekerheid dient de bestaanszekerheid te garanderen. Maarbestaanszekerheid is een steeds groter begrip geworden, dat ook temaken heeft met vraagstukken van identiteit en veiligheid. Door grotemigratiebewegingen veranderde in relatief korte tijd, vooral in de grotesteden, de samenstelling van de bevolking. Daarnaast werd veiligheid eensteeds groter thema, enerzijds door de reële toename van de problemen,anderzijds door een groeiend maatschappelijk onbehagen. De zekerheidvan het bestaan is niet alleen een materiële kwestie, maar heeft steedsmeer te maken met het wegvallen van (veronderstelde) vanzelfsprekendheden.Daarbij is de afstand tussen publieke sector en burgers gegroeid.Het komt erop aan de zekerheid weer meer rond burgers te organiseren.De vervreemdende werking van de instituties zal moeten worden omgezet in nieuwe arrangementen van kleine zekerheden.

Adat and Indigeneity in Indonesia - Culture and Entitlements between Heteronomy and Self-Ascription

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISSN: 21908672 ISBN: 9783863951320 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
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A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

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Book Series: British Academy Original Paperbacks ISBN: 9780197265536 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: The British Academy
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
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This book places tipping points in their scientific, economic, governmental, creative, and spiritual contexts. It seeks to offer a comprehensive set of interpretations on the meaning and application of tipping points. Its contribution focuses on the various characterisations and metaphors of tipping points, on the scope for anticipating their onset, the capacity for societal resilience in the face of their impending arrival, and for better ways of communicating and preparing societies, economies, and governments for accommodating them, and hence to turn them into responses which buffer and better human well-being. Above all, the possibility of preparing society for creative and benign ‘tips’ is a unifying theme. The conclusion is sombre but not without hope. Thresholds of profound change can combine earth system-based relatively abrupt shifts with human-caused alterations of these disturbed patterns which, coupled together, produce more rapid onsets and greater tensions and stresses for governments and economies, as well as socially unequal societies. There is still time to predict and address these thresholds but too much delay will make the task of accommodation very difficult to achieve with relevant-scale community support. There are many examples of adaptive resilience throughout the world. These should be identified, supported, and emulated according to cultural acceptance and emerging economic realities. But there is no guarantee that the necessary adjustments can be made in time, as emerging patterns of outlook and governance do not appear to be conducive to manage the very awkward transitions of appropriate response.

Adolescent Pregnancy: Past, Present and Future Trends and Issues

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ISBN: 9783038422945 9783038422952 Year: Pages: X, 172 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
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This collection provides a forum for leading scholars to examine theoretical insights and empirical findings associated with the recent decline in adolescent pregnancy and childbearing internationally, with special attention given to the United States. This recent shift in the incidence of adolescent fertility is notable in its consistency and magnitude; at the same time, however, continuing historic disparities require focused attention on the contemporary meaning of early childbearing in the U.S. as well as across the globe. The widely interdisciplinary contributions focus on demographic trends in adolescent fertility; successful intervention approaches and major “lessons learned” regarding primary pregnancy prevention; identification of key theoretical issues associated with these trends, with particular focus on the existence and meaning of disparities and their implications for youth development and wellbeing.

Advising in austerity: Reflections on challenging times for advice agencies

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ISBN: 9781447334156 Year: Pages: 136 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: European Commission (EC)
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. In a world dominated by austerity politics and policies, Advising in austerity provides a lively and thought-provoking account of the conditions, consequences and challenges of advice work in the UK, presenting a rare and rich view of the world of advice giving. Based on original research it examines how advisors negotiate the private troubles of those who come to Citizens Advice Bureaux (CAB) and construct ways forward. Exploring how advisors are trained, the strong contributor team reflect on the challenges facing Citizens Advice Bureaux in the future, where austerity will ensure that the need for advice services increase, while funding for such services declines.

Keywords

Citizens Advice --- austerity --- citizens --- debt --- law

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