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Animal Metropolis: Histories of Human-Animal Relations in Urban Canada

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Canadian History and Environment ISSN: 19253710 ISBN: 9781552388655 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 358 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Anthropology --- Environmental Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 18:09:32
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Animal Metropolis brings a Canadian perspective to the growing field of animal history, ranging across species and cities, from the beavers who engineered Stanley Park to the carthorses who shaped the city of Montreal. Some essays consider animals as spectacle: orca captivity in Vancouver, polar bear tourism in Churchill, Manitoba, fish on display in the Dominion Fisheries Museum, and the racialized memory of Jumbo the elephant in St. Thomas, Ontario. Others examine the bodily intimacies of shared urban spaces: the regulation of rabid dogs in Banff, the maternal politics of pure milk in Hamilton and the circulation of tetanus bacilli from horse to human in Toronto. Another considers the marginalization of women in Canada’s animal welfare movement. The authors collectively push forward from a historiography that features nonhuman animals as objects within human-centered inquiries to a historiography that considers the eclectic contacts, exchanges, and cohabitation of human and nonhuman animals. With contributions by: Kristoffer Archibald, Jason Colby, George Colpitts, Joanna Dean, Carla Hustak, Darcy Ingram, Sean Kheraj, William Knight, Sherry Olson, Rachel Poliquin, and Christabelle Sethna

UAV Sensors for Environmental Monitoring

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ISBN: 9783038427537 9783038427544 Year: Pages: 670 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-754-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 13:47:38
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The rapid development and growth of UAVs as a remote sensing platform, as well as advances in the miniaturization of instrumentation and data systems, are catalyzing a renaissance in remote sensing in a variety of fields and disciplines from precision agriculture to ecology, atmospheric research, and disaster response. This Special Issue was open for submissions that highlight advances in the development and use of sensors deployed on UAVs. Topics include, but were not limited, to: • Optical, multi-spectral, hyperspectral, laser, and optical SAR technologies • Gas analyzers and sensors • Artificial intelligence and data mining based strategies from UAVs • UAV onboard data storage, transmission, and retrieval • Collaborative strategies and mechanisms to control multiple UAVs and sensor networks • UAV sensor applications: precision agriculture; pest detection, forestry, mammal species tracking search and rescue; target tracking, the monitoring of the atmosphere; chemical, biological, and natural disaster phenomena; fire prevention, flood prevention; volcanic monitoring, pollution monitoring, micro-climates and land use

"... mein Acker ist die Zeit": Aufsätze zur Umweltgeschichte

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ISBN: 9783941875999 Year: Pages: 502 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-492 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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A collection of papers, articles, and essays written in the past decade by the well-known German environmental historian.

14th CIRIAF National Congress – Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038420972 9783038420989 Year: Pages: X, 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-098-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-20 17:05:51
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CIRIAF (Inter-University Research Center on Pollution and Environment “Mauro Felli” is a research center, based at the University of Perugia, which promotes interdisciplinary research activities in the fields of environmental pollution and its health and socio-economic effects, sustainable development, renewable and alternative energy, energy planning, and sustainable mobility. One hundred professors from fourteen different Italian universities are involved in the activities of the center. The CIRIAF National Congress (e.g., the fourteenth one in 2014), has become, over time, an important event for researchers and experts (engineers, physicists, chemists, architects, doctors, and economists). These individuals are not simply academics; they also hail from ministries, environmental agencies, and local authorities. The annual meeting in Perugia is an opportunity to discuss the issues related to energy, environment and sustainable development. After some editions were devoted to panel discussions and workshops, the 14th Congress, which took place in Perugia from 4-5 April 2014, returned to the formula of parallel technical sessions. The Congress was quite successful. Seventy-nine papers were presented during the Congress; these were divided into the following eight Sessions, in line with the congress tradition. The session topics are of great contemporary interest: Built Environment Quality and Indoor Pollution Energy and Environmental Certification of Buildings Artworks Preservation and Museum Plants Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources and Systems Pollution from Physical Agents (noise, vibrations, electromagnetic fields) Air and Water Pollution Sustainable Mobility Energy Planning and Environmental Impact As usual, the ceremony of the “Mauro Felli” award took place during the Congress. The award, established to honor the memory of the founder and first Director of CIRIAF, is intended for young graduates, Ph.D. students or researchers who have carried out research activities in the fields concerning pollution originating from physical agents, the effects of environmental pollution on humans or related issues. Thanks to an agreement with the international publishing house MDPI, I am happy to introduce to you a special issue of SUSTAINABILITY, which contains the best papers presented at the Congress. The Special Issue will include the best papers presented at the Congress. These were selected by the Scientific Committee with the help of the various Chairmen of the Sessions. The papers cover all the various aspects of sustainability, from an interdisciplinary point of view, with a strong emphasis on the link between energy production, use and conservation, and environmental impact.

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3D Printing with Biomaterials - Towards a Sustainable and Circular Economy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781614994855 9781614994862 Year: Pages: 86 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-486-2-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Business and Management --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-09 15:07:44
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"Additive manufacturing or 3D printing, manufacturing a product layer by layer, offers large design freedom and faster product development cycles, as well as low startup cost of production, on-demand production and local production. In principle, any product could be made by additive manufacturing. Even food and living organic cells can be printed. We can create, design and manufacture what we want at the location we want. 3D printing will create a revolution in manufacturing, a real paradigm change. 3D printing holds the promise to manufacture with less waste and energy. We can print metals, ceramics, sand, synthetic materials such as plastics, food or living cells. However, the production of plastics is nowadays based on fossil fuels. And that’s where we witness a paradigm change too. The production of these synthetic materials can be based also on biomaterials with biomass as feedstock. A wealth of new and innovative products are emerging when we combine these two paradigm changes: 3D printing and biomaterials. Moreover, the combination of 3D printing with biomaterials holds the promise to realize a truly sustainable and circular economy."

Abiotic Stresses in Agroecology: A Challenge for Whole Plant Physiology

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452040 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-204-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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Understanding plant responses to abiotic stresses is central to our ability to predict the impact of global change and environmental pollution on the production of food, feed and forestry. Besides increasing carbon dioxide concentration and rising global temperature, increasingly frequent and severe climatic events (e.g. extended droughts, heat waves, flooding) are expected in the coming decades. Additionally, pollution (e.g. heavy metals, gaseous pollutants such as ozone or sulfur dioxide) is an important factor in many regions, decreasing plant productivity and product quality. This Research topic focuses on stress responses at the level of whole plants, addressing biomass-related processes (development of the root system, root respiration/fermentation, leaf expansion, stomatal regulation, photosynthetic capacity, leaf senescence, yield) and interactions between organs (transport via xylem and phloem, long-distance signaling and secondary metabolites). Comparisons between species and between varieties of the same species are helpful to evaluate the potential for species selection and genetic improvement. This research topic is focused on the following abiotic stresses and interactions between them: - Increased carbon dioxide concentration in ambient air is an important parameter influenced by global change and affects photosynthesis, stomatal regulation, plant growth and finally yield. - Elevated temperature: both the steady rise in average temperature and extreme events of shorter duration (heat waves) must be considered in the context of alterations in carbon balance through increased photorespiration, decreased Rubisco activation and carboxylation efficiency, damage to photosynthetic apparatus, as well as loss of water via transpiration and stomatal sensitivity. - Low temperatures (late frosts, prolonged cold phases, freezing temperature) can decrease overwintering survival rates, productivity of crop plants and species composition in meadows. - Water availability: More frequent, severe and extended drought periods have been predicted by climate change models. The timing and duration of a drought period is crucial to determining plant responses, particularly if the drought event coincides with an increase in temperature. Drought causes stomatal closure, decreasing the cooling potential of transpiration and potentially leading to thermal stress as leaf temperature rises. Waterlogging may become also more relevant during the next decades and is especially important for seedlings and young plants. It is not the presence of water itself that causes the stress, but the exclusion of oxygen from the soil which causes a decrease in respiration and an increase in fermentation rates followed by a period of potential oxidative stress as water recedes. - Salinity: high salt concentration in soil influences soil water potential, the water status of the plant and hence affects productivity. Salt tolerance will become an important trait driven by increased competition for land and the need to exploit marginal lands.

Achieving the Paris Climate Agreement Goals

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ISBN: 9783030058432 Year: Pages: 491 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05843-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Science (General) --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:11
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This open access book presents detailed pathways to achieve 100% renewable energy by 2050, globally and across ten geographical regions. Based on state-of-the-art scenario modelling, it provides the vital missing link between renewable energy targets and the measures needed to achieve them. Bringing together the latest research in climate science, renewable energy technology, employment and resource impacts, the book breaks new ground by covering all the elements essential to achieving the ambitious climate mitigation targets set out in the Paris Climate Agreement. For example, sectoral implementation pathways, with special emphasis on differences between developed and developing countries and regional conditions, provide tools to implement the scenarios globally and domestically. Non-energy greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios define a sustainable pathway for land-use change and the agricultural sector. Furthermore, results of the impact of the scenarios on employment and mineral and resource requirements provide vital insight on economic and resource management implications. The book clearly demonstrates that the goals of the Paris Agreement are achievable and feasible with current technology and are beneficial in economic and employment terms. It is essential reading for anyone with responsibility for implementing renewable energy or climate targets internationally or domestically, including climate policy negotiators, policy-makers at all levels of government, businesses with renewable energy commitments, researchers and the renewable energy industry.

Actor-network theory and the empirical critique of environmental law: unpacking the bioprospecting debates (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781784712563 9781784712570 Year: Pages: 24 DOI: 10.4337/9781784712570.00010 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Law --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 10:32:41
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In recent years, actor-network theory (ANT), and the work of Bruno Latour in particular, have gained significant interest amongst legal scholars. This approach, derived from Science and Technology Studies (STS) and bearing various links with anthropology and ethnographic methods, has enabled new insights to emerge in relation to the ways in which law operates in everyday practices. The innovative position the approach suggests has been largely based on the breaking down of the dichotomy between nature and society, humans and non-humans, and in turn on an emphasis on the importance of materiality in social practices (and its complexity). In his early work, Bruno Latour therefore laid out the foundations of what was to become a radical rethink of sociological assumptions, by challenging the extent to which humanity can ever be imagined as being fundamentally separate from nature. Consequently, he argued that some of the most fundamental assumptions of modernity, about how knowledge is made, societies are built, and humans can relate to their environment, are mistaken and in need of revisiting. Given its deep engagement with our relationship with nature, and its grounding in the sociology of science, it is somehow surprising that ANT has not been more frequently explored in environmental law – in spite of a few examples. However, more resources are available to those wanting to imagine what an ‘ANT approach to environmental law’ may look like, if engaging with STS and the anthropology of science literature that has in recent years aimed to unpack some of the legal stories that surround environmental practices. In this chapter, I seek to bring together some of this scholarship to reflect on what ANT can bring to environmental law research. The chapter is illustrated specifically with the example of the use of natural resources for industrial purposes, and the long-standing debates on ‘biopiracy’ that have animated much legal debate since the 1990s. Through this example, I retrace the difficulty for modern environmental law to engage with practices that challenge the boundaries between nature and humanity, and the dichotomies on which law has so far operated. I explore how studies that have embraced some of the more radical claims of ANT and STS, and engaged ethnographic analyses of social practices, have illustrated how law often fails to seize the messiness of the entanglement of nature and society. I conclude by discussing how ANT, and the work of Bruno Latour, can be used more broadly by environmental lawyers seeking to reimagine the ways in which law relates to nature.

La adaptación al cambio

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ISBN: 9789587389777 9789587389784 Year: DOI: 10.12804/mu9789587389784 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Editorial Universidad del Rosario Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104843
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-26 11:22:12
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Este libro analiza el surgimiento de negocios, así como lo planes y la preparación para enfrentar eventos climáticos (ej., incendios, inundaciones, tormentas y huracanes) y nuevas tendencias (ej., sequías) por parte de compañías líderes en sectores estratégicos: tecnología, telecomunicaciones, alimentos, banca y seguros. Este libro hace especial énfasis en las oportunidades de negocios de empresas innovadoras líderes, con un sustancial aporte de sus empleados, entre otros grupos de interés y que ya han sido implementadas en respuesta al cambio climático. El público objetivo incluye profesionales, estudiantes y comunicadores en el área de los negocios, así como a todas aquellas personas interesadas en el tema. Los lectores se beneficiarán al aprender cómo compañías reales, con problemas reales, están enfrentando, en tiempo real, una crisis que nos afecta a todos y cómo están usando su perspicacia en los negocios para crear soluciones a situaciones rápidamente cambiantes.

Adaptive Strategies for Water Heritage

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ISBN: 9783030002688 Year: Pages: 435 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00268-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:13
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This Open Access book, building on research initiated by scholars from the Leiden-Delft-Erasmus Centre for Global Heritage and Development (CHGD) and ICOMOS Netherlands, presents multidisciplinary research that connects water to heritage. Through twenty-one chapters it explores landscapes, cities, engineering structures and buildings from around the world. It describes how people have actively shaped the course, form and function of water for human settlement and the development of civilizations, establishing socio-economic structures, policies and cultures; a rich world of narratives, laws and practices; and an extensive network of infrastructure, buildings and urban form. The book is organized in five thematic sections that link practices of the past to the design of the present and visions of the future: part I discusses drinking water management; part II addresses water use in agriculture; part III explores water management for land reclamation and defense; part IV examines river and coastal planning; and part V focuses on port cities and waterfront regeneration. Today, the many complex systems of the past are necessarily the basis for new systems that both preserve the past and manage water today: policy makers and designers can work together to recognize and build on the traditional knowledge and skills that old structure embody. This book argues that there is a need for a common agenda and an integrated policy that addresses the preservation, transformation and adaptive reuse of historic water-related structures. Throughout, it imagines how such efforts will help us develop sustainable futures for cities, landscapes and bodies of water. ; Crosses regional and national boundaries to meet global challenges Proposes an integrated policy on preservation, transformation and adaptive reuse of water-related structures Offers tools to facilitate collaboration among stakeholders Open Access book

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