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Subjects Physics and Astronomy Physics (General)

Acoustics (3 books)
Electricity (3 books)
Heat (3 books)

Mechanics (3 books)
Nuclear Physics (12 books)
Optics and Lights (4 books)

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Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics ETH – Annual Report 2016

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ISBN: 9783952454251 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 130 DOI: 10.19218/3952454251 Language: English
Publisher: LIBRUM Publishers & Editors LLC
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-16 16:44:28
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Der Band enthält die Rechenschaftsberichte des Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics der ETH Zürich für das Jahr 2016. Zahlreiche Ergebnisse und der neueste Stand der Wissenschaft für Ionenphysik werden kurz vorgestellt. Diese Jahresberichte werden bei LIBRUM geführt, weil sie auch für die neuesten Erkenntnisse der 14C-Datierungsmethoden relevant sind und insofern auch für die Archäologie neue und wesentliche Erkenntnisse vermitteln. The Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics (LIP) is a leading research center for the development of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) and a world-class laboratory for the application of Ion Beam Physics in a wide range of fields. It can rely on a broad funding base and can thus serve a large user community from many highly current disciplines. LIP acts as a national competence center for ion beam applications. This annual report is a brief summary of the accomplished achievements. It covers the wide range of fields from fundamental research, over operational issues of the laboratory, to the vast variety of exciting applications of our measurement technologies. Naturally, the publications listed in the appendix of this report will provide a much deeper insight into our research.

(K)ein Ort Nirgends ; der Transitraum im urbanen Netzwerk

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ISBN: 9783866444959 Year: Pages: XIII, 161 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000016555 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Gegenstand dieses Buches ist die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Ort und dessen Positionierung in einem urbanen Raumgeflecht, das sich durch seinen transitorischen Charakter auszeichnet.

100 Years of Chronogeometrodynamics: The Status of the Einstein's Theory of Gravitation in Its Centennial Year

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ISBN: 9783038424826 9783038424833 Year: Pages: VIII, 462 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-483-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-11 10:34:09
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In 1692, Newton wrote: "That gravity should be innate, inherent and essential to matter so that one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else by and through which their action or force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters any competent faculty of thinking can ever fall into it. Gravity must be caused by an agent acting constantly according to certain laws, but whether this agent be material or immaterial is a question I have left to the consideration of my readers". One of them who, just over 200 years later, picked up the baton of Newton was Albert Einstein. His General Theory of Relativity, which had its centenary in 2015, opened up new windows on our comprehension of Nature, disclosed new, previously unpredictable, phenomena occurring when relative velocities dramatically change in intense gravitational fields reaching values close to the speed of light and, for the first time after millennia of speculations, put Cosmology on the firm grounds of empirically testable science. This Special Issue was dedicated to this grand achievement of the human thought.

60 Years of CERN Experiments and Discoveries

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Book Series: Advanced Series on Directions in High Energy Physics ISSN: 17931339 ISBN: 9789814644150 Year: Volume: 23 Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1142/9441 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-30 02:08:40
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The book is a compilation of the most important experimental results achieved during the past 60 years at CERN - from the mid-1950s to the latest discovery of the Higgs particle. Covering the results from the early accelerators at CERN to those most recent at the LHC, the contents provide an excellent review of the achievements of this outstanding laboratory. Not only presented is the impressive scientific progress achieved during the past six decades, but also demonstrated is the special way in which successful international collaboration exists at CERN. Contents: Foreword (R-D Heuer) Preface (L Di Lella and H Schopper) The Discovery of the Higgs Boson at the LHC (P Jenni and T S Virdee) Precision Physics with Heavy-Flavoured Hadrons (P Koppenburg and V Vagnoni) Toward the Limits of Matter: Ultra-relativistic Nuclear Collisions at CERN (J Schukraft and R Stock) The Measurement of the Number of Light Neutrino Species at LEP (S Mele) Precision Experiments at LEP (W de Boer) The Discovery of the W and Z Particles (L Di Lella and C Rubbia) The Discovery of Weak Neutral Currents (D Haidt) Highlights from High Energy Neutrino Experiments at CERN (W-D Schlatter) The Discovery of Direct CP Violation (L Iconomidou-Fayard and D Fournier) Measurements of Discrete Symmetries in the Neutral Kaon System with the CPLEAR (PS195) Experiment (T Ruf) An ISR Discovery: The Rise of the Proton–Proton Cross-Section (U Amaldi) Deep Inelastic Scattering with the SPS Muon Beam (G K Mallot and R Voss) Revealing Partons in Hadrons: From the ISR to the SPS Collider (P Darriulat and L Di Lella) Properties of Antiprotons and Antihydrogen, and the Study of Exotic Atoms (M Doser) Muon g–2 and Tests of Relativity (F J M Farley) The Discoveries of Rare Pion Decays at the CERN Synchrocyclotron (G Fidecaro) Highlights at ISOLDE (K Blaum, M J G Borge, B Jonson and P Van Duppen) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in elementary particle physics, and historians of science.

Ableitung einer Beziehung zwischen der Radarreflektivität, der Niederschlagsrate und weiteren aus Radardaten abgeleiteten Parametern unter Verwendung von Methoden der multivariaten Statistik

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Instituts für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie ISSN: 01795619 ISBN: 9783866443235 Year: Volume: 49 Pages: VII, 226 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000009933 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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In der Anwendung von Z-R-Beziehungen ist eine der Hauptfehlerquellen bei der Ableitung von Niederschlagsintensitäten aus Radardaten zu sehen. Eine Verbesserung der radargestützen Niederschlagsmessung wird durch die Clusterung der Niederschläge in Teilkollektive erreicht. Für die entstandenen Niederschlagsklassen wird anhand neuronaler Netze eine Abbildungsvorschrift zwischen Parametern, die aus dem Vertikalprofil der Reflektivität abgeleitet wurden, und der Niederschlagsrate entwickelt.

Acoustic and Elastic Waves: Recent Trends in Science and Engineering

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ISBN: 9783038422976 9783038422969 Year: Pages: XVI, 448 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-297-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mathematics --- Physics (General) --- Acoustics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-20 08:51:20
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The present Special Issue intends to explore new directions in the field of acoustics and ultrasonics. The interest includes, but is not limited to, the use of acoustic technology for condition monitoring of materials and structures. Topics of interest (among others): • Acoustic emission in materials and structures (without material limitation) • Innovative cases of ultrasonic inspection • Wave dispersion and waveguides • Monitoring of innovative materials • Seismic waves • Vibrations, damping and noise control • Combination of mechanical wave techniques with other types for structural health monitoring purposes. Experimental and numerical studies are welcome.

Änderung des Gewitter- und Hagelpotentials im Klimawandel

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Instituts für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie ISSN: 01795619 ISBN: 9783866449947 Year: Volume: 58 Pages: XI, 246 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000033828 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird untersucht, inwieweit sich die Häufigkeit und Intensität von Gewitter- und Hagelereignissen in den vergangenen Jahren in Deutschland und Europa verändert hat. Mit Hilfe von regionalen Klimasimulationen wird abgeschätzt, mit welchen Änderungen des Hagelpotentials - bedingt durch den anthropogenen Klimawandel - in der Zukunft zu rechnen ist.

Applications of Quantum Mechanical Techniques to Areas Outside of Quantum Mechanics

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454273 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-427-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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This book deals with applications of quantum mechanical techniques to areas outside of quantum mechanics, so-called quantum-like modeling. Research in this area has grown over the last 15 years. But even already more than 50 years ago, the interaction between Physics Nobelist Pauli and the psychologist Carl Jung in the 1950's on seeking to find analogous uses of the complementarity principle from quantum mechanics in psychology needs noting. This book does NOT want to advance that society is quantum mechanical! The macroscopic world is manifestly not quantum mechanical. But this rules not out that one can use concepts and the mathematical apparatus from quantum physics in a macroscopic environment. A mainstay ingredient of quantum mechanics, is 'quantum probability' and this tool has been proven to be useful in the mathematical modelling of decision making. In the most basic experiment of quantum physics, the double slit experiment, it is known (from the works of A. Khrennikov) that the law of total probability is violated. It is now well documented that several decision making paradoxes in psychology and economics (such as the Ellsberg paradox) do exhibit this violation of the law of total probability. When data is collected with experiments which test 'non-rational' decision making behaviour, one can observe that such data often exhibits a complex non-commutative structure, which may be even more complex than if one considers the structure allied to the basic two slit experiment. The community exploring quantum-like models has tried to address how quantum probability can help in better explaining those paradoxes. Research has now been published in very high standing journals on resolving some of the paradoxes with the mathematics of quantum physics. The aim of this book is to collect the contributions of world's leading experts in quantum like modeling in decision making, psychology, cognition, economics, and finance.

Der Architekt Heinrich Müller und die Bayrische Postbauschule in der Pfalz

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Book Series: Materialien zu Bauforschung und Baugeschichte / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut Kunst- und Baugeschichte, Fachgebiet Baugeschichte ISSN: 0940578X ISBN: 9783866447905 Year: Volume: 19 Pages: XXIV, 371 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025400 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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Zwischen den Kriegen Postbaurat in Speyer, verwirklichte Heinrich Müller eine Architektur im Dialog mit der Geschichte des jeweiligen Ortes und des allgemeinen kulturellen Gedächtnisses.Müller wechselte 1936 als Professor für Architektur zur damaligen Technischen Hochschule Karlsruhe. Bis heute zeugen der Gerthsen-Hörsaal und die Sporthalle am Forum von seinem Bebauungsplan von 1953 mit dem amerikanischen Ideal der grünen Mitte, eine gute Diskussionsbasis für die Fortentwicklung des KIT-Campus.

Asymmetric Planetary Nebulae VII

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ISBN: 9783038976400 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-641-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 14:08:22
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This book contains the best and most up-to-date contributions in the field of late stage stellar evolution, as presented at the APNVII conference in Hong Kong in December 2017. A total of 60 scientists from 20 countries gathered to present, listen, interact and discuss the most current issues and problems in planetary nebulae and related objects research. The emphasis of this influential series of meetings, which was the seventh occasion over the last 20 years, has always been on the hypothesized and observed physical shaping mechanisms of the ejected nebulae that have such wonderful and intriguing forms. This special Galaxies conference issue of fully refereed contributions brings together a representative compilation of the meeting presentations in paper form. It captures the current “snap shot” status of this research field in some real sense. Such proceedings are well received and can be used as a reference material by both participants and all others working in the field for years to come.

Keywords

planetary systems --- planetary nebulae --- stars: binaries --- stars: AGB and post-AGB --- stars: variables: general --- stars: abundances --- stars: AGB and post-AGB --- stars: atmospheres --- stars: individual: WD 0044–121 --- stars: individual: WD 2134+25 --- stars: individual: WD 1751+106 --- planetary nebulae --- asymptotic giant branch stars --- mass loss --- infra-red --- planetary nebulae --- integral field spectroscopy --- stellar evolution --- binarity --- planetary nebulae --- stellar mass loss --- stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- circumstellar dust --- planetary nebulae --- mass-loss --- stellar evolution --- X-rays --- stellar evolution --- late stage stellar evolution --- binarity: transients: planetary nebulae --- planetary nebulae --- stars: AGB and post-AGB --- late stage stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- stars: binaries --- central stars of planetary nebulae --- proto-planetary nebulae --- binaries: spectroscopic --- stars: atmospheres --- stars: abundances --- supernovae --- late stage stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- binarity --- stellar evolution --- AGB and post-AGB stars --- circumstellar matter --- winds and outflows --- mass-loss --- jets --- binaries: close --- stars: AGB and post-AGB --- stars: winds, outflows --- ISM: jets and outflows --- binary stars --- post-AGB --- discs --- planetary nebula --- X-ray --- stellar evolution --- AGB stars --- post-AGB stars --- planetary nebulae --- planetary nebulae --- fullerenes --- planetary nebulae --- AGB and post-AGB stars --- binarity --- accretion disks --- jets --- mass-loss --- circumstellar matter --- (sub)millimeter interferometry --- ultraviolet radiation, X-rays --- infrared interferometry --- AGB stars --- stellar evolution --- observations --- aperture masking --- planetary nebulae --- binarity --- abundances --- stellar evolution --- post-AGB stars --- pre-PN hydrodynamic models --- planetary nebulae: Common Envelope --- planetary nebulae: individual (OH231+8+04.2) --- astrochemistry --- planetary nebulae --- UIE bands --- normal modes --- displacement vectors --- late-stage stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- multi-wavelength photometry --- radial velocity --- stellar evolution --- pulsation --- shock wave --- late stage stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- theory and observation --- planetary nebulae --- AGB and post-AGB --- interstellar medium --- radio continuum --- winds --- outflows --- dust --- extinction --- ISM: abundances --- planetary nebulae: individual (NGC 6781)

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