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"Behinderung" im Dialog zwischen Recht und Humangenetik

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783863951504 Year: Pages: 157 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:59
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Modern medical technologies, especially the pre-implantation and prenatal diagnosis, have given the possibility of preventive dealing with the risks of physical or mental disabilities. On the other side there is the call for support and “inclusion” of people with disabilities. These opposing trends are critically analyzed and discussed in depth from a legally, genetic, as well as from a medical, social and ethical point of view.

Das "Janusgesicht" der Menschenwürde - Regulierung im Spannungsfeld von Medienrecht und Medienethik Öffentliche Antrittsvorlesung am 28. Mai 2014 an der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

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ISBN: 9783863951795 Year: Pages: 35 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Political Science --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-02 11:01:10
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This book documents the inaugural public lecture of Honorary Professor Dr. Murad Erdemir, held on May 28th 2014 in the auditorium of the University of Göttingen. Murad Erdemir is the Vice Director and General Counsel in the Hessian State Authority for Commercial Broadcasting and New Media (LPR Hessen). His inaugural lecture looks at human dignity as a central concept of law and ethics. The lecture covers the media law review and also the supervisory practices of the State Media Authorities and the German Press Council. The full text is reprinted, also including references and further reading.

Der 'Gefährder' und das 'Gefährdungsrecht' - eine rechtssoziologische Analyse am Beispiel der Urteile des Bundesverfassungsgerichts über die nachträgliche Sicherungsverwahrung und die akustische Wohnraumüberwachung

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950040 Year: Pages: 363 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Endanger law ('Gefährdungsrecht') is a criminal law which is seeking security – and thereafter fighting ‘risks’ and ‘dangers’ – as its main objective and which is acting on the basis of risk patterns developed by this law itself. Individuals who fit these characteristics are being fought against as endangerers, that means, as high risky figures – and not as offenders. In this work it is presented this figure which has been constructed by the criminal policies and system in Germany during recent years, and has been co-constructed by the Constitutional Court in at least two cases: in the case of the acoustic home surveillance and in the case of the subsequent incapacitation order. Here is (critically) explained the internal logic and rationality which is leading this endanger law.

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ISBN: 9780262304412 9780262017954 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Sociology --- Science (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:34
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The evolution of activism against the expansion of copyright in the digital domain, with case studies of resistance including eBook and iTunes hacks.The movement against restrictive digital copyright protection arose largely in response to the excesses of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998. In The Digital Rights Movement, Hector Postigo shows that what began as an assertion of consumer rights to digital content has become something broader: a movement concerned not just with consumers and gadgets but with cultural ownership. Increasingly stringent laws and technological measures are more than incoveniences; they lock up access to our “cultural commons.”Postigo describes the legislative history of the DMCA and how policy “blind spots” produced a law at odds with existing and emerging consumer practices. Yet the DMCA established a political and legal rationale brought to bear on digital media, the Internet, and other new technologies. Drawing on social movement theory and science and technology studies, Postigo presents case studies of resistance to increased control over digital media, describing a host of tactics that range from hacking to lobbying.Postigo discusses the movement's new, user-centered conception of “fair use” that seeks to legitimize noncommercial personal and creative uses such as copying legitimately purchased content and remixing music and video tracks. He introduces the concept of technological resistance—when hackers and users design and deploy technologies that allows access to digital content despite technological protection mechanisms—as the flip side to the technological enforcement represented by digital copy protection and a crucial tactic for the movement.

21 Legalities and materialities (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Handbooks ISBN: 9781138956469 9781317353003 9781317352990 9781317352983 9781315665733 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Law --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This chapter reflects on what materiality-inflected methodologies1 can bring to an anthropology of law, and to legal studies more generally. Its starting point is an increasing attention across the social sciences and humanities for objects, and thinking beyond the human. These have often, but not only, emerged from science and technology studies (STS), to which we pay particular attention. However, approaches to materiality have themselves become diversified, and their implications for law can similarly be read in multiple ways. At the same time, legal anthropology has helped to re-characterise the complexity of law as a field of social activity by paying attention to its meanings, for actors within as well as outside its own institutions; to its modes of action in practice, again within its explicitly designated spaces as well as its everyday; to its unexpected forms, patterns and directions; to its multiplicity and uncertainty. Approaches within a broadly defined ‘legal anthropology’ agenda have provided tools to move away from grand and removed theorisation of the law, or an exclusive attention to its own claims, and towards a subtler understanding of law as a relatively fluid, changing and uncertain set of practices. While doing so, legal anthropology has also reminded us of the significance of empirical research to identify and theorise the complex existences of law, a contribution which echoes some of the implications of materiality-oriented theories.

Keywords

law --- philosophy --- anthropology

50 Jahre EU - 50 Jahre Rechtsprechung des Europaeischen Gerichtshofs zum Arbeits- und Sozialrecht

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Book Series: Studien aus dem Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sozialrecht und Sozialpolitik ISBN: 9783845210179 Year: Volume: 41 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845210179 Language: de
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-05 12:58:39
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Der EuGH hat mit seiner Rechtsprechung die soziale Dimension der europäischen Integration wesentlich beeinflusst - durch viele Entscheidungen zur Freizügigkeit und zur Dienstleistungsfreiheit, zum koordinierenden Sozialrecht, zum Arbeitsrecht, Arbeitsschutz und zur Gleichstellung. Er hat soziale Rechte entfaltet, sie zum Teil ausgeweitet, ihre Eingebundenheit in wirtschaftliche Freiheiten betont. Damit ist er auf Zustimmung, aber auch auf teilweise sehr deutliche Kritik gestoßen. Der vorliegende Tagungsband soll die Entwicklung des europäischen Arbeits- und Sozialrechts nachzeichnen, kritisch untersuchen und einem möglichst großen Kreis von Interessierten zugänglich machen. Zugleich soll er die weitere Diskussion über die Zukunft des Sozialen Europa im Wechselspiel zwischen Politik und Rechtsprechung anstoßen. Er enthält Beiträge von Ulrich Becker, Brian Bercusson, Niklas Bruun, Thomas von Danwitz, Marko Ilesic, Juliane Kokott, Pauliine Koskelo, Karl-Dieter Möller, Franz Müntefering, Ingrid Schmidt, Ulrike Wendeling-Schröder, Barbara Kresal, Bernd von Maydell, Hans-Jürgen Papier, Sebastião Nóbrega Pizzaro, Vassilios Skouris, Hellmut Wißmann, Matthias von Wulffen.

6 Traditional medicines, law and the (dis)ordering of temporalities (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780415792219 9781315167695 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-08 11:01:02
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In this chapter, I explore the regulation of alternative and traditional medicine, in order to reflect on how particular temporalities shape, and are shaped by, the interface between law and medicine. This chapter makes two key points: first, it argues that both biomedicine and law have relied on a particular sense of ‘modernity’ as a linear temporal process; in turn, this has been key in developing both crude, and more subtle, social patterns of power, dominance, and exclusion that continue to impact on contemporary societies. Second, it argues that as law increasingly engages in the regulation of other types of medicine, it continues to emulate biomedical models and assumptions as to what ‘modern medicine’ should look like, including its temporal features. This chapter is written as I am starting a large investigation of the multiple ways in which traditional and alternative medicines apprehend and are apprehended by law in several states in Europe and Africa.2 Although the project has several aims, my interest in the field came, in part, from the ambivalent and complex ways in which the idea of ‘modernity’ seemed to be shaping the field and, in turn, how law and medicine as institutions were involved in this ambivalence. It is useful, to ‘set the scene’ of this chapter, to return to this briefly.

Abweichungen vom Deutschen Corporate Governance Kodex und von §161 AktG als Pflichtverletzung im Sinne der Untreue

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950057 Year: Pages: 393 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-04-12 20:08:16
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Die Arbeit befasst sich mit Abweichungen vom Deutschen Corporate Governance Kodex und von § 161 AktG als Pflichtverletzung im Sinne der Untreue und soll insbesondere zur Klärung der Rechtsnatur dieses aktiengesellschaftsrechtlichen Regulierungsinstruments, welches in unserer Rechtsordnung seinesgleichen sucht, beitragen. Aus strafrechtlicher Perspektive ganz in den Mittelpunkt gerückt wird hierbei das Pflichtverletzungsmerkmal des § 266 StGB im Kontext der Organuntreue, welche Rechtsprechung und Wissenschaft zunehmend beschäftigt. Vertieft nachgegangen wird dabei der Frage, inwieweit der Untreuetatbestand zivilrechtsakzessorisch ist. Außerdem wird untersucht, ob jeder Verstoß gegen die aus §§ 93 Abs. 1 S. 1, 116 S. 1 AktG folgende Legalitätspflicht der Organmitglieder von Aktiengesellschaften auch eine Pflichtverletzung im Sinne der Untreue darstellt.

Keywords

Embezzlement

ACCORDI INTERNAZIONALI DEGLI STATI MEMBRI DELL’UNIONE EUROPEA E STATI TERZI

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Book Series: Memorie del Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza - Università di Torino ISBN: 9788867057337 Year: Pages: 362 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-09 17:48:34
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“La crescente rilevanza dell’azione esterna dell’Unione europea, determinata anche dall’ampliamento costante delle competenze dell’Unione in questo ambito, ha comportato un considerevole ridimensionamento della vita di relazione internazionale degli Stati membri. In molti settori del diritto internazionale, l’Unione si è progressivamente sostituita ai propri Stati nella gestione delle relazioni con i Paesi terzi. […] La scelta del tema trattato in questo lavoro nasce dunque da due considerazioni, l’una di metodo, l’altra di merito. La prima coincide con l’avvertita necessità di tentare una ricostruzione delle forme di interazione tra diritto dell’Unione e accordi internazionali degli Stati membri secondo uno schema unitario, che tenga in debita considerazione le pertinenti norme di diritto internazionale. […] Quanto alle considerazioni di merito, risulta oggi più evidente di un tempo che l’accrescimento delle competenze attribuite all’Unione europea, tanto di quelle interne che di quelle esterne, solleva sempre più frequentemente profili cruciali di coordinamento tra attività dell’Unione e obblighi internazionali degli Stati membri. Le forme di interazione tra le due fonti sono le più varie e pongono problemi applicativi di rilevante complessità”. (Dall’introduzione)

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Actas del XIX Congreso del Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano: Berlin 2016. Volumen 1

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 2255-5137 ISBN: 9788491484219 Year: Volume: 58 Pages: 902 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: History --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-22 14:29:34
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El Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano, creado en el año 1966, celebra periódicamente sus congresos en que participan los miembros y por invitación los estudiosos no miembros especializados en el Derecho Indiano, donde presentan sus investigaciones histórico-jurídicas. Desde su fundación, se han celebrado dieciocho congresos en diferentes países de Iberoamérica. El XIX Congreso del Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano se celebró en la ciudad de Berlín (Alemania) del lunes 29 de agosto al viernes 2 de septiembre de 2016. En las Actas del Congreso, se publican las versiones escritas de más de setenta ponencias presentadas en el Congreso. Las ocho mesas temáticas del evento fueron: Historia de la historiografía del Derecho Indiano; El Derecho Indiano en la historia europea y global; Circulación de ideas y prácticas jurídicas: casos y métodos de análisis (obras jurisprudenciales); Derecho y otros saberes normativos (derecho real y canónico, teología moral); Orden jurídico y diversidad cultural (derechos indígenas, pluralismo jurídico y judicial); Derecho Indiano Provincial y Local (reinos, provincias, repúblicas); Sociedad, justicia y gobierno (instituciones y prácticas); El Derecho Indiano en el siglo XIX: Derecho Civil y Público y Constitucionalismo moderno.

Keywords

Derecho --- Historia --- Derecho indiano

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