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Subjects Health Sciences Medicine (General) Urology

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Advances in Nephropathy

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ISBN: 9781789842357 9781789842364 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74694 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a world-wide known disease affecting up to 4% of the population with increasing figures in developing countries. Life expectancy of patients affected by CKD is shortened compared to the overall population and only a minority of patients reach end stage renal disease (ESRD) with the need for dialysis or renal transplantation; death overtakes dialysis. In nine chapters, this book focuses on different aspects related to the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of CKD, providing interesting insights into new and old biomarkers, allowing us to increase diagnostic and prognostic meaningfulness. In addition, chapters deal with new developments in glomerulopathies, but also aspects of the ""tubulocentric"" shift will be beneficial for the open-minded reader. Nevertheless, new insights into chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) are provided.

Aspects in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

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ISBN: 9781789855852 9781789855869 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.76484 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is a slow and smooth continuous extracorporeal blood purification process. It is usually implemented over 24 hours to several days with gentle removal of fluid overload and excess uremic toxins. CRRT, which is based on the physiological principles of diffusion, ultrafiltration, convection, and adsorption, can be performed as slow continuous ultrafiltration, continuous veno-venous hemofiltration, continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration, and continuous veno-venous hemodialysis. Over many years, CRRT has been shown to be an effective dialysis therapy for hemodynamically unstable patients with acute kidney injury, brain injury, and/or multiorgan failure in intensive care units. Aspects in CRRT covers selected important topics with a practical approach to the management of different aspects of CRRT. All chapters have been updated and are well referenced, supported by well-illustrated figures and tables, and written by distinguished and experienced authors. Aspects in CRRT is considered as a guide to daily practice in intensive care units, and a reference for medical and nursing staff involved in taking care of critically ill patients with acute kidney injury, sepsis, and multiorgan failure.

Aspects in Dialysis

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ISBN: 9781789230246 9781789230253 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/68136 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Dialysis (clearance of uremic toxins and removal of excess fluids) is a broad term for different modalities of treatment for patients with acute and end-stage kidney disease. These modalities include peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, hemofiltration, hemodiafiltration, and continuous renal replacement therapy for critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. Dialysis is a lifesaving measure and can be conducted in hospitals, in dialysis clinics, and at home. Recently, dialysis techniques have witnessed tremendous improvements in technology and performance. The book Aspects in Dialysis covers important aspects of dialysis-related topics and is empowered with well-established and experienced authors, who have written clear and informative chapters. It covers various aspects of dialysis modalities supported by well-established clinical studies. Aspects in Dialysis can be considered as a guide for daily practice and a reference for medical and nursing staff involved in taking care of dialysis patients.

Chronic Kidney Disease - from Pathophysiology to Clinical Improvements

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ISBN: 9789535138433 9789535138440 9789535140054 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.5772/66239 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Known worldwide, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a disease that affects up to 4% of the population with increasing figures also in the developing countries. Life expectancy of patients affected by CKD is shortened compared to the overall population, and only a minority of patients reach end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with the need for dialysis or renal transplantation; death overtakes dialysis. In the 13 chapters, this book sheds light on the different aspects related to pathophysiology and clinical aspects of CKD, providing interesting insights into not only inflammation and cardiovascular risk but also the interplay of hormones and the functional aspects of endothelial function. In addition, chapters dealing with genetic aspects of polycystic kidney disease and also the clinical handling of patients with CKD and peritoneal dialysis will be beneficial for the open-minded reader.

Diagnostic, Prognostic and Predictive Biological Markers in Bladder Cancer – Illumination of a Vision

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976349 / 9783038976356 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-635-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics --- Pathology --- Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-21 09:26:53
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This Special Issue has been introduced with the aim of offering the possibility to publish new research results from old and new pioneers in the field of bladder cancer basic research. While editing this Special Issue we learned that an enormous enthusiasm is necessary to go on in bladder cancer research. In our eyes, bladder cancer is on one hand a very heterogenous malignancy, which is what makes it so difficult to focus on only one bladder cancer marker in bladder cancer diagnostics and follow-up. On the other hand, it is very important to find prognostic and predictive factors for bladder cancer due to its high incidence and its enormous costs, as one of the most expensive malignancies in the world. Finding and developing new bladder cancer markers is still a very dynamic field. Because there are many of these markers, it is impossible to report all of them. This Special Issue attempts to highlight the role of bladder cancer markers in diagnosis, and the most important biomarkers that have been recently studied and reported. This Special Issue highlights some of the most important markers. Further determination of recurrence and progression markers will contribute to establishing better treatments for individual patients. Molecular staging of urological tumors will allow the selection of cases that will require systemic treatment. It is necessary and important to integrate basic and clinical research under the same objectives.

Evolving Strategies in Peritoneal Dialysis

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789235326 9781789235333 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71213 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Evolving Strategies in Peritoneal Dialysis is intended as a concise compilation of articles designed to understand the basics of the current practice of the most cost-effective form of life support for patients with end-stage renal disease who require dialysis. Current strategies are understood best with a review of the historical development of catheter materials, solution packaging, and simplified machinery, which allow safe and effective nocturnal treatments. Quantitation of the efficacy of peritoneal dialysis is also reviewed because such calculations were also developed by the pioneers of nephrology to ensure adequacy of dialysis and daily fluid balance, which are responsible for the best chance for long-term patient survival. Comparison of methods for catheter placement is presented as well as the role that a dialysis center plays in the health and success of this form of end-stage renal disease patient care. The novel concept of assisted peritoneal dialysis for the infirm or institutionalized patients is probably the next direction needed to make available this treatment to many more patients than are currently eligible to receive it. This concept is explored in a separate chapter. Finally, professional dialysis staff must monthly assess individuals' nutritional status, bone health, and infection prevention and treatment to ensure the greatest functional status for these patients. This book concludes with a review of each of these topics to expand the mandatory monthly surveillance performed by dialysis centers for each patient who receives home peritoneal dialysis therapy.

Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders

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ISBN: 9781789239218 9781789239225 9781838811815 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72967 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book provides readers with all the tools needed to handle interesting clinical challenges in the field of fluid and electrolyte disorders. It aims to offer an up-to-date clinical text for medical residents, fellows, practicing physicians, and nephrologists in a simple and easy-to-understand format. It provides the right balance between basic science and practical clinical guidance. It discusses the current evidence regarding the physiology, basic fundamentals, clinical presentation, and management of these disorders and will help clinicians to handle these disorders effectively. And all chapters have been extensively revised and bound to include the latest developments in the field.

Spermatozoa - Facts and Perspectives

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789231700 9781789231717 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.5772/68063 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Spermatozoa, the haploid male gametes, are highly specialized cells capable to fertilize eggs in order to produce diploid zygote. The biogenesis of spermatozoa requires finely modulated occurrence of mitotic, meiotic, and differentiation events. Hence, the production of high-quality spermatozoa impacts fertilization with outcomes on the health of the offspring. This book provides a comprehensive overview on the biogenesis, maturation, functions and activities of spermatozoa in both physiological conditions and infertility. Particular attention has been addressed to the impact of environment on sperm quality and to the appropriate selection of high-quality spermatozoa for in vitro fertilization. Taken together, this book targets a wide audience of basic and clinical scientists, teachers and students, and offers a better understanding of spermatozoa health and disease.

Keywords

Health Sciences --- Medicine --- Urology --- Andrology

Synopsis in the Management of Urinary Incontinence

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535129318 9789535129325 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.5772/62557 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The prevalence of urinary incontinence increases with age. It has recognised social and psychological impact on individuals as well as a financial implication to individuals and healthcare systems. The book attempt to discuss the assessment of urinary incontinence, followed by surgical and conservative treatment options in a concise way, within the framework of clinical practice. We would like to acknowledge all the authors for their hard work in completing this book.

Updates and Advances in Nephrolithiasis - Pathophysiology, Genetics, and Treatment Modalities

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ISBN: 9789535134596 9789535134602 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/65175 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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In recent decades, we have enhanced our understanding of the pathophysiology and genetics of rare and common causes of kidney stones. With our evolving understanding of the epidemiology, biology, and genetics of nephrolithiasis and the advances in therapeutic technologies, we have made significant progress in patient care. Furthermore, advances in the medical management and surgical technologies have allowed us to embellish the optimal outcomes in the management of complex kidney stone disease.

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