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Subjects Health Sciences Medicine (General)

Allergy and Immunology (129 books)
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Browse results: Found 926

Listing 1 - 10 of 926 << page
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Equidade e saúde: contribuições da epidemiologia

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788575412640 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788575412640 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-15 19:31:10
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Trata da eqüidade/iniqüidade e de seu duplo, a igualdade/desigualdade, tendo sempre como referencial a saúde das populações, em textos que enfocam: a dimensão política das sociedades ocidentais na atualidade, fatores econômicos ou de organização social e, ainda, aspectos como idade, gênero e etnia.

Erário Mineral - Vol. 1 e 2

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ISBN: 9788575412404 Year: Volume: 1 e 2 Pages: 821 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788575412404 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-15 19:35:44
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Erário Mineral, de Luís Gomes Ferreira, foi editado pela primeira vez em Lisboa, em 1735, sendo um dos primeiros tratados de medicina brasileira escrito em língua portuguesa. O livro reúne as experiências de práticas médicas realizadas pelo cirurgião-barbeiro Luís Gomes Ferreira na capitania de Minas Gerais. Além de uma descrição pormenorizada dos principais males ali freqüentes, o autor também descreve os meios mais eficazes de cura que experimentou e faz um importante inventário dos medicamentos utilizados na época com suas respectivas funções. Nessa leitura, descobrimos que entre os remédios empregados encontravam-se vários utilizados pelos índios e incorporados pelos paulistas à medicina colonial. Parte preciosa do relato é constituída pelas minuciosas informações sobre as duras condições de vida e de trabalho a que os escravos estavam submetidos, o que facilitava a propagação das doenças. Dois glossários completam e enriquecem ainda mais esta edição, procedendo a um levantamento dos médicos e cirurgiões citados pelo autor.

Febre amarela: a doença e a vacina, uma história inacabada

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ISBN: 9788575413951 Year: Pages: 470 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788575413951 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-10 16:14:27
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Resgata a história da produção da vacina contra a febre amarela, desde 1937, permitindo uma revisão dos ensinamentos de Oswaldo Cruz. Esta obra interessa não só ao leitor estudioso da febre amarela, mas também aos que querem saber mais sobre o desenvolvimento da vacina e dos estudos e estratégias de imunização. Além de rever aspectos técnicos, o livro traz informações sobre os estudos realizados, colaborando com pesquisas futuras. Ao se associar à Casa de Oswaldo Cruz e promover este trabalho, na celebração de seus 25 anos, Bio-Manguinhos reconhece a importância da pesquisa histórica, considerando-a como perspectiva para a compreensão das instituições e seus atuais desafios. Prêmio Jabuti 2002: Menção Honrosa na Categoria Ciências Naturais e Ciências da Saúde

Formação de pessoal de nível médio para a saúde: desafios e perspectivas

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ISBN: 9788575412671 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788575412671 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-15 20:09:42
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Reúne artigos que instigam e fundamentam o debate sobre a formação dos trabalhadores de nível médio para a saúde, campo em que estudos e publicações ainda são escassos. Abordando um leque abrangente de temas, a coletânea discute a questão sob variados pontos de vista: histórico, sociológico, pedagógico, técnico e metodológico. Resulta de análises de práticas vivenciadas na EPSJV/Fiocruz, o que em muito confere aos ensaios originalidade e exemplaridade. Sem a pretensão de apresentar respostas dogmáticas, o livro é uma contribuição para a superação de obstáculos e descompassos que vêm caracterizando a trajetória da profissionalização na área da saúde.

Teoria epidemiológica hoje: fundamentos, interfaces e tendências

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788575412794 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788575412794 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-16 14:05:12
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Parte do princípio de que finalmente uma malaise epistemológica se instala na epidemiologia, determinada pela incômoda posição de principal responsável pelas contradições da saúde pública neste fim de milênio. Assim, convoca estudiosos e profissionais a questionar fundamentos, explorar interfaces e formular discursos competentes indicadores de tendências.

Keywords

Epidemiologia

The Theoretical Foundation of Dendritic Function

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Computational Neuroscience Series ISBN: 9780262193566 9780262515467 Year: Pages: 468 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:34
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This collection of fifteen previously published papers, some of them not widely available, have been carefully chosen and annotated by Rall's colleagues and other leading neuroscientists.Wilfrid Rall was a pioneer in establishing the integrative functions of neuronal dendrites that have provided a foundation for neurobiology in general and computational neuroscience in particular. This collection of fifteen previously published papers, some of them not widely available, have been carefully chosen and annotated by Rall's colleagues and other leading neuroscientists. It brings together Rall's work over more than forty years, including his first papers extending cable theory to complex dendritic trees, his ground-breaking paper introducing compartmental analysis to computational neuroscience, and his studies of synaptic integration in motoneurons, dendrodendritic interactions, plasticity of dendritic spines, and active dendritic properties. Today it is well known that the brain's synaptic information is processed mostly in the dendrites where many of the plastic changes underlying learning and memory take place. It is particularly timely to look again at the work of a major creator of the field, to appreciate where things started and where they have led, and to correct any misinterpretations of Rall's work. The editors' introduction highlights the major insights that were gained from Rall's studies as well as from those of his collaborators and followers. It asks the questions that Rall proposed during his scientific career and briefly summarizes the answers.The papers include commentaries by Milton Brightman, Robert E. Burke, William R. Holmes, Donald R. Humphrey, Julian J. B. Jack, John Miller, Stephen Redman, John Rinzel, Idan Segev, Gordon M. Shepherd, and Charles Wilson.

"... die Kunst zu sehn" - Arthur Schopenhauers Mitschriften der Vorlesungen Johann Friedrich Blumenbachs (1809-1811)

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Schriften zur Göttinger Universitätsgeschichte ISBN: 9783863951399 Year: Pages: 157 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sports Science --- Science (General) --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-26 16:26:39
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Arthur Schopenhauer studierte von 1809 bis 1811 in Göttingen und besuchte vor allem historische und naturgeschichtliche Lehrveranstaltungen. Einer seiner wichtigsten Lehrer war dabei Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, der damals berühmteste Göttinger Naturforscher. Schopenhauer setzte die in Göttingen begonnenen naturwissenschaftlichen Studien auch nach der Entscheidung für eine Laufbahn als Philosoph und dem Wechsel an die neugegründete Universität in Berlin fort. Sein Interesse und seine Kenntnisse auf dem Gebiet der Naturwissenschaften und insbesondere der Physiologie sind ein wichtiger Schlüssel zum Verständnis seiner Philosophie. Schopenhauers Mitschriften von Blumenbachs Vorlesungen zur Naturgeschichte, Mineralogie, Anatomie und Physiologie dokumentieren aber nicht nur Blumenbachs Einfluss auf die intellektuelle Entwicklung des Philosophen. Sie sind zugleich eine wertvolle und anschauliche Quelle für die Tätigkeit Blumenbachs als Hochschullehrer. Mit seinen äußerst populären Vorlesungen prägte er mehrere Generationen von Studenten und hatte entscheidenden Anteil daran, den modernen Naturwissenschaften einen Platz im Geistesleben des 19. Jahrhunderts zu verschaffen.

"Behinderung" im Dialog zwischen Recht und Humangenetik

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783863951504 Year: Pages: 157 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:59
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Modern medical technologies, especially the pre-implantation and prenatal diagnosis, have given the possibility of preventive dealing with the risks of physical or mental disabilities. On the other side there is the call for support and “inclusion” of people with disabilities. These opposing trends are critically analyzed and discussed in depth from a legally, genetic, as well as from a medical, social and ethical point of view.

"Eine Medicinische Facultät in Flor bringen" - zur Geschichte der Medizinischen Fakultät der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

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ISBN: 9783940344984 Year: Pages: 143 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Science (General) --- Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Die Gründung der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen beruhte auf einem weitgehend neuen Konzept, das vom Geist der Aufklärung durchzogen auf Toleranz gründete und jeglichem Extremismus und Sekretierertum abhold war. Diesem Prinzip war auch die Medizinische Fakultät von Anfang an verpflichtet. Durch das von ihr vertretene Ausbildungsmodell des praktisch-klinischen Unterrichts am Krankenbett gelang es bereits in der Aufbauphase entscheidende Impulse zu setzen, die für die medizinische Ausbildung über Göttingen hinaus richtungsweisend wurden. Damit trug die Medizinische Fakultät wesentlich dazu bei, den internationalen Ruhm der Georgia-Augusta zu begründen. Der Abriss mit seiner vielschichtigen Realität vermittelt Einsichten in das Selbstverständnis, die Selbstwahrnehmung und die Selbstdarstellung der Medizinischen Fakultät in ihrer Geschichte.

16 Surgery and Emotion (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781349952601 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1_16 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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In this chapter I have endeavoured to demonstrate the ways in which an approach that takes the emotions seriously might nuance and complicate our understandings of the history of pre-anaesthetic surgery. In general, historians have tended to focus on the operations of surgical dispassion, or what we might now term clinical detachment. What this research suggests, however, is that compassion and emotional expression played a surprisingly important role in shaping the cultures of early nineteenth-century operative surgery as well as the identities of its practitioners. In the decades immediately preceding the advent of anaesthesia, pain became a central concern of surgical discourse and the response to this concern was shaped by the cultures of sentiment and sensibility. However, this culture of compassion was no ‘natural’ reaction to a self-evident problem. Rather, it was a culturally and historically contingent phenomenon which could be harnessed to the ideologies and ambitions of medical reform. In the hands of men like John Bell and Thomas Wakley, the image of the surgeon as a man of refined and honest sentiment was linked to a critique of the medical and surgical ancien regime, providing an idealised representation of a more expert, meritocratic and altruistic profession.

Listing 1 - 10 of 926 << page
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