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"Le mani sulla legge": il lobbying tra free speech e democrazia

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Book Series: Memorie del Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza - Università di Torino ISBN: 9788867056118 Year: Pages: 360 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Subject: Economics
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"Questo lavoro si occupa del lobbying da un punto di vista giuridico, e in particolare giuridico-costituzionale (comparato): analizza cioè come questa pratica, il cui impatto sul processo democratico è molto elevato e in costante crescita, sia disciplinata, e soprattutto quale sia il quadro costituzionale in cui tale regolamentazione si muova, e che cosa questo ci dica sul sistema giuridico nel suo complesso in alcuni ordinamenti particolarmente significativi: Usa, Europa (UE e Consiglio d’Europa) e Italia”. (Dal testo)

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"Production Ergonomics : Designing Work Systems to Support Optimal Human Performance"

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ISBN: 9781911529125 9781911529132 9781911529149 9781911529156 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.5334/bbe Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Economics --- Agriculture (General)
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"Production ergonomics – the science and practice of designing industrial workplaces to optimize human well-being and system performance – is a complex challenge for a designer. Humans are a valuable and flexible resource in any system of creation, and as long as they stay healthy, alert and motivated, they perform well and also become more competent over time, which increases their value as a resource. However, if a system designer is not mindful or aware of the many threats to health and system performance that may emerge, the end result may include inefficiency, productivity losses, low working morale, injuries and sick-leave.To help budding system designers and production engineers tackle these design challenges holistically, this book offers a multi-faceted orientation in the prerequisites for healthy and effective human work. We will cover physical, cognitive and organizational aspects of ergonomics, and provide both the individual human perspective and that of groups and populations, ending up with a look at global challenges that require workplaces to become more socially and economically sustainable. This book is written to give you a warm welcome to the subject, and to provide a solid foundation for improving industrial workplaces to attract and retain healthy and productive staff in the long run."

1912-2012 El siglo de los comunistas chilenos

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ISBN: 9789563031423 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 563 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Economics --- History
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Compiling dedicated to various aspects of the history of the Communist Party of Chile in its history in the 20th century

Aboriginal Population Profiles for Development Planning in the Northern East Kimberley

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Book Series: Research monograph ISBN: 9781920942038 Year: Pages: 118 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
License: ANU Press

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Aboriginal australians; Western australia; Kimberly; Population; Economic conditions; Social conditions

Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships

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ISBN: 9780230238978 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
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"Public-private partnerships have become an important tool for delivering essential public goods, but critics fear that they erode public accountability. Making partnerships more accountable requires a clear understanding of what accountability means for partnerships and which mechanisms can be used to strengthen it.Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships develops a new model of accountability based on principal-agent theory. This model provides a firm normative foundation for accountability demands. At the same time, it shows which accountability standards apply to which kinds of partnerships. Norm-setting partnerships, for example, require strong mechanisms for participation, whereas implementation partnerships must focus on performance evaluation, competitive bidding and beneficiary feedback processes. The accountability model and standards developed in this book provide a guide for partnership practitioners who are developing the governance structures of their partnerships; they serve as benchmarks for evaluating partnerships; and they provide new inputs for the ongoing accountability debates in the public, the corporate and the civil society sectors. "

Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

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Book Series: British Academy Original Paperbacks ISBN: 9780197265536 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: The British Academy
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
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This book places tipping points in their scientific, economic, governmental, creative, and spiritual contexts. It seeks to offer a comprehensive set of interpretations on the meaning and application of tipping points. Its contribution focuses on the various characterisations and metaphors of tipping points, on the scope for anticipating their onset, the capacity for societal resilience in the face of their impending arrival, and for better ways of communicating and preparing societies, economies, and governments for accommodating them, and hence to turn them into responses which buffer and better human well-being. Above all, the possibility of preparing society for creative and benign ‘tips’ is a unifying theme. The conclusion is sombre but not without hope. Thresholds of profound change can combine earth system-based relatively abrupt shifts with human-caused alterations of these disturbed patterns which, coupled together, produce more rapid onsets and greater tensions and stresses for governments and economies, as well as socially unequal societies. There is still time to predict and address these thresholds but too much delay will make the task of accommodation very difficult to achieve with relevant-scale community support. There are many examples of adaptive resilience throughout the world. These should be identified, supported, and emulated according to cultural acceptance and emerging economic realities. But there is no guarantee that the necessary adjustments can be made in time, as emerging patterns of outlook and governance do not appear to be conducive to manage the very awkward transitions of appropriate response.

Aftershocks : Economic Crisis and Institutional Choice

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: WRR ISBN: 9789089641922 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.5117/9789089641922 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Economics
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Aftershocks was written in the midst of the deepest economic crisis since the Great Depression. Although it would be premature to presume to identify the repercussions of the crisis, it is clear that it will have profound aftershock effects in the political, economic, and social spheres. The book contains essays based on semi-structured interviews with leading scholars, European politicians and representatives from the world of business. They reflect on the origins of the crisis as well as the possible social, economic, and political transformations it may engender.

Aftershocks werd geschreven op het hoogtepunt van de grootste economische crisis sinds de grote depressie. Hoewel het voorbarig zou zijn aan te nemen dat de gevolgen van de crisis al in volle omvang duidelijk zijn, is het overduidelijk dat zij ingrijpende effecten zal hebben op politiek, economisch en sociaal gebied. Het boek bevat essays gebaseerd op interviews met vooraanstaande geleerden, Europese politici en vertegenwoordigers uit de wereld van het bedrijfsleven. Zij vertellen over de oorsprong van de crisis, maar ook over de mogelijke sociale, economische en politieke veranderingen die zij zal voortbrengen. Deze reflecties laten zien dat terugkeer naar de oplossingen voor de crisis van de jaren 1980 en 90, noch de herinrichting naar voorbeeld van de jaren 1950 en 60 de oplossingen bieden die wij nodig hebben om op binnenlands of mondiaal niveau deze crisis aan te pakken. Nodig blijkt namelijk dat de rol van de overheid en politieke soevereiniteit opnieuw uitgevonden moet worden om zo de crisis het hoofd te kunnen bieden. Een selectie uit de bijdragen: - Econoom Willem Buiter (LSE) spoort ons aan de unieke kansen die de crisis biedt om markten opnieuw te reguleren niet voorbij te laten gaan. Als nationale en internationale beleidsmakers niet nu handelen, bestaat het gevaar dat de instabiliteit van vóór de crisis terugkeert. - Politieke wetenschapper Suzanne Berger (MIT) laat zien wat de nationale ruimte voor sociale en economische verandering is in een langere periode van lage groei. - Oud-voorzitter van de Europese Commissie Jacques Delors ziet in de crisis een verkapte zegen. Een periode van lage groei dwingt politici te zoeken naar andere succesindicatoren dan het bruto nationaal product, zoals op het gebied van milieu en welzijn. - Econoom Barry Eichengreen (Berkeley) zet de huidige crisis af tegen de Grote Depressie van de jaren dertig en de stagflatiecrisis van de jaren zeventig. Ook schetst hij de politieke en economische voorwaarden voor herstel. - Politieke wetenschapper Peter A. Hall (Harvard) stelt dat de crisis bij uitstek ook een politiek probleem is: de staat moet op zoek naar nieuwe legitimiteit. - Econoom Dani Rodrik (Harvard) pleit voor een 'kapitalisme 3.0' dat economische globalisering en nationale diversiteit met elkaar in balans brengt. - Socioloog Richard Sennett (LSE) vindt dat de crisis de morele superioriteit van het vrije-marktdenken heeft ondermijnd maar tegelijkertijd kansen biedt voor een betere verdeling van welvaart en welzijn. Deze, en nog veel meer kwesties komen aan bod in essays van Tony Atkinson, Nancy Birdsall, Amy Chua, Amitai Etzioni, Paul de Grauwe, Anthony Giddens, André Sapir, Mark Elchardus, Jean-Paul Fitoussi, Charles Maier, Dominique Moïsi, Stephen Roach, Maria João Rodrigues, Helmut Schmidt, David Soskice, Fritz Scharpf en Loukas Tsoukalis. Aftershocks wordt ingeleid door Anton Hemerijck. Het boek sluit af met een beschouwing van Ben Knapen.

Keywords

Economics --- Economie

Ageing in Europe. Supporting Policies for an Inclusive Society

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783110444414 9783110437041 Year: Pages: xii, 380 DOI: 10.1515/9783110444414 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- Economics
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SHARE is an international survey designed to answer the societal challenges that face us due to rapid population ageing. How do we Europeans age? How will we do economically, socially and healthwise? How are these domains interrelated? The authors of this multidisciplinary book have taken a further big step towards answering these questions based on the recent SHARE data in order to support policies for an inclusive society.

Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

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ISBN: 9780199683529 Year: Pages: 320 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Social Sciences --- Economics
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Agricultural input subsidies were a major feature of development policies in rural economies until the 1980s. Continuing rural poverty with low productivity and fertilizer use in smallholder staple crops has led to their resurgence in Africa. These subsidies are, however, controversial with claims of both large food security benefits and unsustainable, inefficient resource use. This book reviews current theory and evidence on the strengths and weaknesses of these programmes and the effects of programme context, design, and implementation. Theoretical arguments for agricultural subsidies are based on input promotion where farmers’ private costs (benefits) are higher (lower) than wider economic costs (benefits). These arguments, and concerns about inefficiency and diversion, are reviewed and extended to consider input affordability constraints and ‘smart’ rationing and targeting. Recent programmes in Africa have a variety of generally producer-focused objectives, with varied implementation and programme outcomes. Most pay little attention to consumer interests and potential contributions to wider growth. A detailed examination of Malawi’s controversial agricultural input subsidy programme follows. Drawing on a wide range of information sources, the political and agro-economic contexts of the programme are examined, with evidence on its implementation and impacts from 2005 to 2011. Positive impacts are recorded on beneficiaries’ production, incomes, food consumption, school enrolment, child health, and reduced need for earnings from undertaking casual labour for others. There is evidence of indirect economy-wide impacts, but this is not as strong as might be expected. Targeting and graduation are identified as critically important issues requiring continuing attention.

Agriculture, peasantry and poverty in Turkey in the neo-liberal age

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ISBN: 9789086861927 9789086867486 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers Grant: The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Subject: Economics
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This book investigates recent policies introduced into Turkey which are designed to reduce state activities and open up the country to international investment and trade. This is done in the context of the UNs Millennium Development Goals continuing to stretch into the distant future amid the ongoing instability of the global financial system and economic pressures on the West. The focus is on agriculture and the major effects of a deliberate restructuring of an agrarian economy as seen through the lens of the peasant, the village and poverty. This unique socioeconomic review of Turkey, which is generally thought to be a contemporary success story of the neo-liberal paradigm, argues for a new understanding of the destructive effects of global capitalism. Some issues addressed are the effects on Turkey's countryside as its agricultural sector has been catapulted onto the world market, how farming has changed and what this has meant for small-scale enterprises. Also discussed is how rural communities have fared, capital relations have been transformed in the process and the impact this has had on the nation's poor. Finally, the ways in which neo-liberalism has guided government's response to the new social needs is discussed along with how Turkey's experience parallels similar developments worldwide. This serves as a window to the reality of development at a time when the philosophy for growth underpinning development is facing an increasingly profound crisis of confidence worldwide.

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