Expand Subject Tree

Subjects Science General Science (General)

Browse results: Found 1494

Listing 1 - 10 of 1494 << page
of 150
>>
"... die Kunst zu sehn" - Arthur Schopenhauers Mitschriften der Vorlesungen Johann Friedrich Blumenbachs (1809-1811)

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Schriften zur Göttinger Universitätsgeschichte ISBN: 9783863951399 Year: Pages: 157 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sports Science --- Science (General) --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-26 16:26:39
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Arthur Schopenhauer studierte von 1809 bis 1811 in Göttingen und besuchte vor allem historische und naturgeschichtliche Lehrveranstaltungen. Einer seiner wichtigsten Lehrer war dabei Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, der damals berühmteste Göttinger Naturforscher. Schopenhauer setzte die in Göttingen begonnenen naturwissenschaftlichen Studien auch nach der Entscheidung für eine Laufbahn als Philosoph und dem Wechsel an die neugegründete Universität in Berlin fort. Sein Interesse und seine Kenntnisse auf dem Gebiet der Naturwissenschaften und insbesondere der Physiologie sind ein wichtiger Schlüssel zum Verständnis seiner Philosophie. Schopenhauers Mitschriften von Blumenbachs Vorlesungen zur Naturgeschichte, Mineralogie, Anatomie und Physiologie dokumentieren aber nicht nur Blumenbachs Einfluss auf die intellektuelle Entwicklung des Philosophen. Sie sind zugleich eine wertvolle und anschauliche Quelle für die Tätigkeit Blumenbachs als Hochschullehrer. Mit seinen äußerst populären Vorlesungen prägte er mehrere Generationen von Studenten und hatte entscheidenden Anteil daran, den modernen Naturwissenschaften einen Platz im Geistesleben des 19. Jahrhunderts zu verschaffen.

"... mein Acker ist die Zeit": Aufsätze zur Umweltgeschichte

Authors:
ISBN: 9783941875999 Year: Pages: 502 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A collection of papers, articles, and essays written in the past decade by the well-known German environmental historian.

"Eine Medicinische Facultät in Flor bringen" - zur Geschichte der Medizinischen Fakultät der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Authors:
ISBN: 9783940344984 Year: Pages: 143 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Science (General) --- Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Die Gründung der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen beruhte auf einem weitgehend neuen Konzept, das vom Geist der Aufklärung durchzogen auf Toleranz gründete und jeglichem Extremismus und Sekretierertum abhold war. Diesem Prinzip war auch die Medizinische Fakultät von Anfang an verpflichtet. Durch das von ihr vertretene Ausbildungsmodell des praktisch-klinischen Unterrichts am Krankenbett gelang es bereits in der Aufbauphase entscheidende Impulse zu setzen, die für die medizinische Ausbildung über Göttingen hinaus richtungsweisend wurden. Damit trug die Medizinische Fakultät wesentlich dazu bei, den internationalen Ruhm der Georgia-Augusta zu begründen. Der Abriss mit seiner vielschichtigen Realität vermittelt Einsichten in das Selbstverständnis, die Selbstwahrnehmung und die Selbstdarstellung der Medizinischen Fakultät in ihrer Geschichte.

"Ob Dir es sauer wird mit Deiner Nahrung und Ackerwerk, das laß Dich nicht verdrießen, denn Gott hat es also geschaffen" - Gottfreid Dietrich Wilhelm Berthold (1854 - 1937) Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Biologie an der Georgia Augusta Göttingen

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783863950224 Year: Pages: 159 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Biology --- Science (General) --- Education --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Gottfried Dietrich Wilhelm Berthold (1854-1937) was one the foremost botanists and phycologists at the end of the 19th century. Born and educated in Westphalia, he enrolled at the Georgia Augusta to study plant sciences and focused on algae. After research stays at the Zoological Station at Naples he succeeded his mentor Johannes Reinke on his chair at the Institute of Plant Physiology at the Georgia Augusta Göttingen until 1923. In this study we focus on the biography of Berthold, his private and scientific life, interaction with J. Reinke and other topics related to the life of Berthold. In a second part we highlight his research on algae at the Gulf of Naples. We conclude with an evaluation of his scientific work in the light of the different phases in his life including a full bibliography of his scientific publications. Our study contributes to history of science at the Georgia Augusta.

"One rotten apple spoils the whole barrel": The plant hormone ethylene, the small molecule and its complexity

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196234 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-623-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The gaseous molecule ethylene (C2H4), which is small in size and simple in structure, is a plant hormone most often associated with fruit ripening yet has a diversity of effects throughout the plant life cycle. While its agricultural effects were known even in ancient Egypt, the complexity of its mode of action and the broad spectrum of its effects and potential uses in plant physiology remain important scientific challenges today. In the last few decades, the biochemical pathway of ethylene production has been uncovered, ethylene perception and signaling have been molecularly dissected, ethylene-responsive transcription factors have been identified and numerous effects of ethylene have been described, ranging from water stress, development, senescence, reproduction plant-pathogen interactions, and of course, ripening. Thus ethylene is involved in plant development, in biotic and abiotic stress, and in reproduction. There is no stage in plant life that is not affected by ethylene, modulated by a complex and fascinating molecular machinery.

(Pushing) the Limits of Neuroplasticity Induced by Adult Language Acquisition

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456406 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-640-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Most adults attempt to learn a second or even third language at some point in their life. Since language exposure is one of the most intense cognitive training regimes one can encounter, it is not surprising that previous research has shown that multilingualism can induce profound change in the brain or ‘neuroplasticity’.What remains unclear is the scope of such adult language learning induced neuroplasticity. In other words, much is yet to be investigated about the factors that limit or promote adult language learning induced neuroplasticity. On the one hand, the present research topic discusses research that sheds light on neural mechanisms that limit adult language learning induced neuroplasticity such as: neural mechanisms of first language interference in the acquisition of a second language and reduced opportunity for language induced neuroplasticity due to aging. On the other hand, the Research Topic discusses factors that could enhance non-native language learning (and underlying neuroplastic mechanisms), such as the duration of the training regime, language aptitude, and meta-linguistic awareness. Therefore, the goal of the present Research Topic is to examine both the limits of neuroplasticity in adult language learning and the ways to push beyond those limits. Understanding of such limits and frontiers to push beyond the limits is not only theoretically fundamental but could also have practical implications for enhancing language training programmes.

Keywords

bilingualism --- plasticity --- Language --- Brain

-

Authors:
ISBN: 9780262304412 9780262017954 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Sociology --- Science (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:34
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The evolution of activism against the expansion of copyright in the digital domain, with case studies of resistance including eBook and iTunes hacks.The movement against restrictive digital copyright protection arose largely in response to the excesses of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998. In The Digital Rights Movement, Hector Postigo shows that what began as an assertion of consumer rights to digital content has become something broader: a movement concerned not just with consumers and gadgets but with cultural ownership. Increasingly stringent laws and technological measures are more than incoveniences; they lock up access to our “cultural commons.”Postigo describes the legislative history of the DMCA and how policy “blind spots” produced a law at odds with existing and emerging consumer practices. Yet the DMCA established a political and legal rationale brought to bear on digital media, the Internet, and other new technologies. Drawing on social movement theory and science and technology studies, Postigo presents case studies of resistance to increased control over digital media, describing a host of tactics that range from hacking to lobbying.Postigo discusses the movement's new, user-centered conception of “fair use” that seeks to legitimize noncommercial personal and creative uses such as copying legitimately purchased content and remixing music and video tracks. He introduces the concept of technological resistance—when hackers and users design and deploy technologies that allows access to digital content despite technological protection mechanisms—as the flip side to the technological enforcement represented by digital copy protection and a crucial tactic for the movement.

100 Jahre Georgia Augusta Gottingensis - (K)ein Grund zum Feiern - Prosa und Dichtung über die Säkularfeier 1837

Authors:
ISBN: 9783941875456 Year: Pages: 122 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Die Georgia Augusta feierte im September 1837 mit einem ganz Göttingen zur Bühne machenden Fest ihr Hundertjahrjubiläum. Die Feierlichkeiten dauerten drei Tage und waren glanzvoll. Um für eine breitere zeitgenössische Öffentlichkeit die Jubiläumsaktivitäten zu dokumentieren und um den „Festmarathon“ als einen der Höhepunkte der Universitätsgeschichte für die Nachwelt festzuhalten, erschienen 1838 bei drei deutschen Verlegern in drei deutschen Städten drei Festbeschreibungen. Zwei davon halten für den Leser Überraschungen bereit: Eduard Beurmanns Prosabericht ist in höchstem Maße kritisch, ja zum Teil sogar sarkastisch, Christianus Juvenalis hat sich für eine hexametrische Satire (!) als „Geburtstagsgeschenk“ entschieden, nur Friedrich Wilhelm Rettbergs Schilderung liegt auf der offiziellen (d.h. enkomiastischen) Linie. Das vorliegende Bändchen bietet eine vergleichende Interpretation dieser drei kulturgeschichtlich und wissenschaftspolitisch aufschlussreichen Texte, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf der Satire liegt, die in faksimilierter Form hier erstmals einer breiteren Öffentlichkeit zugänglich gemacht wird.

2015: Which new directions for Alzheimer's disease?

Authors:
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195350 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-535-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

According to the World Health Organization, more than 40 million people in the world are affected with dementia. To date, 60-70% of the cases of dementia are attributed to the Alzheimer's disease (AD). This neurodegenerative disorder gradually takes place over a period of at least 20 years before the onset of symptoms, which are impaired memory, apathy and depression. The characteristics of AD consist in neurofibrillary tangles (intraneuronal aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins) and senile plaques (dense extraneuronal deposits composed of amyloid ß (Aß)). The other features linked to these two core pathological hallmarks of AD are inflammation, oxidative stress, progressive synaptic and neuronal loss. In past years, some of the emerging therapeutic strategies against AD were employed to deal with the pathological hallmarks of the disease. Science teams all over the world try to restore the tau phosphorylation equilibrium. Their purpose is to interfere with the aggregation of tau and decrease its amount of proteins per se as well. Furthermore, they are trying either to stimulate the elimination processes of the aggregated tau proteins or to stop the formation of Aß peptides. This could be reached by the stimulation of the classic techniques of protein degradation such as the autophagic pathway, or by the targeted immunotherapy. In this Research Topic, we wish to summarize and review the etiology of AD and the related therapeutic opportunities for the next decades. To fully understand the precise mechanisms underlying AD, research findings, reviews, new insights and new approaches include AD and related tauopathies, tau phosphorylation balance, pharmacological compounds against AD, neuroprotection strategies and new therapeutic ways but also risk factors for AD and AD genetic information are included in this issue.

24 Stunden sind eine Bibliothek : Lernen, Forschen, Kooperieren ; die innovative Bibliothek

Authors:
ISBN: 9783866448285 Year: Pages: 130 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000026825 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Die KIT-Bibliothek des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie (KIT) ist eine der modernsten Bibliotheken Deutschlands. Seit über 30 Jahren gehört sie zu den Vorreitern im Bereich der innovativen Informationsdienste und sichert sich im alljährlichen Bibliotheksranking Bibliotheksindex BIX regelmäßig einen der Spitzenplätze. Heute ist sie für das KIT und die Region Karlsruheein leistungsstarkes Servicezentrum für Informations- und Kommunikationsmedien, das seinen Nutzern rund um die Uhr zur Verfügung steht.

Listing 1 - 10 of 1494 << page
of 150
>>