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Subjects Social Sciences Sociology Social and Public Welfare

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Active ageing

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ISBN: 9781447307204 9781447354765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102936
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-04 11:21:02
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In this topical book older people's volunteering is studied in eight European countries at the structural, macro, meso and micro levels. Overall it highlights how different interactions between the levels facilitate or hinder older people's inclusion in voluntary work and makes policy suggestions for an integrated strategy.

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Sociology

Ambulante Hilfe zur Erziehung und Sozialraumorientierung

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783847402718 9783847406235 Year: Pages: 481 DOI: 10.3224/84740623 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:04
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The current political discourse on the "further development and control of child and youth welfare" attempts to discredit and repress outpatient help for upbringing. The present "plea" interferes professionally and politically in this debate. The authors provide a critical assessment of the current situation of child and youth welfare and in particular of educational assistance and trace the process of the debate on the "further development and control of educational assistance". On the basis of detailed description and analysis of the two basic approaches to action in social work (social work in and with the social space on the one hand and individual casework, e.g. educational assistance, on the other), it deals with the question of whether the controversy alleged by politicians between the two approaches to action is technically justified. In this context, the two approaches to action are presented in their history and development and in their different conceptions. In addition to a clear plea for the preservation and consistently professional design of educational assistance in the context of life-world orientation, this also leads to the realisation that social work in general - and especially in times of neo-liberalisation of the social - is subject to the risk of individualisation. On the other hand, within both approaches it is also possible today to fend off this tendency and to act as a critical force in this society. In addition to the technical, ideological and political examination of the new control intentions of politics vis-à-vis aid for education, this book contains detailed descriptions and discussions on various individual topics, among others: - Technical characteristics, action orientations and process design of the action approaches "Outpatient individual case assistance" and "Work in and with the social space" (8.4 and 9.3, 9.4) - What shares does social work itself have in its partly unprofessional state? (Section 4.4) - Presentation and discussion of the concept of "social space orientation" (8.5) - Individualisation: What is this? How can it be avoided? (Chapter 8)

An Analysis of Contemporary Social Welfare Issues

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ISBN: 9789535127185 9789535127192 9789535141617 Year: Pages: 72 DOI: 10.5772/62677 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book offers a sharp critique and a detailed analysis of some pernicious social welfare problems and the wide-ranging causes and consequences of those complex social issues on individuals, families, and communities. Unemployment, health-care disparities, teenage pregnancy, and intimate partner violence constitute the focus of this work. Based on empirical and historical analyses of primary and secondary data, the book provides a conceptual framework that facilitates the reader's understanding of how those social issues are interrelated. Each chapter offers some clear policy recommendations directed to address those social problems. Written by well-published scholars, this work will be of great interest not only to students majoring in the social and political sciences but also to academics and practitioners active in the field of social welfare, social policy, and social work.

Le bénévolat des jeunes

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782883517172 9782883510869 Year: Pages: 187 Language: French
Publisher: Seismo
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-01 11:21:04
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What makes young people want to learn, commit and become involved in an activity? This issue is of particular interest to teachers, but also to employers. In order to provide some answers, the authors of this book are interested in a specific population: young people aged 16 to 25 who have freely chosen to get involved in associations as varied as sport, politics, the environment, humanitarian work or events. Based on interviews, this study traces the volunteer careers of some forty young women and men from all social categories. They proudly recall the responsibilities that were entrusted to them very early on in a structured, flexible and benevolent associative world. Their testimonies help to highlight the many learning and skills that the volunteer experience has enabled them to develop.

Better Than Welfare? Work and livelihoods for Indigenous Australians after CDEP

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ISBN: 9781760460273 Year: DOI: 10.22459/CAEPR36.08.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Sociology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 11:01:03
License: ANU Press

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The end of the very long-standing Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme in 2015 marked a critical juncture in Australian Indigenous policy history. For more than 30 years, CDEP had been among the biggest and most influential programs in the Indigenous affairs portfolio, employing many thousands of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. More recently, it had also become a focus of intense political contestation that culminated in its ultimate demise. This book examines the consequences of its closure for Indigenous people, communities and organisations. The end of CDEP is first situated in its broader historical and political context: the debates over notions of ‘self-determination’ versus ‘mainstreaming’ and the enduring influence of concerns about ‘passive welfare’ and ‘mutual obligation’. In this way, the focus on CDEP highlights more general trends in Indigenous policymaking, and questions whether the dominant government approach is on the right track. Each chapter takes a different disciplinary approach to this question, variously focusing on the consequences of change for community and economic development, individual work habits and employment outcomes, and institutional capacity within the Indigenous sector. Across the case studies examined, the chapters suggest that the end of CDEP has heralded the emergence of a greater reliance on welfare rather than the increased employment outcomes the government had anticipated. Concluding that CDEP was ‘better than welfare’ in many ways, the book offers encouragement to policymakers to ensure that future reforms generate livelihood options for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians that are, in turn, better than CDEP.

Bildschirmmedien im Alltag von Kindern und Jugendlichen

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge zur Kriminologischen Forschung ISBN: 9783845204512 Year: Volume: 33 Pages: 145 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845204512 Language: de
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-05 12:58:39
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Welchen Einfluss hat die Alltagsmediennutzung von Kindern und Jugendlichen auf deren Schulleistungen? Wie wirkt sich insbesondere der Konsum gewalthaltiger Medieninhalte auf Kinder und Jugendliche aus? Besteht ein Zusammenhang zur Jugendgewalt? Gibt es die Gefahr von Computerspielen im Sinne einer Sucht, abhängig zu werden?Am Kriminologischen Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen (KFN) gibt es zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen ein auf mehrere Jahre angelegtes Forschungsprogramm, das 2005 mit einer in elf westdeutschen Städten und Landkreisen durchgeführten Schülerbefragung begonnen hat. 14.301 Neuntklässler und 5.529 Viertklässler haben Fragen zu ihrer Mediennutzung und ihrer Familie, ihrem schulischen Umfeld und ihrem Freizeitverhalten beantwortet. Ein zentraler Aspekt war dabei, welche Rolle die Medien in diesem Beziehungsgeflecht spielen und mit welchen Entwicklungen besonders intensiver Medienkonsum von Kindern und Jugendlichen einhergeht.Das Buch vermittelt einen Überblick der einschlägigen Medienwirkungsforschung und ordnet die Befragungsergebnisse des KFN in den Kontext der internationalen Forschung ein.

Biological Activity of Natural Secondary Metabolite Products

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ISBN: 9783038971740 9783038971757 Year: Pages: 466 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-175-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Anthropology --- Biology --- Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-20 12:02:36
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms. [Natural secondary metabolite products, which are isolated from plants, animals, microorganisms, etc., are classified as polyketides, isoprenoids, aromatics (phenylpropanoids), alkaloids, etc. Their chemical diversity and variety of biological activities have attracted the attention of chemists, biochemists, biologists, etc. The Special Issue on "Biological Activity of Natural Secondary Metabolite Products" is intended to offer biological active natural products as candidates and/or leads for pharmaceuticals, dietary supplements, functional foods, cosmetics, food additives, etc. The research fields of this Special Issue include natural products chemistry, phytochemistry, pharmacognosy, food chemistry, bioorganic synthetic chemistry, chemical biology, molecular biology, molecular pharmacology, and other related research fields of bioactive natural secondary metabolite products. Original research and review articles on all topics in these research fields are invited. I am looking forward to receiving many submissions from outstanding experts in these research fields.]

Chapter 4 Boundary crossing (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367182915 9780429060687 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-28 11:21:11
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Child safeguarding has come to the forefront of public debate in the UK in the aftermath of a series of highly publicised incidents of child sexual exploitation and abuse. These have exposed the inadequacies and failings of inter-organisational relations between police and key partners. While the discourse of policing partnerships is now accepted wisdom, progress has been distinctly hesitant. This paper contributes to understanding both the challenges and opportunities presented through working across organisational boundaries in the context of safeguarding children. It draws on a study of relations within one of the largest Safeguarding Children partnerships in England, developing insights from Etienne Wenger regarding the potential of ‘communities of practice’ that innovate on the basis of everyday learning through ‘boundary work’. We demonstrate how such networked approaches expose the differential power relations and sites of conflict between organisations but also provide possibilities to challenge introspective cultures and foster organisational learning. We argue that crucial in cultivating effective ‘communities of practice’ are: shared commitment and purpose; relations of trust; balanced exchange of information and resources; mutual respect for difference; and an open and mature dialogue over possible conflicts. Boundary crossing can open opportunities to foster increased reflexivity among policing professionals, prompting critical self-reflection on values, ongoing reassessment of assumptions and questioning of terminology. Yet, there is an inherent tension in that the learning and innovative potential afforded by emergent ‘communities of practice’ derives from the coexistence and interplay between both the depth of knowledge within practices and active boundaries across practices.

Chapter 5: 'Target Suitability and the Crime Drop' from book: The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137391322 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1057/9781137391322_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 17:12:36
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This chapter is open access under a CC BY license. It is from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory, edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. The full volume provides a unique collection of essays in honour of the work of Marcus Felson and his notable contribution to routine activity theory, environmental criminology and the discipline more broadly.

Chapter 9: 'Crowd Spatial Patterns at Bus Stops: Security Implications and Effects of Warning Messages' from book: Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137556363 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137457653_9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:42:04
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This is a chapter from Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach edited by Vania Ceccato and Andrew Newton. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. As other chapters in Safety and Security in Transit Environments assert, crimes such as pickpocketing can concentrate near bus stops, and crowding and congestion is a factor that heightens this risk. But to target interventions effectively, it is useful to determine what local-level interactions characterise this crowding behaviour. This paper aims to provide a first step to using data collected from laboratory experiments to address questions from crime and transport research. The experiment considered differences in interpersonal distances to further analyse crowding behaviour to attain further insight that could narrow the focus of possible interventions. Audio warnings are examined as a possible solution, and findings show that crowding peaks when passengers board the bus, and audio messages may be one approach for addressing this. To conclude, implications of identifying boarding as a problem area, and the effectiveness of warning messages as a situational crime prevention tool are discussed.

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