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Social and Public Welfare (19 books)

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'Indisch is een gevoel'.De tweede en derde generatie Indische Nederlanders

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Book Series: Solidariteit en Identiteit ISBN: 9789089641250 Year: Pages: 424 Language: Dutch
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Sociology
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Indische Nederlanders zijn de grootste immigrantengroep die zich ooit in Nederland heeft gevestigd. Er is niet veel over hen bekend en al helemaal niet over hun nazaten. Voelen die zich eigenlijk nog Indisch? In ‘Indisch is een gevoel’ vertellen de volwassen kinderen en kleinkinderen van de Indische immigranten, de tweede en derde generatie, over hun leven. Ze gaan vooral in op wat ze van huis uit aan Indische bagage hebben meegekregen en wat Indisch-zijn voor hen betekent. Het boek bevat veel inzichtgevende citaten uit hun openhartige verhalen én een fotokatern in kleur door Fanny van der Linden.

Aboriginal Population Profiles for Development Planning in the Northern East Kimberley

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Book Series: Research monograph ISBN: 9781920942038 Year: Pages: 118 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
License: ANU Press

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Aboriginal australians; Western australia; Kimberly; Population; Economic conditions; Social conditions

Active ageing and solidarity between generations in Europe. First results from SHARE after the economic crisis

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783110295467 9783110295450 Year: Pages: xiv, 402 DOI: 10.1515/9783110295467 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Anthropology
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SHARE is an international survey designed to answer the societal challenges that face us due to rapid population ageing. How do Europeans age? Under which circumstances do older people and their families live, how healthy and active are they, and how did the crisis affect them? The authors of this multidisciplinary book have taken a first step toward answering these questions based on the recent SHARE data including a new social networks module.

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Adat and Indigeneity in Indonesia - Culture and Entitlements between Heteronomy and Self-Ascription

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISSN: 21908672 ISBN: 9783863951320 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
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A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

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Book Series: British Academy Original Paperbacks ISBN: 9780197265536 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: The British Academy
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
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This book places tipping points in their scientific, economic, governmental, creative, and spiritual contexts. It seeks to offer a comprehensive set of interpretations on the meaning and application of tipping points. Its contribution focuses on the various characterisations and metaphors of tipping points, on the scope for anticipating their onset, the capacity for societal resilience in the face of their impending arrival, and for better ways of communicating and preparing societies, economies, and governments for accommodating them, and hence to turn them into responses which buffer and better human well-being. Above all, the possibility of preparing society for creative and benign ‘tips’ is a unifying theme. The conclusion is sombre but not without hope. Thresholds of profound change can combine earth system-based relatively abrupt shifts with human-caused alterations of these disturbed patterns which, coupled together, produce more rapid onsets and greater tensions and stresses for governments and economies, as well as socially unequal societies. There is still time to predict and address these thresholds but too much delay will make the task of accommodation very difficult to achieve with relevant-scale community support. There are many examples of adaptive resilience throughout the world. These should be identified, supported, and emulated according to cultural acceptance and emerging economic realities. But there is no guarantee that the necessary adjustments can be made in time, as emerging patterns of outlook and governance do not appear to be conducive to manage the very awkward transitions of appropriate response.

Agency, contingency and census process: Observations of the 2006 Indigenous Enumeration Strategy in remote Aboriginal Australia

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Book Series: CAEPR Monograph ISBN: 9781921313592 Year: Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
License: ANU Press

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The Indigenous Enumeration Strategy (IES) of the Australian National Census of Population and Housing has evolved over the years in response to the perceived ‘difference’ of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Its defining characteristics are the use of locally recruited, mostly Indigenous collector interviewers, and the administration of a modified collection instrument in discrete Indigenous communities, mostly in remote Australia.The research reported here is unique. The authors, with the assistance of the Australian Bureau of Statistics, were able to follow the workings of the IES in the 2006 Census from the design of the collection instrument to the training of temporary census field staff at the Northern Territory’s Census Management Unit in Darwin, to the enumeration in four remote locations, through to the processing stage at the Data Processing Centre in Melbourne. This allowed the tracking of data from collection to processing, and an assessment of the effects of information flows on the quality of the data, both as input and output.This study of the enumeration involved four very different locations: a group of small outstation communities (Arnhem Land), a large Aboriginal township (Wadeye), an ‘open’ town with a majority Aboriginal population (Fitzroy Crossing), and the minority Aboriginal population of a major regional centre (Alice Springs). A comparison between these contexts reveals differences that reflect the diversity of remote Aboriginal Australia, but also commonalities that exert a powerful influence on the effectiveness of the IES, in particular very high levels of short-term mobility. The selection of sites also allowed a comparison between the enumeration process in the Northern Territory, where a time-extended rolling count was explicitly planned for, and Western Australia, where a modified form of the standard count had been envisaged.The findings suggest that the IES has reached a point in its development where the injection of ever-increasing resources into essentially the same generic set and structure of activities may be producing diminishing returns. There is a need for a new kind of engagement between the Australian Bureau of Statistics and local government and Indigenous community-sector organisations in remote Australia. The agency and local knowledge of Indigenous people could be harnessed more effectively through an ongoing relationship with such organisations, to better address the complex contingencies confronting the census process in remote Indigenous Australia.

L'agriculture en famille : travailler, réinventer, transmettre

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9782759811922 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1051/978-2-7598-1192-2 Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Sociology
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family farm – south countries – inheritance - Transformation

L’agriculture est-elle toujours une affaire de famille ? Cet ouvrage analyse les transformations du caractère familial de l’agriculture en France, mises en perspective avec quelques éclairages de situations dans les pays du Sud.La première partie de l’ouvrage rend compte des recompositions de l’exploitation agricole et de ses enjeux, exploitation qui est de moins en moins familiale, tout en le restant. Elle propose des cadres d’analyse élargis pour les appréhender. Les transformations des formes familiales d’agriculture sont abordées dans une deuxième partie par l’étude des mutations qui s’opèrent dans le travail en agriculture. Ces mutations amènent à questionner le sens du travail et les interfaces avec le vivre en famille et les activités non-agricoles, au-delà des seules problématiques d’organisation et de performances technico-économiques. La troisième partie de l’ouvrage montre que les cadres structurant l’activité agricole dépassent le champ de la famille et se renouvellent, en particulier dans les formes d’insertion territoriale, dans les modalités des processus d’innovation et par des reconfigurations de l’action collective de proximité. Finalement, les transformations du caractère familial, saisies dans le temps long des trajectoires d’exploitations, sont aussi observées dans les formes et stratégies de pérennisation et de transmission, qu’il s’agisse de transmettre un statut, une activité, une entreprise, un patrimoine, un outil de production ou encore des savoir-faire. Une synthèse conclusive propose un renouvellement des questions de recherche et plaide pour un décloisonnement des études en agriculture.L’ouvrage rassemble des travaux de recherche récents de chercheurs issus du département Sciences pour l’action et le développement (Sad) de l’Inra et de ses partenaires scientifiques et professionnels. Il fait une large place à des travaux de jeunes chercheurs et à des thèses récemment soutenues. D’abord destiné aux chercheurs et enseignants-chercheurs, il s’adresse également aux organisations professionnelles (instituts techniques, réseaux associatifs, syndicats, chambres d’agriculture, etc.).

AIDS, Intimacy and Care in Rural KwaZulu-Natal : A Kinship of Bones

Authors:
Book Series: Care & Welfare ISBN: 9789089643599 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Public Health --- Internal medicine --- Social Sciences
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In 2003-2006, Patricia Henderson lived in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal where she recorded the experiences of people living with HIV/AIDS. In this illuminating study, she recounts the concerns of rural people and explores local repertoires through which illness was folded into everyday life. The book spans a period when antiretroviral medication was not available, and moves on to a time when the treatment became accessible. Hope gradually became manifest in the recovery of a number of people through antiretroviral therapies and 'the return' of bodies they could recognise as their own. This research implies that protracted interaction with people over time, offers insights into the unfolding textures of everyday life, in particular in its focus on suffering, social and structural inequality, illness, violence, mourning, sensibility, care and intimacy.

Dit boek beschrijft hoe hiv/aids onderdeel werd van het leven van de bevolking van het bergachtige Okhahlamba in de Zuid-Afrikaanse provincie KwaZulu-Natal. In deze verhelderende studie laat Henderson zien welke gevolgen de ziekte had - en nog steeds heeft - voor volwassenen en kinderen en op welke verschillende manieren men antwoord probeerde te geven op de verwoestende aanwezigheid van hiv/aids. Het boek onderzoekt een periode (tussen 2003 en 2006) waarin anti-retrovirale middelen niet beschikbaar waren, en beschrijft het moment waarop de behandeling toegankelijk werd. Henderson besteedt aandacht aan informele zorg door familieleden en vrijwilligers in een periode waarin hiv-remmers nog niet voorhanden waren. Langdurige interactie met mensen biedt inzicht in hun dagelijks leven: het lijden, de sociale en structurele ongelijkheden, ziekte, geweld, rouw, zorg en intimiteit. Henderson laat zien wat het betekende voor de gemeenschap toen medicijnen eenmaal beschikbaar kwamen.

AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City: Phase 3: Civilian Participation – Including the Global Health Deal Proposition

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs on Case Studies of Sustainable Development ISSN: 2196-7830 ISBN: 9783319456195 9783319456201 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45620-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Sociology
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This volume describes phase 3 of the AiREAS multidisciplinary cocreation effort to produce a Healthy City. Phase 1 referred to making visible the invisible from an air quality and human exposure perspective. Phase 2 studies air quality related to health and Phase 3 looks at air quality, health and lifestyle from the perspective of persuasion to innovative change. The three books together describe the coming about and first results of the AiREAS "healthy city" cooperative in the city of Eindhoven and Province of North Brabant in the Netherlands. AiREAS is an initiative focused on the multidisciplinary co-creation of healthy cities using the core human value of human health and air quality as guiding principle for profound regional innovation.

Allemaal beestjes. Mortaliteit en morbiditeit in Vlaanderen, 18de-20ste eeuw

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Book Series: Historische Economie en Ecologie ISBN: 9789038209043 Year: Pages: 262 Language: Dutch
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Arts in general --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- History of arts --- Performing Arts --- History
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This book treats the spectacular rise in life expectancy during the last three centuries. It is the first study to bring together both published and unpublished material about the history of the health of Belgian men and women and to analyze it critically. Isabelle Devos studies the mechanisms of the historic fall in the death rate in an original manner and answers the question why research on the causes of this decline has not progressed faster. While the discipline of historical demography orients the first part of her book, the discipline of historical epidemiology provides the perspective taken in the second part, in which the role of insects as spreaders of disease is explored. Essential in her study is the importance of local medical practitioners who already at the end of the Ancien Régime warned of the dangers present in the environment. Their ‘ecological’ thinking created a consciousness that was decisive for the further development of healthcare.

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