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"dick, dumm, abhängig, gewalttätig?"

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Book Series: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge zur Kriminologischen Forschung ISBN: 9783845236902 Year: Volume: 42 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845236902 Language: German
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Media and communication --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-27 08:07:56
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"Seit vielen Jahren wird eine intensive Debatte über die Auswirkungen exzessiver Mediennutzung geführt. Prominente Themen sind die Auswirkungen gewalthaltiger Medien auf gewalttätiges Verhalten oder die Auswirkungen exzessiver Mediennutzung auf schulische Leistungen. Ferner wird die Frage nach einer „Mediensucht“ diskutiert. Oft verharrt diese Debatte jedoch, selbst in der Wissenschaft, an den beiden Polen „Medien wirken“ und „Medien wirken nicht“, die beide in ihrer Schwarz-Weiß-Malerei das Bild verfehlen. Für die Wirkbereiche Schulleistung, Gewaltverhalten, Fettleibigkeit, Computerspielabhängigkeit sowie für die Prävention einer exzessiven Mediennutzung, wird zunächst ein umfassender Überblick über den internationalen Forschungsstand gegeben. Anschließend werden eigene Ergebnisse der breit angelegten 4jährigen Längsschnittstudie Berliner Längsschnitt Medien präsentiert. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich ein differenzierteres, aber dennoch eindeutiges Bild: Medien sind in allen genannten Bereichen ein wichtiger und bedeutsamer Risikofaktor, aber beileibe nicht der einzige."

#identity: Hashtagging Race, Gender, Sexuality, and Nation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780472901098 9780472074150 9780472054152 Year: Pages: 377 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.9697041 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-22 11:21:02
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"Since its launch in 2006, Twitter has served as a major platform for political performance, social justice activism, and large-scale public debates over race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and nationality. It has empowered minoritarian groups to organize protests, articulate often-underrepresented perspectives, and form community. It has also spread hashtags that have been used to bully and silence women, people of color, and LGBTQ people. #identity is among the first scholarly books to address the positive and negative effects of Twitter on our contemporary world. Hailing from diverse scholarly fields, all contributors are affiliated with The Color of New Media, a scholarly collective based at the University of California, Berkeley. The Color of New Media explores the intersections of new media studies, critical race theory, gender and women’s studies, and postcolonial studies. The essays in #identity consider topics such as the social justice movements organized through #BlackLivesMatter, #Ferguson, and #SayHerName; the controversies around #WhyIStayed and #CancelColbert; Twitter use in India and Africa; the integration of hashtags such as #nohomo and #onfleek that have become part of everyday online vernacular; and other ways in which Twitter has been used by, for, and against women, people of color, LGBTQ, and Global South communities. Collectively, the essays in this volume offer a critically interdisciplinary view of how and why social media has been at the heart of US and global political discourse for over a decade."

(Pushing) the Limits of Neuroplasticity Induced by Adult Language Acquisition

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456406 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-640-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Most adults attempt to learn a second or even third language at some point in their life. Since language exposure is one of the most intense cognitive training regimes one can encounter, it is not surprising that previous research has shown that multilingualism can induce profound change in the brain or ‘neuroplasticity’.What remains unclear is the scope of such adult language learning induced neuroplasticity. In other words, much is yet to be investigated about the factors that limit or promote adult language learning induced neuroplasticity. On the one hand, the present research topic discusses research that sheds light on neural mechanisms that limit adult language learning induced neuroplasticity such as: neural mechanisms of first language interference in the acquisition of a second language and reduced opportunity for language induced neuroplasticity due to aging. On the other hand, the Research Topic discusses factors that could enhance non-native language learning (and underlying neuroplastic mechanisms), such as the duration of the training regime, language aptitude, and meta-linguistic awareness. Therefore, the goal of the present Research Topic is to examine both the limits of neuroplasticity in adult language learning and the ways to push beyond those limits. Understanding of such limits and frontiers to push beyond the limits is not only theoretically fundamental but could also have practical implications for enhancing language training programmes.

Keywords

bilingualism --- plasticity --- Language --- Brain

1 Introduction (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Media, Communication, and Politics ISBN: 9781138392724 9780429402067 Year: Pages: 16 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:03
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First, the authors in this collection begin with the assumption that populism can only be fully understood if the role played by communication and the media is taken seriously. Second, the authors in this volume argue that our understanding of populism can hugely benefit from systematic comparisons of various national contexts, various groups of actors or organizations, and different types of media.

Keywords

populism --- communication --- media --- comparisons

1 Introduction (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780429424649 Year: Pages: 28 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-01 11:21:02
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This volume draws its inspiration from perspectives that have developed over the last few decades in media anthropology. These include seminal works such as Bourdieu’s (1993 ) analysis of cultural production, Larkin’s (2008 ) study of the impact of media technologies on cultural form and Ginsburg’s (1995a , 2002 ) work on indigenous media. Methodologically, the volume relies heavily on ethnography; each of the contributions is grounded in qualitative research. Most of the chapters are based upon data that their authors collected while doing long-term research. Typically, such research involves building up lasting relationships with one’s interlocutors, learning about their ideas, attitudes and practices by accompanying them in everyday life. Taken together, the various contributions explore how media that is made for audiences deemed indigenous is produced, shared, and viewed or ‘consumed’. The chapters explore the social and political impact of old and new media technologies and media content in relation to the (re)formulation, contestation and (re)defi nition of mediatised representations of indigeneity, and how this bears upon perceptions and conceptualisations of nation in South Asia.

Keywords

media --- anthropology --- indigeneity --- nation --- South Asia

10 PRINT CHR$(205.5+RND(1));

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Software Studies ISBN: 9780262018463 9780262526746 Year: Pages: 328 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:32
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A single line of code offers a way to understand the cultural context of computing.This book takes a single line of code—the extremely concise BASIC program for the Commodore 64 inscribed in the title—and uses it as a lens through which to consider the phenomenon of creative computing and the way computer programs exist in culture. The authors of this collaboratively written book treat code not as merely functional but as a text—in the case of 10 PRINT, a text that appeared in many different printed sources—that yields a story about its making, its purpose, its assumptions, and more. They consider randomness and regularity in computing and art, the maze in culture, the popular BASIC programming language, and the highly influential Commodore 64 computer.

Keywords

programming --- BASIC

12 Adapting to the Different Shades of Populism (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Media, Communication, and Politics ISBN: 9781138392724 9780429402067 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:03
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The purpose of this concluding chapter is two-fold. On the one hand, we want to tease out and summarize the key fi ndings of the diff erent chapters. What do these studies tell us, collectively? On the other hand, we want to extrapolate from these fi ndings and the current literature to off er concrete stakeholder advice to politicians, journalists, and citizens who are all confronted with the challenge of populist politics and populist messages. For discussions of the limitations of this research and future research directions, we refer the reader back to the conclusions of the individual chapters where these are discussed in detail.

Keywords

populism --- media --- citizens --- politics

Anti-fragile ICT Systems

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Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783319300689 9783319300702 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30070-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Simula Research Laboratory
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Transportation --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-25 16:55:27
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This book introduces a novel approach to the design and operation of large ICT systems. It views the technical solutions and their stakeholders as complex adaptive systems and argues that traditional risk analyses cannot predict all future incidents with major impacts. To avoid unacceptable events, it is necessary to establish and operate anti-fragile ICT systems that limit the impact of all incidents, and which learn from small-impact incidents how to function increasingly well in changing environments. The book applies four design principles and one operational principle to achieve anti-fragility for different classes of incidents. It discusses how systems can achieve high availability, prevent malware epidemics, and detect anomalies. Analyses of Netflix’s media streaming solution, Norwegian telecom infrastructures, e-government platforms, and Numenta’s anomaly detection software show that cloud computing is essential to achieving anti-fragility for classes of events with negative impacts.

9/11 als kulturelle Zäsur

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Kultur- und Medientheorie ISBN: 9783839410165 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.14361/9783839410165 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:21
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Wie hat sich die Kulturproduktion in der Folge des Terrors verändert? Die Anschläge vom 11. September 2001 stellen nicht nur eine politische und gesellschaftliche Zäsur dar, sie lassen sich auch als Trauma des Denkens betrachten. Im Mittelpunkt dieses Bandes stehen die Auswirkungen von »9/11« auf kulturelle und künstlerische Diskurse. Dabei geht es nicht nur um eine Inventarisierung von Repräsentationen des Terrors in Medien, visueller Kunst und Literatur; vielmehr wird aufgezeigt, wie sehr »9/11« Denkmodalitäten verändert hat. Aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven untersuchen die interdisziplinären Beiträge den Zäsurcharakter von »9/11« in Theoriebildung, Schrift- und Bildmedien.

Achieving Viability for Public Service Media in Challenging Settings

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781912656516 Year: Pages: 32 DOI: 10.16997/book41 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Media and communication --- Information theory --- Economics --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:27:38
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In the face of challenges posed by a shifting digital media landscape, an array of international bodies continue to endorse public service media (PSM) as an essential component of democratisation. Yet how can PSM achieve viability in settings where models of media independence and credibility are unfamiliar or rejected by political leaders? The answer lies in a holistic approach that is neither media-centric nor defeatist about PSM’s place in a landscape marked by younger generations’ widespread preference for social media platforms. There are more ways of working towards PSM than are often recognized. Wide-ranging research from media NGOs and academics demonstrates the potential of diverse, incremental approaches to embedding the values and mechanisms of PSM. These are as likely to involve regulatory and licensing institutions, unions of media practitioners, audiences, advocacy groups or social media platforms as content producers themselves. This Policy Brief considers the issues, research and policy options around achieving viability for PSM. It concludes with six recommendations that are relevant to policymakers, practitioners and media studies specialists.

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