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(Pushing) the Limits of Neuroplasticity Induced by Adult Language Acquisition

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456406 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-640-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Abstract

Most adults attempt to learn a second or even third language at some point in their life. Since language exposure is one of the most intense cognitive training regimes one can encounter, it is not surprising that previous research has shown that multilingualism can induce profound change in the brain or ‘neuroplasticity’.What remains unclear is the scope of such adult language learning induced neuroplasticity. In other words, much is yet to be investigated about the factors that limit or promote adult language learning induced neuroplasticity. On the one hand, the present research topic discusses research that sheds light on neural mechanisms that limit adult language learning induced neuroplasticity such as: neural mechanisms of first language interference in the acquisition of a second language and reduced opportunity for language induced neuroplasticity due to aging. On the other hand, the Research Topic discusses factors that could enhance non-native language learning (and underlying neuroplastic mechanisms), such as the duration of the training regime, language aptitude, and meta-linguistic awareness. Therefore, the goal of the present Research Topic is to examine both the limits of neuroplasticity in adult language learning and the ways to push beyond those limits. Understanding of such limits and frontiers to push beyond the limits is not only theoretically fundamental but could also have practical implications for enhancing language training programmes.

Keywords

bilingualism --- plasticity --- Language --- Brain

1 Introduction (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Media, Communication, and Politics ISBN: 9781138392724 9780429402067 Year: Pages: 16 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:03
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First, the authors in this collection begin with the assumption that populism can only be fully understood if the role played by communication and the media is taken seriously. Second, the authors in this volume argue that our understanding of populism can hugely benefit from systematic comparisons of various national contexts, various groups of actors or organizations, and different types of media.

Keywords

populism --- communication --- media --- comparisons

1 Introduction (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780429424649 Year: Pages: 28 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-01 11:21:02
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This volume draws its inspiration from perspectives that have developed over the last few decades in media anthropology. These include seminal works such as Bourdieu’s (1993 ) analysis of cultural production, Larkin’s (2008 ) study of the impact of media technologies on cultural form and Ginsburg’s (1995a , 2002 ) work on indigenous media. Methodologically, the volume relies heavily on ethnography; each of the contributions is grounded in qualitative research. Most of the chapters are based upon data that their authors collected while doing long-term research. Typically, such research involves building up lasting relationships with one’s interlocutors, learning about their ideas, attitudes and practices by accompanying them in everyday life. Taken together, the various contributions explore how media that is made for audiences deemed indigenous is produced, shared, and viewed or ‘consumed’. The chapters explore the social and political impact of old and new media technologies and media content in relation to the (re)formulation, contestation and (re)defi nition of mediatised representations of indigeneity, and how this bears upon perceptions and conceptualisations of nation in South Asia.

Keywords

media --- anthropology --- indigeneity --- nation --- South Asia

10 PRINT CHR$(205.5+RND(1));

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Software Studies ISBN: 9780262018463 9780262526746 Year: Pages: 328 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:32
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A single line of code offers a way to understand the cultural context of computing.This book takes a single line of code—the extremely concise BASIC program for the Commodore 64 inscribed in the title—and uses it as a lens through which to consider the phenomenon of creative computing and the way computer programs exist in culture. The authors of this collaboratively written book treat code not as merely functional but as a text—in the case of 10 PRINT, a text that appeared in many different printed sources—that yields a story about its making, its purpose, its assumptions, and more. They consider randomness and regularity in computing and art, the maze in culture, the popular BASIC programming language, and the highly influential Commodore 64 computer.

Keywords

programming --- BASIC

12 Adapting to the Different Shades of Populism (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Media, Communication, and Politics ISBN: 9781138392724 9780429402067 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:03
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The purpose of this concluding chapter is two-fold. On the one hand, we want to tease out and summarize the key fi ndings of the diff erent chapters. What do these studies tell us, collectively? On the other hand, we want to extrapolate from these fi ndings and the current literature to off er concrete stakeholder advice to politicians, journalists, and citizens who are all confronted with the challenge of populist politics and populist messages. For discussions of the limitations of this research and future research directions, we refer the reader back to the conclusions of the individual chapters where these are discussed in detail.

Keywords

populism --- media --- citizens --- politics

Anti-fragile ICT Systems

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Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783319300689 9783319300702 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30070-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Simula Research Laboratory
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Transportation --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-25 16:55:27
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This book introduces a novel approach to the design and operation of large ICT systems. It views the technical solutions and their stakeholders as complex adaptive systems and argues that traditional risk analyses cannot predict all future incidents with major impacts. To avoid unacceptable events, it is necessary to establish and operate anti-fragile ICT systems that limit the impact of all incidents, and which learn from small-impact incidents how to function increasingly well in changing environments. The book applies four design principles and one operational principle to achieve anti-fragility for different classes of incidents. It discusses how systems can achieve high availability, prevent malware epidemics, and detect anomalies. Analyses of Netflix’s media streaming solution, Norwegian telecom infrastructures, e-government platforms, and Numenta’s anomaly detection software show that cloud computing is essential to achieving anti-fragility for classes of events with negative impacts.

Cyber-Physical Systems of Systems: Foundations – A Conceptual Model and Some Derivations: The AMADEOS Legacy

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Programming and Software Engineering ISSN: 0302-9743 ISBN: 9783319475899 9783319475905 Year: Volume: 10099 Pages: 257 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-47590-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 15:25:05
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Technical Systems-of-Systems (SoS) – in the form of networked, independent constituent computing systems temporarily collaborating to achieve a well-defined objective – form the backbone of most of today’s infrastructure. The energy grid, most transportation systems, the global banking industry, the water-supply system, the military equipment, many embedded systems, and a great number more, strongly depend on systems-of-systems. The correct operation and continuous availability of these underlying systems-of-systems are fundamental for the functioning of our modern society. The 8 papers presented in this book document the main insights on Cyber-Physical System of Systems (CPSoSs) that were gained during the work in the FP7-610535 European Research Project AMADEOS (acronym for Architecture for Multi-criticality Agile Dependable Evolutionary Open System-of-Systems). It is the objective of this book to present, in a single consistent body, the foundational concepts and their relationships. These form a conceptual basis for the description and understanding of SoSs and go deeper in what we consider the characterizing and distinguishing elements of SoSs: time, emergence, evolution and dynamicity.

Aelita - als morgen gestern heute war

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876906980 Year: Pages: 139 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:38
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For the first time in the history of young Soviet cinematography, a film promised to combine contemporary urban life and science-fiction adventures on Mars. To this day, the fame and controversy surrounding this film continue in film studies and film criticism. The constructivist stage sets and costumes by Aleksandra Ékster helped him to the predicate "extraordinary".

Affekt Macht Netz

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Digitale Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783839444399 9783837644395 Year: Pages: 358 DOI: 10.14361/9783839444399 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 11:21:03
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Shit storms, hate speech or viral videos that promote clicking, linking, sharing: The linked society is driven by affects. The contributions included in this book examine the media-technological developments of our times and explore them from the perspective of a critical affect and social philosophy. They indicate that social media and digital platforms are not only spaces of exchange but also create affect economies – and therein lies their power. By creating new modalities of social interaction and therefore by determining the forms of articulation, they also change the political topography. Including a contribution by Antonio Negri.

Affektökologie: Intensive Milieus und zufällige Begegnungen

Authors:
ISBN: 9783957960900 9783957960917 Year: Pages: 72 DOI: 10.14619/019 Language: German
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-27 16:46:58
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Das Denken des Humanen wird in besonderer Weise von den medientechnologischen Verschiebungen des 20. Jahrhunderts berührt. Affekt wird hier zu einem neuen Schwellenbegriff, der den Körper medientechnisch und politisch auf neue Weise anschlussfähig macht. In einer relationalen Neu-Organisation verdichtet sich das organische und technische Leben auf neue, intensive Weise zu einer Ökologie des Affektiven.

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