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Animal Metropolis: Histories of Human-Animal Relations in Urban Canada

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Canadian History and Environment ISSN: 19253710 ISBN: 9781552388655 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 358 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Anthropology --- Environmental Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 18:09:32
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Animal Metropolis brings a Canadian perspective to the growing field of animal history, ranging across species and cities, from the beavers who engineered Stanley Park to the carthorses who shaped the city of Montreal. Some essays consider animals as spectacle: orca captivity in Vancouver, polar bear tourism in Churchill, Manitoba, fish on display in the Dominion Fisheries Museum, and the racialized memory of Jumbo the elephant in St. Thomas, Ontario. Others examine the bodily intimacies of shared urban spaces: the regulation of rabid dogs in Banff, the maternal politics of pure milk in Hamilton and the circulation of tetanus bacilli from horse to human in Toronto. Another considers the marginalization of women in Canada’s animal welfare movement. The authors collectively push forward from a historiography that features nonhuman animals as objects within human-centered inquiries to a historiography that considers the eclectic contacts, exchanges, and cohabitation of human and nonhuman animals. With contributions by: Kristoffer Archibald, Jason Colby, George Colpitts, Joanna Dean, Carla Hustak, Darcy Ingram, Sean Kheraj, William Knight, Sherry Olson, Rachel Poliquin, and Christabelle Sethna

Secession and Separatist Conflicts in Postcolonial Africa

Authors: ---
Book Series: Africa: Missing Voices ISSN: 1925-5675 ISBN: 9781773851273 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: History --- Military Science --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-08-05 00:34:33
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The first book to examine the full historical arc of secession and secessionist conflict across sub-Saharan Africa. Wars fought for political separation have become omnipresent in post-colonial Africa. From the division of Sudan, to the continued fragmentation of Somalia, and the protracted struggles of Cabinda and Azawad, conflict over secession and separation continues to the present day. This is the first single volume to examine the historical arc of secession and secessionist conflict across sub-Saharan Africa. Paying particular attention to the development of secessionist conflicts and their evolving goals, Secession and Separatist Conflicts in Postcolonial Africa draws on case studies and rigorous research to examine three waves of secessionist movements, themselves defined by international conflict and change. Using detailed case studies, the authors offer a framework to understand how secession and separation occur, how these are influenced by both preceding movements and global political trends, and how their ongoing legacies continue to shape African regional politics. Deeply engaging and thoroughly researched, this book presents a nuanced and important new overview of African separatist and secessionist conflicts. It addresses the structures, goals, and underlying influences of these movements within a broader global context to impart a rich understanding of why these conflicts are waged, and how they succeed or fail.

"... allerlei für die Nationalbibliothek zu ergattern..."

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205775041 Year: Pages: 617 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437148 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3835
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:46
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When Austria was annexed by Hitler Germany in March 1938, the National Library in Vienna was not only the biggest scientific library in the country, it was now the third largest in the German Reich. Its status among and influence on the scholarly libraries in the Reich was considerably enhanced by one person during the Nazi period, namely the newly-appointed director-general Dr. Paul Heigl, a fervent National socialist, Acquisitions by the Library during the years 1938 to 1945 are a key focal point of this history, and Heigl played both an active and significant role in the process of book looting in the interest of the National Library. The Library may well have regarded itself in the inter-war years as being „apolitical“ – and house historians have tended to reinforce this image – but this does not stand up to closer scrutiny even during the political period of the „Corporate State“ und Dollfuss and Schuschnigg, let alone during the time of national socialist rule in Austria. The study breaks with the previos taboos and presents the essentially political role of the Library both before and after March 1938 by investigating its involvement in the crimes of the Nazi regime. But the study does not only concentrate on acquisitions made through improper means, it also attempts to capture some of the atmosphere of a major library under the NS-regime and in war-time. The examination also sees itself as a contribution to the hitherto neglected history of libraries in Austria in the Nazi period in general and of church and official libraries in particular. It might be noted that Paul Heigl was not only in charge of scholary libraries in south-eastern Europe following the German invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, he was also a library consultant for local Nazi officials and had considerable sway in forging library policy. Our study discusses a number of chapters in the Library ´s history during the Nazi period which have so far been absent from official histories, primarily those which implicate the Library and point to the vast and varied acquisitions. The main chapter focusses on the development and acquisitions of the Library´s many collections from 1938 o 1945, chiefly on the basis of library records and files, and attempts to describe not only the looting, but also fate of stolen books, libraries and collections immediately after World War Two and on up to the present day. And, as the case may be, their subsequent restitution over the past few years as a consequence of the Art Restitution Law of 1998. Name and subject indices are intended to make the information in thistory more easily accessible.

"Apaisement" in Asien. Frankreich und der Fernostkonflikt 1937-1940

Authors:
Book Series: Pariser Historische Studien ISSN: 0479-5997 ISBN: 9783486850444 9783486590128 Year: Volume: 93 Pages: 590 DOI: 10.1524/9783486850444 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 11:58:13
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Frankreich stand in der Zwischenkriegszeit nicht nur in Europa unter dem Druck expansiver Diktaturen, sondern auch in Asien. Die Bedrohung durch Japan wurde drängend, als das Kaiserreich ab Juli 1937 China mit Krieg überzog und auch vor der Küste der französischen Kolonie Indochina seine Macht deutlich demonstrierte. Die Bonner Dissertation von Volker Nies untersucht erstmals, was Paris unternahm, um seine Großmachtposition in Ostasien zu behaupten. Frankreich suchte auf zuweilen doppelbödige Art die Nähe zu Japan. Paris ging dabei so weit, wie es die Rücksicht auf die Beziehungen zu den USA und Großbritannien erlaubte, die Japans Aufstieg kritisch sahen. Für Paris war der virtuose Einsatz diplomatischer und militärischer, wirtschaftlicher und geheimdienstlicher Instrumente im Fernen Osten am Ende erfolglos, denn fast zeitgleich mit dem Einmarsch deutscher und italienischer Truppen rückte im Juni 1940 ein japanisches Vorauskommando in Indochina ein.

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"Are We Not Foreigners Here?"

Authors:
ISBN: 9781469637105 9781469637129 Year: Language: English
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101724
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-26 11:32:19
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This book examines efforts by Indigenous Yaqui, Kickapoo, and Tohono O'odham people to maintain sovereignty and identity by utilizing the unique nature and sociopolitical dynamics of the U.S.-Mexico borderlands.

Keywords

History --- History

"Arise Ye Wretched of the Earth": The First International in a Global Perspective

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studies in Global Social History ISBN: 9789004335462 Year: Pages: 418 DOI: 10.1163/9789004335462 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:55:23
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“Arise Ye Wretched of the Earth” provides a fresh account of the International Working Men’s Association. Founded in London in 1864, the First International gathered trade unions, associations, co-operatives, and individual workers across Europe and the Americas. Readership: All interested in the worker’s history. Academic libraries would also be interested. Post-graduate and undergraduate students.

"Der französischen Sprache mächtig". Kommunikation im Spannungsfeld von Sprachen und Kulturen im Königreich Westphalen 1807-1813

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Book Series: Pariser Historische Studien ISSN: 2190-1325 ISBN: 9783486717297 Year: Volume: 100 Pages: 600 DOI: 10.1524/9783486717297 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-26 15:36:21
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Nur sieben Jahre lang bestand das Königreich Westphalen unter der Regierung von König Jerome Bonaparte. In diesem Modellstaat erhielt die Beherrschung der französischen Sprache einen ganz besonderen Stellenwert. Neben der Thematisierung der Sprachbarriere verlief die Kommunikation zwischen Deutsch- und Französischsprachigen allerdings offenbar so »normal«, dass ihre Überlieferung eher zufällig ist. Claudie Paye untersucht, wer in Westphalen in dieser Zeit »der französischen Sprache mächtig« war und wie die Zeitgenossen mit Überwachung und Zensur umgingen. Sie wertet Polizeiakten aus, um die Mediennutzung der Westphalen zu rekonstruieren, die über die bekannten Druckmedien weit hinausgeht und Mimik, Gerüchte, Briefe, Druckgrafiken, Karikaturen und symbolische Handlungen einbezieht. Sie führt so in die Alltagswirklichkeiten der westphälischen Staatsbürger ein und veranschaulicht die Politisierung breiterer Gesellschaftsschichten.

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"Écrire un seul livre, sans cesse renouvelé"

Authors:
ISBN: 9783465035015 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437211 Language: German
Publisher: Vittorio Klostermann GmbH Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3790
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:45
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The study examines Jorge Semprun´s literary reflections on his experiences made in the concentration camp of Buchenwald in "Le grand voyage" (1963), "Quel beau dimanche!" (1980), "L´écriture ou la vie" (1994) and "Le mort qu´il faut" (2001) with the aim to show the development in his retrospective treatment of the past. Therefore the texts are not considered as a unified "ecriture" but as a progressing approximation to his experiences in Buchenwald. The study deals in narratological and poetological terms with Semprun´s growing awareness of what Buchenwald means to him: While "Le grand voyage" is deeply influenced by the authors communistic view. "Quel beau dimanche!" reflects Sempruns disconcertion caused by his awareness of the parallel existence of concentration camps in Nazi-Germany and in the Soviet Union. "L´ecriture ou la vie" and "Le mort qu´il faut", for their part, are written by an author who considers himself as survivor and witness. This process is accompanied by Semprun´s shift to literature as a universe implying sense and creating identity. This becomes vitally important after his dissociation from communism and enables him to speak extensively about his experiences with death. Therefore Semprun´s conception of "witnessship" can be described as diametrically opposed to factual documentation. It is rather intended to function within a literary field: Only the intensive use of intertextuality allowes Semprun to comprehend Buchenwald finally as the centre of his life and as the origin of his own identity as well as to communicate his "truth" to the reader.

"Eine Medicinische Facultät in Flor bringen" - zur Geschichte der Medizinischen Fakultät der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Authors:
ISBN: 9783940344984 Year: Pages: 143 DOI: 10.17875/gup2009-498 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Science (General) --- Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Die Gründung der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen beruhte auf einem weitgehend neuen Konzept, das vom Geist der Aufklärung durchzogen auf Toleranz gründete und jeglichem Extremismus und Sekretierertum abhold war. Diesem Prinzip war auch die Medizinische Fakultät von Anfang an verpflichtet. Durch das von ihr vertretene Ausbildungsmodell des praktisch-klinischen Unterrichts am Krankenbett gelang es bereits in der Aufbauphase entscheidende Impulse zu setzen, die für die medizinische Ausbildung über Göttingen hinaus richtungsweisend wurden. Damit trug die Medizinische Fakultät wesentlich dazu bei, den internationalen Ruhm der Georgia-Augusta zu begründen. Der Abriss mit seiner vielschichtigen Realität vermittelt Einsichten in das Selbstverständnis, die Selbstwahrnehmung und die Selbstdarstellung der Medizinischen Fakultät in ihrer Geschichte.

"Es muß besser werden!". Aby und Max Warburg im Dialog über Hamburgs geistige Zahlungsfähigkeit

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Mäzene für Wissenschaft ISBN: 9783943423280 Year: DOI: 10.15460/HUP.MFW.17.157 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:17

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The story of how Max Warburg became head of the family-owned bankhouse, although his brother was supposed to take over the business, was often told: When he was 12 years old, the one year older Aby offered Max his birthright for the promise to buy all the books Aby would ever need. Max accepted,and - as he later said - issued "the biggest blank cheque in my life". The paths of life of the two brothers spilt into different directions. Aby built his library into a research institute. Max developed M. M. Warburg & Co., thus the bankhouse becoming one of the most important private banks in Germany. At Simultaneously, they both pursued another goal: the foundation of the university. The brothers were among the early donors of the Hamburg Scientific Foundation (Hamburgische Wissenschaftliche Stiftung). It was all about "Hamburg's mental capacity" ("Hamburgs geistige Zahlungsfähigkeit").

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