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Subjects Agriculture and Food Sciences Agriculture (General)

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"Production Ergonomics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911529125 9781911529132 9781911529149 9781911529156 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.5334/bbe Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:02:03
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"Production ergonomics – the science and practice of designing industrial workplaces to optimize human well-being and system performance – is a complex challenge for a designer. Humans are a valuable and flexible resource in any system of creation, and as long as they stay healthy, alert and motivated, they perform well and also become more competent over time, which increases their value as a resource. However, if a system designer is not mindful or aware of the many threats to health and system performance that may emerge, the end result may include inefficiency, productivity losses, low working morale, injuries and sick-leave. To help budding system designers and production engineers tackle these design challenges holistically, this book offers a multi-faceted orientation in the prerequisites for healthy and effective human work. We will cover physical, cognitive and organizational aspects of ergonomics, and provide both the individual human perspective and that of groups and populations, ending up with a look at global challenges that require workplaces to become more socially and economically sustainable. This book is written to give you a warm welcome to the subject, and to provide a solid foundation for improving industrial workplaces to attract and retain healthy and productive staff in the long run."

Advances in Fibre Production Science in South American Camelids and other Fibre Animals

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783863954086 Year: Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-04 11:21:13
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Animal fibres from South American camelids and other fibre or wool bearing species provide important products for use by the human population. The contemporary context includes the competition with petrocarbon-based artificial fibres and concern about excessive persistence of these in the natural environment. Animal fibres present highly valuable characteristics for sustainable production and processing as they are both natural and renewable. On the other hand, their use is recognised to depend on availability of appropriate quality and quantity, the production of which is underpinned by a range of sciences and processes which support development to meet market requirements. This collection of papers combines international experience from South and North America, China and Europe. The focus lies on domestic South American camelids (alpacas, llamas) and also includes research on sheep and goats. It considers latest advances in sustainable development under climate change, breeding and genetics, reproduction and pathology, nutrition, meat and fibre production and fibre metrology. Publication of this book is supported by the Animal Fibre Working Group of the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP). ‘Advances in Fibre Production Science in South American Camelids and other Fibre Animals’ addresses issues of importance to scientists and animal breeders, textile processors and manufacturers, specialised governmental policy makers and students studying veterinary, animal and applied biological sciences.

Allgemeine Technologie

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ISBN: 9783866443747 Year: Pages: 363 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_422388 Language: German
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-07-29 10:36:03
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Animal (De)liberation

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ISBN: 9781909188846 9781909188839 9781909188853 9781909188860 9781909188877 9781909188846 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.5334/bay Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 104137
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Law --- Animal Sciences --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-19 11:01:13
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"In this book, Jan Deckers addresses the most crucial question that people must deliberate in relation to how we should treat other animals: whether we should eat animal products. Many people object to the consumption of animal products from the conviction that it inflicts pain, suffering, and death upon animals. This book argues that a convincing ethical theory cannot be based on these important concerns: rather, it must focus on our interest in human health. Tending to this interest demands not only that we extend speciesism—the attribution of special significance to members of our own species merely because they belong to the same species as ourself—towards nonhuman animals, but also that we safeguard the integrity of nature. In this light, projects that aim to engineer the genetic material of animals to reduce their capacities to feel pain and to suffer are morally suspect. The same applies to projects that aim to develop in-vitro flesh, even if the production of such flesh should be welcomed on other grounds. The theory proposed in this book is accompanied by a political goal, the ‘vegan project’, which strives for a qualified ban on the consumption of animal products. Deckers also provides empirical evidence that some support for this goal exists already, and his analysis of the views of others—including those of slaughterhouse workers—reveals that the vegan project stands firm in spite of public opposition. Many charges have been pressed against vegan diets, including: that they alienate human beings from nature; that they increase human food security concerns; and that they are unsustainable. Deckers argues that these charges are legitimate in some cases, but that, in many situations, vegan diets are actually superior. For those who remain doubtful, the book also contains an appendix that considers whether vegan diets might actually be nutritionally adequate."

The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering

Authors:
ISBN: 9780262325240 9780262526548 Year: Pages: 408 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:33
License: The MIT Press

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Tools to make hard problems easier to solve.In this book, Sanjoy Mahajan shows us that the way to master complexity is through insight rather than precision. Precision can overwhelm us with information, whereas insight connects seemingly disparate pieces of information into a simple picture. Unlike computers, humans depend on insight. Based on the author's fifteen years of teaching at MIT, Cambridge University, and Olin College, The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering shows us how to build insight and find understanding, giving readers tools to help them solve any problem in science and engineering.To master complexity, we can organize it or discard it. The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering first teaches the tools for organizing complexity, then distinguishes the two paths for discarding complexity: with and without loss of information. Questions and problems throughout the text help readers master and apply these groups of tools. Armed with this three-part toolchest, and without complicated mathematics, readers can estimate the flight range of birds and planes and the strength of chemical bonds, understand the physics of pianos and xylophones, and explain why skies are blue and sunsets are red.The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.

Keywords

science --- engineering

Beten, Impfen, Sammeln - Zur Viehseuchen- und Schädlingsbekämpfung in der Frühen Neuzeit Graduiertenkolleg Interdisziplinäre Umweltgeschichte

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783938616956 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The collection covers the presentations held at the workshop on „Challenge: Securing Resources - Animal Diseases and Pest Control in the 18th and 19 Century“ held in Goettingen on 21 and 22 June 2006 by the graduate school „Interdisciplinary Environmental History, Natual Environment and Society in Central Europe“, which is funded by the German Research Foundation, and operative since July 1 2004 at the Georg-August University in Goettingen.

Betriebstypenprofilierung in vertraglichen Vertriebssystemen

Authors:
Book Series: Schriften zu Marketing und Management ISBN: 9783631498576 Year: Pages: 418 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:42
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Im Handel gewinnt die langfristige, strategisch fundierte Profilierung im Wettbewerbsumfeld zunehmend an Bedeutung. Dies gilt in besonderem Maße für Handelsunternehmen in vertraglichen Vertriebssystemen, die sowohl mit systemfremden wie auch systeminternen Betrieben konkurrieren. Hohe Aktualität hat diese Problematik für die Vertragshändlersysteme der Automobilbranche. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird in dieser Studie das Verhalten von 345 Automobilhändlern unter Einbeziehung ihrer Unternehmens-, Markt- und Erfolgssituation analysiert. Auf der Grundlage eines konzeptionellen Ansatzes zur Betriebstypenprofilierung werden sechs reale Betriebstypen im Automobilhandel identifiziert und ihre zentralen Profilierungsdimensionen, Einflußfaktoren sowie die daraus resultierenden Erfolgswirkungen untersucht.

Bioeconomy: Shaping the Transition to a Sustainable, Biobased Economy

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ISBN: 9783319681511 9783319681528 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68152-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 10:56:15
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This book defines the new field of "Bioeconomy" as the sustainable and innovative use of biomass and biological knowledge to provide food, feed, industrial products, bioenergy and ecological services. The chapters highlight the importance of bioeconomy-related concepts in public, scientific, and political discourse. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the authors outline the dimensions of the bioeconomy as a means of achieving sustainability.

Building a Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319762210 9783319762227 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76222-7 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: African Development Bank
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 18:51:43
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What are the challenges and action points for agricultural sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa? This collection of papers offers technical analyses, policy recommendations and an overview of success stories to date. Each carefully selected paper provides valuable insights for improved policy making and defines relevant strategic priorities on Africa’s sustainable transformation process, which is in line with the international development agenda. Although agriculture remains the main source of income for Africa’s population, the sector is rain-fed subjecting it to the vagaries of weather and climate change. This volume demonstrates the rationale of developing a competitive, inclusive and sustainable agribusiness sector for Africa’s food security and structural transformation. From the impact of Bioenergy crop adoption and Drought Index Insurance to Agro-Industrialization, this volume is important reading for individual researchers, academic associations and professional bodies interested in African agricultural development.

Building a Sustainable and Desirable Economy-in-Society-in-Nature

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: - ISBN: 9781921862045 9781921862052 Year: Volume: - Pages: - DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_462196 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:33:43
License: ANU Press

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The world has changed dramatically. We no longer live in a world relatively empty of humans and their artifacts. We now live in the “Anthropocene,” era in a full world where humans are dramatically altering our ecological life-support system. Our traditional economic concepts and models were developed in an empty world. If we are to create sustainable prosperity, if we seek “improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities,” we are going to need a new vision of the economy and its relationship to the rest of the world that is better adapted to the new conditions we face. We are going to need an economics that respects planetary boundaries, that recognizes the dependence of human well-being on social relations and fairness, and that recognizes that the ultimate goal is real, sustainable human well-being, not merely growth of material consumption. This new economics recognizes that the economy is embedded in a society and culture that are themselves embedded in an ecological life-support system, and that the economy cannot grow forever on this finite planet. In this report, we discuss the need to focus more directly on the goal of sustainable human well-being rather than merely GDP growth. This includes protecting and restoring nature, achieving social and intergenerational fairness (including poverty alleviation), stabilizing population, and recognizing the significant nonmarket contributions to human well-being from natural and social capital. To do this, we need to develop better measures of progress that go well beyond GDP and begin to measure human well-being and its sustainability more directly.

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