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Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 18th International Conference, XP 2017, Cologne, Germany, May 22-26, 2017, Proceedings

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISSN: 1865-1348 ISBN: 9783319576329 / 9783319576336 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-57633-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
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The volume constitutes the proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2017, held in Cologne, Germany, in May 2017. The 14 full and 6 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 46 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: improving agile processes; agile in organization; and safety critical software. In addition, the volume contains 3 doctoral symposium papers (from 4 papers submitted).

Além das redes de colaboração: internet, diversidade cultural e tecnologias do poder

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ISBN: 9788523208899 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.7476/9788523208899 Language: pt
Publisher: SciELO Books - EDUFBA
Subject: Computer Science
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Discute o aprisionamento das subjetividades, os riscos e exageros do controle do conhecimento e da informática de dominação. Alerta para o fato de que a tentativa de ampliação do compartilhamento é combatida tanto pela expansão da propriedade sobre a cultura quanto pela ideologia da neutralidade tecnológica. Mostra a contradição entre as possibilidades de criação e disseminação cultural inerentes às redes informacionais e as tentativas de manter a interatividade sob o controle do capitalismo industrial.

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COMPUTERS

Also Innovators

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ISBN: 9781760460549 Year: Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Computer Science
License: ANU Press

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‘Thank you for your order, Mr Mainframe Customer. The cost is £5 million and the lead-time for manufacture will be two years. In the meantime you will have to build a special computer centre to our specification. For our part, our project team will help you recruit and train potential programmers and we shall advise on how you might use the system.’ How different from today when the customer will want to see a specific application running before he puts a hand in his/her pocket. Chris Yardley lived the changes as a computer salesman and tells his story of a career living and working in five countries. Warts and all. The ecstasies, the heartbreaks and idiocies of major corporations. His career was not a planned one. In a growing industry, opportunities presented themselves and Chris believes he grasped every one presented. Having written his story, he has had every chapter verified by at least one person who features in that narrative. His respondents have universally endorsed the facts with comments such as ‘Wow, I’d forgotten most of that’. ‘You have a fantastic memory.’ ‘I never knew before the full facts of what happened.’ ‘How have you remembered all the circumstances?’ ‘It really is a people business.’ This is the only book that has followed a computer sales career over almost 50 years.

Âme et iPad

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ISBN: 9782760632059 9782821850712 Year: Pages: 216 Language: fr
Publisher: Presses de l'Université de Montréal
Subject: Computer Science
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Existe-t-il vraiment un rapport entre l’âme et l’iPad ? La première étant ce « spasme de remords » qui nous rappelle que nous sommes vivants, et le second, l’expression la plus poussée de ce qu’est, aujourd’hui, la technologie. Couple aussi improbable qu’étrange, il est cependant lié par une affinité profonde : l’écriture. En effet, tous deux sont « des supports » sur lesquels on lit, on écrit, on archive, et cette écriture, à l’intérieur et à l’extérieur de l’esprit, est à l’origine de la co...

Anti-fragile ICT Systems

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Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783319300689 9783319300702 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30070-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Transportation --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Media and communication --- Manufactures --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book introduces a novel approach to the design and operation of large ICT systems. It views the technical solutions and their stakeholders as complex adaptive systems and argues that traditional risk analyses cannot predict all future incidents with major impacts. To avoid unacceptable events, it is necessary to establish and operate anti-fragile ICT systems that limit the impact of all incidents, and which learn from small-impact incidents how to function increasingly well in changing environments. The book applies four design principles and one operational principle to achieve anti-fragility for different classes of incidents. It discusses how systems can achieve high availability, prevent malware epidemics, and detect anomalies. Analyses of Netflix’s media streaming solution, Norwegian telecom infrastructures, e-government platforms, and Numenta’s anomaly detection software show that cloud computing is essential to achieving anti-fragility for classes of events with negative impacts.

Applications of Secure Multiparty Computation

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Book Series: Cryptology and Information Security Series ISSN: 18716431 18798101 ISBN: 9781614995319 9781614995326 Year: Volume: 13 Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-532-6-1 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Computer Science
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We generate and gather a lot of data about ourselves and others, some of it highly confidential. The collection, storage and use of this data is strictly regulated by laws, but restricting the use of data often limits the benefits which could be obtained from its analysis. Secure multi-party computation (SMC), a cryptographic technology, makes it possible to execute specific programs on confidential data while ensuring that no other sensitive information from the data is leaked. SMC has been the subject of academic study for more than 30 years, but first attempts to use it for actual computations in the early 2000s – although theoretically efficient – were initially not practicable. However, improvements in the situation have made possible the secure solving of even relatively large computational tasks. This book describes how many different computational tasks can be solved securely, yet efficiently. It describes how protocols can be combined to larger applications, and how the security-efficiency trade-offs of different components of an SMC application should be chosen. Many of the results described in this book were achieved as part of the project Usable and Efficient Secure Multi-party Computation (UaESMC), which was funded by the European Commission. The book will be of interest to all those whose work involves the secure analysis of confidential data.

Applied Artificial Neural Networks

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ISBN: 9783038422709 9783038422716 Year: Pages: XIV, 244 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
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Since their re-popularisation in the mid-1980s, artificial neural networks have seen an explosion of research across a diverse spectrum of areas. While an immense amount of research has been undertaken in artificial neural networks themselves—in terms of training, topologies, types, etc.—a similar amount of work has examined their application to a whole host of real-world problems. Such problems are usually difficult to define and hard to solve using conventional techniques. Examples include computer vision, speech recognition, financial applications, medicine, meteorology, robotics, hydrology, etc. This Special Issue focuses on the second of these two research themes, that of the application of neural networks to a diverse range of fields and problems. It collates contributions concerning neural network applications in areas such as engineering, hydrology and medicine.

Arbeitsorganisation 2.0 – Tools für den Arbeitsalltag in Kultur- und Bildungseinrichtungen

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Book Series: Praxiswissen ISSN: 2193-0201 ISBN: 9783110269598 Year: Pages: 200 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Computer Science
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This book illustrates how modern media and internet applications facilitate collaboration on the job and make work easier. After detailing the requirements of work organization, the book discusses easily implementable solution strategies and concrete programs. Chapter topics include: an introduction to Web 2.0, monitoring, time management, managing notes and bibliographies, mind maps, collaboration, and content sharing.; Julia Bergmann, Freiberufliche Trainerin für Informationskompetenz, Bremen und Jürgen Plieninger, Leiter der Bibliothek des Instituts für Politikwissenschaft, Tübingen

Ars Edendi Lecture Series, vol. IV

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Book Series: Studia Latina Stockholmiensia ISSN: 2002472X ISBN: 9789176350393 9789176350362 9789176350379 9789176350386 Year: Pages: 228 Language: English
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Languages and Literatures --- Social Sciences
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"The Ars Edendi Lectures have been organized by the research programme at Stockholm University funded by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond during the years 2008-2015, with a focus on editorial methods for dynamic textual traditions of medieval Greek and Latin texts.This fourth volume gathers contributions both on the fundamentals of editing, as in Glenn Most ‘What is a critical edition?’, and looking at specifics such as marginalia (Teeuwen), errors (Maggioni), musical notation (Atkinson). Two papers focus on digital tools in editing Greek (Dendrinos) and Latin and early Romance (Robinson) texts. Richard Janko describes the challenges in making out words in Herculaneum papyri. Both traditional and innovative approaches are contemplated in this rich and varied collection by leading experts in the field of editing."

Autonomes Fahren: Technische, rechtliche und gesellschaftliche Aspekte

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Ist das voll automatisierte, autonom fahrende Auto zum Greifen nah? Testfahrzeuge und Zulassungen in den USA erwecken diesen Eindruck, werfen aber gleichzeitig viele neue Fragestellungen auf. Wie werden autonome Fahrzeuge in das aktuelle Verkehrssystem integriert? Wie erfolgt ihre rechtliche Einbettung? Welche Risiken bestehen und wie wird mit diesen umgegangen? Und welche Akzeptanz seitens der Gesellschaft sowie des Marktes kann hinsichtlich dieser Entwicklungen überhaupt erwartet werden? Das vorliegende Buch gibt Antworten auf ein breites Spektrum dieser und weiterer Fragen. Expertinnen und Experten aus Deutschland und den USA beschreiben aus ingenieur- und gesellschaftswissenschaftlicher Sicht zentrale Themen im Zusammenhang mit der Automatisierung von Fahrzeugen im öffentlichen Straßenverkehr. Sie zeigen auf, welche „Entscheidungen“ einem autonomen Fahrzeug abverlangt werden beziehungsweise welche „Ethik“ programmiert werden muss. Die Autorinnen und Autoren diskutieren Erwartungen und Bedenken, die die individuelle wie auch die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz des autonomen Fahrens kennzeichnen. Ein durch autonome Fahrzeuge erhöhtes Sicherheitspotenzial wird den Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätzen, die bei der Absicherung des Sicherheitskonzeptes eine Rolle spielen, gegenübergestellt. Zudem erläutern sie, welche Veränderungsmöglichkeiten und Chancen sich für unsere Mobilität und die Neuorganisation des Verkehrsgeschehens ergeben, nicht zuletzt auch für den Güterverkehr. Das Buch bietet somit eine aktuelle, umfassende und wissenschaftlich fundierte Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema „Autonomes Fahren“.

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