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Anti-fragile ICT Systems

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Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783319300689 9783319300702 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30070-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Simula Research Laboratory
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Transportation --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-25 16:55:27
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This book introduces a novel approach to the design and operation of large ICT systems. It views the technical solutions and their stakeholders as complex adaptive systems and argues that traditional risk analyses cannot predict all future incidents with major impacts. To avoid unacceptable events, it is necessary to establish and operate anti-fragile ICT systems that limit the impact of all incidents, and which learn from small-impact incidents how to function increasingly well in changing environments. The book applies four design principles and one operational principle to achieve anti-fragility for different classes of incidents. It discusses how systems can achieve high availability, prevent malware epidemics, and detect anomalies. Analyses of Netflix’s media streaming solution, Norwegian telecom infrastructures, e-government platforms, and Numenta’s anomaly detection software show that cloud computing is essential to achieving anti-fragility for classes of events with negative impacts.

CleanEra – A Collection of Research Projects for Sustainable Aviation

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ISBN: 9781614995906 9781614995913 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-591-3-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Transportation --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-09 14:19:11
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"The CleanEra project was initiated with the goal of developing revolutionary ideas for civil aviation. These ideas were to offer solutions which would limit and reduce some of the negative aspects of aviation, namely: emissions and the use of resources. This book presents you with the highlights of this journey in search of new technologies for a revolutionary aircraft; an aircraft that not only offers a future of comfortable air travel for the passenger, but a future of sustainable aviation for the planet as well."

Ship and Offshore Structure Design in Climate Change Perspective

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Climate Studies ISSN: 2213784X ISBN: 9783642341373 9783642341380 Year: Pages: 69 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34138-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Transportation --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Materials --- Business and Management --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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This book summarizes results of longstanding research and scientific contributions from many projects and relevant working groups. It collects and evaluates wind and wave climate projections under changing climate having design needs and marine safety in focus. Potential impact of projected climate change in met-ocean conditions on ships and offshore structures is discussed and illustrated by an example of the expected wave climate change on tanker design.

Connecting the Nation: A short thematic history of Australian civil aviation

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9780994503954 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5130/978-0-9945039-5-4 Language: English
Publisher: UTS ePRESS
Subject: Transportation --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-06 04:21:32
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Aviation has played an important part in shaping Australia’s culture and history through the course of the twentieth century. Australia embraced aviation from its earliest days, eagerly responding to its potential to cover a challenging country, to bring far-flung communities closer and to provide services that could not be delivered any other way. Add the romance of pioneer heroes, the vital role of aviation in wartime and the capacity to deliver aid to people in need in Australia and beyond, and it is clear why aviation is at the heart of Australia’s recent history. This book aims to set out the major themes that characterise Australia’s aviation history for a broad audience and to provide a foundation for a broader discussion, and for further research, about how aviation transformed Australia. Connecting the Nation is a vital and timely introduction to the history of civil aviation in Australia as we prepare for the centenary of civil aviation services in 2020.

Corporate Data Quality: Voraussetzung erfolgreicher Geschäftsmodelle

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783662468050 9783662468067 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-46806-7 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Transportation --- Biotechnology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 17:18:42
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Daten sind die strategische Ressource des 21. Jahrhunderts. Es findet kein Geschäftsprozess, keine Kommunikation zwischen Geschäftspartnern, keine Wertschöpfung statt, ohne dass die involvierten Personen, Maschinen und IT-Systeme Daten nutzen, erzeugen oder verändern. Trends wie die Digitalisierung, Industrie 4.0 und Social Media tragen ebenfalls dazu bei, dass Datenmanagement zu einer Kernkompetenz für erfolgreiche Unternehmen dieser Zeit geworden ist. Damit Daten ihren ganzen Wert entfalten können, müssen sie stets in angemessener Qualität zur Verfügung stehen. Dies gilt besonders für Stammdaten, die zentralen Geschäftsobjekte eines Unternehmens. Dieses Buch zeigt einen ganzheitlichen Ansatz zum qualitätsbewussten Management von Stammdaten auf und richtet sich damit sowohl an Praktiker als auch an die Wissenschaft. Das „Framework für Stammdatenqualitätsmanagement“ wurde im Rahmen des „Competence Center Corporate Data Quality“ der Universität St. Gallen seit dem Jahr 2006 gemeinsam mit Unternehmen aus unterschiedlichen Industrien in zahlreichen praktischen Anwendungen entwickelt und verbessert. Neben den theoretischen Grundlagen räumt das Buch der praktischen Sicht mit 10 Fallstudien großen Raum ein, die erfolgreich durchgeführte Datenqualitätsprojekte praxisnah aufbereiten. Schließlich führt das Buch noch Methoden und Werkzeuge für das Datenqualitätsmanagement auf, die (Stamm-)datenmanager bei Projekten im eigenen betrieblichen Umfeld unterstützen können.

Emerging Technologies for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Authors:
ISBN: 9783038971900 / 9783038971917 Pages: 372 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-191-7
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Transportation --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-17 09:07:11
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In a world where energy conservation, environmental protection and sustainable development are growing concerns, the development of electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid EV (HEV) technologies has taken on an accelerated pace. This collection entitled “Electric and Hybrid Vehicles” invites articles that address the state-of-the-art technologies and new developments for EVs and HEVs, including but not limited to energy sources, electric powertrains, hybrid powertrains, energy management systems, energy refueling systems, regenerative braking systems, system integration, system optimization and infrastructure. Articles which deal with the latest hot topics for EVs and HEVs are particularly encouraged such as advanced lithium-ion batteries, ultracapacitors, energy-efficient motor drives, bidirectional power converters, integrated-starter-generator systems, electric variable transmission systems, on-board renewable energy, inductive or wireless charging technology, and vehicle-to-grid technology. As the impact of the use of EVs and HEVs on our daily lives is utmost important, articles which deal with the relationships between the use of EVs or HEVs and the energy, environment and economy would be of particular interest.

Natural Computing and Beyond

Authors: ---
Book Series: Proceedings in Information and Communications Technology ISSN: 18672914 ISBN: 9784431543930 9784431543947 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 155 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54394-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Manufactures --- Transportation --- Computer Science --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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This book contains the joint proceedings of the Winter School of Hakodate (WSH) 2011 held in Hakodate, Japan, March 15–16, 2011, and the 6th International Workshop on Natural Computing (6th IWNC) held in Tokyo, Japan, March 28–30, 2012, organized by the Special Interest Group of Natural Computing (SIG-NAC), the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence (JSAI). This volume compiles refereed contributions to various aspects of natural computing, ranging from computing with slime mold, artificial chemistry, eco-physics, and synthetic biology, to computational aesthetics.

Los espacios portuarios : Un lugar de encuentro entre disciplinas

Authors: ---
Book Series: Estudios/Investigaciones ISSN: 15140075 ISBN: 9789503412336 Year: Volume: 51 Pages: 392 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Subject: Transportation --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-28 13:37:09
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Los espacios portuarios son estructuras sociales complejas que condicionan el desarrollo social y, a su vez, son modificadas en ese mismo proceso. Esas estructuras están conformadas por una multiplicidad de elementos que incluyen: circulación de mercancías y personas, una cambiante población flotante, un intenso y variado intercambio cultural, migraciones, turismo, circulación de información y el asentamiento de industrias, entre otros. Esta diversidad, casi inabordable en su totalidad, constituye una invitación a que las ciencias sociales encaren su estudio desde una perspectiva interdisciplinaria. Este libro es el resultado del esfuerzo que, en ese sentido, lleva a cabo la Red de Estudios Portuarios. Las actividades realizadas por la red vinculan a investigadores que desde distintas disciplinas científicas indagan sobre diferentes aspectos que hacen a los espacios portuarios de la actualidad y del pasado. El conjunto de los textos reunidos en esta compilación es un claro ejemplo de ese trabajo y constituye, además, una muestra de la amplitud de aspectos desde los cuales se puede estudiar esos espacios.

Autonomous Driving: Technical, Legal and Social Aspects

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783662488454 9783662488478 Year: Pages: 706 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-48847-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 14:37:55
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This book takes a look at fully automated, autonomous vehicles and discusses many open questions: How can autonomous vehicles be integrated into the current transportation system with diverse users and human drivers? Where do automated vehicles fall under current legal frameworks? What risks are associated with automation and how will society respond to these risks? How will the marketplace react to automated vehicles and what changes may be necessary for companies? Experts from Germany and the United States define key societal, engineering, and mobility issues related to the automation of vehicles. They discuss the decisions programmers of automated vehicles must make to enable vehicles to perceive their environment, interact with other road users, and choose actions that may have ethical consequences. The authors further identify expectations and concerns that will form the basis for individual and societal acceptance of autonomous driving. While the safety benefits of such vehicles are tremendous, the authors demonstrate that these benefits will only be achieved if vehicles have an appropriate safety concept at the heart of their design. Realizing the potential of automated vehicles to reorganize traffic and transform mobility of people and goods requires similar care in the design of vehicles and networks. By covering all of these topics, the book aims to provide a current, comprehensive, and scientifically sound treatment of the emerging field of “autonomous driving".

Enabling Things to Talk

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783642404023 9783642404030 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-40403-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Transportation --- Business and Management --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Biotechnology --- Manufactures --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 16:18:02
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The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging network superstructure that will connect physical resources and actual users. It will support an ecosystem of smart applications and services bringing hyper-connectivity to our society by using augmented and rich interfaces. Whereas in the beginning IoT referred to the advent of barcodes and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), which helped to automate inventory, tracking and basic identification, today IoT is characterized by a dynamic trend toward connecting smart sensors, objects, devices, data and applications. The next step will be “cognitive IoT,” facilitating object and data re-use across application domains and leveraging hyper-connectivity, interoperability solutions and semantically enriched information distribution. The Architectural Reference Model (ARM), presented in this book by the members of the IoT-A project team driving this harmonization effort, makes it possible to connect vertically closed systems, architectures and application areas so as to create open interoperable systems and integrated environments and platforms. It constitutes a foundation from which software companies can capitalize on the benefits of developing consumer-oriented platforms including hardware, software and services. The material is structured in two parts. Part A introduces the general concepts developed for and applied in the ARM. It is aimed at end users who want to use IoT technologies, managers interested in understanding the opportunities generated by these novel technologies, and system architects who are interested in an overview of the underlying basic models. It also includes several case studies to illustrate how the ARM has been used in real-life scenarios. Part B then addresses the topic at a more detailed technical level and is targeted at readers with a more scientific or technical background. It provides in-depth guidance on the ARM, including a detailed description of a process for generating concrete architectures, as well as reference manuals with guidelines on how to use the various models and perspectives presented to create a concrete architecture. Furthermore, best practices and tips on how system engineers can use the ARM to develop specific IoT architectures for dedicated IoT solutions are illustrated and exemplified in reverse mapping exercises of existing standards and platforms.

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