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3D Printing with Biomaterials - Towards a Sustainable and Circular Economy

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ISBN: 9781614994855 9781614994862 Year: Pages: 86 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-486-2-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Business and Management --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-09 15:07:44
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"Additive manufacturing or 3D printing, manufacturing a product layer by layer, offers large design freedom and faster product development cycles, as well as low startup cost of production, on-demand production and local production. In principle, any product could be made by additive manufacturing. Even food and living organic cells can be printed. We can create, design and manufacture what we want at the location we want. 3D printing will create a revolution in manufacturing, a real paradigm change. 3D printing holds the promise to manufacture with less waste and energy. We can print metals, ceramics, sand, synthetic materials such as plastics, food or living cells. However, the production of plastics is nowadays based on fossil fuels. And that’s where we witness a paradigm change too. The production of these synthetic materials can be based also on biomaterials with biomass as feedstock. A wealth of new and innovative products are emerging when we combine these two paradigm changes: 3D printing and biomaterials. Moreover, the combination of 3D printing with biomaterials holds the promise to realize a truly sustainable and circular economy."

Advanced Composite Materials: Properties and Applications

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ISBN: 9783110574432 9783110574401 Year: Pages: 594 DOI: 10.1515/9783110574432 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-21 18:17:23
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Composite materials are a major growth area within advanced materials and the range of applications for such products continues to grow and increase in diversity with every new development. Composite products are highly in demand and reached sales of $21.2 billion globally in 2014. The top three market segments in 2014 were transportation, construction, pipes, and tanks. Other segments include energy, automotive, and aerospace. This state-of-the-art book has been written by high-profile authors who have extensive experience and knowledge in the field of composite materials. The chapters in this collection would be useful for a wide range of audience: undergraduate and post-graduate students students, industrial professionals, materials scientists and researchers, and composite manufacturers. This book provides the reader with a wide range of information in the interdisciplinary subject area of composite materials. The book consists of thirteen chapters. It deals with two types of nanocomposites: graphene and carbon nanotube reinforced nanocomposites, their manufacturing, properties and applications. It also presents fibre reinforced composites and a comprehensive review of bio-composites. Furthurmore, it has a focus on thermal, mechanical and electrical properties of advanced composite materials.

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Advanced Glasses, Composites and Ceramics for High Growth Industries

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979609 / 9783038979616 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-961-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Advanced Glasses, Composites and Ceramics for High-Growth Industries (CoACH) was a European Training Network (ETN) project (http://www.coach-etn.eu/) funded by the Horizon 2020 program. CoACH involved multiple actors in the innovation ecosystem for advanced materials, composed of five universities and ten enterprises in seven different European countries. The project studied the next generation of materials that could bring innovation in the healthcare, construction, and energy sectors, among others, from new bioactive glasses for bone implants to eco-friendly cements and new environmentally friendly thermoelectrics for energy conversion. The novel materials developed in the CoACH project pave the way for innovative products, improved cost competitiveness, and positive environmental impact. The present Special Issue contains 14 papers resulting from the CoACH project, showcasing the breadth of materials and processes developed during the project.

Advances in Glass Science and Technology

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ISBN: 9781789231762 9781789231779 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69580 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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In this book, some recent advances in glass science and technology are collected. In the first part, the structure and crystallization of innovative glass compositions are analysed. In the second part, innovative applications are described from the use of glass in optical devices and lasers to fibres in composites, micropatterned components in sensors and microdevices, beads in building walls and sealing in solid oxide fuel cells.

Advances in Plastic Forming of Metals

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ISBN: 9783038972600 9783038972617 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-261-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-18 11:39:39
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The forming of metals through plastic deformation comprises a family of methods that produce components through the re-shaping of input stock, oftentimes with little waste. Therefore, forming is one of the most efficient and economical manufacturing process families available. A myriad of forming processes exist in this family. In conjunction with their countless existing successful applications and their relatively low energy requirements, these processes are an indispensable part of our future. However, despite the vast accumulated know-how, research challenges remain, be they related to the forming of new materials (e.g., for light-weight transportation applications), pushing the boundaries of what is doable, reducing the intermediate steps and/or scrap, or further enhancing the environmental friendliness. The purpose of this book is to collect expert views and contributions on the current state-of-the-art of plastic forming, thus highlighting contemporary challenges and offering ideas and solutions.

Perspectives on European Earthquake Engineering and Seismology: Volume 1

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Book Series: Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 34 ISSN: 15736059 ISBN: 9783319071176 9783319071183 Year: Volume: 34 Pages: 650 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07118-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-06 15:59:36
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This book collects 5 keynote and 15 topic lectures presented at the 2nd European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2ECEES), held in Istanbul, Turkey, from August 24 to 29, 2014. The conference was organized by the Turkish Earthquake Foundation - Earthquake Engineering Committee and Prime Ministry, Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency under the auspices of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering (EAEE) and European Seismological Commission (ESC). The book’s twenty state-of-the-art papers were written by the most prominent researchers in Europe and address a comprehensive collection of topics on earthquake engineering, as well as interdisciplinary subjects such as engineering seismology and seismic risk assessment and management. Further topics include engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, seismic performance of buildings, earthquake-resistant engineering structures, new techniques and technologies and managing risk in seismic regions. The book also presents the Third Ambraseys Distinguished Award Lecture given by Prof. Robin Spence in honor of Prof. Nicholas N. Ambraseys. The aim of this work is to present the state-of-the art and latest practices in the fields of earthquake engineering and seismology, with Europe’s most respected researchers addressing recent and ongoing developments while also proposing innovative avenues for future research and development. Given its cutting-edge content and broad spectrum of topics, the book offers a unique reference guide for researchers in these fields.

Advances in Tribology

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ISBN: 9789535127420 9789535127437 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.5772/61873 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:10

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In the major field of design and manufacturing of mechanical, production, automobile, and industrial engineering, typical and advance methodologies and processes are implemented for the best performance of product or machinery. Thus, the concept of tribology has come into practice for even better performance. Nowadays, it is very important that the tribological knowledge be implemented at each stage of design and manufacturing to minimize the frictional and wear losses, and ultimately these will serve as best preference for the economical growth of the nation. Currently, tribologists are playing vital role in the same direction. This book contains original and innovative research studies on recent applications of tribology, contributed by the group of selected researchers describing the best of their work. Through its 11 chapters, the reader will have access to work in 3 major areas of tribology. These are surface engineering and coating, friction and wear mechanism, and lubrication technology. The first part of the book from Chapters 1 to 4 deals with the surface treatment and coating through which component life can be improved by reducing wear rate. The second part of the book from Chapters 5 to 7 deals with tribo-testing and tribo-system monitoring for friction and wear mechanism presented with real-life case studies. The third part from Chapters 8 to 11 discusses the advances in lubrication, which also includes the role of nanolubricants and lubrication additives. This book may be of interest to research scholars, academicians, industrialists, professional engineers, and specialists in these related areas and would also be of immense help to various practicing engineers, technologists, managers, and supervisors engaged in the maintenance, operation, and upkeep of different machines, equipments, systems, and plants of various industries.

Advances in Welding Metal Alloys, Dissimilar Metals and Additively Manufactured Parts

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ISBN: 9783038973720 9783038973737 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-373-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Mining and Metallurgy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-29 09:42:07
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Welding technology has been taken for granted as a mature and established technology for too long. However, many new welding technologies have been included among the alternatives to joining materials. They come both from the areas of fusion and solid-state welding. Moreover, a recent approach has offered one more alternative. This is hybrid welding, which couples two or more welding sources in a cooperative or synergic welding mode. Welding engineers and scientists have the task to understand which is the best technology for a specific application. This task requires deep knowledge and great intelligence to tackle the challenge of producing light and smart structures and products. In this book, a glimpse of recent developments in metal alloy welding is presented. Laser, friction, and arc welding are the main protagonists of the papers that are included. Processes, materials, and tools are described and studied along with investigation procedures and numerical simulations. This book will make you aware of most of the subjects discussed in the scientific community and new potentialities of welding as a leading technology in manufacturing. I hope you enjoy reading this Special Issue, "Advances in Welding Metal Alloys, Dissimilar Metals and Additively Manufactured Parts".

Bisociative Knowledge Discovery: An Introduction to Concept, Algorithms, Tools, and Applications

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 ISBN: 9783642318290 9783642318306 Year: Volume: 7250 Pages: 485 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-31830-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Manufactures --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Chemical Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Media and communication --- Computer Science --- Business and Management --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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Modern knowledge discovery methods enable users to discover complex patterns of various types in large information repositories. However, the underlying assumption has always been that the data to which the methods are applied to originates from one domain. The focus of this book, and the BISON project from which the contributions are originating, is a network based integration of various types of data repositories and the development of new ways to analyse and explore the resulting gigantic information networks. Instead of finding well defined global or local patterns they wanted to find domain bridging associations which are, by definition, not well defined since they will be especially interesting if they are sparse and have not been encountered before. The 32 contributions presented in this state-of-the-art volume together with a detailed introduction to the book are organized in topical sections on bisociation; representation and network creation; network analysis; exploration; and applications and evaluation.

Carbon Nanotubes - Recent Progress

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ISBN: 9781789230529 9781789230536 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68691 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The book Carbon Nanotubes - Recent Progress contains a number of recent researches on synthesis, growth, characterization, development, and potential applications on carbon materials especially CNTs in nanoscale. It is a promising novel research from top to bottom that has received a lot of interest in the last few decades. It covers the advanced topics on the physical, chemical, and potential applications of CNTs. Here, the interesting reports on cutting-edge science and technology related to synthesis, morphology, control, hybridization, and prospective applications of CNTs are concluded. This potentially unique work offers various approaches on the R&D implementation of carbon-related materials and their hybrids. Basically, we know that nanotechnology offers the regulating of substances at the nanoscale and nanodimension substances in few nanometers, in which exclusive phenomenon facilitates us to control the novel practical applications with carbon materials or CNTs. Here, in this book, an overview of current CNTs' fundamental and substantial applications and enactment of the research worldwide is presented. The techniques of CNT preparation, types of carbon material utilization, and possible applications related with CNTs or carbon-hybrid material researches were investigated. It is an important booklet for research organizations, governmental research centers, academic libraries, and R&D affianced in recent research and development of carbon nanotubes.

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