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Critical Materials:Underlying Causes and Sustainable Mitigation Strategies

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Book Series: World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues ISBN: 9789813271050 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 392 DOI: 10.1142/11007 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Industrial Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-30 14:59:16
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This book covers a new frontier of research in Critical Materials that provides insight in terms of the possible sustainable mitigation strategies, the complexity, broadness and multi-disciplinarity of the subject. By exploring in both "systems view" and "in-depth materials view" in light of the circular economy, this book tackles the problem of sustainable usage of materials that is closely intertwined with the energy issue and climate change. Topics covered include: geopolitics of materials, the energy-materials nexus, definitions of the criticality of materials, circular product design, the development of alternative materials (substitution), sustainable mining and recycling.

Dependability Engineering

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789232585 9781789232592 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.5772/68108 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Industrial Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The new technology and system communication advances are being employed in any system, being more complex. The system dependability considers the technical complexity, size, and interdependency of the system. The stochastic characteristic together with the complexity of the systems as dependability requires to be under control the Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, and Safety (RAMS). The dependability contemplates, therefore, the faults/failures, downtimes, stoppages, worker errors, etc. Dependability also refers to emergent properties, i.e., properties generated indirectly from other systems by the system analyzed. Dependability, understood as general description of system performance, requires advanced analytics that are considered in this book. Dependability management and engineering are covered with case studies and best practices. The diversity of the issues will be covered from algorithms, mathematical models, and software engineering, by design methodologies and technical or practical solutions. This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art, case studies, hardware and software solutions, analytics, and data science in dependability engineering.

Energy Dissipation and Vibration Control: Modeling, Algorithm and Devices

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038427858 9783038427865 Year: Pages: VIII, 254 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Industrial Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-27 12:44:08
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While the study of vibration and energy dissipation is one of the oldest topics in engineering, it also encompasses some of the most exciting engineering problems of our time. From the exploration of deep sub-sea reservoirs to the stabilization of spacecraft in orbit, the problem of vibration control is ever present. To a certain extent, the technological progress of our civilization is tied to our understanding of vibration, and advances made in this field will only allow us to reach greater horizons. This book attempts to capture a glimpse of our current progress in this field by showcasing over 15 chapters of cutting-edge research performed by world leading experts in vibration control and energy dissipation. We hope the reader will be able to gain an understanding of the state-of-the-art, and if possible, be inspired by the vast scope and possibilities offered by the field of vibration control and energy dissipation.

Industrial Engineering

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781838803452 9781838803469 9781838806330 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75414 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Industrial Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Businesses across the world are aiming for increased productivity and greater efficiency. This can be achieved through the knowledge of industrial engineering, which is a systematic approach to streamlining the business process. This book presents the current state of the art of industrial engineering and provides useful information to those who wish to optimize their business practices while increasing customer service and quality.

Optics in Our Time

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319319025 9783319319032 Year: Pages: 504 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31903-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Business and Management --- Chemical Engineering --- Industrial Engineering --- Chemical Technology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 13:47:58
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Light and light based technologies have played an important role in transforming our lives via scientific contributions spanned over thousands of years. In this book we present a vast collection of articles on various aspects of light and its applications in the contemporary world at a popular or semi-popular level. These articles are written by the world authorities in their respective fields. This is therefore a rare volume where the world experts have come together to present the developments in this most important field of science in an almost pedagogical manner. This volume covers five aspects related to light. The first presents two articles, one on the history of the nature of light, and the other on the scientific achievements of Ibn-Haitham (Alhazen), who is broadly considered the father of modern optics. These are then followed by an article on ultrafast phenomena and the invisible world. The third part includes papers on specific sources of light, the discoveries of which have revolutionized optical technologies in our lifetime. They discuss the nature and the characteristics of lasers, Solid-state lighting based on the Light Emitting Diode (LED) technology, and finally modern electron optics and its relationship to the Muslim golden age in science. The book’s fourth part discusses various applications of optics and light in today's world, including biophotonics, art, optical communication, nanotechnology, the eye as an optical instrument, remote sensing, and optics in medicine. In turn, the last part focuses on quantum optics, a modern field that grew out of the interaction of light and matter. Topics addressed include atom optics, slow, stored and stationary light, optical tests of the foundation of physics, quantum mechanical properties of light fields carrying orbital angular momentum, quantum communication, and Wave-Particle dualism in action.

New Industry 4.0 Advances in Industrial IoT and Visual Computing for Manufacturing Processes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282906 9783039282913 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-291-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Industrial Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Modern factories are experiencing rapid digital transformation supported by emerging technologies, such as the Industrial Internet of things (IIOT), industrial big data and cloud technologies, deep learning and deep analytics, AI, intelligent robotics, cyber-physical systems and digital twins, complemented by visual computing (including new forms of artificial vision with machine learning, novel HMI, simulation, and visualization). This is evident in the global trend of Industry 4.0. The impact of these technologies is clear in the context of high-performance manufacturing. Important improvements can be achieved in productivity, systems reliability, quality verification, etc. Manufacturing processes, based on advanced mechanical principles, are enhanced by big data analytics on industrial sensor data. In current machine tools and systems, complex sensors gather useful data, which is captured, stored, and processed with edge, fog, or cloud computing. These processes improve with digital monitoring, visual data analytics, AI, and computer vision to achieve a more productive and reliable smart factory. New value chains are also emerging from these technological changes. This book addresses these topics, including contributions deployed in production, as well as general aspects of Industry 4.0.

Keywords

cutting insert selection --- cutting parameter optimization --- artificial neural networks --- genetic algorithm --- connected enterprise --- smart manufacturing --- big data --- machine learning --- data reduction --- predictive analytics --- in-line dimensional inspection --- warm forming --- 3D mesh reconstruction --- optical system --- revolution workpiece --- defect detection --- polymer lithium-ion battery --- convolutional neural network --- deep learning --- blister defect --- flower pollination algorithm --- Industry 4.0 --- anomaly detection --- scheduling --- neural network --- skyline queries --- Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) --- scalability test --- Internet of Things (IoT) --- INDUSTRY 4.0 --- economic recession --- research and development indicators --- maintenance expert --- competence --- decision support --- micro-armature --- defect detection --- convolutional neural networks --- computer vision --- capacity control --- job shop systems --- RMTs --- operator theory --- 4th industrial revolution --- industry 4.0 --- AHP --- QFD --- matching --- fibre of preserved Szechuan pickle --- contour detection --- dilated convolutions --- HED --- social network --- industry 4.0 --- industrial knowledge graph --- deep learning --- industrial big data --- intellectualization of industrial information --- digital manufacturing --- smart factory --- Industry 4.0 --- digital platforms --- automated surface inspection --- D-VGG16 --- bilinear model --- Grad-CAM --- classification --- localization --- elliptical paraboloid array --- self-calibration method --- vertex distance --- optical slope sensor --- geometric relationship --- relative angle --- fabric defect detection --- LGM --- FCM --- image smoothing --- Industry 4.0 --- marketing innovations --- innovative marketing tools --- impacts marketing innovations --- Industry 4.0 --- configure-to-order --- BIM --- construction equipment --- digital information flow --- lean assembly --- digital twins --- cyber-physical production systems --- depthwise separable convolution --- YOLOv3 --- feature pyramid --- aircraft structure crack detection --- industrial load management --- demand-side management --- demand-side response --- energy flexibility --- IT concept --- platform-based ecosystem --- control service --- smart service --- control as a service --- cloud-based control system --- automation system --- chatter --- train wheel --- smart system --- turning --- edge computing --- n/a

Operations Research - the Art of Making Good Decisions

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ISBN: 9789535128175 9789535128182 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.5772/62933 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Industrial Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book is dedicated to operations research of broad applications, such as improving informational bases of performance measurement with grey relational analysis, application of lean methodologies in a neurosurgery high dependency unit, iteration algorithms in Markov decision processes with state-action-dependent discount factors and unbounded costs, financial feasibility analysis of Natura Rab business case study, and mathematical modeling of isothermal drying and its potential application in the design of the industrial drying regimes of clay products.Operations research is an important topic. In addition to its obvious benefits of winning a war, making most profit in a business endeavor, and constructing a correct mathematical model, it also provides a tool for efficient use of natural resources. Furthermore, both theory and practice of operations research and its related concepts are covered in the book, and a reader can benefit from this balanced coverage.

Probabilistic Modeling in System Engineering

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ISBN: 9781789237740 9781789844092 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71396 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Industrial Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book is intended for systems analysts, designers, developers, users, experts, as well as those involved in quality, risk, safety and security management, and, of course, scientists and students. The various sets of original and traditional probabilistic models and interesting results of their applications to the research of different systems are presented. The models are understandable and applicable for solving system engineering problems: to optimize system requirements, compare different processes, rationale technical decisions, carry out tests, adjust technological parameters, and predict and analyze quality and risks. The engineering decisions, scientifically proven by the proposed models and software tools, can provide purposeful, essential improvement of quality and mitigation of risks, and reduce the expense of operating systems. Models, methods, and software tools can also be used in education for system analysis and mathematical modeling on specializations, for example ""systems engineering,"" ""operations research,"" ""enterprise management,"" ""project management,"" ""risk management,"" ""quality of systems,"" ""safety and security,"" ""smart systems,"" ""system of systems,"" etc.

Listing 1 - 8 of 8