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A Companion to Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand (Second Edition)

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Book Series: Philosophy ISBN: 9781921867712 9781925495263 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_627410 Language: English
Publisher: Monash University Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100435
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand has been experiencing something of a ‘golden age’. Within this, the richness of Australasia’s philosophical past, though less well known, should not be forgotten: Australasian philosophy includes much distinctive and highly original work. The Companion contains a wide range of articles by prominent philosophers and scholars, as well as important contributions by those outside academia. As well as longer essays on selected philosophers, philosophical topics and controversies, there are shorter entries on associations, research centres, departments, journals, pedagogy and international links. Philosophy’s recent inroads into the wider community are also highlighted. A Companion to Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand provides scholars and the wider community with a greater appreciation of the philosophical heritage of this region, and will be a standard work of reference for many years to come. “Judicious and authoritative” – Graham Priest

On the Anarchy of Poetry and Philosophy

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Book Series: Perspectives in Continental Philosophy ISBN: 9780823226320 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626987 Language: English
Publisher: Fordham University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100618
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:42
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This book takes seriously the transformation of art into philosophy, focusing upon the systematic interest that so many European philosophers take in modernism. Among the philosophers Gerald Bruns discusses are Theodor W. Adorno, Maurice Blanchot, Arthur Danto, Stanley Cavell, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, Jacques Derrida, Jean-François Lyotard, Jean-Luc Nancy, Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, and Emmanuel Levinas. As Bruns demonstrates, the difficulty of much modern and contemporary poetry can be summarized in the idea that a poem is made of words, not of any of the things that we use words to produce: meanings, concepts, propositions, narratives, or expressions of feeling. Many modernist poets have argued that in poetry language is no longer a form of mediation but a reality to be explored and experienced in its own right.

Keywords

Philosophy

Judaism as Philosophy

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Book Series: Emunot: Jewish Philosophy and Kabbalah ISBN: 9781618111791 9781618117892 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101090
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:02:20
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The studies comprising this volume, most of them appearing for the first time in English, deal with some of the main topics in Maimonides’ philosophy and that of his followers in Provence. At the heart of these topics lies the issue of whether they adopted a completely naturalistic picture of the workings of the world order, or left room for the volitional activity of God in history. These topics include divine law, creation, the Account of the Chariot, prophet and sage, Mosaic prophecy, reasons for the commandments, and prayer. Special attention is paid to three lesser known but highly significant Provençal Jewish thinkers: Moses Ibn Tibbon, Levi ben Avraham, and Nissim ben Moses of Marseille.

Between Psychology and Philosophy

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Comparative East-West Philosophy ISBN: 9783030225032 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22503-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Philosophy --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:09
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This open access book discusses a variety of important but unprecedented ways in which psychology can be useful to philosophy. The early chapters illustrate this theme via comparisons between Chinese and Western philosophy. It is argued that the Chinese notion of a heart-mind is superior to the Western concept of mind, but then, more even-handedly, the relative strengths and weaknesses of Chinese and Western thought overall are critically examined. In later chapters, the philosophical uses of psychology are treated more specifically in relation to major issues in Western philosophy. Michael Slote shows that empathy and emotion play a role in speech acts (like assertion and thanking) that speech act theory has totally ignored. Similarly, he treats the age-old question of whether justice pays using psychological material that has not previously been recognized. Finally, the implications of psychological egoism are discussed in terms of some new psychological and, indeed, human distinctions. Human life is pervaded by instincts and aspirations that are neither egoistic nor altruistic, and recognizing that fact can help put egoism in its place. It is less of a challenge to morality than we have realized.

Evaluating Evidence of Mechanisms in Medicine

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Philosophy ISBN: 9783319946108 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-94610-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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Philosophy; Medicine—Philosophy; Epistemology

Clandestine Philosophy

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ISBN: 9781487504618 9781487531560 9781487530556 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Toronto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102828
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-13 11:21:04
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Clandestine Philosophy examines the circulation and consequences of 'clandestine philosophical manuscripts', a genre that flourished in the eighteenth century and included forbidden works such as erotic texts, political pamphlets, satires of court life and of the nobility, forbidden religious texts, and books about alchemy and the occult. The editors have brought together leading experts on the history of European philosophy to explore the circulation of radical ideas during the eighteenth century and the social, political, and cultural impact they had on eighteenth-century society.

Keywords

Philosophy

The Middle Included

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Book Series: Rereading Ancient Philosophy ISBN: 9780810134010  9780810134027 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_628782 Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100717
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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The Middle Included is a systematic exploration of the meanings of logos throughout Aristotle’s work. It claims that the basic meaning is “gathering,” a relation that holds its terms together without isolating them or collapsing one to the other. This meaning also applies to logos in the sense of human language. Aristotle describes how some animals are capable of understanding non-firsthand experience without being able to relay it, while others relay it without understanding. Aygün argues that what distinguishes human language, for Aristotle, is its ability to both understand and relay firsthand and non-firsthand experiences. This ability is key to understanding the human condition: science, history, news media, propaganda, gossip, utopian fiction, and sophistry, as well as philosophy. Ömer Aygün finds Aristotle’s name for this peculiar but crucial human ability of “gathering” both experiences is logos, and this leads to a claim about the specificity of human rationality and language.

Keywords

Philosophy

Thinking in Action

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Book Series: Hellenic-Serbian Philosophical Dialogue Series ISSN: 2623-3568 / 2623-3576 ISBN: 9786188372900 9786188372917 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 138 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12681/aprlp.16 Language: English
Publisher: NKUA Applied Philosophy Research Lab Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-07 14:48:27
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Action can only be spontaneous and impulsive if not guided by contemplation; contemplation, on the other hand, may only be luxurious playfulness if not either purposed - or suitable - to motivate action. This volume seeks to prove what may seem self-evident to common sense, but adhering to common sense is never pointless nor excessive. Next to this, Thinking in Action is the offspring of friendship, respect and commitment between two academic communities, the Hellenic and the Serbian philosophical communities, that admittedly have a lot in common, especially with regard to philosophy, and hopefully as many differences as needed in order to secure a long-lasting and fertile exchange of ideas; it is also the natural-born child of necessity: philosophy is about argumentation, debate and confrontation. Thinking in Action inaugurates Hellenic-Serbian Philosophical Dialogue Series that entertains no hesitation in being as ambitious as any philosophical series could be: it seeks to establish a permanent, wide and rich channel of fruitful philosophical interaction between the two philosophical communities. Having high aspirations is one thing; meeting these aspirations as well as the expectations of the reader is a totally different one. We wish Thinking in Action, the first volume of the Hellenic-Serbian Philosophical Dialogue Series, apart from being the initial step of a long journey, will also be a fascinating one to the reader.

Montaigne and the Origins of Modern Philosophy

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ISBN: 9780810129658 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101383
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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Montaigne’s Essays are rightfully studied as giving birth to the literary form of that name. Ann Hartle’s Montaigne and the Origins of Modern Philosophy argues that the essay is actually the perfect expression of Montaigne as what he called "a new figure: an unpremeditated and accidental philosopher." Unpremeditated philosophy is philosophy made sociable—brought down from the heavens to the street, where it might be engaged in by a wider audience. In the same philosophical act, Montaigne both transforms philosophy and invents "society," a distinctly modern form of association. Through this transformation, a new, modern character emerges: the individual, who is neither master nor slave and who possesses the new virtues of integrity and generosity. In Montaigne’s radically new philosophical project, Hartle finds intimations of both modern epistemology and modern political philosophy.

Keywords

Philosophy

Philosophy in a Meaningless Life

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ISBN: 9781474247702 9781350017511 9781474247672 9781474247689 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101120
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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Provides an account of the nature of philosophy which is rooted in the question of the meaning of life. It makes a powerful and vivid case for believing that this question is neither obscure nor obsolete, but reflects a quintessentially human concern to which other traditional philosophical problems can be readily related; allowing them to be reconnected with natural interest, and providing a diagnosis of the typical lines of opposition across philosophy's debates. James Tartaglia looks at the various ways philosophers have tried to avoid the conclusion that life is meaningless, and in the process have distanced philosophy from the concept of transcendence.

Keywords

Philosophy --- Philosophy

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