Search results: Found 215

Listing 1 - 10 of 215 << page
of 22
>>
Sort by
Meaning-Making for Living

Author:
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Psychology ISBN: 9783030199265 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19926-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Psychology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This Open Access Brief analyzes the dynamics in which children’s selves emerge through their everyday activities of meaning construction, both in their relationships with family and within school education. It begins with a discussion of new psychological inquiries into children's selves and builds upon the innovative theoretical notion of the Presentational Self, developed by the author over the last decade. The book illustrates how the observation of children’s meaning construction in their everyday lives becomes a starting point for theoretical and empirical inquiries into child development and gives a framework that promotes new inquiries in this area. The book describes the Presentational Self Theory as a sense of how the notion of the Self is being worked upon in everyday life encounters. Chapters feature in-depth analyses of exchanges between adults and children in the Japanese cultural context. Meaning-Making for Living will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in the fields of cognitive, social, developmental, educational, and cultural psychology.

Children and Peace

Authors: ---
Book Series: Peace Psychology Book Series ISBN: 9783030221768 Year: Pages: 381 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22176-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book brings together discourse on children and peace from the 15th International Symposium on the Contributions of Psychology to Peace, covering issues pertinent to children and peace and approaches to making their world safer, fairer and more sustainable. The book is divided into nine sections that examine traditional themes (social construction and deconstruction of diversity, intergenerational transitions and memories of war, and multiculturalism), as well as contemporary issues such as Europe’s “migration crisis”, radicalization and violent extremism, and violence in families, schools and communities. Chapters contextualize each issue within specific social ecological frameworks in order to reflect on the multiplicity of influences that affect different outcomes and to discuss how the findings can be applied in different contexts. The volume also provides solutions and hope through its focus on youth empowerment and peacebuilding programs for children and families. This forward-thinking volume offers a multitude of views, approaches, and strategies for research and activism drawn from peace psychology scholars and United Nations researchers and practitioners. This book's multi-layered emphasis on context, structural determinants of peace and conflict, and use of research for action towards social cohesion for children and youth has not been brought together in other peace psychology literature to the same extent. Children and Peace: From Research to Action will be a useful resource for peace psychology academics and students, as well as social and developmental psychology academics and students, peace and development practitioners and activists, policy makers who need to make decisions about the matters covered in the book, child rights advocates and members of multilateral organizations such as the UN.

Contemporary Perspective on Child Psychology and Education

Author:
ISBN: 9789535137382 9789535137399 9789535140887 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69671 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In contemporary understanding, the working areas of children's psychology are expanding considerably. The mental health of the children ensures that they are able to use their developmental abilities, cope with difficulties in life, be productive and be creative, and demonstrate cognitive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics appropriate to their developmental turn. This research was conducted to be able to identify behavioral disorders that may be a sign of children's mental problems and to shed light on the resolution of possible problems by facilitating the follow-up of psychosocial developments during the period of growth. This book presents an overview of the contemporary approaches in the departments of child education and psychology, with the hope of them growing up as happy, peaceful, balanced, thoughtful confident and successful individuals.

The Psychology of Becoming a Successful Worker

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138787421 9781315766515 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100821
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:02:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this book, we introduce our research on success at work in a very broad sense. This research can be said to have begun during the fi rst years of this millennium.&#xD;Adjunct Professor Uusiautti fi rst focused on work drive in nurses and&#xD;midwives, expanding her analysis to Finnish Employees of the Year, while&#xD;Professor Määttä conducted her studies on love and human relationships. When&#xD;our specifi c research streams converged, we began studying positive development&#xD;in childhood and adolescence as well as in adulthood and later life. We even&#xD;managed to incorporate our ideas on leadership. Now, we think it is time to&#xD;compile our fi ndings into a psychology of success. In many parts of this book, we&#xD;will refer to the route to success – we hope that this book will function as a signpost&#xD;showing the way to happiness-promoting success at work.&#xD;The standpoint in this book rests on psychology, particularly positive psychology.&#xD;This means that we deliberately aimed to combine the themes of work success&#xD;with fl ourishing and favourable development. Our purpose is to inspire and&#xD;challenge researchers and all those interested to examine the possibilities of this&#xD;positive approach and to consider this as one example of how to seize phenomena&#xD;that are diffi cult to defi ne comprehensively but, fi rst and foremost, we want them&#xD;to see the connection between success and happiness.

Adolescent Pregnancy: Past, Present and Future Trends and Issues

Author:
ISBN: 9783038422945 9783038422952 Year: Pages: X, 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-295-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-27 09:48:30
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This collection provides a forum for leading scholars to examine theoretical insights and empirical findings associated with the recent decline in adolescent pregnancy and childbearing internationally, with special attention given to the United States. This recent shift in the incidence of adolescent fertility is notable in its consistency and magnitude; at the same time, however, continuing historic disparities require focused attention on the contemporary meaning of early childbearing in the U.S. as well as across the globe.The widely interdisciplinary contributions focus on demographic trends in adolescent fertility; successful intervention approaches and major “lessons learned” regarding primary pregnancy prevention; identification of key theoretical issues associated with these trends, with particular focus on the existence and meaning of disparities and their implications for youth development and wellbeing.

Play-Responsive Teaching in Early Childhood Education

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education and Development ISBN: 9783030159580 Year: Pages: 183 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-15958-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Linguistics --- Psychology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book develops a theoretical concept of teaching that is relevant to early childhood education, and based on children’s learning and development through play. It discusses theoretical premises and research on playing and learning, and proposes the development of play-responsive didaktik. It examines the processes and products of learning and development, teaching and its phylogenetic and ontogenetic development, as well as the ‘what’ of learning and didaktik. Next, it explores the actions, objects and meaning of play and provides insight into the diversity of beliefs about the practices of play. The book presents ideas on how combined research and development projects can be carried out, providing incentive and a model for practice development and research. The second part of the book consists of empirical studies on teacher’s playing skills and examples of play with very young as well as older children.

Development of executive function during childhood

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198009 Year: Pages: 457 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-800-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Executive function refers to the goal-oriented regulation of one’s own thoughts, actions, and emotions. Its importance is attested by its contribution to the development of other cognitive skills (e.g., theory of mind), social abilities (e.g., peer interactions), and academic achievement (e.g., mathematics), and by the consequences of deficits in executive function (which are observed in wide range of developmental disorders, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism). Over the last decade, there have been growing interest in the development of executive function, and an expanding body of research has shown that executive function develops rapidly during the preschool years, with adult-level performance being achieved during adolescence or later. This recent work, together with experimental research showing the effects of interventions targeting executive function, has yielded important insights into the neurocognitive processes underlying executive function. Given the complexity of the construct of executive function, however, and the multiplicity of underlying processes, there are often inconsistencies in the way that executive function is defined and studied. This inconsistency has hampered communication among researchers from various fields. This Research Topic is intended to bridge this gap and provide an opportunity for researchers from different perspectives to discuss recent advances in understanding childhood executive function. Researchers using various methods, including, behavioral experiments, neuroimaging, eye-tracking, computer simulation, observational methods, and questionnaires, are encouraged to contribute original empirical research. In addition to original empirical articles, theoretical reviews and opinions/perspective articles on promising future directions are welcome. We hope that researchers from different areas, such as developmental psychology, educational psychology, experimental psychology, neuropsychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, computational science, etc., will be represented in the Research Topic.

Language Development in the Digital Age

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453139 Year: Pages: 79 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-313-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The digital age is changing our children’s lives and childhood dramatically. New technologies transform the way people interact with each other, the way stories are shared and distributed, and the way reality is presented and perceived. Parents experience that toddlers can handle tablets and apps with a level of sophistication the children’s grandparents can only envy. The question of how the ecology of the child affects the acquisition of competencies and skills has been approached from different angles in different disciplines. In linguistics, psychology and neuroscience, the central question addressed concerns the specific role of exposure to language. Two influential types of theory have been proposed. On one view the capacity to learn language is hard-wired in the human brain: linguistic input is merely a trigger for language to develop. On an alternative view, language acquisition depends on the linguistic environment of the child, and specifically on language input provided through child-adult communication and interaction. The latter view further specifies that factors in situated interaction are crucial for language learning to take place. In the fields of information technology, artificial intelligence and robotics a current theme is to create robots that develop, as children do, and to establish how embodiment and interaction support language learning in these machines. In the field of human-machine interaction, research is investigating whether using a physical robot, rather than a virtual agent or a computer-based video, has a positive effect on language development. The Research Topic will address the following issues:- What are the methodological challenges faced by research on language acquisition in the digital age?- How should traditional theories and models of language acquisition be revised to account for the multimodal and multichannel nature of language learning in the digital age?- How should existing and future technologies be developed and transformed so as to be most beneficial for child language learning and cognition?- Can new technologies be tailored to support child growth, and most importantly, can they be designed in order to enhance specifically vulnerable children’s language learning environment and opportunities?- What kind of learning mechanisms are involved?- How can artificial intelligence and robotics technologies, as robot tutors, support language development? These questions and issues can only be addressed by means of an interdisciplinary approach that aims at developing new methods of data collection and analysis in cross-sectional and longitudinal perspectives. We welcome contributions addressing these questions from an interdisciplinary perspective both theoretically and empirically.

Pain Management in Clinical and Health Psychology

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456666 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-666-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Chronic pain is a relevant health problem frequently associated with psychological distress, dysfunctions in physical and social functioning, reductions in quality of life and elevated direct and indirect costs. Medical approach is typically useful for treating chronic pain, but also psychological contributions play an important role in pain management. In fact psychological treatments are recognized as generally effective for pain. Psychological approaches in managing pain have evolved considerably and now understanding and managing the cognitions, emotions and behaviors that accompany the situation of discomfort can actually reduce the pain intensity and the interference of pain with daily life. Psychological therapies are highly indicated both for the treatment of painful conditions and for the treatment of pain related to several neurological diseases. The reviews and meta-analyses conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of different forms of psychotherapy across several disorders, although with different levels of experimental evidence, confirmed that psychological interventions can improve the experience of patients at every age (children, adolescents, adults, seniors). Similar positive results about psychotherapy efficacy were reported in specific pain disorders such as low back pain, fibromyalgia, tension-type headache and migraine, pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis, chronic abdominal pain in adolescents, chronic orofacial pain, etc. Clinical health psychology focuses also on the study of the psychological determinants in pain patients such as the role of depression, anxiety, pain-related disability, catastrophic thinking, psychological inflexibility, coping skills, beliefs, attitudes, expectations, self-efficacy, placebo and nocebo effects, etc. Different psychological models of pain and disability (such as Fear-avoidance, Acceptance and commitment, Misdirected problem solving, Self-efficacy and Stress-diathesis models) have tried to highlight the psychological processes behind pain. The major objective of the present Research Topic is to collect new scientific evidence, clinical experiences, reviews and opinion articles about clinical health psychology and psychotherapy in pain management and treatment. Moreover this RT will focus on psychological factors, basic psychological processes and theoretical models that could have an impact in the development of persistent pain and disability and implications for different therapies, considering psychological interventions in peri-operative pain and/or preventive interventions in sub-acute pain too.

Keywords

Pain --- Pain Management --- Chronic Pain

Adolescent Psychiatry

Authors: ---
Book Series: Health, Medicine and Human Development ISBN: 9783110316568 9783110316612 Year: Pages: 260,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110316612 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102367
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Psychiatric disorders in adolescents are an important social problem relevant to almost all healthcare professionals. The prevalence of mood, anxiety, substance use and other psychiatric disorders among adolescents is high. However, medical professionals are not sufficiently trained about adolescent psychiatric disorders. Primary care providers correctly identify less than a fourth of youth with a depressive or anxiety disorder and many clinicians underestimate the importance of the problem of adolescent psychiatric illnesses and suicidal behavior. Multiple clinical, neurobiological, cultural and legal aspects of psychiatric disorders in adolescents are discussed in this book.

Listing 1 - 10 of 215 << page
of 22
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Frontiers Media SA (52)

MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (40)

Springer Nature (26)

IntechOpen (10)

Taylor & Francis (9)

De Gruyter (8)

Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group (8)

Open Book Publishers (6)

Verlag Barbara Budrich (6)

Böhlau (4)

More...

License

CC by-nc-nd (88)

CC by (76)

Springer (12)

CC by-nc (10)

unknown (10)

CC by-nc-sa (6)

CC by-sa (5)

ANU Press (3)

CC-BY-4.0 (2)

Brill (1)

More...

Language

english (188)

german (17)

eng (3)

englisch (1)

finnish (1)

french (1)

lithuanian (1)

spanish (1)

uncoded (1)


Year
From To Submit

2020 (25)

2019 (41)

2018 (25)

2017 (27)

2016 (23)

2015 (22)

2014 (11)

2013 (20)

2012 (2)

2011 (5)

More...