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Feminist Success Stories - Célébrons nos réussites féministes

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ISBN: 9780776627113 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abuses by international corporations, withdrawal of social services and implementation of regressive legislation continue to impoverish women and reduce the quality of their everyday lives: women have reason to be demoralized. Recognizing this challenging and difficult situation, this volume reviews women's successes at feminizing Canadian institutions. It is intended to hearten the women's movement, and show the potential for feminist change and suggest ways to realize this potential.

Keywords

education --- feminism --- women --- health --- work --- voluntary work

Consciousness and Action Control

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193158 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-315-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 17:24:33
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The basic nuts and bolts underlying human behavior remain mysterious from a scientific point of view. Everyday acts - naming an object, suppressing the urge to say something, or grabbing a waiter’s attention with a “cappuccino, please” - remain difficult to understand from a mechanistic standpoint. Despite these challenges, research has begun to illuminate, not only the basic processes underlying human action production, but the role of conscious processing in the control of behavior. This Research Topic, “Consciousness and the Control of Action,” is devoted to surveying and synthesizing these developments from disparate fields of study.

International Trade Policy

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ISBN: 9780203027882 9780415068789 9780415068796 9781134915224 9781134915217 9781134915170 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203027882 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:21
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This volume provides an introduction to the basic theory behind international trade policy. The author analyses current policy issues within a theoretical framework. The book adopts a thematic approach, with each chapter examining a different issue - each of which is of central importance to contemporary trade policy. The book will be essential for all those who want to understand what governments do, in terms of trade policy and how they do it.

Keywords

developing --- country --- uruguay --- round --- voluntary --- export --- restraints --- countervailing --- duties --- tokyo

Le possibilità del futuro : Economia e politica dell’immaginario

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ISBN: 9788878855953 DOI: 10.4000/books.res.1143 Language: Italian
Publisher: Rosenberg & Sellier
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
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Perché le persone scelgono di vivere in situazioni che esse stesse valutano negativamente e che provocano loro disagio e sofferenza? Perché accettano le regole e i comandi dettati da soggetti e organizzazioni con cui non sono in sintonia, e che spesso disprezzano? In breve: perché le persone si rassegnano e obbediscono, anche quando non vorrebbero? Di fronte a questa domanda, il libro argomenta che ognuno affronta sempre soltanto i problemi che crede di poter risolvere. I modi con cui immaginiamo il mondo plasmano i valori e le preferenze, i vincoli e le aspettative che orientano le nostre azioni. Sono i modelli mentali (gli schemi interpretativi del mondo), le credenze collettive (le convinzioni su com’è fatto il mondo) e le identità sociali (le convinzioni su chi siamo nel mondo) a determinare le nostre scelte. Quando smarriamo il significato delle nostre attività e della nostra presenza nel mondo, inventiamo futuri possibili, per meglio vivere in una società nella quale quei mondi inventati hanno efficacia. Tuttavia, se immaginare mondi è lo strumento fondamentale con cui interveniamo su noi stessi e sul contesto, non tutte le simulazioni sono uguali. Alcune reificano i processi sociali e riproducono le asimmetrie di potere, assegnando a qualcuno la responsabilità del cambiamento; altre si aprono a progettualità inclusive ed egualitarie. È sul terreno conflittuale delle immaginazioni del futuro che si gioca la possibilità di sradicare la servitù volontaria.

The Cost of Insanity in Nineteenth-Century Ireland

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Book Series: Mental Health in Historical Perspective ISBN: 9783319652436 9783319652443 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65244-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Psychiatry --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This open access book is the first comparative study of public, voluntary and private asylums in nineteenth-century Ireland. Examining nine institutions, it explores whether concepts of social class and status and the emergence of a strong middle class informed interactions between gender, religion, identity and insanity. It questions whether medical and lay explanations of mental illness and its causes, and patient experiences, were influenced by these concepts. The strong emphasis on land and its interconnectedness with notions of class identity and respectability in Ireland lends a particularly interesting dimension. The book interrogates the popular notion that relatives were routinely locked away to be deprived of land or inheritance, querying how often “land grabbing” Irish families really abused the asylum system for their personal economic gain. The book will be of interest to scholars of nineteenth-century Ireland and the history of psychiatry and medicine in Britain and Ireland.&#xD;&#xD;

Emploi, bénévolat et financement des associations culturelles

Author:
ISBN: 9782111398153 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Business and Management --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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En 2011, une association sur cinq a une activité culturelle. Sur ces 267 000 associations culturelles, 35 100 emploient au moins un salarié, l’activité de toutes les autres reposant exclusivement sur la participation bénévole. Il y a 169 000 salariés employés par des associations culturelles, soit 9,4 % de l’emploi salarié associatif. Comme pour les entreprises, les salariés des associations culturelles sont plus fréquemment en contrat court et ont un niveau de formation plus élevé que les salariés des autres secteurs. On compte en moyenne cinq salariés par association culturelle employeuse, deux fois moins que la moyenne. Les associations s’appuient également sur des bénévoles, qui donnent donc de leur temps sans être rémunérés. Les associations culturelles emploient de manière bénévole l’équivalent de 189 000 emplois à temps plein. Le nombre de bénévoles présents dans une association culturelle est d’environ 18. Chaque bénévole travaille en moyenne 63 heures par an dans une association sans salariés, et 86 heures par an dans une association employeuse de salariés. En 2011, le budget cumulé de l’ensemble des associations culturelles est estimé à 8,3 milliards d’euros. En termes monétaires, les associations culturelles pèsent à peu près autant qu’en termes d’emplois au sein de l’économie associative : 9,7 %. Une association culturelle dispose d’un budget moyen de 31 000 euros, deux fois moins que la moyenne d’un budget associatif, du fait de leur taille plus réduite. Les associations culturelles sont moins dépendantes des financements publics (40 %) que la moyenne (49 %). En particulier, elles ont moins accès aux commandes publiques et se financent plutôt par le biais de subventions. Les communes sont, plus que dans les autres secteurs associatifs, à l’origine d’une grande part des subventions, notamment pour les associations qui n’emploient aucun salarié. La moitié des associations culturelles réalise de façon principale ou secondaire une activité d’organisation ou d’accueil de spectacle vivant. Elles ont en moyenne moins de salariés que celles des autres activités culturelles, des budgets plus réduits et ont davantage recours au bénévolat.

Victim Support and the Welfare State

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138584792 Year: Pages: 186 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-05 07:21:46
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This book provides a rich analysis of the history of Swedish victim support. With the majority of research on victim support centering on the Anglosphere, this book offers a unique case study for considering the role of the victim in the criminal justice system. While Sweden has enacted many laws to support victims, and victim assistance programs have grown rapidly, welfare policy has become more restrictive and crime policy, to some degree, more punitive. Drawing on archival material and interviews with key representatives for the Swedish Association for Victim Support (BOJ), this book examines what role the victim movement has played in a changing welfare state. It argues that BOJ filled a function in the decentralization and privatization of the Swedish welfare state and explores distinctive features of the Swedish victim movement and the form it has taken, as compared to that in other countries.This book will be of interest to scholars and students of criminology, sociology, social policy, civil society studies, and social work, and those engaged in studies of victims and victimology.

Public-Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9783038978329 9783038978336 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-833-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) and other private governance instruments (e.g., Fair Trade, Forest Stewardship Council, Fair Wear Foundation, GLOBALGAP) are increasingly regulating global production processes and economic activities. VSS verify the compliance of products or production processes with sustainability standards. The importance of voluntary sustainability standards is now widely recognized. After being operational for more than two decades, they have established themselves as private governance instruments. This recognition is also exemplified by their integration in public regulatory approaches. Governments and international organizations are partnering with voluntary sustainability standards to pursue sustainable development policies. We witness the integration of VSS in the regulatory approaches of local and national governments in countries around the world, the integration of VSS in trade policies, the emergence of public&ndash;private initiatives to govern global supply chains, and the inclusion of private initiatives in experimentalist governance regimes. This Special Issue seeks to bring together research on the interface between private and public governance. We welcome contributions which analyze specific case studies on the emergence and development of these private&ndash;public interactions, the design of public&ndash;private governance, the effectiveness of these governance arrangements, and critical perspectives on the possibilities and limitations of such public&ndash;private forms of governance. We welcome multi-disciplinary perspectives including contributions from economics, political science, law, sociology, geography, and anthropology. Papers selected for this Special Issue are subject to a peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications.

We Are Best Friends: Animals in Society

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ISBN: 9783039215362 9783039215379 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-537-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Friendships between humans and non-human animals were once dismissed as sentimental anthropomorphism. After decades of research on the emotional and cognitive capacities of animals, we now recognize human–animal friendships as true reciprocal relationships. Friendships with animals have many of the same characteristics as friendships between humans. Both parties enjoy the shared presence that friendship entails along with the pleasures that come with knowing another being. Both friends develop ways of communicating apart from, or in addition to, spoken language. Having an animal as a best friend can take the form of relationship known as the “pet”, but it can also take other forms. People who work with animals often characterize their non-human partners as friends. People who work with search-and-rescue dogs, herding dogs, or police dogs develop and depend on the closeness of friendship. The same holds for equestrians, as horses and riders must understand each other’s bodies and movements intimately. In some situations, animals provide the sole source of affection and interaction in people’s lives. Homeless people who live on the streets with animal companions experience togetherness 24/7. This book explores the various forms these friendships take. It sheds light on what these friendships mean and how they expand the interdisciplinary knowledge of the roles of animals in society.

Sustainable Work Ability and Aging

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ISBN: 9783039280643 9783039280650 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-065-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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In many industrialized countries, there is a sharp increase of the aging population due to a decrease in fertility rate and an increase in life expectancy. Due to which, the age dependency ratio rises and may cause increased economic burden among working age population. One strategy to combat this problem is to prolong peoples working career. A sufficient work ability is a requirement for a sustainable and prolonged employment. Work ability is primarily a question of balance between work and personal resources. Personal resources change with age, whereas work demands may not change parallel to that, or only change due to globalization or new technology. Work ability, on average, decreases with age, although several different work ability pathways exist during the life course. Work-related factors, as well as general lifestyle, may explain the declines and improvements in work ability during aging. A sustainable work ability throughout the life course is a main incentive for a prolonged working career and a healthy aging. Work ability and work-related factors, are therefore important occupational and public health issues when the age of the population increases. This Special Issue, “Sustainable Work Ability and Aging”, includes in all 16 original articles and one opinion paper, organized in three sections. The research topics cover

Keywords

group identification --- older workers --- job performance --- psychological capital --- self-efficacy --- age difference --- exhaustion --- well-being --- work stress --- work environment --- stress --- occupational health --- intervention --- burnout --- well-being --- job resources --- job demands --- burnout --- occupational turnover intention --- JD-R model --- longitudinal approach --- Dutch nurses --- age --- occupational cohort --- register-based --- work disability --- sedentary --- physical heaviness --- prospective --- e-health --- health promotion --- prevention --- sustainable employment --- work ability --- stress --- social status --- aging workforces --- health --- intermediate outcomes --- sustainable employment --- occupational health --- work ability --- aging --- short-form validation --- need for recovery --- criterion validity --- construct validity --- content validity --- responsiveness --- work ability --- work environment --- physical hazards --- psychosocial hazards --- multisite pain --- musculoskeletal pain --- trajectories --- intention to retire --- work ability --- ageing workers --- work wellbeing --- psychosocial work exposures --- perceived work ability --- meaningfulness of work --- perceived fit with current job --- future-orientedness of the job --- sustainable careers --- age --- work ability index (WAI) --- work ability concept --- intervention research --- knowing–doing gap --- implementation --- healthy aging --- work --- occupational stress --- occupational health --- socioeconomic factors --- data accuracy --- demography --- work ability --- life course --- aging --- longitudinal studies --- prolonged work career --- healthcare worker --- work ability --- work ability index --- WAI --- measurement --- occupational health --- occupational epidemiology --- WAI --- municipal workers --- prospective study --- COPSOQ II --- predictive factors --- predictors --- voluntary --- involuntary --- workforce transitions --- mature ages --- Australia

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