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Variance in Arabic Manuscripts. Arabic Didactic Poems from the Eleventh to the Seventeenth Centuries - Analysis of Textual Variance and Its Control in the Manuscripts

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110460582 9783110460001 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: xi, 430 DOI: 10.1515/9783110460582 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 16:28:41
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In Arabic and Islamic studies, the subject of variance in general and that of textual variation in particular has not been investigated exhaustively so far. In the present book the variation in texts of the “closed transmission” will be studied, focusing on a small corpus of didactic and model poems, with a view to establishing what degree of text stability and change was allowed by the medium manuscript. Categories of variance (relating to work-titles, text, number of verses and their sequence, page-layout, context) and the means of controlling them in the manuscripts of the poems are identified and detailed descriptions of the copies are given.The monograph also includes a presentation of some major traits of the cultural background to the study of Arabic didactic poetry and of its dissemination in which memorization has played a crucial role. The intended readers,editors and other users of manuscripts, are helped to acquaint themselves with the methods employed in the manuscripts to control variation and they are given an overview of the large spectrum of Arabic didactic poetry and of its place in the traditional culture of learning in Islamicate societies.

Variance Component Estimation for Combination of Terrestrial Reference Frames

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Studiengangs Geodäsie und Geoinformatik / Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Studiengang Geodäsie und Geoinformatik ISSN: 16129733 ISBN: 9783866442061 Year: Volume: 39234 Pages: IX, 69 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007363 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Combining Terrestrial Reference Frames (TRFs) to frames of superior quality (like the ITRF) usually involves homogenisation by an empirical weighting scheme. Different approaches on variance component estimation have been evaluated for this purpose. The statistically rigorous Helmert estimator has been compared with two other methods: the degree of freedom method and a simplified, approximate estimator. Tests have been performed, covering two elementary types of combinations.

Selective Laser Melting: Materials and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039285785 / 9783039285792 Year: Pages: 98 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-579-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Additive manufacturing (AM) is one of the manufacturing processes that warrants the attention of industrialists, researchers, and scientists. AM has the ability to fabricate materials to produce parts with complex shapes without any theoretical restrictions combined with added functionalities. Selective laser melting (SLM), also known as laser-based powder bed processing (LPBF), is one of the main AM process that can be used to fabricate wide variety of materials that are Al-, Ti-, Fe-, Ni-, Co-, W-, Ag-, and Au-based, etc. However, several challenges need to be addressed systematically, such as development of new materials that suit the SLM process conditions so the process capabilities can be fully used to produce new properties in these materials. Other issues in the field are the lack of microstructure–property correlations, premature failure, etc. Accordingly, this Special Issue (book) focuses mainly on the microstructure-correlation in three different alloys: AlSi10Mg, Ti6Al4V, and 304L stainless steel, where six articles are presented. Hence, this Special Issue outlines microstructure–property correlations in the SLM processed materials and provides a value addition to the field of AM.

Uncertainty Quantification Techniques in Statistics

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ISBN: 9783039285464 / 9783039285471 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-547-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Uncertainty quantification (UQ) is a mainstream research topic in applied mathematics and statistics. To identify UQ problems, diverse modern techniques for large and complex data analyses have been developed in applied mathematics, computer science, and statistics. This Special Issue of Mathematics (ISSN 2227-7390) includes diverse modern data analysis methods such as skew-reflected-Gompertz information quantifiers with application to sea surface temperature records, the performance of variable selection and classification via a rank-based classifier, two-stage classification with SIS using a new filter ranking method in high throughput data, an estimation of sensitive attribute applying geometric distribution under probability proportional to size sampling, combination of ensembles of regularized regression models with resampling-based lasso feature selection in high dimensional data, robust linear trend test for low-coverage next-generation sequence data controlling for covariates, and comparing groups of decision-making units in efficiency based on semiparametric regression.

Advances in CAD/CAM/CAE Technologies

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039287406 / 9783039287413 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-741-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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CAD/CAM/CAE technologies find more and more applications in today’s industries, e.g., in the automotive, aerospace, and naval sectors. These technologies increase the productivity of engineers and researchers to a great extent, while at the same time allowing their research activities to achieve higher levels of performance. A number of difficult-to-perform design and manufacturing processes can be simulated using more methodologies available, i.e., experimental work combined with statistical tools (regression analysis, analysis of variance, Taguchi methodology, deep learning), finite element analysis applied early enough at the design cycle, CAD-based tools for design optimizations, CAM-based tools for machining optimizations.

Assessment of Energy–Environment–Economy Interrelations

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ISBN: 9783039288090 / 9783039288106 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-810-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Energy consumption and economic growth have been of great interest to researchers and policy-makers. Knowing the actual causal relationship between energy and the economy with respect to environmental degradation has important implications for modeling environmental and growth policies. The eleven chapters included herein aim to help researchers, academicians, and especially decision-makers to understand relevant issues and adopt appropriate methods to tackle and solve relevant environmental problems. Various methods from different disciplines are proposed and applied to various environmental and energy issues.

Empirical Finance

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ISBN: 9783038977063 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-707-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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There is no denying the role of empirical research in finance and the remarkable progress of empirical techniques in this research field. This Special Issue focuses on the broad topic of “Empirical Finance” and includes novel empirical research associated with financial data. One example includes the application of novel empirical techniques, such as machine learning, data mining, wavelet transform, copula analysis, and TV-VAR, to financial data. The Special Issue includes contributions on empirical finance, such as algorithmic trading, market efficiency, market microstructure, portfolio theory and asset allocation, asset pricing models, liquidity risk premium, currency crisis, return predictability, and volatility modeling.

Keywords

text similarity --- text mining --- machine learning --- SVM --- neural network --- LSTM --- credit risk --- ensemble learning --- deep learning --- bagging --- random forest --- boosting --- deep neural network --- causality-in-variance --- cross-correlation function --- housing and stock markets --- algorithmic trading --- take profit --- stop loss --- MACD --- ATR --- city banks --- dependence structure --- copula --- n/a --- market microstructure --- price discovery --- latency --- currency crisis --- random forests --- wavelet transform --- predictive accuracy --- housing price --- bank credit --- housing loans --- real estate development loans --- TVP-VAR model --- exchange rate --- volatility --- exports --- ARDL --- Vietnam --- crude oil futures prices forecasting --- convolutional neural networks --- short-term forecasting --- utility of international currency --- inertia --- liquidity risk premium --- US dollar --- Japanese yen --- cointegration --- statistical arbitrage --- natural gas --- wholesale electricity --- futures market --- spark spread --- earnings management --- earnings manipulation --- earnings quality --- initial public offering --- IPO --- asset pricing model --- data mining --- bankruptcy prediction --- financial and non-financial variables --- institutional investors’ shareholdings --- panel data model --- piecewise regression model --- global financial crisis --- gold return --- asymmetric dependence --- financial market stress --- robust regression --- quantile regression --- structural break --- flight to quality

Sediment Transport in Coastal Waters

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ISBN: 9783038978442 9783038978459 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-845-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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The interface of 440,000 km long coastline in the world is subject to global change, with an increasing human pressure (land use, buildings, sand mining, dredging) and increasing population. Improving our knowledge on involved mechanisms and sediment transport processes, monitoring the evolution of sedimentary stocks and anticipating changes in littoral and coastal zones is essential for this purpose. The special issue of Water on &ldquo;Sediment transport in coastal waters&rdquo; gathers thirteen papers which introduce the current revolution in the scientific research related to coastal and littoral hydrosedimentary dynamics, and reflect the diversity of concerns on which research in coastal sediment transport is based, and current trends &mdash; topics and preferred methods &mdash; to address them.

Keywords

suspended sediment --- sediment transport --- coastal hydraulics --- Mekong --- river plume --- monsoon --- mathematical model --- geochemical map --- particle transfer process --- tidal current --- analysis of variance (ANOVA) --- Cluster analysis --- Mahalanobis’ generalized distances --- Seto Inland Sea --- East Coast Low --- nearshore processes --- coastal erosion --- coastal management --- climate change --- numerical modelling --- Southeast Australia --- soil erosion --- SWAT --- water scarcity --- sediment transport modelling --- Tafna catchment --- North Africa --- suspended sediment --- sediment transport --- lagoon --- geochemistry --- Ni mining --- sediment trap --- hydrodynamics --- New Caledonia --- dry season --- Senegal River delta --- Langue de Barbarie spit --- delta vulnerability --- river-mouth migration --- spit breaching --- ERA hindcast waves --- longshore sediment transport --- Vietnam --- South China Sea --- erosion --- recovery --- storminess --- winter monsoon --- typhoons --- shoreline --- waves forcing --- storms --- resilience --- post-storm recovery --- Bight of Benin --- seasonal cycle --- trend --- sand-mud mixture erosion --- numerical modelling --- non-cohesive to cohesive transition --- remote sensing reflectance --- turbidity --- seagrass beds --- bed shear stress --- fresh water runoff --- oceanic water intrusion --- suspended particulate matter --- aggregates --- flocculation --- biomass --- sediment --- turbidity --- remote-sensing --- MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) --- Support Vector Regression (SVR) --- oligotrophic lagoon --- bathymetry --- reflectance --- seabed colour --- coral reef --- New Caledonia --- sediment transport --- cohesive sediments --- non cohesive sediments --- sand --- mud --- coastal erosion --- sedimentation --- morphodynamics --- suspended particulate matter --- bedload

Resilience and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructures under Extreme Loads

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039214013 9783039214020 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-402-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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There are many regions worldwide which are susceptible to extreme loads such as earthquakes. These can cause loss of life and adverse impacts on civil infrastructures, the environment, and communities. A series of methods and measures have been used to mitigate the effects of these extreme loads. The adopted approaches and methods must enable civil structures to be resilient and sustainable. Therefore, to reduce damage and downtime in addition to protecting life and promoting safety, new resilient structure technologies must be proposed and developed. This special issue book focuses on methods of enhancing the sustainability and resilience of civil infrastructures in the event of extreme loads (e.g., earthquakes). This book contributes proposals of and theoretical, numerical, and experimental research on new and resilient civil structures and their structural performance under extreme loading events. These works will certainly play a significant role in promoting the application of new recoverable structures. Moreover, this book also introduces some case studies discussing the implementation of low-damage structural systems in buildings as well as articles on the development of design philosophies and performance criteria for resilient buildings and new sustainable communities.

Keywords

corporation --- resilience --- disaster --- recovery --- Great East Japan Earthquake --- viscous damper --- hybrid damper --- seismic performance --- cyclic loading test --- silt --- subway induced vibration --- numerical simulations --- finite element --- infinite element boundary --- measurement --- substructure --- boundary technique --- inflection point --- hybrid simulation --- force-displacement control --- integration algorithm --- pseudodynamic test, earthquake --- nonlinearity --- model-based --- Brazier effect --- angle section --- Brazier flattening --- variational method --- numerical simulation --- beam --- reinforced concrete --- corrosion --- chloride ingress --- carbonation --- probabilistic --- sustainability prediction --- cold-formed steel structure --- cold-formed steel composite shear wall building --- mid-rise --- simplified modeling method --- seismic analysis --- shaking table test --- seismic damage --- simulation model --- system restoration --- water supply networks --- progressive collapse --- abnormal loads --- sudden column removal --- seismic connection detail --- energy-based approximate analysis --- structural robustness --- structural sensitivity --- mitigation --- shaking table test --- liquefaction --- settlement --- ground improvement --- resilience-based design --- dynamic structural analysis --- GM selection --- displacement response spectrum --- structural response estimates --- spectrum variance --- probabilistic framework --- reinforced concrete frames --- liquefaction --- response surface method --- artificial neural network --- Monte Carlo simulation --- optimized section --- precast slab --- concrete --- tapered cross section --- shear performance --- ground motion --- matching pursuit decomposition --- time-frequency energy distribution --- ratcheting effect --- nonlinear response --- flow --- analysis --- concrete --- girder --- damage --- NDE --- replaceable coupling beam --- beam --- shear wall --- cyclic reversal test --- seismic behavior --- settlement --- mined-out region --- railway construction --- dynamic model --- column-top isolation --- single-layer reticulated dome --- nonlinear time-history analysis --- damping effect --- hybrid simulation --- intermediate column --- subway station --- OpenFresco --- OpenSees --- resilience --- sustainability --- civil infrastructures --- extreme loads --- natural hazards --- earthquakes --- seismic performance --- energy dissipative devices

Protection Strategy against Spruce Budworm

Author:
ISBN: 9783039280964 9783039280971 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-097-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Forestry --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) outbreaks are a dominant natural disturbance in the forests of Canada and northeastern USA. Widespread, severe defoliation by this native insect results in large-scale mortality and growth reductions of spruce (Picea sp.) and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) forests, and largely determines future age–class structure and productivity. The last major spruce budworm outbreak defoliated over 58 million hectares in the 1970s–1980s, and caused 32–43 million m3/year of timber volume losses from 1978 to 1987, in Canada. Management to deal with spruce budworm outbreaks has emphasized forest protection, spraying registered insecticides to prevent defoliation and keep trees alive. Other tactics can include salvage harvesting, altering harvest schedules to remove the most susceptible stands, or reducing future susceptibility by planting or thinning. Chemical insecticides are no longer used, and protection strategies use biological insecticides Bacillus thuringiensis (B.t.) or tebufenozide, a specific insect growth regulator. Over the last five years, a $30 million research project has tested another possible management tactic, termed an ‘early intervention strategy’, aimed at area-wide management of spruce budworm populations. This includes intensive monitoring to detect ‘hot spots’ of rising budworm populations before defoliation occurs, targeted insecticide treatment to prevent spread, and detailed research into target and non-target insect effects. The objective of this Special Issue is to compile the most recent research on protection strategies against spruce budworm. A series of papers will describe results and prospects for the use of an early intervention strategy in spruce budworm and other insect management.

Keywords

forest pests --- defoliation --- spruce budworm --- multi-spectral remote sensing --- Acadian region --- Maine --- Quebec --- Choristoneura fumiferana --- Abies balsamea --- hardwood content --- defoliation prediction --- Choristoneura fumiferana --- annual defoliation --- spatial autocorrelation --- spatial-temporal patterns --- mixed effect models --- intertree variance --- insect population management --- spruce budworm --- early intervention --- defoliation --- economic losses --- decision support system --- optimized treatment design --- insect population management --- spruce budworm --- early intervention --- defoliation --- economic losses --- decision support system --- computable general equilibrium model --- Pinaceae --- endophytic fungi --- plant tolerance --- Phialocephala scopiformis --- Picea glauca --- spruce budworm --- phenology --- insect susceptibility --- spruce budworm --- forest protection --- early intervention strategy --- egg recruitment --- apparent fecundity --- growth rate --- spruce budworm --- Choristoneura fumiferana --- forest protection --- early intervention strategy --- survival --- apparent fecundity --- immigration --- growth rate --- treatment threshold --- insecticides --- spruce budworm --- moth --- tortricidae --- Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens) --- forest protection --- early intervention strategy --- pheromone mating disruption --- migration --- dispersal --- spruce budworm --- Choristoneura fumiferana --- moth --- Lepidoptera --- forest protection --- early intervention strategy --- migration --- simulation --- aerobiology --- moths --- migration --- forest protection --- spruce budworm --- Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) --- early intervention strategy --- modelling --- circadian rhythm --- foliage protection --- population control --- monitoring --- area-wide management --- science communication --- economic and ecological cost: benefit analyses --- early intervention strategy --- foliage protection --- defoliation --- monitoring --- insecticide application

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