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Innovation Capacity and the City

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783030001230 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00123-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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This open access book represents one of the key milestones of DESIGNSCAPES, an H2020 CSA (Coordination and Support Action) research project funded by the European Commission under the Call “User-driven innovation: value creation through design-enabled innovation”. The book demonstrates that adopting design allows us to embed innovation within the city so as to arrive at feasible answers to complex global challenges. In this way, innovation can become disruptive, while also sparking a dynamic of gradual change in the “urbanscape” it acts within. To explore this potential, the book puts forward the concept of “design enabled innovation in urban environments” and examines the part that the city can play in promoting and facilitating the adoption of design among public and private sector innovators. This leads to a potential evaluation framework in which a given urbanscape is assessed both in terms of its capacity for generating innovation, and of the nature (more or less design-dependent or design-prone) of the innovative initiatives it hosts. This thread of reasoning holds many promising implications, including a possible “third way” between those who dream of an alternative economic model where revenues and growth are sacrificed on the altar of social and environmental respect, and the supporters of the traditional market-based view, who feel it is enough to add a touch of responsibility and concern to a system that should continue rewarding the profitability of innovations.

A Rua : espaço, tempo, sociabilidade

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9791036516191 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.1406 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 12:25:07
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Arua como lugar estratégico para a observação da vida urbana no que esta tem de mais peculiar é o tema central deste livro. A proposta é simples e exploratoria: procurar diferentes aproximações a esta realidade complexa a partir do olhar da antropologia, da história, da sociología e da arquitectura, em contextos geográficos e temporais distintos. A rua surge como problema a identificar e como lugar privilegiado para a troca e circulação de saberes disciplinares. Enquanto imagem e símbolo de um modo de vida urbano, lugar onde ocorrem as sociabilidades mais “típicas” da cidade, a rua condensa e viabiliza todo um imaginário feito de discursos, memórias e emoções, que atravessam e elaboram simbolicamente a cidade naquilo que ela tem de mais original. Espaço, tempo e sociabilidade são apenas tres tópicos que ajudam a ler as contribuições da presente colectânea, cujos autores partilham urna preocupação fundamental: apreender a rua à escala de quem a vive, de perto e em situação... Na Paris popular oitocentista, nos actuais campos de refugiados ou na Lisboa dos séculos xix e xx, vamos ao encontro dos lugares da rua.

La città leggera: Smart City e urbanistica attuativa

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Book Series: Smart City, Urban Planning for a Sustainable Future ISSN: 2611-6103 ISBN: 9788868870089 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 200 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-008-9 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-15 10:00:51

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Cities are in a state in which two opposing forces are acting on them: on the one hand the unabated urbanization process, on the other the evergrowing demand for real sustainability. The book proposes an urban planning response focused on the transformations of urban sectors to be achieved using innovative operative tools; for this aim the book defines the main features of this operative tools. The goal is to include in the cities innovative actions that can provoke a domino effect with repercussions on the entire urban structure.The book is devided in 5 sections. The first one addresses the issue of urbanization and the development of the urban systems, with the related implications in terms of resource consumption and concentration of people and functions. The second part discusses some models that explain the mechanisms of urban sprawl and the derived scenarios. The third part deals with one of the key nodes of the relationship between urban systems and environmental resources, namely the energy. The fourth part analyzes some international case studies to extrapolate recurring characteristics that can affect the operative planning. The fifth section focuses on the features of this new type of plan.

Amman : Ville et société

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782351594650 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.8218 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Nous avons été amenés à formuler l’hypothèse selon laquelle l’histoire de Amman est celle d’une ville rebelle à elle-même. À l’extrême, certains pourront même dire que Amman n’existe pas, que Amman n’est pas ou pas réellement une ville. Et de fait, Amman nous dérange car ce que nous en savons ne ressemble pas à l’image que nous nous faisons d’une ville comme on le dirait de Beyrouth, Damas, Bagdad ou Le Caire, pour ne parler que de capitales voisines. À suivre ce questionnement, nous convenons de reprendre à notre compte une approche de la ville qui veut qu’elle constitue une totalité signifiante douée d’expressions spécifiques en même temps que de caractéristiques communes à toute autre ville. De ce dernier point de vue, personne ne doutera de l’existence de Amman. Infrastructures, densités, activités, échanges, communications, etc., en font même une grande ville. C’est, par contre, dans l’ordre de la représentation que Amman pose problème. Soit que son modèle de citadinité n’est pas encore identifiable à celui d’autres villes connues. Et l’on verra, effectivement, que le mélange des influences qui ont façonné Amman peut en faire un cas à part. Soit, et c’est une piste de recherche que je voudrais privilégier, le silence de Amman sur son histoire est une partie même de cette histoire dont il s’agirait alors de déceler les clés d’accès au-delà de l’idéologie véhiculée par son texte modèle.

Expansive Discourses: Urban Sprawl in Calgary, 1945-1978

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Book Series: The West Unbound:Social and Cultural Studies ISSN: 1915819X ISBN: 9781897425138 9781897425145 Year: Pages: 285 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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A groundbreaking study of urban sprawl in Calgary after the Second World War. The interactions of land developers and the local government influenced how the pattern grew: developers met market demands and optimized profits by building houses as efficiently as possible, while the City had to consider wider planning constraints and infrastructure costs. Foran examines the complexity of their interactions from a historical perspective, why each party acted as it did, and where each can be criticized.

Calcutta 1981 : The city, its crisis, and the debate on urban planning and development

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ISBN: 9791036549779 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.5143 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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A city laden with symbolic meaning in the Western mind, Calcutta – with ten million inhabitants today – is much more than the apathetic or violent display of urban destitution in India, as seen by the world at large. This collection tries to reach precisely beyond the cliches, to enable some of those who work in the city as decision-makers, planners or analysts, to speak out and Interpret the multifaceted crisis that has hit this city as it continues to grow, even though its economy is in decline. Their words have all the force as they are derived from first-hand experience. In analysing the laboured evolution of this city, once known as "the most beautiful city east of Suez", we have provided some material on a major case-study for the debate on urban planning and development in the Third World. The planning exercise launched in Calcutta in early 1960s, with support from American experts, hoped also to halt the spread of communism in Bengal. This was a vain expectation, however, as the Communist Party of India-Marxist has been continuously voted into power since 1977. From that date, the Left Front Government has controlled the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority, which provides amenities to the city and metropolitan district with support from, among others, the World Bank. What are henceforth the urban development policies of "parliamentary communism"? What are the problems they are up against when action is necessary on all fronts at once? In the final analysis, for what purpose and for whom are they planning? What should be the priorities? To set up the economy to right first? To provide amenities for the city? Or to improve the daily life of the most underprivileged? When confronted with these realities, what the Left is able to achieve in power? These are some of the questions that the contributors to this collection have, in their own way, been concerned with in creating an image of present-day Calcutta, seen through its own eyes.

The Unreal Estate Guide to Detroit

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ISBN: 9780472035212 9780472029174 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2012-11-26 21:12:38
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Intense attention has been paid to Detroit as a site of urban crisis. This crisis, however, has not only yielded the massive devaluation of real estate that has so often been noted; it has also yielded an explosive production of seemingly valueless urban property that has facilitated the imagination and practice of alternative urbanisms. The first sustained study of Detroit's alternative urban cultures, The Unreal Estate Guide to Detroit initiates a new focus on Detroit as a site not only of urban crisis but also of urban possibility.The Guide documents art and curatorial practices, community and guerilla gardens, urban farming and forestry, cultural platforms, living archives, evangelical missions, temporary public spaces, intentional communities, furtive monuments, outsider architecture, and other work made possible by the ready availability of urban space in Detroit. The Guide poses these spaces as "unreal estate": urban territory that has slipped through the free- market economy and entered other regimes of value, other contexts of meaning, and other systems of use. The appropriation of this territory in Detroit, the Guide suggests, offers new perspectives on what a city is and can be, especially in a time of urban crisis.

Keywords

Urban life --- Detroit --- city

Paris-Amsterdam Underground

Authors: ---
Book Series: Cities and Cultures ISBN: 9789089645050 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_442549 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-23 14:00:41
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The postwar histories of Paris and Amsterdam have been significantly defined by the notion of the “underground” as both a material and metaphorical space. Examining the underground traffic between the two cities, this book interrogates the countercultural histories of Paris and Amsterdam in the mid to late-twentieth century. Shuttling between Paris and Amsterdam, as well as between postwar avant-gardism and twenty-first century global urbanism, this interdisciplinary book seeks to create a mirroring effect over the notion of the underground as a driving force in the making of the contemporary European city.

The Wages of Relief: Cities and the Unemployed in Prairie Canada, 1929

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Book Series: Working Canadians: Books from the CCLH ISSN: 1925184X ISBN: 9781927356050 9781927356067 9781927356074 Year: Pages: 333 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2013-07-15 10:35:10
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In the early part of the Dirty Thirties, the Canadian prairie city was a relatively safe haven. Having faced recession before the Great War and then again in the early 1920s, municipalities already had relief apparatuses in place to deal with poverty and unemployment. Until 1933, responsibilty for the care of the urban poor remained with local governments, but when the farms failed that year, and the Depression deepened, western Canadian cities suffered tremendously. Recognizing the severity of the crisis, the national government intervened. Evolving federal programs and policies took over responsibility for the delivery of relief to the single unemployed, while the government simultaneously withdrew financing for all public works projects.Setting municipal relief administrations of the 1930s within a wider literature on welfare and urban poor relief, Strikwerda highlights the legacy on which relief policymakers relied in determining policy directions, as well as the experiences of the individuals and families who depended on relief for their survival. Focusing on three prairie cities—Edmonton, Saskatoon, and Winnipeg—Strikwerda argues that municipal officials used their power to set policy to address what they perceived to be the most serious threats to the social order stemming from the economic crisis. By analyzing the differing ways in which local relief programs treated married and single men, he also explores important gendered dynamics at work in the response of city administrators to the social and economic upheaval of the Depression. Probing the mindset of local elites struggling in extraordinary circumstances, The Wages of Relief describes the enduring impact of the policy changes made in the 1930s in the direction of a broad, national approach to unemployment—an approach that ushered in Canada’s modern welfare system.

Keywords

Depression --- cities --- government --- urban

Borderland City in New India

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Book Series: Asian Borderlands ISBN: 9789048525362 9789089647580 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605035 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103433
Subject: Sociology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-19 11:01:17
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Borderland Cities in New India explores contemporary urban life in two cities in India’s Northeast borderland at a time of dramatic change. Social and economic transformation from India’s embrace of neoliberalism and globalisation, often referred to as ‘new’ India, has become a popular subject for academic analysis in the last decade. This is epitomised by focus on so-called ‘mega-cities’, reflecting a general trend in scholarship on other parts of Asia. However, far less attention has been afforded to borderland regions and to the provincial cities of ‘new’ India. Using ethnographic material, this book focuses on two cities in India’s Northeast borderland: Aizawl and Imphal. Both cities have been profoundly affected by armed conflict, militarism, displacement, and inter-ethnic tensions. Yet, both are also experiencing intensified flows of goods and people, rapid urban development, and expansion of Indian and foreign capital associated with the opening of the borderland west to the rest of India and east to the rest of Asia. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

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