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11 The Triad of Uncertainty (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 14 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch11 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"This chapter sheds light on interaction (samhandling) between scientists and politicians. What happens when the latter gives the former a role in an effort to ensure that society is not exposed to an unforeseen calamity? The chapter has two objectives – one conceptual and one pertaining to the analysis of public policy in a particular context. First, distinctions are drawn between three dimensions of uncertainty about the consequences of action. The aim is to create a clearer understanding of what is meant by assertions that policy is made under conditions of uncertainty. Secondly, the political implications of uncertainty are charted with particular reference to the choice of climate policy. The analysis targets the way the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has handled the task of publicizing the effect that anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases have on the atmosphere. The conclusion is that the IPCC’s communication with politicians and the public has contributed to, rather than ameliorated, the problem of uncertainty that stands in the way of resolute political action."

Sago Palm: Multiple Contributions to Food Security and Sustainable Livelihoods

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789811052682 9789811052699 Year: Pages: 330 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5269-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Society of Sago Palm Studies
Subject: Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 11:43:55
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This book addresses a wide variety of events and technologies concerning the sago palm, ranging from its botanical characteristics, culture and use to social conditions in the places where it is grown, in order to provide a record of research findings and to benefit society. It discusses various subjects, including the sago palm and related species; differentiation of species of starch-producing palm; habitat, morphological, physiological and growth characteristics; culture and management; productivity of carbon dioxide; starch extraction and manufacture; characteristics and utilization of starch; and cultural anthropological and folkloristic aspects.Problems such as food shortages due to increasing populations, global warming and climate change, and decreasing reserves of oil and other underground resources, have become more pressing in recent years. In the context of these problems, the book examines the role of the sago palm in sustainable food production, in the manufacture of other foodstuffs, as a raw material for ethanol and in the manufacture of biodegradable plastics. In addition to academics, this book will be useful to researchers and government officials working for international agencies, national governments, municipalities, and other research organizations; technicians, researchers, managers, entrepreneurs, and others working in industries such as agriculture, plant production, food production, manufacturing, chemical engineering, energy production, and distribution.

Women's Under-Representation in the Engineering and Computing Professions: Fresh Perspectives on a Complex Problem

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454938 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-493-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Understanding the many complexities that define gender inequality has been described by researchers as a grand challenge. Novel insights, innovation, a broader community to conduct research and to ascertain effective interventions are essential in the challenge to create organizations that are gender equal. As such, this Research Topic in Frontiers in Psychology addresses the under-representation of women in engineering and computing as a complex, but solvable problem. This Research Topic seeks to inform the global community about advances in understanding the under-representation of women in engineering and computing with a focus on what enables change. Further, this Topic will promote fresh perspectives, innovative methodologies, and mixed method approaches important to accelerating the pace of change.

Goodwill Impairment

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Book Series: Bochumer Beitraege zur Unternehmensfuehrung ISBN: 9783631527078 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3726/b14014 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:20
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In 2001, goodwill amortization in the US was eliminated in favor of an impairment-only approach, which, according to critics, gives managers vast discretion and opportunities for earnings management. Prior research suggests that discretionary asset write-offs are associated with economic factors and managers’ financial reporting objectives. Based on a systematic literature review, this study investigates for a comprehensive sample of US firms the determinants of goodwill write-off behavior. Regression analysis shows that write-off behavior is significantly explained by firms’ economic properties. Only in large, high-profile firms, incentives appear to be significant determinants. These findings suggest that the impairment-only approach does capture goodwill impairment at least to some extent.

Joint Pricing and Inventory Control under Reference Price Effects

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631589137 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3726/b13901 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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In this work, we address the problem of simultaneously determining a pricing and inventory replenishment strategy under reference price effects. This reference price effect models the fact that consumers not only react sensitively to the current price, but also to deviations from a reference price formed on the basis of past purchases. Immediate effects of price reductions on profits have to be weighted against the resulting losses in future periods. By providing an analytical analysis and numerical simulations we study how the additional dynamics of the consumers’ willingness to pay affect an optimal pricing and inventory control model and whether a simple policy such as a base-stock-list-price policy holds in such a setting.

Proactive-reactive, robust scheduling and capacity planning of deconstruction projects under uncertainty

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Book Series: Produktion und Energie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und industrielle Produktion u. Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung ISSN: 21942404 ISBN: 9783731505921 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: XXXI, 475 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000060265 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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A project planning and decision support model is developed and applied to identify and reduce risk and uncertainty in deconstruction project planning. It allows calculating building inventories based on sensor information and construction standards and it computes robust project plans for different scenarios with multiple modes, constrained renewable resources and locations. A reactive and flexible planning element is proposed in the case of schedule infeasibility during project execution.

Algorithms for Scheduling Problems

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038971191 9783038971207 Year: Pages: XIV, 194 Language: Englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-24 16:46:30
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This edited book presents new results in the area of algorithm development for different types of scheduling problems. In eleven chapters, algorithms for single machine problems, flow-shop and job-shop scheduling problems (including their hybrid (flexible) variants), the resource-constrained project scheduling problem, scheduling problems in complex manufacturing systems and supply chains, and workflow scheduling problems are given. The chapters address such subjects as insertion heuristics for energy-efficient scheduling, the re-scheduling of train traffic in real time, control algorithms for short-term scheduling in manufacturing systems, bi-objective optimization of tortilla production, scheduling problems with uncertain (interval) processing times, workflow scheduling for digital signal processor (DSP) clusters, and many more.

A Million Person Household Survey: Understanding the Burden of Injuries in Bangladesh

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ISBN: 9783038429692 9783038429708 Year: Pages: VI, 116 Language: englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-07 15:44:48
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Ninety percent of lives claimed by injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries. This special issue, A Million Person Household Survey: Understanding the Burden of Injuries in Bangladesh, aims to assess these injuries—including falls, drowning, burns, road traffic injuries — to inform efforts to reduce the burden they cast on millions of people and families in a low income country. This issue offers a unique collection of research on the epidemiology of fatal and non-fatal injuries in Bangladesh.Based on a survey of more than one million people, this research—conducted by the International Injury Research Unit, Department of International Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and two Bangladesh partners, the Center for Injury Prevention and Research and the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh with funding from Bloomberg Philanthropies, was part of a large-scale, population-based, child-drowning prevention project called “Saving of Lives from Drowning in Bangladesh.” The project tested the large-scale effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of evidence-based interventions to reduce drowning related deaths for children less than five years of age (reported elsewhere). We hope this data will be useful to researchers, students, practitioners and national decision makers.

Technische Hochschulen: attraktive Arbeitsorte für Frauen und Männer?

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Gender- und Technik-Zentrums (GuTZ) der Beuth Hochschule für Technik Berlin „Gender Diskurs“ ISBN: 9783966659888 Year: Pages: 48 DOI: 10.3224/96665988 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:29
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A British Childhood? Some Historical Reflections on Continuities and Discontinuities in the Culture of Anglophone Childhood

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ISBN: 9783039219346 9783039219353 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-935-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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This book considers how adults attempt to socialise young children into the adults it aspires to produce, from a number of diverse perspectives. The evolution of storytelling and its impact upon child development is initially explored, followed by the consideration of how social class, ethnicity, culture, and colonialism impact upon the ways that societies ‘school’ children about what to expect from adulthood. Different perspectives of early years education and growing up within a British/British colonial perspective are discussed and analysed. There is a focus throughout upon the way that children are constructed by the society in question, particularly those who are considered to be of lower status in terms of being poor, orphaned, or from ethnic groups against which the dominant culture discriminates. Topics covered by the chapters include topics covered by this Special Issue: current and historical constructions of childhood; the development of linguistic and ‘storying’ skills in childhood; childhood play and recreation; childhood and ‘folk’ narratives; philosophies of childhood; childhood and industrialisation; childhood and post-industrialisation; childhood education; childhood health; and cultures of childcare.

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