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Before Blackwood's

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Book Series: The Enlightenment World ISBN: 978071909618 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 176 Language: English
Publisher: Pickering & Chatto Publishers Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097597
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-03 11:01:10
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Scotland was at the forefront in spreading the ideas of the Enlightenment. By the beginning of the nineteenth century its periodical press enjoyed an unparalleled reputation with magazines like Blackwood's Magazine and the Edinburgh Review enjoying wide circulation. This collection of essays is the result of a major conference focusing specifically on the role of Scotland’s print culture in shaping the literature and politics of the long eighteenth century. In contrast to previous studies, this work treats Blackwood’s as the culmination of a long tradition rather than a starting point. It will appeal to scholars of the European Enlightenment as well as those researching Scottish literature and politics, and Romanticism.

The Light of Knowledge

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Book Series: Expertise: Cultures and Technologies of Knowledge ISBN: 9780801452024 9780801479182 9780801469022 9780801469015 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100462
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:52
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Cowinner of the Society for Linguistic Anthropology’s Edward Sapir Book PrizeSince the early 1990s hundreds of thousands of Tamil villagers in southern India have participated in literacy lessons and other events designed to transform them into active citizens with access to state power. These efforts are part of a movement known as the Arivoli Iyakkam (the Enlightenment Movement), one of the most successful mass literacy movements in recent history. This rich ethnographic account of highlights the paradoxes inherent in such movements that seek to emancipate people through literacy.“A work of linguistic anthropology that makes crucial contributions to the study of literacy and language ideologies. It is also a broadly ranging work of social theory that will be of interest to students and scholars of the postcolonial state and neoliberal governmentality in South Asia and beyond, and of activism and social movements more generally.”—Anthropological Quarterly

Karl Popper, Science and Enightenment

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ISBN: 9781787350397 Year: Pages: 390 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-27 11:01:14
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Here is an idea that just might save the world. It is that science, properly understood, provides us with the methodological key to the salvation of humanity. A version of this idea can be found in the works of Karl Popper. Famously, Popper argued that science cannot verify theories but can only refute them, and this is how science makes progress. Scientists are forced to think up something better, and it is this, according to Popper, that drives science forward. But Nicholas Maxwell finds a flaw in this line of argument. Physicists only ever accept theories that are unified – theories that depict the same laws applying to the range of phenomena to which the theory applies – even though many other empirically more successful disunified theories are always available. This means that science makes a questionable assumption about the universe, namely that all disunified theories are false. Without some such presupposition as this, the whole empirical method of science breaks down. By proposing a new conception of scientific methodology, which can be applied to all worthwhile human endeavours with problematic aims, Maxwell argues for a revolution in academic inquiry to help humanity make progress towards a better, more civilized and enlightened world.

Medical Discourse and Ideology in the Edinburgh Review: A Chaldean Exemplar (Book chapter)

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Book Series: The Enlightenment World ISBN: 9781848935501 Year: Pages: 176 Language: English
Publisher: Pickering & Chatto Publishers Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097597
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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Scotland was at the forefront in spreading the ideas of the Enlightenment. By the beginning of the nineteenth century its periodical press enjoyed an unparalleled reputation with magazines like Blackwood's Magazine and the Edinburgh Review enjoying wide circulation. This collection of essays is the result of a major conference focusing specifically on the role of Scotland’s print culture in shaping the literature and politics of the long eighteenth century. In contrast to previous studies, this work treats Blackwood’s as the culmination of a long tradition rather than a starting point. It will appeal to scholars of the European Enlightenment as well as those researching Scottish literature and politics, and Romanticism.

The emergence of Finnish book and reading culture in the 1700s

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Litteraria ISBN: 9789522222411 9789522227805 9789522227799 Year: Pages: 151 DOI: 10.21435/sflit.5 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:48
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"Book culture has emerged as an extremely dynamic and border-crossing field of research, internationally and in Finland. The editors and most of the writers of this book were members of the organizing and program committees of the 18th Annual Conference of the Society for the History of Authorship, Reading and Publishing (SHARP), Book Culture from Below, that took place in Helsinki in 2010. This book provides, for the first time in English, an overview of an important epoch in Finnish book and reading history. Besides depicting book culture at the periphery of Europe, it contributes to our understanding of the power of the urbanized European literary world of the 1700s. The new reading culture that emerged in Finland during the 1700s affected readers and all levels of society in many ways. Along with other trends, the arrival of translated fiction and Enlightenment literature from Europe opened and irrevocably altered the Finns’ world view. The change was especially pronounced in cities. Scholars, merchants, craftspersons, as well as military officers stationed at Helsinki’s offshore Sveaborg fortress, acquired world literature and guides intended for professionals at, for example, book auctions.

In this book, researchers from different fields examine the significance and influence of that era’s books from cultural, historical, ideological, and social perspectives. What kinds of books did the citizens of Helsinki really buy, loan, and read during the 1700s? What topics and ideas introduced by the new literature were discussed in salons and reading circles? Who were the books’ large-scale consumers? Who were the literary opinion leaders of their times? Why did people read? Did the books change their readers’ lives?
"

Discovery and Empire: the French in the South Seas

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ISBN: 9781922064523 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.20851/discovery Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-10 08:55:12
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The French connection with the South Seas stretches back at least as far as the voyage of Binot Paulmier de Gonneville (1503-1505), who believed he had discovered the fabled great south land after being blown off course during a storm near the Cape of Good Hope. (...) It was not until the eighteenth century, however, that France began sending mariners to the southern oceans on a regular basis, and by that time a new maritime power had begun to emerge: Great Britain. Together, these two nations would play a decisive role in determining the configuration of these little known parts of the globe, and particularly of the Pacific, which had for so long been the almost exclusive preserve of Spain.

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