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Taxonomic Tapestries: The Threads of Evolutionary, Behavioural and Conservation Research

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ISBN: 9781925022360 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_569097 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-14 11:01:23
License: ANU Press

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This volume explores the complexity, diversity and interwoven nature of taxonomic pursuits within the context of explorations of humans and related species. It also pays tribute to Professor Colin Groves, whose work has had an enormous impact on this field. Recent research into that somewhat unique species we call humankind, through the theoretical and conceptual approaches afforded by the discipline of biological anthropology, is showcased. The focus is on the evolution of the human species, the behaviour of primates and other species, and how humans affect the distribution and abundance of other species through anthropogenic impact. Weaving together these three key themes, through the considerable influence of Colin Groves, provides glimpses of how changes in taxonomic theory and methodology, including our fluctuating understanding of speciation, have recrafted the way in which we view animal behaviour, human evolution and conservation studies.

The lichen genus Stereocaulon (Schreb.) Hoffm. in Poland – a taxonomic and ecological study

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Book Series: Monographiae Botanicae ISSN: 00770655/23922923 ISBN: 9788386292349/9788386292196 Year: Volume: 104 Pages: 81 DOI: 10.5586/mb.2014.001 Language: English
Publisher: Polish Botanical Society
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-19 13:42:07
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Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils

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ISBN: 9783038976561 9783038976578 Year: Pages: 474 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-657-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This Special Issue on the Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils presents 31 new research papers on one of the most diverse and successful groups of animals on Earth, the beetle superfamily Curculionoidea. It was in part inspired to commemorate the extraordinary life and scientific achievements of Guillermo (“Willy”) Kuschel (1918–2017), who shaped this field of science over the last century like no other weevil systematist. The papers in this memorial issue span weevil faunas from all over the globe, including South and Central America, Africa, Europe and the Near East, South-East Asia, New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand. They include major advances on the phylogeny and classification of the “broad-nosed” weevils (Entiminae), on the weevils associated with American cycads and on the unique extinct weevil fauna preserved in the 100-million-year-old Burmese amber, when weevils started to diversify alongside the oldest angiosperm plants. They comprise a tribute to Willy Kuschel, the proceedings of a weevil symposium held in his honor in 2016 in Orlando, Florida, 24 systematic studies (including seven phylogenetic analyses) and five other contributions on the diversity, biology, distribution, evolution and fossil history of weevils. In the papers collated in this volume, 30 new genera and 92 new species of weevils are described and a new family of extinct weevils is recognized.

Keywords

constraint analysis --- AU test --- SH test --- KH test --- mitochondrial genomes --- Curculionoidea --- Curculionidae --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- mature larva --- morphology --- host plant --- Cape Verde --- biogeography --- microclimate --- species competition --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- spermatheca --- Mimaulus --- Spartecerus --- spatio-temporal diffusion --- specialist weevils --- parasitic plants --- co-dispersal through space and time --- stable populations --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Curculioninae --- Acentrusini --- phylogeny --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Belidae --- Oxycoryninae --- Erotylidae --- Pharaxonothinae --- cycad pollination --- Alien --- invasive --- exotic --- biodiversity --- Patagonia --- Pinus radiata --- Eucalyptus --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Araucariaceae --- Hoop Pine --- Klinki Pine --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Neotropical region --- broad-nosed weevils --- Naupactini --- Pantomorus-Naupactus complex --- phylogeny --- COI --- combined evidence --- 1K Weevils Project --- biogeography --- classification --- Curculionidae --- Curculionoidea --- fossils --- Guillermo Kuschel --- morphology --- molecular phylogenetics --- DNA barcoding --- phylogeny --- phytophagy --- weevils --- Dichotrachelini --- systematics --- morphology --- evolution --- mt-Cox1 --- Cryptoplini --- taxonomy --- weevils --- tectal aedeagus --- Kuschelorhynchus --- Macadamia --- Syzygium --- Australia --- New Guinea --- Curculionidae --- biological control --- target host --- non-target host --- taxonomy --- phylogeny --- Sclerocardius --- Sclerocardiini --- taxonomy --- systematics --- elytro-tergal stridulation --- taxonomy --- identification --- diagnostics --- pollination --- flightlessness --- Curculionoidea --- weevil --- hygrophilous --- aquatic --- semi-aquatic --- riparian --- key --- Israel --- Curculionidae --- Anchonini --- Molytinae --- Aethiopacorep africanus --- neotype --- Titilayo --- Titilayo barclayi --- Titilayo garnerae --- Titilayo geiseri --- Titilayo takanoi --- Titilayo perrinae --- Titilayo saotomense --- Titilayo turneri --- taxonomy --- distribution --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Araceae --- biodiversity --- ecology --- faunal inventories --- mimicry --- phenology --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- Aciphylla --- Chatham Islands --- integrative taxonomy --- Poor Knights Islands --- weevils --- Urodontinae --- Urodontidius --- genitalia --- larva --- life history --- galling habit --- silk production --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- Broad-nosed weevils --- Entiminae --- tribal relationships --- combined evidence --- ribosomal markers --- structural alignment --- mitochondrial COI --- adults --- larvae --- biography --- obituary --- weevils --- systematics --- publications --- Borneo --- tropical forest canopies --- fogging --- diversity --- forest disturbance --- weevil fauna --- longhorned beetle (Cerambycidae) --- new species --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous --- taxonomy --- morphology --- CT scanning --- amber preparation --- angiosperm associations --- weevil larvae --- palm weevils --- invasive species --- comparative morphology --- homonym --- taxonomy --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous

Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038976684 9783038976691 Year: Pages: 458 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-669-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Abstract

This Special Issue on the Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils presents 31 new research papers on one of the most diverse and successful groups of animals on Earth, the beetle superfamily Curculionoidea. It was in part inspired to commemorate the extraordinary life and scientific achievements of Guillermo (“Willy”) Kuschel (1918–2017), who shaped this field of science over the last century like no other weevil systematist. The papers in this memorial issue span weevil faunas from all over the globe, including South and Central America, Africa, Europe and the Near East, South-East Asia, New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand. They include major advances on the phylogeny and classification of the “broad-nosed” weevils (Entiminae), on the weevils associated with American cycads and on the unique extinct weevil fauna preserved in the 100-million-year-old Burmese amber, when weevils started to diversify alongside the oldest angiosperm plants. They comprise a tribute to Willy Kuschel, the proceedings of a weevil symposium held in his honor in 2016 in Orlando, Florida, 24 systematic studies (including seven phylogenetic analyses) and five other contributions on the diversity, biology, distribution, evolution and fossil history of weevils. In the papers collated in this volume, 30 new genera and 92 new species of weevils are described and a new family of extinct weevils is recognized.

Keywords

constraint analysis --- AU test --- SH test --- KH test --- mitochondrial genomes --- Curculionoidea --- Curculionidae --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- mature larva --- morphology --- host plant --- Cape Verde --- biogeography --- microclimate --- species competition --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- spermatheca --- Mimaulus --- Spartecerus --- spatio-temporal diffusion --- specialist weevils --- parasitic plants --- co-dispersal through space and time --- stable populations --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Curculioninae --- Acentrusini --- phylogeny --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Belidae --- Oxycoryninae --- Erotylidae --- Pharaxonothinae --- cycad pollination --- Alien --- invasive --- exotic --- biodiversity --- Patagonia --- Pinus radiata --- Eucalyptus --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Araucariaceae --- Hoop Pine --- Klinki Pine --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Neotropical region --- broad-nosed weevils --- Naupactini --- Pantomorus-Naupactus complex --- phylogeny --- COI --- combined evidence --- 1K Weevils Project --- biogeography --- classification --- Curculionidae --- Curculionoidea --- fossils --- Guillermo Kuschel --- morphology --- molecular phylogenetics --- DNA barcoding --- phylogeny --- phytophagy --- weevils --- Dichotrachelini --- systematics --- morphology --- evolution --- mt-Cox1 --- Cryptoplini --- taxonomy --- weevils --- tectal aedeagus --- Kuschelorhynchus --- Macadamia --- Syzygium --- Australia --- New Guinea --- Curculionidae --- biological control --- target host --- non-target host --- taxonomy --- phylogeny --- Sclerocardius --- Sclerocardiini --- taxonomy --- systematics --- elytro-tergal stridulation --- taxonomy --- identification --- diagnostics --- pollination --- flightlessness --- Curculionoidea --- weevil --- hygrophilous --- aquatic --- semi-aquatic --- riparian --- key --- Israel --- Curculionidae --- Anchonini --- Molytinae --- Aethiopacorep africanus --- neotype --- Titilayo --- Titilayo barclayi --- Titilayo garnerae --- Titilayo geiseri --- Titilayo takanoi --- Titilayo perrinae --- Titilayo saotomense --- Titilayo turneri --- taxonomy --- distribution --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Araceae --- biodiversity --- ecology --- faunal inventories --- mimicry --- phenology --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- Aciphylla --- Chatham Islands --- integrative taxonomy --- Poor Knights Islands --- weevils --- Urodontinae --- Urodontidius --- genitalia --- larva --- life history --- galling habit --- silk production --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- Broad-nosed weevils --- Entiminae --- tribal relationships --- combined evidence --- ribosomal markers --- structural alignment --- mitochondrial COI --- adults --- larvae --- biography --- obituary --- weevils --- systematics --- publications --- Borneo --- tropical forest canopies --- fogging --- diversity --- forest disturbance --- weevil fauna --- longhorned beetle (Cerambycidae) --- new species --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous --- taxonomy --- morphology --- CT scanning --- amber preparation --- angiosperm associations --- weevil larvae --- palm weevils --- invasive species --- comparative morphology --- homonym --- taxonomy --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous

Fungal Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts

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ISBN: 9783038977162 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-717-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Microbiology --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue Fungal Infections in Immunocompromised Hosts that was published in JoF

Keywords

Candida auris --- Aspergillus fumigatus --- antifungal resistance --- multidrug resistance --- mechanisms of antifungal resistance --- liver disease --- hepatic impairment --- invasive fungal infection --- antifungal agent --- antifungal drug --- toxicity --- Immunotherapy --- invasive aspergillosis --- Aspergillus fumigatus --- fungal infections --- innate immunity --- adaptive immunity --- cell therapy --- cytokine therapy --- taxonomy --- fungal nomenclature --- phylogenetics --- species complex --- invasive fungal infections --- mycoses --- immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome --- fungal immunity --- prognostic risk model --- prediction models --- risk score --- invasive mold disease --- hematological malignancy --- risk assessment --- antifungal stewardship --- paracoccidioidomycosis --- HIV --- cancer --- lymphoma --- kidney transplant --- TNF inhibitors --- literature review --- MALDI-ToF MS --- yeast --- fungus --- AIDS --- IRIS --- cat-transmitted sporotrichosis --- immunocompromised hosts --- mycoses of implantation --- sporotrichosis --- Sporothrix brasiliensis --- Sporothrix schenckii --- subcutaneous mycoses --- invasive fungal infection --- non-culture-based diagnostics --- aspergillosis --- candidiasis --- Aspergillus PCR --- galactomannan --- lateral flow --- beta-d-glucan --- T2 Candida --- candidemia --- Candida meningoencephalitis --- (1?3)-?-d-glucan --- T2Candida --- PCR --- liposomal amphotericin B --- micafungin --- anidulafungin --- Aspergillus --- anti-fungal agents --- hematological malignancies

Open-Source Electronics Platforms

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ISBN: 9783038979722 / 9783038979739 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-973-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Open-source electronics are becoming very popular, and are integrated with our daily educational and developmental activities. At present, the use open-source electronics for teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has become a global trend. Off-the-shelf embedded electronics such as Arduino- and Raspberry-compatible modules have been widely used for various applications, from do-it-yourself (DIY) to industrial projects. In addition to the growth of open-source software platforms, open-source electronics play an important role in narrowing the gap between prototyping and product development. Indeed, the technological and social impacts of open-source electronics in teaching, research, and innovation have been widely recognized.

Keywords

human-computer interface (HCI) --- electrooculogram (EOG) --- electromyogram (EMG) --- modified sliding window algorithm --- piecewise linear approximation (PLA) --- support vector regression --- eye tracking --- blockchain --- ontology --- context --- cyber-physical systems --- robotics --- interaction --- coalition --- individual management of livestock --- momentum data sensing --- remote sensing platform --- sensor networks --- technology convergence --- industry 4.0 --- distributed measurement systems --- automation networks --- node-RED --- cloud computing --- OPC UA --- hardware trojan taxonomy --- thermal imaging --- side channel analysis --- infrared --- FPGA --- Internet of Things --- wireless sensor networks --- Cloud of Things --- virtual sensor --- sensor detection --- smart cities --- Internet of Things --- Raspberry Pi --- BeagleBoard --- Arduino --- Internet of Things --- open hardware --- smart farming --- teaching robotics --- science teaching --- STEM --- robotic tool --- Python --- Raspberry Pi --- PiCamera --- vision system --- service learning --- robotics --- open platform --- automated vehicle --- EPICS --- open-source platform --- visual algorithms --- digital signal controllers --- embedded systems education --- dsPIC --- Java --- smart converter --- maximum power point tracking (MPPT) --- photovoltaic (PV) system --- Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) --- Digital Signal Processor (DSP) --- interleaved --- DC/DC converter --- distributed energy resource --- n/a

Enological Repercussions of Non-Saccharomyces Species

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ISBN: 9783039215584 / 9783039215591 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-559-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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From the beginning of this century, non-Saccharomyces yeasts have taken increased relevance in wine processing. Several biotechnological companies now produce non-Saccharomyces yeasts at an industrial level to improve aroma or flavor, stabilize wine, produce biological acidification, or conversely metabolize malic acid. Species like Torulaspora delbrueckii, Metschnikowia pulcherrima, Kloeckera apiculata, Lachancea thermotolerans, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and several others are common due to the technological applications they have in sensory quality but also in wine ageing and stabilization. Moreover, spoilage non-Saccharomyces yeasts like Brettanomyces bruxellensis, Saccharomycodes ludwigii, and Zygosacharomyces bailii are becoming important because of the alterations they are able to produce in high-quality wines. New strategies to control these defective yeasts have been developed to control them without affecting sensory quality. The knowledge of the physiology, ecology, biochemistry, and metabolomics of these yeasts can help to better use them in controlling traditional problems such as low fermentative power, excessive volatile acidity, low implantation under enological conditions, and sensibility to antimicrobial compounds like sulfites traditionally used in wine processing. This Special Issue intends to compile current research and revised information on non-Saccharomyces yeasts with enological applications to facilitate the use and the understanding of this biotechnological tool. In 1 year this SI has globally more than 15kdownloads and produced more than 30 citations.

Keywords

Lachancea thermotolerans --- Kluyveromyces thermotolerans --- acidification --- wines --- sequential fermentations --- non-Saccharomyces --- non-Saccharomyces yeasts --- Wickerhamomyces anomalus --- Pichia anomala --- enzymes --- glycosidases --- acetate esters --- biocontrol --- mixed starters --- wine --- wine --- Zygosaccharomyces rouxii --- re-fermentation --- spoilage-control --- non-Saccharomyces --- high-ethanol --- Schizosaccharomyces pombe --- oenological uses --- maloalcoholic fermentation --- stable pigments --- wine safety --- non-Saccharomyces yeast --- Saccharomycodes ludwigii --- S. ludwigii --- spoilage yeasts’ control --- ageing-on-lees --- non-Saccharomyces --- yeast --- sparkling wine --- nitrogen --- aroma --- Candida stellata --- ecology --- taxonomy --- metabolism --- processing foods --- co-fermentation --- non-Saccharomyces --- genome --- aroma compounds --- anthocyanin --- mixed cultures fermentation --- flavor complexity --- Aureobasidium pullulans --- biotechnological applications --- viticulture --- enzymes --- non-Saccharomyces yeasts --- Torulaspora delbrueckii --- winemaking --- yeast inoculation --- yeast dominance --- wine quality --- genetic improvement --- antimicrobial peptides --- biocontrol --- Brettanomyces bruxellensis --- Candida intermedia --- wine --- off-flavors --- wine acidity --- volatile acidity --- malolactic bacteria --- Lactobacillus plantarum --- Lachancea thermotolerans --- Schizosaccharomyces pombe --- Candida stellate --- Torulaspora delbrueckii --- Zygotorulaspora florentina --- Pichia kudriavzevii --- Stermerella bacillaris --- Metschnikowia pulcherrima --- oenological uses --- enzymes --- stable pigments --- pulcherrimin --- n/a --- n/a

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