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The international politics of the Middle East

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ISBN: 9780719053450 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The international politics of the Middle East fills a major gap in the field of middle eastern political studies by combining international relations theory with concrete case studies. It will be of immense benefit to students of middle eastern politics, international relations and comparative politics. The book begins with an overview of the rules and features of the middle east regional system - the arena in which the local states, including Egypt, Turkey, Israrel and Arab states od Syria, Jordan and Iraq, operate. It goes on to analyse foreign policy-making in key states, illustrating how systematic determinants contrain this policy-making, and how these contraints are dealt with in distinctive ways depending on particular domsetic features of the individual states. Finally, the book goes on to look at the outcomes of state policies by examining several major conflicts including the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Gulf War, and the system of regional alignment. The book assesses the impact of international pentrartion in the region, including the hsitorica reasons behind the formation of the regional state system. It also analyses the continued role of the external great powers, such as the United States and the former Soviet Union and explains the process by which the region has besome incorporated into the global capitalist market.

Keywords

diplomacy --- politics --- syria --- arab

Unheil durch Dämonen?

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ISBN: 9783205784852 Year: Pages: 218 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437183 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4098
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:21
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Narratives about people haunted by demons have a long tradition in the Middle East. The Koran&#xD;addresses the existence of demons, although their overall significance in it is limited. In contrast,&#xD;dangerous demons and accompanying phenomena, such as the evil eye and witchcraft, play a vital role&#xD;in concepts of folk religion. Particularly in peripheral and rural areas of the present-day Syrian Arab&#xD;Republic, many people have stories to tell about their own encounters with such supernatural beings.&#xD;In my research, I have collected such narratives, orally transmitted over time, and I have reconstructed&#xD;subsequent discourses. More specifically, I have pursued the two following questions: In which spatial&#xD;and temporal spheres do demons appear? And: Which human behaviours are likely to cause dangerous&#xD;demons to appear?&#xD;My analysis firstly replicated and extended structural approaches which presume demons and other&#xD;metaphysical entities in spatial and temporal border zones.&#xD;Secondly, evidence was collected to demonstrate that demons appear primarily when humans are faced&#xD;with uncertainties - regarding ethical-moral decisions, regarding the realm of sexuality, or the&#xD;construction of individual and collective identities.&#xD;Narratives about encounters with demons inevitably lead to discourses about important issues of great&#xD;urgency. In theory they can be described as conflict-laden topics regarding ethics and morals, sexuality,&#xD;social change, and identity. However, the topics of these discourses are not abstract theories claiming&#xD;universal validity. Quite the contrary: On the basis of concrete events in concrete contexts, concrete&#xD;options for a virtuous and good life are discussed.&#xD;These concretizations, in the narratives as well as in the discourses, form an effective strategy in&#xD;creating security in a world full of uncertainties. The folk religious concepts regarding the demons’&#xD;influence therefore provide an opportunity to cope with negative experiences of contingency.&#xD;Moreover, particular relevance of the local-cultural beliefs in demons lies in dealing with value&#xD;conflicts. Focusing on situations of daily life, such local-cultural concepts appear to be valid even when&#xD;contrasted with other, concurring models of reality. Viewed in this light, they are essential, practical,&#xD;and useful for the people in the Syrian periphery - at least today, and perhaps also tomorrow.

The Crime of Writing

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ISBN: 9782351597101 9782351598023 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 12:11:13
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cette étude nous livre une occasion unique de brosser un portrait fort complexe de la société syrienne contemporaine telle qu’elle transparaît à travers les archives criminelles d’avant la guerre civile de 2011. L’auteur a pu avoir accès à de nombreux dossiers d’Alep et d’Idlib, en plus d’entretiens extensifs avec des avocats, des juges et d’autres experts, et avec des détenus accusés de crimes contre la société ; l’auteur rend compte ici avec acuité des années des deux régimes de Ḥāfiẓ et Ba...

Palmyras Reichtum durch weltweiten Handel. Achäologische Untersuchungen im Bereich der hellenistischen Stadt

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783902868633 Year: Pages: 270 Seiten DOI: 10.15661/mono/arch/palmyra01 Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 59
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:31
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Final publication of an international excavation project in Palmyra/Syria. Publicaation of the architectural features of an hellenistic-roman caravan building: architecture, wall paintings, stucco decorations, restauration reports, material analyses.

The Clarion of Syria

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ISBN: 9780520971158 9780520299436 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.67 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:04
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When “The Clarion of Syria” was penned, between September 1860 and April 1861, its anonymous author—identified only as “a patriot”—had just witnessed his homeland undergo unprecedented violence in what many today consider Lebanon’s first civil war. Butrus al-Bustani, the author, wrote a series of pamphlets to his fellow Syrians that became a key text of the nineteenth-century literary revival movement known as the Nahda. They addressed an array of universally resonant and locally relevant themes that render the pamphlets pertinent beyond their immediate context. With a style oscillating between Paulinian sermon and Socratic dialogue, the author ponders the meaning of civil war in relation to religion, politics, morality, society, and civilization. Above all, the text was an anti-sectarian clarion call to build a cohesive and “civilized” Syrian society in place of what the author considered a community gripped by the most pernicious of conflicts, violent fanaticism and factionalism. Rereading the pamphlets in the context of today’s political violence in war-torn Syria and elsewhere in the Arab world helps us gain a critical and historical perspective on (anti-)sectarianism, conflict resolution, Western interventionism, and national reconciliation. This translation thereby makes an important historical document accessible for the first time to an English audience.&#xD;

Portes et murailles de Damas de l'Antiquité aux premiers mamlouks : Histoire, architecture, épigraphie

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782351595466 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.12299 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les portes et les murailles de Damas, inscrites depuis 1979 au patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco, constituent aujourd’hui un témoignage unique sur les fortifications musulmanes à l’époque médiévale. Cet ouvrage se propose d’étudier cet ensemble monumental sur le temps long, depuis l’Antiquité jusqu’à l’époque mamlouke, à travers une triple approche architecturale, historique et épigraphique. Les modifications du tracé de la muraille, l’évolution des organes défensifs répondant aux évolutions techniques, la place de cette enceinte dans la société damascaine, constituent le cœur de cette étude abondamment illustrée de plans et de relevés effectués sur le terrain entre 2008 et 2011 ainsi que de photographies anciennes et contemporaines.

Akh Purattim 1

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782356681843 DOI: 10.4000/books.momeditions.3788 Language: French
Publisher: MOM Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:38
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Akh Purattim ou « les rives de l'Eupkrate » est une des expressions utilisées au xviiie siècle av. J.-C. pour désigner le royaume de Mari, qui s’étendait de la confluence du Khabour au verrou de Bagbouz, actuellement à la frontière syro-irakienne. La série ainsi dénommée, précisée par son sous-titre Mémoires d’archéologie et d’histoire régionales interdisciplinaires, est destinée à devenir le point de rencontre des recherches historiques, archéologiques, épigraphiques ou archéométriques sur la région, en faisant en priorité appel aux travaux engagés par les diverses missions, françaises (Mari, Terqa...) et étrangères, en particulier pour la publication de leurs rapports préliminaires. Mais le titre peut également être pris dans une acception géographique beaucoup plus vaste et héberger des études qui s’intéressent le plus largement possible au rôle de cette confluence dans le jeu syro-mésopotamien tout au long de l’Antiquité.

Palmyras Reichtum durch weltweiten Handel. Achäologische Untersuchungen im Bereich der hellenistischen Stadt

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783902868640 Year: Pages: 314 Seiten DOI: 10.15661/mono/arch/palmyra02 Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 60
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:27
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Final publication of an international excavation project in Palmyra/Syria. Publicaation of so called small finds of an hellenistic-roman caravan building: pottery (incl. natural science analyses), amphorae, lamps, glass. metal, coins, animal bones.

A Theory of ISIS

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ISBN: 9780745399119 9781786801692 9781786801708 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100922
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria has been the subject of intense scrutiny in the West. Considered by many to be the most dangerous terrorist organisation in the world, it has become shrouded in numerous myths and narratives, many emanating from the US, which often fail to grasp its true nature.Against these narratives, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou presents a bold new theory of ISIS. By tracing its genealogy and documenting its evolution in Iraq and Syria, he argues that ISIS has transcended Osama Bin Laden’s original project of Al Qaeda, mutating into an unprecedented hybrid form that distils postcolonial violence, postmodernity and the emerging post-globalisation international order.This book analyses ISIS from a social sciences perspective and unpacks its dynamics by looking beyond superficial questions such as its terrorist nature and religious rhetoric. It transforms our understanding of ISIS and its profound impact on the very nature of contemporary political violence.

Die Mission des American Board in Syrien im 19. Jahrhundert

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783515113786 Year: Pages: 317 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_615739 Language: German
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 332
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 11:01:16
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The focus of this study is the “Syria Mission”, directed by the Protestant missionary society American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) from 1819 to 1870 in the Ottoman province of Syria, operating mainly within the territory of present-day Lebanon. The analysis of the cultural transfer between the Ottoman Empire and the United States of America undertaken in this study focuses on four relevant protagonists, whose contributions have not yet been sufficiently explored in missiological studies: The missionaries Eli Smith and Cornelius Van Dyck as well as the Syrian Protestants Butrus al-Bustani and John Wortabet. As a result, the Syria Mission of the ABCFM demonstrates how two different cultures met in a so called contact zone in the mission field and how these dialogue partners, despite many conflicts and disagreements, succeeded in contributing towards a fruitful dialogue.

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