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Forestry and Water Conservation in South Africa

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ISBN: 9781925022834 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_588815 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Forestry --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-12 11:01:21
License: ANU Press

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This innovative interdisciplinary study focuses on the history, science, and policy of tree planting and water conservation in South Africa. South Africa’s forestry sector has sat—often controversially—at the crossroads of policy and scientific debates regarding water conservation, economic development, and biodiversity protection. Bennett and Kruger show how debates about the hydrological impact of exotic tree planting in South Africa shaped the development of modern scientific ideas and state policies relating to timber plantations, water conservation, invasive species control, and biodiversity management within South Africa as well as elsewhere in the world. Forestry and Water Conservation in South Africa shows how scientific research on the impact of exotic and native vegetation led to the development of a comprehensive national policy for conserving water, producing timber, and protecting indigenous species from invasive alien plants. Policies and laws relating to forests and water began to change in the late 1980s and early 1990s as a result of political and administrative changes within South Africa. This book suggests that the country’s contemporary policies towards timber plantations, guided by the National Water Act of 1998, need to be reconsidered in light of the authors’ findings. Bennett and Kruger also call for more interdisciplinary research and greater emphasis on integrated policies and management plans for forestry, invasive alien plants, water conservation, and biodiversity preservation.

The Delusion of Knowledge Transfer: The Impact of Foreign Aid Experts on Policy-making in South Africa and Tanzania

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781928331391 Year: Pages: 396 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.824638 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-29 10:00:37
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With the rise of the ‘knowledge for development’ paradigm, expert advice has become a prime instrument of foreign aid. At the same time, it has been object of repeated criticism: the chronic failure of ‘technical assistance’ – a notion under which advice is commonly subsumed – has been documented in a host of studies. Nonetheless, international organisations continue to send advisors, promising to increase the ‘effectiveness’ of expert support if their technocratic recommendations are taken up. This book reveals fundamental problems of expert advice in the context of aid that concern issues of power and legitimacy rather than merely flaws of implementation. Based on empirical evidence from South Africa and Tanzania, the authors show that aid-related advisory processes are inevitably obstructed by colliding interests, political pressures and hierarchical relations that impede knowledge transfer and mutual learning. As a result, recipient governments find themselves caught in a perpetual cycle of dependency, continuously advised by experts who convey the shifting paradigms and agendas of their respective donor governments. For young democracies, the persistent presence of external actors is hazardous: ultimately, it poses a threat to the legitimacy of their governments if their policy-making becomes more responsive to foreign demands than to the preferences and needs of their citizens.

Competition Law and Economic Regulation

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781776140909 9781776140916 978776142002 Year: Pages: 320 Language: English
Publisher: Wits University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-30 11:01:04
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Shaping markets through competition and economic regulation is at the heart of addressing the development challenges facing countries in southern Africa. The contributors to 'Competition Law And Economic Regulation: Addressing Market Power In Southern Africa' critically assess the efficacy of the competition and economic regulation frameworks, including the impact of a number of the regional competition authorities in a range of sectors throughout southern Africa. Featuring academics as well as practitioners in the field, the book addresses issues common to southern African countries, where markets are small and concentrated, with particularly high barriers to entry, and where the resources to enforce legislation against anti-competitive conduct are limited. What is needed, the contributors argue, is an understanding of competition and regional integration as part of an inclusive growth agenda for Africa. By examining competition and regulation in a single framework, and viewing this within the southern African experience, this volume adds new perspectives to the global competition literature. It is an essential reference tool and will be of great interest to policymakers and regulators, as well as the rapidly growing ecosystem of legal practitioners and economists engaged in the field.

Higher Education Pathways

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Book Series: African Higher Education Dynamics Series ISBN: 9781928331902 9781928331919 9781928331926 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1920793 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
License: African Minds

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"In what ways does access to undergraduate education have a transformative impact on people and societies? What conditions are required for this impact to occur? What are the pathways from an undergraduate education to the public good, including inclusive economic development? These questions have particular resonance in the South African higher education context, which is attempting to tackle the challenges of widening access and improving completion rates in in a system in which the segregations of the apartheid years are still apparent. Higher education is recognised in core legislation as having a distinctive and crucial role in building post-apartheid society. Undergraduate education is seen as central to addressing skills shortages in South Africa and is also seen to yield significant social returns, including a consistent positive impact on societal institutions and the development of a range of capabilities that have public, as well as private, benefits. However, the precise extent and nature of these impacts remain unclear, particularly in light of contemporary global, social and economic challenges. This book offers comprehensive contemporary evidence that allows for a fresh engagement with these pressing issues."

Promoting effective enforcement of the prohibition against corporal punishment in South African schools

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ISBN: 9781920538248 Year: Pages: 59 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:20:32
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About the publicationThe prohibition against corporal punishment is an integral part of the broader transformation of South African education. The prohibition seeks to replace South Africa’s violent and authoritarian past with an ethos respectful of human dignity and bodily integrity.About the editors:Faranaaz Veriava has a BA LLB from the University of the Witwatersrand and a LLM in human rights and constitutional practice from the Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria.Table of ContentsPREFACEACKNOWLEDGMENTSEXECUTIVE SUMMARYABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMSIntroduction1.1 The purpose of the report1.2 Methodology1.3 The structure of the reportCorporal punishment in context2.1 A historical overview of corporal punishment in South Africa2.2 Debates on corporal punishment2.3 An ‘official ambivalence’ to the prohibitionThe incidence of corporal punishment3.1 An overview of statistical data3.2 A sample study of corporal punishment complaints3.3 Observations from the corporal punishment casesThe legal and policy framework governing the prohibition against corporal punishment in South Africa4.1 The protection of learners from corporal punishment4.2 The sanction of educators administering corporal punishment4.3 Best practice case studies: Western Cape and GautengCorporal punishment at independent schools5.1 An overview of independent schools in South Africa5.2 The legal framework governing independent schools5.3 Improving mechanisms of enforcement at independent schoolsDeveloping effective ‘legal and educational’ programmes in enforcing the ban against corporal punishment6.1 Shifting attitudes and implementing alternatives to corporal punishment6.2 Improved mechanisms for the enforcement of the corporal punishment ban6.3 Proposed interventionsConclusionLIST OF REFERENCES

Reflections of South Africa Student Leaders 1994-2017

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781928502098 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3833863 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds Grant: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation - G-1802-05403
Subject: Education --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-20 12:28:13
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Reflections of South African Student Leaders 1994-2017 brings together the reflections of twelve former SRC leaders from across the landscape of South African universities. Each student leader’s reflections are presented in a dedicated chapter that draws closely on an interview conducted in the course of 2018/19 which was followed by an interactive process of co-editing, correcting, and approving the chapter between the researchers and the student leaders.

Chapter 1 The long reach of coloniality (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Research on Decoloniality and New Postcolonialism ISBN: 9780367425753 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-10 23:58:10
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"This book explores the challenge of dismantling colonial schooling and how entangled power relations of the past have lingered in post-apartheid South Africa. It examines ‘on the ground’ history of colonialism from the vantage point of a small town in the Karoo region, showing how patterns of possession and dispossession have played out in the municipality and schools. Using the strong political and ontological critique of decoloniality theories, the book demonstrates the ways in which government interventions over many years have allowed colonial relations and the construction of racialised differences to linger in new forms, including unequal access to schooling. Written in an accessible style, the book considers how the dream of decolonial schooling might be realised, from the vantage point of research on the margins. This Karoo region also offers an interesting case study as the site where the world’s largest radio telescope has recently been located and highlights the contrasting logics of international ‘big science’ and local development needs. This book will be of interest to academics and scholars in the education field, as well as to social geographers, sociologists, human geographers, historians and policy makers. "

Keywords

decolonising --- South Africa --- Karoo --- apartheid --- dream --- impossible

Anchored in Place

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781928331759 9781928331766 9781928331773 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1479159 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Education --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
License: African Minds

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"Tensions in South African universities have traditionally centred around equity (particularly access and affordability), historical legacies (such as apartheid and colonialism), and the shape and structure of the higher education system. What has not received sufficient attention, is the contribution of the university to place-based development. This volume is the first in South Africa to engage seriously with the place-based developmental role of universities. In the international literature and policy there has been an increasing integration of the university with place-based development, especially in cities. This volume weighs in on the debate by drawing attention to the place-based roles and agency of South African universities in their local towns and cities. It acknowledges that universities were given specific development roles in regions, homelands and towns under apartheid, and comments on why sub-national, place-based development has not been a key theme in post-apartheid, higher education planning. Given the developmental crisis in the country, universities could be expected to play a more constructive and meaningful role in the development of their own precincts, cities and regions. But what should that role be? Is there evidence that this is already occurring in South Africa, despite the lack of a national policy framework? What plans and programmes are in place, and what is needed to expand the development agency of universities at the local level? Who and what might be involved? Where should the focus lie, and who might benefit most, and why? Is there a need perhaps to approach the challenges of college towns, secondary cities and metropolitan centers differently?"

The Politics and Governance of Basic Education

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780198824053 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1001051 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:17
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Uses cutting edge and multidisciplinary approaches to analyse the politics of service provision and serves as a model for how similar research can be conducted in other countries and sectors - An in-depth, microlevel analysis that develops the high-profile South African discourse on the interaction between governance and policy - Systematically anchored in innovative thinking on how to achieve gains in politically complex settings

Science Communication in South Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781928502036 9781928502043 9781928502050 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3557206 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Science (General) --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-17 11:21:03
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"Why do we need to communicate science? Is science, with its highly specialised language and its arcane methods, too distant to be understood by the public? Is it really possible for citizens to participate meaningfully in scientific research projects and debate? Should scientists be mandated to engage with the public to facilitate better understanding of science? How can they best communicate their special knowledge to be intelligible? These and a plethora of related questions are being raised by researchers and politicians alike as they have become convinced that science and society need to draw nearer to one another. Once the persuasion took hold that science should open up to the public and these questions were raised, it became clear that coming up with satisfactory answers would be a complex challenge. The inaccessibility of scientific language and methods, due to ever increasing specialisation, is at the base of its very success. Thus, translating specialised knowledge to become understandable, interesting and relevant to various publics creates particular perils. This is exacerbated by the ongoing disruption of the public discourse through the digitisation of communication platforms. For example, the availability of medical knowledge on the internet and the immense opportunities to inform oneself about health risks via social media are undermined by the manipulable nature of this technology that does not allow its users to distinguish between credible content and misinformation. In countries around the world, scientists, policy-makers and the public have high hopes for science communication: that it may elevate its populations educationally, that it may raise the level of sound decision-making for people in their daily lives, and that it may contribute to innovation and economic well-being. This collection of current reflections gives an insight into the issues that have to be addressed by research to reach these noble goals, for South Africa and by South Africans in particular."

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