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La nature de l’entraide : Pierre Kropotkine et les fondements biologiques de l'anarchisme

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ISBN: 9782847887563 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.5112 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Nous montrons dans ce livre comment le savant et anarchiste russe P. Kropotkine (1842-1921) a lutté à la fin du xixe siècle contre le social-darwinisme, cette utilisation du modèle darwinien de la sélection naturelle ayant pour but de justifier l’inégalité sociale. Son originalité réside dans le fait qu’il a combattu ce discours idéologique sur son propre terrain, celui d’une continuité entre nature et société. En revenant vers Darwin pour souligner la fonction évolutionnaire de l’entraide tout en lui ajoutant les principaux concepts lamarckiens, Kropotkine a bâti un naturalisme critique, capable d’expliquer avec cohérence le passage de la nature à l’histoire, et encore pertinent pour lutter contre les justifications idéologiques du marché et de l’État recourant à une vision pessimiste de la nature humaine.

Reinheit als Differenz Identität und Alterität in Max Frischs frühem Erzählwerk

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ISBN: 9783034013642 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625150 Language: German
Publisher: Chronos Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170340
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 11:01:28
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Purity as Difference Identity and Alterity in Max Frisch`s early fiction This study investigates the early fiction of Max Frisch, previously only margin-ally discussed, in particular his first novel, «Jürg Reinhart. Eine sommerliche Schicksalsfahrt» (1934), the novella «Antwort aus der Stille» (1937), as well as the sequel to the Reinhart story, «J’adore ce qui me brûle oder Die Schwierigen». It uses previously unknown sources to reconstruct the creative origins of these works. Deploying a discourse analysis, this book employs analytical techniques from gender and postcolonial studies to deconstruct is-sues of ethnicity, nationalism, gender, and class. The three texts, and their constructions of identity and alterity are contextualized within the contested zone of ‹purity› and ‹difference› and relevant fields of discourse. «Antwort aus der Stille» is investigated within the Alpine discourse, including its nationalistic, gender-political and sexist extensions, «Jürg Reinhart» in the anti-Semitic, Orientalist, Balkan and Slavic discourses, and «J’adore ce qui me brûle» in the contemporary discourse of emancipation and gender issues, and especially in the discourse of eugenics and its Social Darwinist implications.

China Inside Out

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ISBN: 9789637326141 9786155053962 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The ""war on terror"" has generated a scramble for expertise on Islamic or Asian ""culture"" and revived support for area studies, but it has done so at the cost of reviving the kinds of dangerous generalizations that area studies have rightly been accused of. This book provides a much-needed perspective on area studies, a perspective that is attentive to both manifestations of ""traditional culture"" and the new global relationships in which they are being played out. The authors shake off the sha...

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