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Reciprocal Relationships and Well-being

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ISBN: 9781138645073 9780367431068 Year: Pages: 198 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-20 11:21:03
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This book provides a robust empirical and theoretical analysis of reciprocity and its implications for social work and social policy practices by discussing how ideas of reciprocity can be understood and applied to welfare policy and social care practices, as well as how the act of reciprocity supports the wellbeing of citizens. &#xD;

Social accountability, citizenship and social protection in the MENA region: exploring the linkages (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781786431981 9781786431998 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.4337/9781786431998 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-28 12:01:00
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This book presents a state of the art in the developing field of social policy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It offers an up-to-date conceptual analysis of social policy programmes and discourses in the MENA region by critically reviewing the range of social insurance and social assistance schemes that are currently in existence there. It also analyses and offers suggestions on which of these policies can positively impact the region’s advancement in terms of human development and in addressing social and economic inequalities and exclusion.

Capability as a Yardstick for Flexicurity - Using the Senian Paradigm to Evaluate a European Policy Agenda

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ISBN: 9783863951634 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-771 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-09 11:01:19
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Flexicurity is a European policy agenda seeking to increase both flexibility and security in the labour-market. This book argues that it needs a revision: Although flexicurity is set out to change the way Europeans work and live, and even though it is being justified by workers’ needs, flexicurity lacks of a clear and democratically justified vision of society. Flexicurity is confronted here with Amartya Sen’s capability-approach, a paradigm of well-being evaluation. How is flexicurity related to a concept of employment as part of a way of life which people have reason to value? How capability-friendly are established flexicurity-indicators? It is thus shown how the capability-approach can be used in the field of labour-market and social policy.

Social Innovations in the Urban Context

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies ISSN: 15682579 ISBN: 9783319215501 9783319215518 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21551-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-27 17:21:34
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This book addresses the practice of social innovation, which is currently very much in the public eye. New ideas and approaches are needed to tackle the severe and wicked problems with which contemporary societies are struggling. Especially in times of economic crisis, social innovation is regarded as one of the crucial elements needed to move forward. Our knowledge of its dynamics has significantly progressed, thanks to an abundance of studies on social innovation both general and sector-specific. However, despite the valuable research conducted over the past years, the systematic analysis of social innovation is still contested and incomplete. The questions asked in the book will be the following:1. What is the nature of social innovations?2.What patterns can be identified in social innovations emerging at the local level?3.How is the emergence and spread of social innovations related to urban governance? More precisely, which conditions and arrangements facilitate and hinders social innovation?We explore these questions using different types of data and methods, and studying different contexts. In particular, we focus on innovations that aim at solving problems of the young unemployed, single parents and migrants. This analysis is based on original research carried out in the period 2010-2013 in the framework of a European project with a specific empirical research strategy. Research was carried out in 20 cities in 10 different European countries.

The Politics of Evidence

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Governance and Public Policy Learn ISBN: 9781138939400 9781315675008 Year: Pages: 182 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 282118
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-14 11:02:30
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There has been an enormous increase in interest in the use of evidence for public policymaking, but the vast majority of work on the subject has failed to engage with the political nature of decision making and how this influences the ways in which evidence will be used (or misused) within political areas. This book provides new insights into the nature of political bias with regards to evidence and critically considers what an ‘improved’ use of evidence would look like from a policymaking perspective. Part I describes the great potential for evidence to help achieve social goals, as well as the challenges raised by the political nature of policymaking. It explores the concern of evidence advocates that political interests drive the misuse or manipulation of evidence, as well as counter-concerns of critical policy scholars about how appeals to ‘evidence-based policy’ can depoliticise political debates. Both concerns reflect forms of bias – the first representing technical bias, whereby evidence use violates principles of scientific best practice, and the second representing issue bias in how appeals to evidence can shift political debates to particular questions or marginalise policy-relevant social concerns.&#xD;&#xD;Part II then draws on the fields of policy studies and cognitive psychology to understand the origins and mechanisms of both forms of bias in relation to political interests and values. It illustrates how such biases are not only common, but can be much more predictable once we recognise their origins and manifestations in policy arenas.&#xD;&#xD;Finally, Part III discusses ways to move forward for those seeking to improve the use of evidence in public policymaking. It explores what constitutes ‘good evidence for policy’, as well as the ‘good use of evidence’ within policy processes, and considers how to build evidence-advisory institutions that embed key principles of both scientific good practice and democratic representation. Taken as a whole, the approach promoted is termed the ‘good governance of evidence’ – a concept that represents the use of rigorous, systematic and technically valid pieces of evidence within decision-making processes that are representative of, and accountable to, populations served.

The Promise of Prosperity

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ISBN: 9781760462529 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.22459/PP.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
License: ANU Press

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For the people of Timor-Leste, independence promised a fundamental transformation from foreign occupation to self-rule, from brutality to respect for basic rights, and from poverty to prosperity. In the eyes of the country’s political leaders, revenue from the country’s oil and gas reserves is the means by which that transformation could be effected. Over the past decade, they have formulated ambitious plans for state-led development projects and rapid economic growth. Paradoxically, these modernist visions are simultaneously informed by and contradict ideas stemming from custom, religion, accountability and responsibility to future generations. This book explores how the promise of prosperity informs policy and how policy debates shape expectations about the future in one of the world’s newest and poorest nation-states.&#xD;

The Ethics of Medical Data Donation

Authors: ---
Book Series: Philosophical Studies Series ISBN: 9783030043636 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-04363-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Economics --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:16
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This open access book presents an ethical approach to utilizing personal medical data. It features essays that combine academic argument with practical application of ethical principles. The contributors are experts in ethics and law. They address the challenges in the re-use of medical data of the deceased on a voluntary basis. This pioneering study looks at the many factors involved when individuals and organizations wish to share information for research, policy-making, and humanitarian purposes. Today, it is easy to donate blood or even organs, but it is virtually impossible to donate one’s own medical data. This is seen as ethically unacceptable. Yet, data donation can greatly benefit the welfare of our societies. This collection provides timely interdisciplinary research on biomedical big data. Topics include the ethics of data donation, the legal and regulatory challenges, and the current and future collaborations. Readers will learn about the ethical and regulatory challenges associated with medical data donations. They will also better understand the special nature of using deceased data for research purposes with regard to ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, and justice. In addition, the contributors identify the key governance issues of such a scheme. The essays also look at what we can learn in terms of best practice from existing medical data schemes.

Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789400770607 9789400770614 Year: Pages: 389 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7061-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:11:17
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This book takes a new approach on understanding causes of extreme poverty and promising actions to address it. Its focus is on marginality being a root cause of poverty and deprivation. “Marginality” is the position of people on the edge, preventing their access to resources, freedom of choices, and the development of capabilities. The book is research based with original empirical analyses at local, national, and local scales; book contributors are leaders in their fields and have backgrounds in different disciplines. An important message of the book is that economic and ecological approaches and institutional innovations need to be integrated to overcome marginality. The book will be a valuable source for development scholars and students, actors that design public policies, and for social innovators in the private sector and non-governmental organizations.​

Promoting Social Dialogue in European Organizations: Human Resources Management and Constructive Conflict Management

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Industrial Relations & Conflict Management ISSN: 21994544 ISBN: 9783319086040 9783319086057 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-08605-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 13:18:48
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This volume focuses on describing the social dialogue system in organizations from an Human Resources Management perspective. Based on the NEIRE model for industrial relations, key factors are determined contributing to creative social dialogue in European organizations. Actual data from surveys and interviews from more than 700 CEO and HR managers in eleven European countries give insights in the experiences with and expectations of employers of social dialogue. The volume offers a comprehensive introduction to the historical context and current situation in social dialogue in these countries. This context helps to understand the current major challenges in each country when it comes to a vital social dialogue. Using good practices from many organizations, this book offers an agenda for innovative and cooperative social dialogue in organizations.

Humanities World Report 2015

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137500274 9781137500281 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.1057/9781137500281 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:50:51
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This book is open access under a CC BY license. The first of its kind, this 'Report' gives an overview of the humanities worldwide. Published as an Open Access title and based on an extensive literature review and enlightening interviews conducted with 90 humanities scholars across 40 countries, the book offers a first step in attempting to assess the state of the humanities globally. Its topics include the nature and value of the humanities, the challenge of globalisation, the opportunities offered by the digital humanities, variations in funding patterns around the world, and the interaction between humanities and society. Despite the stereotypical view of humanists as scholars locked away in their ivory towers, the picture that emerges from this report is that they are deeply committed to the social value of their work and appreciate the long-term importance it has for addressing global challenges. The report will be of interest not only to researchers and students in the humanities themselves, but also to administrators and funders.

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