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The role of German universities in a system of joint knowledge generation and innovation. A social network analysis of publications and patents with a focus on the spatial dimension

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ISBN: 9783731500858 Year: Pages: XIX, 271 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036100 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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There is broad consensus that universities play a key role as knowledge platform in regional economic development. This book exactly picks up this line of thought and explores the role of the German universities in a system of joint knowledge generation and innovation. The overall aim of this book is to provide new insight into the German universities&#8217; behavioural patterns regarding their knowledge generation, innovation and collaboration function.

Social Interaction in Animals: Linking Experimental Approach and Social Network Analysis

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451227 Year: Pages: 123 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-122-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Understanding the link between individual behaviour and population organization and functioning has long been central to ecology and evolutionary biology. Behaviour is a response to intrinsic and extrinsic factors including individual state, ecological factors or social interactions. Within a group, each individual can be seen as part of a network of social interactions varying in strength, type and dynamic. The structure of this network can deeply impact the ecology and evolution of individuals, populations and species. Within a group social interactions can take many forms and may significantly affect an individual’s fitness. These interactions may result in complex systems at the group-level, such as in the case of collective decisions (to migrate, to build nest or to forage). Among them, social transmission of information has been studied mostly in vertebrates: fish, birds and mammals including humans. In insects, social learning has been unambiguously demonstrated in social Hymenoptera but this probably reflects limited research effort and recent evidence show that even non-eusocial insects such as Drosophila, cockroaches and crickets can copy the behaviour of others. Compared to individual learning, which requires a trial and error period every generation, social learning can potentially result in the stable transmission of behaviours across generations, leading to cultural traditions in some species. The study of the processes which may facilitate or prevent this transmission and the analyses of the relationship between social network structure and efficiency of social transmission became these recent years an emerging and promising field of research. The goal of this research topic is to present the genetic and socio-environmental factors affecting social interaction and information or pathogen transmission with the integration of experimental approaches, social network analyses and modelling. Importantly, we aim to understand whether a relationship between social network structures and dynamics can reflect the efficiency of social transmission, i.e. can we use social network analysis to predict the social transmission of information or of pathogen, collective decision-making and ultimately the evolutionary trajectory of a group?

Applications of Novel Analytical Methods in Epidemiology

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456581 Year: Pages: 109 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-658-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The repertoire of quantitative analytical techniques in disciplines such as ecology, decision science, and evolutionary biology has grown, in part enabled by the development and increased availability of computational resources. Integration of cutting-edge, quantitative tools into veterinary epidemiology that have been borrowed from such disciplines has offered opportunities to advance the study of disease dynamics in animal populations, to improve and guide decision-making related to disease prevention, control, or eradication. Furthermore, the need to explore new analytical methods for veterinary epidemiology has been driven by the increasing availability and complexity of animal disease data. The objective of this e-book is to contribute to current methods in epidemiology by 1) presenting and discussing novel analytical tools that help advance our understanding of epidemiology; and 2) demonstrating how inferences emerging from the application of novel analytical tools can be incorporated into decision-making related to animal health. The e-book constitutes a collection of articles that explore the applications of a variety of analytical methods such as machine learning, Bayesian risk assessment and an advanced form of social network analysis in the modern epidemiologic study of animal diseases.

Manipulations in Prediction Markets : Analysis of Trading Behaviour not Conforming with Trading Regulations

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ISBN: 9783866443440 Year: Pages: VII, 164 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000010432 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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Fraud and manipulation in prediction markets are systematic results of incentive incompatibility, which, if present, have to be detected and balanced. ""Manipulations in Prediction Markets"" gives a critical insight into manipulations that are most likely to occur in prediction markets. In a general approach the book discusses the issue of incentives in markets and the breakdown of the incentive system. On this basis a new way of detecting irregular trading behaviour is introduced.

Schrijverschap in de Belgische belle époque. Een sociaal-culturele geschiedenis

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ISBN: 9789460040399 Year: Pages: 413 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_365910 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Arts in general --- Social Sciences --- Sociology --- History of arts --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book studies literary sociability during the belle époque (1890-1914) by comparing and relating organizations of authors with intellectual sociability in general. Drawing on a combination of methods including social network analysis, existing histories of Dutch and French speaking literature are questioned. This study shows, for instance, how author’s societies and literary journals were functional in the symbolic struggle between ‘dilettante’ writers on the one hand and self declared ‘professional’ authors on the other. It concludes that Belgian authorship was shaped within a social space that was much broader than the national social space, especially as far as the social construction of the Belgian author-intellectual was concerned. As such, being an intellectual became an important category of personal identity.

The Spanish Connection

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ISBN: 9783412225360 Year: Pages: 458 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_620578 Language: English
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 222
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:28
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In early modern times, the city of Seville was the most important entrepôt between the Old and the New World, attracting numerous merchants from all of Europe. They provided the American market with European merchandise, especially with textiles and metalware from Flanders and France. This book investigates the networks of Flemish and French merchants in Seville, displaying overall structures of trade as well as collective strategies of both merchant colonies.

The Challenges of Water Management and Governance in Cities

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ISBN: 9783039211500 9783039211517 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-151-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Global population growth is urban growth and, therefore, most of the water-related challenges and solutions reside in cities. Unless water management and water governance processes are significantly improved within the next decade or so, cities are likely to face serious and prolonged water insecurity, urban floods, and/or heat stress, which may result in social instability and, ultimately, massive migration. Aging water infrastructure, one of the most expensive infrastructures in cities, is a relevant challenge in order to address Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6: clean water and sanitation, SDG 11: sustainable cities and communities, and SDG 13: climate action. The choice of good governance arrangements has important consequences for economic performance, for the well-being of citizens, and for the quality of life in urban areas. The better governance arrangements work in coordinating policies across jurisdictions and policy fields, the better the outcomes. Rapidly-changing global conditions will make future water governance more complex than ever before in human history, and expectations are that water governance and water management will change more during the next 20 years compared to the past 100 years. In this Special Issue of Water, the focus will be on practical concepts and tools for water management and water governance, with a focus on cities.

Keywords

Integrated Water Resources Management --- water management sustainability --- urban resilience --- urban water cycle --- water governance --- water-reuse --- governance capacity --- water management --- water scarcity --- Sponge City --- water ecology --- storm water management --- flood control --- resilience --- rainfall-runoff --- storm water control measure --- SuDS --- urban drainage --- urban landscape --- urban planning --- flood risk management --- flood resilience --- governance strategies --- climate change --- assessment framework --- sustainability assessment --- baseline assessment --- co-design --- stakeholder involvement --- wastewater management --- Cape Town --- City Blueprint Approach --- water governance --- water scarcity --- water sensitive cities --- climate change adaptation --- stormwater reservoir --- Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) --- design rainfall event --- Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) --- coordination --- water supply --- social network analysis --- climate change --- IHP --- intergovernmental --- science and technology --- sustainability --- UNESCO --- water management --- water security --- Urban Water Management Programme --- water governance --- infrastructure --- urban water management --- indicators --- SDGs --- stakeholder participation --- water policy --- rainwater harvesting --- footprint --- lifecycle analysis --- total cost of ownership --- sustainability --- urban water management --- drinking water --- city networks --- climate change --- ICLEI --- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) --- urban water management --- use-attainment --- social network analysis --- urban planning --- governance --- social infrastructure --- cost of inaction --- urban pluvial flooding --- flood damage assessment --- flood risk --- greenhouse gas emissions --- decentralized water reclamation with resource recovery --- Water-Energy-Food Nexus --- climate change mitigation --- water governance --- urban water management --- resilience --- sustainable development goals

Participatory Forestry: Involvement, Information and Science

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ISBN: 9783039213313 9783039213320 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-332-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Public participation in forestry is a key issue in ensuring the democratization of decision-making processes, increasing the social acceptance of policies, and reducing conflicts between forest users. Public participation also provides an opportunity for the improvement of the quality of information, public debate, personal reflection, and professionalization, raising awareness. Participation in forestry implies the involvement of stakeholders (the interest group participation approach) and/or the involvement of people (the direct citizen participation approach) in the decision-making process. Since the UN Conference on Environment and Development (1992), new norms and perspectives have emerged encouraging a bottom-up approach in forest governance. Consequently, several participatory techniques, methods, and tools for stakeholder involvement in forest governance have been developed and applied. These different experiences allow us to learn from failures and successes and contribute to knowledge improvement. The future challenges of participatory forestry deal with adaptation to changes in ecological, social, and economic contexts.

Tools, Methodologies and Techniques Applied to Sustainable Supply Chains

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ISBN: 9783039283187 9783039283194 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-319-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Supply chains are currently globalized and companies operate internationally owing to the fact that raw materials, production processes, and the consumption of the final products are carried out in different countries. This implies high material and information flow, which incurs high costs associated with the supply chain and logistics, sometimes up to 60% of the total cost of the product. Therefore, companies seek to optimize their resources to reduce these costs and improve sustainability in a globalized market. This book, entitled Tools, Methodologies and Techniques Applied to Sustainable Supply Chains, contains 15 chapters that report case studies applied to industrial and service sectors. The authors come from areas such as Mexico, Colombia, Italy, Sweden, Slovakia, China, and Australia. They indicate how managers make use of tools and techniques to solve problems associated with supply chains to reduce their cost and remain competitive. A great effort has been made to analyze this problem, and the methodologies are clearly described here to facilitate the reproducibility of each technique and tool. This was done in the hope that hoping that they may one day be applied in more companies.

Keywords

tire waste management --- reverse logistics --- green logistics --- Mexico --- Russia --- remanufacturing --- closed-loop supply chain --- warranty decision --- contract coordination --- supply chain innovation --- systematic review --- social network analysis --- collaboration --- attributes --- green manufacturing --- benefits --- green supply chain --- sensitivity analysis --- sustainability --- genetic algorithm --- layout planning --- model --- sustainable manufacturing --- environmental assessment tool --- green lean --- pallet management strategy --- reusable handling system --- closed-loop network --- what-if analysis --- environmental impact --- electricity markets --- alpha-stable distribution --- alpha-stable regression --- electricity prices --- waste management --- residue collection --- urban logistics --- design of territories --- supply chain management --- hospital supply chain --- sustainable supply chain --- hospital logistics --- hospital sustainability --- healthcare logistics --- sustainable hospital management --- Sugarcane Crop Residues (SCRs) --- cogeneration --- optimization of bioenergy supply chain decisions --- delivering products --- travel time uncertainty --- fuzzy logic --- fuzzy linear programming --- urban road network --- reliability --- green supplier selection --- contract farming --- life cycle assessment --- environmental collaboration --- multi-objective optimization --- agro-food supply chain --- system dynamics --- systems thinking --- causal models --- healthcare services --- bearability --- sustainability --- MIPL --- VRP --- star network --- optimal plant location

Marketing for Sustainable Tourism

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ISBN: 9783039288731 / 9783039288748 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-874-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The aim of the Special Issue is to discuss the main current topics concerning marketing for sustainable tourism with reference to territories (i.e., tourism destinations, protected areas, parks and/or natural sites, UNESCO World Heritage Sites, rural regions/areas, etc.) and tourism enterprises and/or organisations (i.e., destination management organisations, hospitality enterprises, restaurant enterprises, cableway companies, travel agencies, etc.). In destinations where natural resources are pull factors for tourism development, the relationships among local actors (public, private, and local community), as well as marketing choices, are essential to develop sustainable tourism products. To this end, the Special Issue encourages papers that analyse marketing strategies adopted by tourism destinations and/or tourism enterprises to avoid overtourism, to manage mass sustainable tourism (as defined by Weaver, 2000), and to encourage and promote sustainable tourism in marginal areas or in territories suffering lack of integration in the tourism offer. Special attention will be given to contributions on the best practices to manage territories and/or enterprises adopting sustainable marketing strategies.

Keywords

tourism development --- economic growth --- panel threshold regression model --- disaster-stricken counties --- Wenchuan earthquake --- Butler’s Tourism Area Life Cycle --- customer satisfaction --- experiential marketing --- tourism factory --- tourism marketing --- service innovation --- post-industrial tourism --- The Industrial Monuments Route --- business models --- multi-attraction travel --- social network analysis --- degree centrality --- density --- tourist behaviors --- tourism destination image --- behavioral intention --- Chinese tourist --- hot spring --- customer satisfaction --- interpretive structural modeling --- decisive factors --- grounded theory --- country brand --- gastronomy --- tourism --- Spain --- ski-resort management --- ski-resort marketing --- ski resorts --- audit --- mountain tourism --- tourism development --- Lanzarote --- sustainability --- alternative product development --- strategy --- biospheric values --- environmental self-identity --- environmental self-efficacy --- personal norm --- tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior --- China --- Seasonality --- tourism demand --- expenditure --- seemingly unrelated regression --- destination marketing --- tourism advertisement --- sustainability --- responsible tourism --- transit port --- port of call --- Mediterranean cruise destinations --- experience economy --- pleasure --- satisfaction --- airport image --- sustainable development of airport --- destination offering --- destination attribute --- visitor experience --- online review --- micro-scale destination --- local attraction --- UCG --- economic sustainability --- sustainable tourism --- positioning --- destination marketing --- tourist intelligence --- n/a

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