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Precedence: Social Differentiation in the Austronesian World

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ISBN: 9781921536472 Year: Pages: 277 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459471 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This collection of papers is the sixth volume in the Comparative Austronesian series. The papers that comprise this volume examine the concept of precedence as a form of local discourse and as a mechanism for ordering status, at different levels, within specific Austronesian-speaking societies. This is the first volume of its kind to focus entirely on precedence and to provide an explication of its social uses and the way in which it is contested. Each paper is ethnographically-focused and offers its own distinctive approach to the examination of precedence. The papers, however, relate closely to one another and are thus able to proffer a variety of comparative reflections.

The Enemy Within: Homicide and Control in Eastern Finland in the Final Years of Swedish Rule 1748-1808

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789517464741 9517466137 9789522228178 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.5 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation grant and SKS
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:14
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"This work explores the quantitative and qualitative development of homicide in eastern Finland in the second half of the eighteenth century and the early years of the nineteenth. The area studied comprised northern Savo and northern Karelia in eastern Finland. At that time, these were completely agricultural regions on the periphery of the kingdom of Sweden. Indeed the majority of the population still got their living from burn-beating agriculture. The analysis of homicide there reveals characteristics that were exceptional by Western European standards: the large proportion of premeditated homicides (murders) and those within the family is more reminiscent of modern cities in the West than of a pre-modern rural society. However, there also existed some archaic forms of Western crime there. Most of the homicides within the family were killings of brothers or brothers-in law, connected with the family structure (the extended family) that prevailed in the region. This study uses case analysis to explore the causes for the increase in both familial homicide and murder in the area. One of the explanatory factors that is dealt with is the interaction between the faltering penal practice that then existed and the increase in certain types of homicide."

Making Things Stick: Surveillance Technologies and Mexico’s War on Crime

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ISBN: 9780520284043 9780520959705 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.12 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-09 11:01:08
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With Mexico’s War on Crime as the backdrop, Making Things Stick offers an innovative analysis of how surveillance technologies impact governance in the global society. More than just tools to monitor ordinary people, surveillance technologies are imagined by government officials as a way to reform the national state by focusing on the material things—cellular phones, automobiles, human bodies—that can enable crime. In describing the challenges that the Mexican government has encountered in implementing this novel approach to social control, Keith Guzik presents surveillance technologies as a sign of state weakness rather than strength and as an opportunity for civic engagement rather than retreat.

Konflikt, fellesskap og forandring

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ISBN: 9788202632731 Year: Pages: 167 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.75 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:08
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"In recent years, organizations and authorities in Norway have put a critical spotlight on parenting practices among non-Western immigrants, based on a concern for young people's autonomy and self-determination. The purpose of this book – which deals with parenting and social control in immigrant families from Pakistan, Somalia and Sri Lanka – is to shed light on on this collision between different family norms and practices from different perspectives, and thus help to understand why family relations and social control have become a topic of contention in today's multicultural Norway. The books starting point is a sociological perspective on cultural differences, social control and change in a migration context.
A key point of focus in the empirical analyzes are parental restrictions in young people's social life. How common are such restrictions within different groups? What significance do factors such as religiosity and socio-economic resources play in the exercise of social control? And what are the consequences for children's social participation, mental health and well-being? One aim is to contribute systematic quantitative knowledge on such issues.
At the same time, the book contributes to a more qualitative understanding of people’s experiences and actions. How do parents from countries like Pakistan, Somalia and Sri Lanka experience raising children and young people in Norway? What concerns have they had regarding their children’s encounters with various parts of Norwegian society? And how do young people navigate between different expectations and demands from the families and communities on the one hand and among their peers and the larger society on the other? We focus on the question of social change. Is the organization of family relationships and the exercise of social control within immigrant populations characterized by continuity or change? And what kind of mechanisms drive such changes forward?
The book, which is published as part of the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study in Norway, will illuminate these questions using quantitative data from a comprehensive survey of 16-17 year olds in Oslo and Akershus, as well as qualitative interviews – individually and in groups – with parents, adolescents and young adults with immigrant backgrounds as well as people in public help services and NGOs.
"

Water Governance: Retheorizing Politics

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ISBN: 9783039215607 / 9783039215614 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-561-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This republished Special Issue highlights recent and emergent concepts and approaches to water governance that re-centers the political in relation to water-related decision making, use, and management. To do so at once is to focus on diverse ontologies, meanings and values of water, and related contestations regarding its use, or its importance for livelihoods, identity, or place-making. Building on insights from science and technology studies, feminist, and postcolonial approaches, we engage broadly with the ways that water-related decision making is often depoliticized and evacuated of political content or meaning—and to what effect. Key themes that emerged from the contributions include the politics of water infrastructure and insecurity; participatory politics and multi-scalar governance dynamics; politics related to emergent technologies of water (bottled or packaged water, and water desalination); and Indigenous water governance.

Keywords

water quality --- Indigenous water --- spatio-temporal --- hydrosocial --- water governance --- Belo Monte --- Brazil --- dams --- national interest --- hydropower --- depoliticization --- repoliticization --- energy policy --- international development --- decentralization --- political ecology --- integrated water resource management (IWRM) --- Lesotho --- Africa --- Anishinabek --- nibi (water) --- women --- governance --- giikendaaswin --- urban water infrastructure --- political ecology --- water governance --- water quality --- packaged drinking water (PDW) --- bottled water --- Jakarta --- Indonesia --- water management --- irrigation --- kitchen gardens --- participatory development --- Water Users’ Associations --- Central Asia --- Tajikistan --- water governance --- politics --- law --- decision-making processes --- governmentalities --- UNDRIP --- free --- prior and informed consent --- FPIC --- groundwater --- environmental flows --- environmental assessment --- community-based research --- drinking water --- hydrosocial --- Indigenous knowledge --- settler colonialism --- political ontology --- risk --- Two-Eyed Seeing --- Yukon --- Canada --- water security --- water ethics --- narrative ethics --- water justice --- orientation knowledge --- water governance --- water politics --- bottled water --- water governance --- urban water --- re-theorizing --- First Nations --- OECD --- water governance --- water justice --- water colonialism --- UNDRIP --- UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples --- water --- desalination --- legal geography --- mining --- Chile --- first nations --- Canada --- political ecology --- colonization --- water politics --- WEF Nexus --- PES --- scale politics --- environmental justice --- Latin America --- Colombia --- water politics --- religious difference --- infrastructure --- governance --- planning --- practices of mediation --- urban India --- social control --- participation --- water governance --- remunicipalization --- Cochabamba --- Bolivia --- water governance --- political ecology --- Indigenous water governance --- water rights --- water insecurity --- water justice --- politics --- water --- infrastructure --- informality --- Cairo --- Egypt --- power --- governance

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