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Prioritering og progresjon i skolematematikken

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ISBN: 9788202585280 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.26 Language: Uncoded
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing) Grant: University of Oslo
Subject: Mathematics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-29 13:32:13
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Norway is a leading country in the world when it comes to not prioritizing algebra in school mathematics, the mathematical language many students will need for further education and professions. Analysis of data from TIMSS, TIMSS Advanced and other international comparative studies have concluded that this result is consistent across 20 years of research. Norwegian students perform well in domains such as statistics/data, and alarmingly low in algebra. This conclusion is based on data from all levels in school: Primary school, lower secondary school, upper secondary school, and teacher education. The international studies indicate that East Asian, Eastern European and Latin European countries prioritize algebra more strongly than Norway or other Nordic and English-speaking countries. Several of the countries performing well in algebra, also seem to have some sort of balance between teaching algebra and teaching statistics, while there is a huge difference between the student scores on these domains in Norway. It almost seems as though “students learn statistics instead of learning algebra”. The importance of taking into account the type of mathematical content which is tested in different studies before drawing conclusions, is also addressed in the book. For instance, PISA mathematics is compared to TIMSS grade 8 mathematics when it comes to mathematical theory involvement. On the other hand, it is emphasized that it is necessary to have information from different studies to make valid conclusions concerning mathematics in schools. The importance of cooperation between countries all over the world in developing school mathematics, with countries learning from each other, is also discussed. The book is a result of cooperation between researchers at the Department of teacher education and school research (ILS) and the Department of mathematics, both at the University of Oslo, and school teachers in an upper secondary school. The results are discussed from a teacher education perspective, a school teacher perspective and from the perspective of the national curriculum for schools in Norway. Some of the chapters in the book are devoted to going through all the test items in TIMSS Advanced 2015 which can be published, and it is described how these items can be used both by teachers in school and in teacher education at universities.

Keywords

timms --- mathematics --- algebra --- undervisning --- skole --- matematikk --- education

Menneskeverd

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202595364 Year: Pages: 239 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.90 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Education --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-06 00:04:28
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"Human Worth – A Challenge for School and Society addresses the question of whether all human beings’ lives have equal value. To answer, the authors examine how we should understand the value of human life. Human worth and equality are both fundamental principles in education, but there are countless examples of how difficult these concepts can be in actual practice. There is also scant discussion within the school system that touches on our understanding of what human worth in school is. Insofar as school is society’s most important vehicle for human learning and development, we view understanding human worth as a challenge our entire society faces. This book is an anthology in nine chapters about human worth in such typically ‘humanity-oriented’ school subjects as pedagogics, philosophy, social studies, religion, Norwegian, and arts and crafts. The book provides and introduction to defining human worth from a variety of theoretical perspectives, with examples from school and everyday life. The individual chapters pose questions about dignity, equality, inclusion and exclusion, and the resources human beings engage in meeting challenges. "

Keywords

human worth --- school --- society --- Menneskeverd --- skole --- samfunn

Religion og etikk i skole og barnehage

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202659851 Year: Pages: 277 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.82 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Religion --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-09 00:05:10
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School and kindergarten are central arenas for issues concerning values and ethics. The authors ask: What does students in junior high school learn about the relationship between science and religion? How do students in teacher education relate to the question of sex and equality? How do you communicate values and ethics in kindergarten? In this antology the authors looks to answer these question, and many more. This book is relevant for anyone who works in schools and kindergartens.

Keywords

religion --- ethics --- school --- kindergarten --- Norway --- etikk --- skole --- barnehage

20 år med fysikkprestasjoner i fritt fall

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202590987 Year: Pages: 311 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.83 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing) Grant: University of Oslo
Subject: Science (General) --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:07
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"The book discusses various challenges and solutions related to the coordination of health and welfare services. Coordination is central to creating integrated services for users with complex needs. In order to understand the challenges and opportunities associated with creating such services, one needs knowledge related to organizations and the organizational context. The book's chapters takes on an organizational perspective where patterns and explanations are sought in formal and informal structures, processes and culture. The users’ need for services often cross established boundaries, both organizational and professional. The authors highlight the possibilities and limitations of some selected solutions that will help to cut across or break down such boundaries. Examples of such solutions are user involvement, interdisciplinary collaboration, team organizations, coordinators, standardization and patient pathways, digitization and decision-making tools for employees who work in the services. One chapter summarizes three different theoretical research approaches for analyzing coordination and collaboration. The target group is researchers, university and college employees and students of the health and welfare sector. The book also will be of interest for user organizations as well as administrative and professional decision-makers in public and private businesses."

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