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Metals Challenged by Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation

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ISBN: 9783038426790 9783038426806 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mining and Metallurgy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-08 13:10:36
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Abstract

Neutron and Synchrotron radiation methods have matured to become powerful techniques for the study of a vast range of materials, including metals. The characterization methods comprise the categories of diffraction, spectroscopy and imaging, which themselves can alter greatly in detail, to include hundreds of variants, problems and sample environments. In a similar way, their applications to metals and hard condensed matter materials cover disciplines spanning engineering, physics, chemistry, materials science and their derivatives such as geology, energy storage, etc. … The present book, “Metals Challenged by Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation” is a first compilation in Metals of 20 original and review works on research utilizing or designing those state-of-the-art techniques at modern facilities. The Editorial reviews the context of and identifies thematic links between these papers, grouping them into five interwoven themes, namely Sintering Techniques and Microstructure Evolution, Titanium Aluminides and Titanium Alloys Under Extreme Conditions, Metallic Glass and Disordered Crystals, In Situ and Time-Resolved Response to Mechanical Load and Shock, and Thin Films and Layers. This book represents a good cross-section of the status quo of neutron and synchrotron radiation with respect to questions in the metallurgical field, which by far is not exhaustive. Nor are the methods and other materials, which motivated me to the creation of a new sister-journal, entitled Quantum Beam Science. With this, I would like to thank all authors, reviewers and contributors behind the scene for the creation of this work, presenting to you a piece of interesting reading and reference literature.

Progress in Combustion Diagnostics, Science and Technology

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039285105 9783039285112 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-511-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The role that combustion plays in the world’s energy systems will continue to evolve with the changes in technological demands. For example, the challenges that we face today are more focused on the conservation of energy and addressing environmental concerns, which together necessitate cleaner and more efficient combustion processes using a range of fuel sources. This book includes contributions to highlight the recent progress in theory and experiments, development, and demonstration of technologies and systems involving combustion processes, for the production, storage, use, and conservation of energy.

Keywords

steam ejector --- wet steam model --- computational fluid dynamics --- condensation effect --- fire suppression system --- acoustic --- frequency --- NOx emission index --- flame length --- global residence time --- flow-field --- flame-front --- gasoline engine --- flame propagation --- turbulence --- PPCI diesel engine --- pilot injection --- combustion noise --- stationary wavelet packet transform --- stationary wavelet transform --- CO2 emission --- gasoline vehicles --- electric vehicles --- driving cycles --- vehicle dynamic model --- High speed PIV --- flame propagation --- planer laser tomography --- micro-scale combustion --- diffusion flames --- micro power generation --- numerical investigations --- fire whirl --- computational fluid dynamics --- eddy-generation mechanism --- combustion modelling --- detailed chemistry --- large eddy simulation --- combustion waste heat --- experiment --- steam ejector --- shock-mixing layer --- flow structure --- operating parameter --- combustion waste heat --- steam ejector --- shock wave --- entrainment ratio --- pumping performance --- critical back pressure --- hot jet detonation initiation technique --- flame acceleration --- detonation combustion --- vortex --- ignition position --- hydrogen --- internal combustion engine --- compression ignition --- dual-fuel engine --- direct injection --- high pressure gas jet --- jet penetration --- fuel injector --- CI engine --- biofuel --- fuel combustion --- combustion --- alternative fuel --- canola oil (Co) --- diesel engine --- common rail --- diesel fuel (Df) --- n-hexane --- injection --- tunable diode laser absorption tomography --- exhaust gas --- temperature --- similarity analysis --- Mahalanobis distance --- root mean square error --- fire whirl --- computational fluid dynamics --- eddy-generation mechanism --- combustion modelling --- detailed chemistry --- large eddy simulation --- engine valve systems --- continuously variable valve systems --- engine valve system control --- combustion optimization

Asymmetric Planetary Nebulae VII

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ISBN: 9783038976400 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-641-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 14:08:22
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This book contains the best and most up-to-date contributions in the field of late stage stellar evolution, as presented at the APNVII conference in Hong Kong in December 2017. A total of 60 scientists from 20 countries gathered to present, listen, interact and discuss the most current issues and problems in planetary nebulae and related objects research. The emphasis of this influential series of meetings, which was the seventh occasion over the last 20 years, has always been on the hypothesized and observed physical shaping mechanisms of the ejected nebulae that have such wonderful and intriguing forms. This special Galaxies conference issue of fully refereed contributions brings together a representative compilation of the meeting presentations in paper form. It captures the current “snap shot” status of this research field in some real sense. Such proceedings are well received and can be used as a reference material by both participants and all others working in the field for years to come.

Keywords

planetary systems --- planetary nebulae --- stars: binaries --- stars: AGB and post-AGB --- stars: variables: general --- stars: abundances --- stars: AGB and post-AGB --- stars: atmospheres --- stars: individual: WD 0044–121 --- stars: individual: WD 2134+25 --- stars: individual: WD 1751+106 --- planetary nebulae --- asymptotic giant branch stars --- mass loss --- infra-red --- planetary nebulae --- integral field spectroscopy --- stellar evolution --- binarity --- planetary nebulae --- stellar mass loss --- stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- circumstellar dust --- planetary nebulae --- mass-loss --- stellar evolution --- X-rays --- stellar evolution --- late stage stellar evolution --- binarity: transients: planetary nebulae --- planetary nebulae --- stars: AGB and post-AGB --- late stage stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- stars: binaries --- central stars of planetary nebulae --- proto-planetary nebulae --- binaries: spectroscopic --- stars: atmospheres --- stars: abundances --- supernovae --- late stage stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- binarity --- stellar evolution --- AGB and post-AGB stars --- circumstellar matter --- winds and outflows --- mass-loss --- jets --- binaries: close --- stars: AGB and post-AGB --- stars: winds, outflows --- ISM: jets and outflows --- binary stars --- post-AGB --- discs --- planetary nebula --- X-ray --- stellar evolution --- AGB stars --- post-AGB stars --- planetary nebulae --- planetary nebulae --- fullerenes --- planetary nebulae --- AGB and post-AGB stars --- binarity --- accretion disks --- jets --- mass-loss --- circumstellar matter --- (sub)millimeter interferometry --- ultraviolet radiation, X-rays --- infrared interferometry --- AGB stars --- stellar evolution --- observations --- aperture masking --- planetary nebulae --- binarity --- abundances --- stellar evolution --- post-AGB stars --- pre-PN hydrodynamic models --- planetary nebulae: Common Envelope --- planetary nebulae: individual (OH231+8+04.2) --- astrochemistry --- planetary nebulae --- UIE bands --- normal modes --- displacement vectors --- late-stage stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- multi-wavelength photometry --- radial velocity --- stellar evolution --- pulsation --- shock wave --- late stage stellar evolution --- planetary nebulae --- theory and observation --- planetary nebulae --- AGB and post-AGB --- interstellar medium --- radio continuum --- winds --- outflows --- dust --- extinction --- ISM: abundances --- planetary nebulae: individual (NGC 6781)

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