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Biopunk Dystopias

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Book Series: Liverpool Science Fiction Texts and Studies ISBN: 9781781383766 9781781383322 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626391 Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100393
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:36
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'Biopunk Dystopias' contends that we find ourselves at a historical nexus, defined by the rise of biology as the driving force of scientific progress, a strongly grown mainstream attention given to genetic engineering in the wake of the Human Genome Project (1990-2003), the changing sociological view of a liquid modern society, and shifting discourses on the posthuman, including a critical posthumanism that decenters the privileged subject of humanism. The book argues that this historical nexus produces a specific cultural formation in the form of "biopunk", a subgenre evolved from the cyberpunk of the 1980s. Biopunk makes use of current posthumanist conceptions in order to criticize contemporary reality as already dystopian, warning that a future will only get worse, and that society needs to reverse its path, or else destroy all life on this planet.

Le savant fou

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ISBN: 9782753557840 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.52884 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:47
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Personnage complexe, le savant fou renvoie à une opposition remontant à l'Antiquité qui perçoit folie et génie comme deux notions complémentaires. Cette complémentarité perdure et se nourrit des crises épistémologiques qui bouleversent la perception du monde et de lui-même qu'a l'être humain. La figure du savant fou cristallise de nombreuses peurs diffuses qui peuvent être d'ordre politique, social, religieux, économique ou idéologique et qui ont trait à la possibilité même de se définir en tant qu'être humain. La figure a par ailleurs accédé au rang de figure mythique « moderne » avec le mythe de Faust qui ré-active le mythe antique de Prométhée. Cet ouvrage fournit l’occasion d’explorer plus particulièrement les avatars contemporains du savant fou ainsi que la spécificité des questionnements qu’il met en jeu dans le roman et les arts visuels de la fin du XXe siècle et du début du XXIe siècle. Il permet également d’aborder la dimension mythique de cette figure qui du Victor Frankenstein de Mary Shelley à nos jours ne se lasse pas de resurgir dans les représentations imaginaires et fictives.

Hard Reading

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Book Series: Liverpool Science Fiction Texts and Studies ISBN: 9781781382615 9781781384398 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102608
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 06:28:26
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The fifteen essays collected in Hard Reading argue that science fiction has its own internal rhetoric, relying on devices such as neologism, dialogism, semantic shifts, the use of unreliable narrators. It is a “high-information” genre which does not follow the Flaubertian ideal of le mot juste, “the right word”, preferring le mot imprévisible, “the unpredictable word”. Science fiction derives much of its energy from engagement with vital intellectual issues in the “soft sciences”, especially history, anthropology, the study of different cultures, with a strong bearing on politics. Both the rhetoric and the issues deserve to be taken much more seriously than they have been in academia, and in the wider world. Hard Reading is also a memoir of what it was like to be a committed fan, from teenage years, and also an academic struggling to find a place, at a time when a declared interest in science fiction and fantasy was the kiss of death for a career in the humanities.

Respawn

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ISBN: 9781478090366 9781478002789 9781478002925 9781478001348 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.1215/9781478090366 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:02
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In Respawn Colin Milburn examines the connections between video games, hacking, and science fiction that galvanize technological activism and technological communities. Discussing a wide range of games, from Portal and Final Fantasy VII to Super Mario Sunshine and Shadow of the Colossus, Milburn illustrates how they impact the lives of gamers and non-gamers alike. They also serve as resources for critique, resistance, and insurgency, offering a space for players and hacktivist groups such as Anonymous to challenge obstinate systems and experiment with alternative futures. Providing an essential walkthrough guide to our digital culture and its high-tech controversies, Milburn shows how games and playable media spawn new modes of engagement in a computerized world.

Science Fiction in Argentina: Technologies of the Text in a Material Multiverse

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ISBN: 9780472073108 9780472053100 9780472900046 9780472121878 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-01 16:33:13
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This book examines an unprecedented range of science fiction texts—including literature, cinema, theater, and comics—produced in Argentina from the nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries. These works address themes common to the genre across the industrialized world, including techno-authoritarianism, new modes of posthuman subjectivity, and apocalyptic visions of environmental catastrophe. At the same time, Argentine science fiction is fully grounded in the social and political life of the nation.The texts discussed here explore the impact of an uneven modernization, mass migration, dictatorships, crises in national identity, the rise and fall of the Left, the question of Argentina’s indigenous heritage, the impact of neoliberalism, and the most recent economic crisis of 2001. Argentine science fiction is also highly reflexive, debating within its pages the role of science fiction and fantasy in the society of its day, and the nature of the text in a world of advancing technology. This book makes important contributions to our understanding of science fiction as a genre, as well as to materialist theories of cultural texts. It will also interest students and scholars researching the culture, history, and politics of Argentina and Latin America.

Mondes perdus

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ISBN: 9791030003963 DOI: 10.4000/books.pub.4578 Language: French
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:42
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Une étude des divers types de mondes perdus – utopiques, primitifs, préhistoriques, îles dans l'océan ou cités souterraines, paradis ou enfers – que la littérature s'est inventés à mesure que disparaissent les blancs de la carte.

Une brève histoire de la science-fiction belge francophone et autres essais : Recueil d’articles

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ISBN: 9791036512346 DOI: 10.4000/books.pulg.2761 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Liège
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:43
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ce recueil s’ouvre sur la première histoire de la littérature de science-fiction produite en Belgique francophone. Au-delà de la question classique de l’existence de cette littérature, Dominique Warfa propose des jalons permettant de l’identifier et de la penser, alors qu’elle fut jusque-là perdue dans l’ombre du fantastique et de l’étrange. Suivent une série d’études et d’analyses, constituant une sélection représentative de l’importante activité critique de l’auteur.

PostHumains : Frontières, évolutions, hybridités

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782753557765 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.52490 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:47
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Du gothique au fantastique le plus postmoderne, de la fiction spéculative aux dystopies, l'imaginaire des futurs possibles de l'humanité permet d'explorer les frontières de l'humain. Depuis Foucault et son visage de sable, de nombreux philosophes et sociologues ont constaté une fragilisation de l'humain et son possible effacement dans un monde où la nature même du réel est remise en question. Au cours des dernières décennies, de nombreux textes sont venus complexifier la réflexion en la mettant en regard d'une posthumanité. Se repose alors la question de la définition de l'humain, qui semble désormais se penser par une absence, par ce qu'il n'est pas ou ne sera plus. Par ailleurs, le pouvoir du virtuel sur le réel marque de nombreux artistes qui ont recours à l'imaginaire pour illustrer une société de l'image et du simulacre. La résistance des corps – individuels et collectifs – s'inscrit alors dans une réflexion politique et philosophique sur une persistance possible de l'humain. Cet ouvrage explore les modes de représentation de l'humain à l'aube du posthumain. Même si les confrontations entre homme organique et êtres artificiels remontent au début du XIXe siècle, c'est surtout l'après Seconde Guerre mondiale, alors qu'apparaît la possibilité d'une mort globale de l'humanité, qui est ici privilégiée, aussi bien dans la philosophie que les arts textuels et visuels. Les progrès technologiques n'ont pas cessé depuis et se sont ouverts au vivant, avec l'apparition des biotechnologies : les automates ont ainsi cédé la place aux cyborgs, aux clones et aux intelligences artificielles.

Star Wars and the History of Transmedia Storytelling

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789462986213 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462986213 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-05 11:01:47
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The collection places Star Wars at the center of those studies’ projects by examining video games, novels and novelizations, comics, advertising practices, television shows, franchising models, aesthetic and economic decisions, fandom and cultural responses, and other aspects of Star Wars and its world-building in their multiple contexts of production, distribution, and reception. In emphasizing that Star Wars is both a media franchise and a transmedia storyworld, Star Wars and the History of Transmedia Storytelling demonstrates the ways in which transmedia storytelling and the industrial logic of media franchising have developed in concert over the past four decades, as multinational corporations have become the central means for subsidizing, profiting from, and selling modes of immersive storyworlds to global audiences. By taking this dual approach, the book focuses on the interconnected nature of corporate production, fan consumption, and transmedia world-building. As such, this collection grapples with the historical, cultural, aesthetic, and political-economic implications of the relationship between media franchising and transmedia storytelling as they are seen at work in the world’s most profitable transmedia franchise.

Photography in the Middle: Dispatches on Media Ecologies and Aesthetics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780998237510 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0154.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:35
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It’s easy to forget there’s a war on when the front line is everywhere encrypted in plain sight. Gathered in this book’s several chapters are dispatches on the role of photography in a War Universe, a space and time in which photographers such as Hilla Becher, Don McCullin and Eadweard Muybridge exist only insofar as they are a mark of possession, in the sway of larger forces. These photographers are conceptual personae that collectively fabulate a different kind of photography, a paraphotography in which the camera produces negative abyssal flashes or ‘endarkenment.’ In his Vietnam War memoir, Dispatches, Michael Herr imagines a ‘dropped camera’ receiving ‘jumping and falling’ images, images which capture the weird indivisibility of medium and mediated in a time of war. The movies and the war, the photographs and the torn bodies, fused and exchanged. Reporting from the chaos at the middle of things, Herr invokes a kind of writing attuned to this experience. Photography in the Middle, eschewing a high theoretical mode, seeks to exploit the bag of tricks that is the dispatch. The dispatch makes no grand statement about the progress of the war. Cultivating the most perverse implications of its sources, it tries to express what the daily briefing never can. Ports of entry in the script we’re given, odd and hasty little glyphs, unhelpful rips in the cover story, dispatches are futile, dark intuitions, an expeditious inefficacy. They are bleak but necessary responses to an indifferent world in which any action whatever has little noticeable effect.

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