Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Vegetable Grafting: Principles and Practices

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781780648972 ; 9781780648989; 9781780648996 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.1079/9781780648972.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 16:53:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Although the benefits of using grafted transplants are now fully recognized worldwide, the need to enlighten the scientific basis of rootstock-scion interactions under variable environmental pressures remains vital for extracting grafting-mediated crop improvement. This has prompted the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action FA1204 entitled 'Vegetable grafting to improve yield and fruit quality under biotic and abiotic stress conditions' aimed at systematizing research findings. The COST action allowed the development of a multidisciplinary network of partners targeting the root system and employing rootstock breeding to unravel the mechanisms behind rootstock-mediated crop improvement: the enhancement of productivity and fruit quality, and the sustainability of vegetable crops under multiple and combined stresses. The current book is the major output of the COST Action and contains nine chapters drawing on the 2012-16 activities of four Working Groups (WGs) dealing with 'Genetic resources and rootstock breeding' (WG1), 'Rootstock-scion interactions and graft compatibility' (WG2), 'Rootstock-mediated resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses' (WG3) and 'Rootstock-mediated improvement of fruit quality' (WG4). While recent advances of scientific knowledge constitute the core of this COST book, valuable practical information is also provided on rootstock-scion combinations, on applicable grafting methods, on the establishment of grafted transplants and on recommendations for the use of grafted plants as an effective tool for sustainable vegetable production. This book is compiled as a collection of scientific information and as a practical tool aimed at both the people involved in the commercial production and cultivation of grafted plants, as well as researchers interested in an understanding of the science and technology behind a grafted plant.

Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219742 9783039219759 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-975-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The importance of viticulture and the winemaking socio-economic sector is acknowledged worldwide. The most renowned winemaking regions show very specific environmental characteristics, where climate usually plays a central role. Considering the strong influence of weather and climatic factors on grapevine yields and berry quality attributes, climate change may indeed significantly impact this crop. Recent trends already point to a pronounced increase in growing season mean temperatures, as well as changes in precipitation regimes, which have been influencing wine typicity across some of the most renowned winemaking regions worldwide. Moreover, several climate scenarios give evidence of enhanced stress conditions for grapevine growth until the end of the century. Although grapevines have high resilience, the clear evidence for significant climate change in the upcoming decades urges adaptation and mitigation measures to be taken by sector stakeholders. To provide hints on the abovementioned issues, we have edited a Special Issue entitled “Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change”. Contributions from different fields were considered, including crop and climate modeling, and potential adaptation measures against these threats. The current Special Issue allows for the expansion of scientific knowledge in these particular fields of research, as well as providing a path for future research.

Keywords

viticulture --- crop model --- phenology --- physiological processes --- climate --- micrometeorology --- microclimate --- climate change --- water limitation --- dry mass partitioning --- assimilation --- intercellular CO2 --- stomatal conductance --- leaf water potential --- Vitis vinifera L. --- production system --- S-ABA --- rate of anthocyanin accumulation --- CIRG --- bioactive compounds --- Botrytis cinerea --- low-input --- mechanical thinning --- viticultural training system --- yield formation --- leaf area --- table grapes --- photosynthesis --- berry composition --- phenolics --- natural hail --- grapevine --- phenology --- phenology modelling platform --- Touriga Franca --- Touriga Nacional --- climate change --- RCP4.5 --- EURO-CORDEX --- Douro wine region --- Portugal --- global warming --- technological and phenolic ripeness --- grape --- wine --- sensory analysis --- climate change --- elevated CO2 --- grapevine pest --- mealybug --- parasitoid --- FACE --- predawn water potential --- PRI --- remote sensing --- vineyards --- water status --- WI --- climate change --- Vitis vinifera L. --- general circulation model --- EURO-CORDEX --- phenological model --- grapevine --- Virtual Riesling --- climate change --- temperature --- plant architecture --- crop management --- modelling --- climate change --- viticulture --- adaptation --- temperature --- drought --- plant material --- rootstock --- training system --- phenology --- modeling --- Vitis vinifera --- autochthonous cultivar --- ’Uva Rey’ --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- vigour maps --- spatial variability --- normalized difference vegetation index --- crop water stress index --- crop surface model --- precision viticulture --- climate change --- multi-temporal analysis --- Vitis vinifera (L.) --- SO2 pads --- B. cinerea mold --- grape quality --- light micro-climates --- mitigation strategies --- kaolin --- irrigation --- Vitis vinifera L. --- grape berry tissues --- pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometry --- photosynthesis --- photosynthetic pigments --- viticulture --- winemaking --- climatic influence --- climate change --- adaptation measures

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

CABI (1)

MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (1)


License

CC by-nc-nd (2)


Language

english (2)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2017 (1)