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Collapse of the Opposition Inter-Party Coalition in Uganda

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ISBN: 9782940503292 9782940503308 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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“It’s not so much what you agree upon, what you write on paper, but something intangible that in the end determines the success of political cooperation,” stated the leader of the Uganda People’s Congress Dr. Olara Otunnu. Hoping to put an end to the dominant-party system of Uganda – where President Yoweri Museveni and his National Resistance Movement had ruled since 1986 – in 2008, four parties of the opposition gathered under the banner of the Inter-Party Cooperation (IPC). Their intention ...

Mega Quakes: Cascading Earthquake Hazards and Compounding Risks

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454549 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-454-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Large-scale earthquake hazards pose major threats to modern society, generating casualties, disrupting socioeconomic activities, and causing enormous economic loss across the world. Events, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, highlighted the vulnerability of urban cities to catastrophic earthquakes. Accurate assessment of earthquake-related hazards (both primary and secondary) is essential to mitigate and control disaster risk exposure effectively. To date, various approaches and tools have been developed in different disciplines. However, they are fragmented over a number of research disciplines and underlying assumptions are often inconsistent. Our society and infrastructure are subjected to multiple types of cascading earthquake hazards; therefore, integrated hazard assessment and risk management strategy is needed for mitigating potential consequences due to multi-hazards. Moreover, uncertainty modeling and its impact on hazard prediction and anticipated consequences are essential parts of probabilistic earthquake hazard and risk assessment. The Research Topic is focused upon modeling and impact assessment of cascading earthquake hazards, including mainshock ground shaking, aftershock, tsunami, liquefaction, and landslide.

Global health - a challenge for interdisciplinary research

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ISBN: 9783863950477 Year: Pages: 407 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-387 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:11
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Human, animal and plant health is a field of work which offers opportunities for inter- and trans-disciplinary research. The whole topic bridges the natural and social sciences. Today, in a world of global environmental change it is widely recognized that human societies and their wellbeing depend on a sustainable equilibrium of ecosystem services and the possibility of cultural adaptation to global environmental change. The need to identify and quantify health risks related to global environmental change is now one of the most important challenges of humankind. Describing spatial (geographic, intra/inter-population) and temporal differences in health risks is an urgent task to understand societies’ vulnerabilities and priorities for interventions better. The Göttingen International Health Network (GIHN) is a research and teaching network in relation to this cross-cutting topic. The book provides a collection of articles which contribute to this issue of overriding importance and presents an overview of the GIHN launch event.

The Political Economy of Sovereign Default

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ISBN: 9782940503070 9782940503087 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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What do self-interested governments’ needs to maintain loyal groups of supporters imply for sovereign incentives to repay debt? Many sovereign defaults have occurred at relatively low levels of debt, while some highly indebted nations continue to honour their obligations. This poses a problem for traditional models of sovereign debt, which rely on the threat of economic sanctions to explain why and when a representative agent seeking to maximise social welfare would choose debt-repayment. The...

Riskienhallinnan ajankohtaisia teemoja

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ISBN: 9789520307011 Year: Pages: 248 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-10 11:02:32
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This book presents a variety of different themes related to risks and risk management. The book consists of research papers aimed at supplementing and updating the topics discussed previously in risk management literature. The articles cover the key concepts and essence of risk and risk management, basic issues of security construction, risk awareness in corporate decision-making, reputation risk and its impact on business operations, social risks, their significance and the dimensions of social risk management. The last article presents the freely available RiskDemo software, which allows the reader to test and illustrate a wide range of risk features. The book aims to respond to the recent changes in the risk management environment as well as to stimulate academic debate on the subject.

Sustainable Living with Environmental Risks

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ISBN: 9784431548034 9784431548041 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54804-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Business and Management --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-15 16:02:11
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We are not free from environmental risks that accompany the development of human societies. Modern economic development has accelerated environmental pollution, caused loss of natural habitats, and modified landscapes. These environmental changes have impacted natural systems: water and heat circulation, nutrient cycling, and biodiversity. These changes in natural systems degrade ecosystem services and subsequently increase environmental risks for humans. Environmental risks, therefore, are not only human health risks by pollution, climatic anomalies and natural disasters, but also degradation of ecosystem services on which most people are relying for their lives. We cannot entirely eliminate the risks, because it is not possible to attain zero impact on the environment, but we need to find a mechanism that minimizes environmental risks for human sustainably. This is the idea of the interdisciplinary framework of “environmental risk management” theory, which advocates harmony between economic development and environmental conservation. Based on this theory, the Sustainable Living with Environmental Risk (SLER) programme, adopted by the Japanese Ministry of Education (MEXT) as one of its strategic programmes, has been training graduate students at the Yokohama National University, Japan, from 2009 to 2013 to become future environmental leaders who will take the initiative in reducing the level of environmental risks and in protecting natural resources in the developing nations of Asia and Africa. This book provides students and teachers of this new academic field with a comprehensive coverage of case studies of environmental risks and their practical management technologies not only in Japan but also in developing nations in Asia and Africa.

Ageing Population Risks

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ISBN: 9783038428244 9783038428237 Year: Pages: VI, 224 Language: englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-09 14:53:44
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An ageing population is a major challenge for every country in the world arising from the declining fertility rate and increasing life expectancy. A longevity risk (the adverse outcome of people living longer than expected) exacerbated by declining equity returns coupled with the record low interest rate environments has significant implications for societies and manifests as a systematic risk for providers of retirement income products. The aim of this special issue is to highlight advances inquantitative modelling of risks related to ageing population problems. It is aimed at practitioners and regulators in insurance, banking and pension industries; academic researchers; and advanced graduate students in the area.

Data Privacy for the Smart Grid

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ISBN: 9781466573383 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.1201/b18005 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:02:36
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Privacy for the Smart Grid provides easy-to-understand guidance on data privacy issues and the implications for creating privacy risk management programs, along with privacy policies and practices required to ensure Smart Grid privacy. It addresses privacy in electric, natural gas, and water grids from two different perspectives of the topic, one from a Smart Grid expert and another from a privacy and information security expert. While considering privacy in the Smart Grid, the book also examines the data created by Smart Grid technologies and machine-to-machine applications.

Atlas du Liban : Les nouveaux défis

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ISBN: 9782351595442 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.10709 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Après une quinzaine d’années de reconstruction dans un climat de paix relative, de 1990 à 2004, le Liban a connu depuis 2005 une succession d’épisodes politiques violents mêlant de manière complexe enjeux internes et tensions régionales. Le déclenchement de la crise syrienne et ses retombées politiques, économiques et démographiques sur le Liban accentue cet état de fait. Cet ouvrage met en lumière ces nouveaux défis et complète en intégrant des volets différents l’analyse des transformations libanaises déjà entreprises dans l’Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société publié en 2007 par la même équipe. Outre la crise internationale et les mouvements de population, il prend en compte les dimensions socio-économiques à l’intérieur du Liban, les problématiques environnementales liées à l’urbanisation incontrôlée et aux risques, ainsi que la gestion territoriale et les conflits locaux qu’elle suscite. Cet atlas est le fruit d’une collaboration entre des chercheurs et universitaires français et libanais. Il utilise une approche géographique, plaçant au premier plan de l’analyse la spatialisation des faits sociaux et naturels. Les sources publiques sont limitées, notamment du point de vue de la finesse géographique, parfois peu fiables et difficiles d’accès. C’est particulièrement vrai pour les données sur la population libanaise, moins bien connue que la population réfugiée. Les données internationales permettent de situer le Liban par rapport à ses voisins. Des données thématiques, issues des ministères, offrent néanmoins une vision détaillée pour certains domaines. L’analyse d’images aériennes et de satellites fournit des données essentielles sur l’urbanisation et l’environnement. Des enquêtes de terrain localisées et thématiques complètent la panoplie des informations utilisées. L’ouvrage comprend six chapitres. Le premier porte sur la géopolitique régionale, les violences politiques internes et leurs effets locaux, à savoir l’installation des réfugiés syriens et la réémergence au grand jour des milices et groupes armés en conflit entre eux et avec l’armée libanaise. Le Liban apparaît de nouveau comme un territoire fragmenté entre de multiples allégeances. Le deuxième chapitre montre la fragilité du modèle économique libanais. Sa dépendance aux investissements extérieurs et aux remises de la diaspora, les blocages de l’industrie et de l’agriculture aggravent les déséquilibres sociaux. Le troisième chapitre est un bilan de l’urbanisation du pays, qui s’est accrue en superficie de 80% en vingt ans, au détriment des espaces naturels et de l’agriculture. Le littoral, objet d’intenses convoitises, est largement artificialisé et dégradé. De multiples signes de mutations et de dégradation de l’environnement sont observables sur le territoire libanais et sont l’objet du quatrième chapitre. Certains semblent annonciateurs du changement climatique global et de ses effets locaux. En outre, il existe un lien direct entre l’urbanisation massive et de nombreux risques mesurés et cartographiés de plus en plus clairement. Le chapitre cinq se concentre sur les dysfonctionnements de quelques services publics en lien avec l’exploitation des ressources naturelles : l’approvisionnement en eau, en énergie, tous deux marqués par la pénurie, et la gestion des déchets solides, qui traverse une crise profonde. Le sixième chapitre étudie les mutations dans la gestion du territoire libanais, marqué par le retrait voire la marginalisation de l’État et l’affirmation d’autres acteurs agissant sur le territoire, notamment les municipalités, les pouvoirs locaux mais aussi des associations de la société civile.

Atlas of Lebanon : New Challenges

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ISBN: 9782351595497 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.13178 Language: English
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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After fifteen years of reconstruction in a relatively peaceful environment spanning the years 1990 to 2004, Lebanon has experienced successive violent political events resulting from complex entangled internal and external struggles. The Syrian crisis and its political, economic and demographic consequences on Lebanon have increased these tensions. This atlas sheds light on these new challenges and adds new data that complete the analyses already published in the Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société (Atlas of Lebanon. Territories and Society) released in 2007 by the same research team. Some of its components are included in this edition. Beyond the international regional crisis and the population movements, it takes into account Lebanon’s socio-economic dimensions, the environmental issues linked to uncontrolled urbanization and to natural risks, as well as conflicts due to local territorial management. This atlas is the result of a collaborative endeavor between French and Lebanese researchers. It uses a geographical approach that puts in the foreground a spatial analysis of social and natural phenomena. Public sources are scarce in Lebanon, especially at the local scale. They are sometimes less reliable and difficult to access. It is particularly the case for the Lebanese census data, conversely data are abundantly available on the refugees population, which is less known than the population of refugees. International data help compare Lebanon to its neighbors. Thematic data produced by some ministries are helpful to provide a detailed view regarding specific domains. Analyses processed on aerial and satellite images have produced essential data on urbanization and environment. Local thematic fieldwork surveys have provided additional data. The book consists of seven chapters. The first one deals with the territorial state-building seen in the light of regional geopolitics, and emphasizes internal violence and the reemergence of militias and armed groups that fight each other and the state army. Lebanon is once again perceived as a territory divided between multiple allegiances. The second chapter is devoted to the analysis of population dynamics, despite the lack of reliable data whose sources are subject to discussion. It includes analyses of internal population flows, the Lebanese diaspora, and the assessment of Syrian refugees’ influx. The third chapter shows the fragility of the Lebanese economic model. Its dependency on foreign investments and on the remittances of the diaspora, as well as the deadlocks of industry and agriculture, which aggravate social imbalances. The fourth chapter is an assessment of urbanization in the country, which has increased by 80% in surface in twenty years at the expense of natural spaces and agriculture. The shore is highly coveted and widely artificialized and damaged. Multiple signs of environmental degradation are examined in chapter five. They seem to announce the global climate change and its local effects. In addition to that, there is a direct link between massive urbanization and many risks, measured and mapped in an increasingly detailed way. Chapter six tackles the dysfunctional public services that exploit natural resources: water and energy supply, both marked by massive shortages, and the management of solid waste hit by a serious crisis. The seventh and last chapter studies the mutations of the local territorial management, which is marked by the retreat of the state, if not its marginalization, and the rise of other actors, notably municipalities, local powers and also civil society organizations.After fifteen years of reconstruction in a relatively peaceful environment spanning the years 1990 to 2004, Lebanon has experienced successive violent political events resulting from complex entangled internal and external struggles. The Syrian crisis and its political, economic and demographic consequences on Lebanon have increased these tensions. This atlas sheds light on these new challenges and adds new data that complete the analyses already published in the Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société (Atlas of Lebanon. Territories and Society) released in 2007 by the same research team. Some of its components are included in this edition. Beyond the international regional crisis and the population movements, it takes into account Lebanon’s socio-economic dimensions, the environmental issues linked to uncontrolled urbanization and to natural risks, as well as conflicts due to local territorial management. This atlas is the result of a collaborative endeavor between French and Lebanese researchers. It uses a geographical approach that puts in the foreground a spatial analysis of social and natural phenomena. Public sources are scarce in Lebanon, especially at the local scale. They are sometimes less reliable and difficult to access. It is particularly the case for the Lebanese census data, conversely data are abundantly available on the refugees population, which is less known than the population of refugees. International data help compare Lebanon to its neighbors. Thematic data produced by some ministries are helpful to provide a detailed view regarding specific domains. Analyses processed on aerial and satellite images have produced essential data on urbanization and environment. Local thematic fieldwork surveys have provided additional data. The book consists of seven chapters. The first one deals with the territorial state-building seen in the light of regional geopolitics, and emphasizes internal violence and the reemergence of militias and armed groups that fight each other and the state army. Lebanon is once again perceived as a territory divided between multiple allegiances. The second chapter is devoted to the analysis of population dynamics, despite the lack of reliable data whose sources are subject to discussion. It includes analyses of internal population flows, the Lebanese diaspora, and the assessment of Syrian refugees’ influx. The third chapter shows the fragility of the Lebanese economic model. Its dependency on foreign investments and on the remittances of the diaspora, as well as the deadlocks of industry and agriculture, which aggravate social imbalances. The fourth chapter is an assessment of urbanization in the country, which has increased by 80% in surface in twenty years at the expense of natural spaces and agriculture. The shore is highly coveted and widely artificialized and damaged. Multiple signs of environmental degradation are examined in chapter five. They seem to announce the global climate change and its local effects. In addition to that, there is a direct link between massive urbanization and many risks, measured and mapped in an increasingly detailed way. Chapter six tackles the dysfunctional public services that exploit natural resources: water and energy supply, both marked by massive shortages, and the management of solid waste hit by a serious crisis. The seventh and last chapter studies the mutations of the local territorial management, which is marked by the retreat of the state, if not its marginalization, and the rise of other actors, notably municipalities, local powers and also civil society organizations.

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