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The aim of this twovolume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory:Genesis, Solutions and EnergyEmpirical FoundationsGravitational WavesCosmologyQuantum GravityThe first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a twovolume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.
General Relativity  Gravitation  Gravitational Waves  Cosmology  Quantum Gravity
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The aim of this twovolume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory:Genesis, Solutions and EnergyEmpirical FoundationsGravitational WavesCosmologyQuantum GravityThe first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a twovolume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.
General Relativity  Gravitation  Gravitational Waves  Cosmology  Quantum Gravity
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The four volumes of the proceedings of MG14 give a broad view of all aspects of gravitational physics and astrophysics, from mathematical issues to recent observations and experiments. The scientific program of the meeting included 35 morning plenary talks over 6 days, 6 evening popular talks and 100 parallel sessions on 84 topics over 4 afternoons.Volume A contains plenary and review talks ranging from the mathematical foundations of classical and quantum gravitational theories including recent developments in string theory, to precision tests of general relativity including progress towards the detection of gravitational waves, and from supernova cosmology to relativistic astrophysics, including topics such as gamma ray bursts, black hole physics both in our galaxy and in active galactic nuclei in other galaxies, and neutron star, pulsar and white dwarf astrophysics.The remaining volumes include parallel sessions which touch on dark matter, neutrinos, Xray sources, astrophysical black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs, binary systems, radiative transfer, accretion disks, quasars, gamma ray bursts, supernovas, alternative gravitational theories, perturbations of collapsed objects, analog models, black hole thermodynamics, numerical relativity, gravitational lensing, large scale structure, observational cosmology, early universe models and cosmic microwave background anisotropies, inhomogeneous cosmology, inflation, global structure, singularities, chaos, EinsteinMaxwell systems, wormholes, exact solutions of Einstein's equations, gravitational waves, gravitational wave detectors and data analysis, precision gravitational measurements, quantum gravity and loop quantum gravity, quantum cosmology, strings and branes, selfgravitating systems, gamma ray astronomy, cosmic rays and the history of general relativity.
General Relativity  Gravitation  Astrophysics  Quantum Gravity  Cosmology  Theoretical Physics  String Theory  Gravitational Wave  Gamma Ray Burst  Black Hole  Active Galactic Nuclei  Neutron Star  Pulsar  White Dwarf  Dark Matter  Neutrinos  Xray Sources  Binary Systems  Radiative Transfer  Accretion Disks  Supernova  Black Hole Thermodynamics  Numerical Relativity  Gravitational Lensing  Large Scale Structure  Observational Cosmology  Early Universe Models  Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropies  Inhomogeneous Cosmology  Inflation  EinsteinMaxwell Systems  Wormholes  Exact Solutions of Einstein's Equations  Gravitational Wave Detectors and Data Analysis  Precision Gravitational Measurements  Loop Quantum Gravity  Quantum Cosmology  Cosmic Rays
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Quantum information has dramatically changed information science and technology, looking at the quantum nature of the information carrier as a resource for building new information protocols, designing radically new communication and computation algorithms, and ultrasensitive measurements in metrology, with a wealth of applications. From a fundamental perspective, this new discipline has led us to regard quantum theory itself as a special theory of information, and has opened routes for exploring solutions to the tension with general relativity, based, for example, on the holographic principle, on noncausal variations of the theory, or else on the powerful algorithm of the quantum cellular automaton, which has revealed new routes for exploring quantum fields theory, both as a new microscopic mechanism on the fundamental side, and as a tool for efficient physical quantum simulations for practical purposes. In this golden age of foundations, an astonishing number of new ideas, frameworks, and results, spawned by the quantum information theory experience, have revolutionized the way we think about the subject, with a new research community emerging worldwide, including scientists from computer science and mathematics.
reconstruction of quantum theory  entanglement  monogamy  quantum nonlocality  conserved informational charges  limited information  complementarity  characterization of unitary group and state spaces  algebraic quantum theory  C*algebra  gelfand duality  classical context  bohrification  process theory  classical limit  purity  higherorder interference  generalised probabilistic theories  Euclidean Jordan algebras  Pauli exclusion principle  quantum foundations  Xray spectroscopy  underground experiment  silicon drift detector  measurement uncertainty relations  relative entropy  position  momentum  quantum mechanics  the measurement problem  collapse models  Xrays  quantum gravity  discrete spacetime  causal sets  path summation  entropic gravity  physical computing models  complexity classes  causality  blind source separation (BSS)  qubit pair  exchange coupling  entangled pure state  unentanglement criterion  probabilities in quantum measurements  independence of random quantum sources  iterant  Clifford algebra  matrix algebra  braid group  Fermion  Dirac equation  quantum information  quantum computation  semiclassical physics  quantum control  quantum genetic algorithm  samplingbased learning control (SLC)  quantum foundations  relativity  quantum gravity  cluster states  multipartite entanglement  percolation  Shannon information  quantum information  quantum measurements  consistent histories  incompatible frameworks  single framework rule  probability theory  entropy  quantum relative entropy  quantum information  quantum mechanics  inference  quantum measurement  quantum estimation  macroscopic quantum measurement  quantum annealing  adiabatic quantum computing  hard problems  Hadamard matrix  binary optimization  reconstruction of quantum mechanics  conjugate systems  Jordan algebras  quantum correlations  Gaussian states  Gaussian unitary operations  continuousvariable systems  Wignerfriend experiment  nogo theorem  quantum foundations  interpretations of quantum mechanics  subsystem  agent  conservation of information  purification  group representations  commuting subalgebras  quantum walks  Hubbard model  Thirring model  quantum information  quantum foundations  quantum theory and gravity
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Various cosmological observations support not only cosmological inflation in the early universe, which is also known as exponential cosmic expansion, but also that the expansion of the latetime universe is accelerating. To explain this phenomenon, the existence of dark energy is proposed. In addition, according to the rotation curve of galaxies, the existence of dark matter, which does not shine, is also suggested. If primordial gravitational waves are detected in the future, the mechanism for realizing inflation can be revealed. Moreover, there exist two main candidates for dark matter. The first is a new particle, the existence of which is predicted in particle physics. The second is an astrophysical object which is not found by electromagnetic waves. Furthermore, there are two representative approaches to account for the accelerated expansion of the current universe. One is to assume the unknown dark energy in general relativity. The other is to extend the gravity theory to large scales. Investigation of the origins of inflation, dark matter, and dark energy is one of the most fundamental problems in modern physics and cosmology. The purpose of this book is to explore the physics and cosmology of inflation, dark matter, and dark energy.
bransdicke theory  dark energy model  cosmological parameters  Dark Energy  statistical analysis  Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO)  Supernovae  cosmological model  Hubble constant  Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature  n/a  Dark Energy  Dark Matter  memory  dark matter  galactic rotation curve  cosmoligical parameters  dark energy models  loop quantum cosmology  dark energy  spacetime symmetry  de Sitter vacuum  quantum optical systems  astronomical and spaceresearch instrumentation  instruments, apparatus, and components common to several branches of physics and astronomy  normal galaxies, extragalactic objects and systems  field theory  comparative planetology  properties of specific particles  quantum optics  fundamental astronomy  EinsteinAether theory of gravity  dosmological parameters  dark energy models  cosmology  particle physics  cosmo–particle physics  QCD  hypercolor  dark atoms  composite dark matter  scalar–tensor gravity  junction conditions  null hypersurfaces  higher dimension gauged supergravity black hole  quantum gravity  quantum tunneling phenomenon  Hawking radiation  dynamical Chern–Simons modified gravity  parametrizations  cosmological parameters
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Emergent quantum mechanics explores the possibility of an ontology for quantum mechanics. The resurgence of interest in ""deeperlevel"" theories for quantum phenomena challenges the standard, textbook interpretation. The book presents expert views that critically evaluate the significance—for 21st century physics—of ontological quantum mechanics, an approach that David Bohm helped pioneer. The possibility of a deterministic quantum theory was first introduced with the original de BroglieBohm theory, which has also been developed as Bohmian mechanics. The wide range of perspectives that were contributed to this book on the occasion of David Bohm’s centennial celebration provide ample evidence for the physical consistency of ontological quantum mechanics. The book addresses deeperlevel questions such as the following: Is reality intrinsically random or fundamentally interconnected? Is the universe local or nonlocal? Might a radically new conception of reality include a form of quantum causality or quantum ontology? What is the role of the experimenter agent? As the book demonstrates, the advancement of ‘quantum ontology’—as a scientific concept—marks a clear break with classical reality. The search for quantum reality entails unconventional causal structures and nonclassical ontology, which can be fully consistent with the known record of quantum observations in the laboratory.
quantum foundations  nonlocality  retrocausality  Bell’s theorem  Bohmian mechanics  quantum theory  surrealistic trajectories  Bell inequality  quantum mechanics  generalized Lagrangian paths  covariant quantum gravity  emergent spacetime  Gaussianlike solutions  entropy and time evolution  resonances in quantum systems  the Friedrichs model  complex entropy.  Bell’s theorem  the causal arrow of time  retrocausality  superdeterminism  toymodels  quantum ontology  subquantum dynamics  microconstituents  emergent spacetime  emergent quantum gravity  entropic gravity  black hole thermodynamics  SternGerlach  trajectories  spin  Bell theorem  fractal geometry  padic metric  singular limit  gravity  conspiracy  free will  number theory  quantum potential  Feynman paths  weak values  Bohm theory  nohiddenvariables theorems  observables  measurement problem  Bohmian mechanics  primitive ontology  Retrocausation  weak values  Stochastic Electrodynamics  quantum mechanics  decoherence  interpretations  pilotwave theory  Bohmian mechanics  Born rule statistics  measurement problem  quantum thermodynamics  strong coupling  operator thermodynamic functions  quantum theory  de Broglie–Bohm theory  contextuality  atomsurface scattering  bohmian mechanics  matterwave optics  diffraction  vortical dynamics  Schrödinger equation  de Broglie–Bohm theory  nonequilibrium thermodynamics  zeropoint field  de Broglie–Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics  pilot wave  interiorboundary condition  ultraviolet divergence  quantum field theory  Aharonov–Bohm effect  physical ontology  nomology  interpretation  gauge freedom  Canonical Presentation  relational space  relational interpretation of quantum mechanics  measurement problem  nonlocality  discrete calculus  iterant  commutator  diffusion constant  LeviCivita connection  curvature tensor  constraints  Kilmister equation  Bianchi identity  stochastic differential equations  Monte Carlo simulations  Burgers equation  Langevin equation  fractional velocity  interpretations of quantum mechanics  David Bohm  mind–body problem  quantum holism  fundamental irreversibility  spacetime fluctuations  spontaneous state reduction  Poincaré recurrence  symplectic camel  quantum mechanics  Hamiltonian  molecule interference  matterwaves  metrology  magnetic deflectometry  photochemistry  past of the photon  Mach–Zehnder interferometer  Dove prism  photon trajectory  weak measurement  transition probability amplitude  atomic metastable states  Bell’s theorem  Bohmian mechanics  nonlocality  many interacting worlds  wavefunction nodes  bouncing oil droplets  stochastic quantum dynamics  de Broglie–Bohm theory  quantum nonequilibrium  Htheorem  ergodicity  ontological quantum mechanics  objective nonsignaling constraint  quantum inaccessibility  epistemic agent  emergent quantum state  selfreferential dynamics  dynamical chaos  computational irreducibility  undecidable dynamics  Turing incomputability  quantum ontology  nonlocality  timesymmetry  retrocausality  quantum causality  conscious agent  emergent quantum mechanics  Bohmian mechanics  de BroglieBohm theory
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