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Diskursverweigerung und Gewalt

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ISBN: 9783706550598 Year: Pages: 322 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437193 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4302
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:29
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Abstract

This book is about political conflict in the First Austrian Republic, in a region which can be aptly described as having been a focal point of social and political antagonism in the times under consideration. Its main subject, the somewhat nebulous phenomenon of political radicalism, was studied from a closer viewpoint and pinpointed in a representative selection of events. It was not only incidents of greater national significance, such as the outcome of the Schattendorf trial, the so-called Pfrimer Putsch or the deconstruction of democracy, that had contributed to the already tense atmosphere on the local front. Day to day scuffles, paramilitary parades, inflammatory speeches and street rallies triggered off a spiral of violence. This book focuses on the question of how and to what extent political parties and movements were able to influence the life and thought of so many people and made some of them become irreconcilable enemies. A glance behind the scenes of those inglorious times shall hopefully enable a far better understanding of what impact political interaction had on the region in question. After an introduction into the methodology and theory, followed by a brief summary of the political and economic situation in Austria after the First World War, the book continues with a description and history of the Upper Styrian industrial region. The major part of this study, however, deals with the origins and development of the most important regional political parties and movements and how political radicalism manifested itself in daily affairs. In this section, political leaders and other people who played a role in confrontation come to the fore and election results are presented and analysed, showing a substantial drift to the right by 1932. The growth of political radicalism during the First Republic can be seen in four phases, starting prior to 1927 and coming to a head in the 1931 Pfrimer Putsch and the uprisings of1934. According to Botz, acts of political violence were committed by individuals or groups in organised or random gatherings, demonstrations and skirmishes in guest houses and in the street. This atmosphere of unrest was aggravated further by acts of sabotage and terror carried out mainly by followers of the upcoming Nazi party. The struggle for ultimate national power can be seen as a battle between left and right ideologies against a background of national defeat, economic recession and increasing pressure exerted by certain other European states, all of which had specific interest in Austria. Finally, the issues and problems presented in this book are discussed and analysed in a conclusion. The dimensions of political radicalism are clearly defined and put into a regional context. As a consequence, the political interaction of conflicting parties, which can be traced on all social and political levels, becomes tangible. However, due to the lack of comparative regional studies, the question as to whether or not political radicalism was inherent to this particular region cannot be satisfactorily answered.

Mai 1958 : Le retour du général de Gaulle

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ISBN: 9782753567047 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.109020 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La date du 13 mai 1958 marque un carrefour de l’histoire française. Une république meurt en un drame indolore, une nouvelle est en gestation avec le retour du général de Gaulle. Entre les deux, l’inexorable crise du fait colonial semble suspendue. Les questions s’enchaînent : l’impasse de la Quatrième République n’a-t- elle été scellée que par une conjonction de facteurs exceptionnelle ? La Cinquième, notre régime républicain d’aujourd’hui, est-elle entachée d’une origine illégitime ? Le bénéficiaire des évènements s’illusionnait-il sur la réalité algérienne ? Et quelle était-elle à ce moment ? De Gaulle fut-il placé en connaissance de cause devant un nœud d’ambigüités ? Les historiens et les témoins répondent par l’étude d’acteurs individuels ou collectifs et de situations dont les ressorts divergent malgré une dynamique provisoirement orientée. Et l’on s’accorde aujourd’hui pour reconnaître que le retour du général de Gaulle n’était pas inscrit par avance dans l’émeute du 13 mai 1958. Au total, l’ouvrage fait le point de nos connaissances sur le sujet, explore de nouvelles sources, suggère des pistes de recherche et remet en cause quelques mythes. Si l’histoire est toujours en quête d’approfondissements, les éclairages apportés ici devraient, sans prétendre à une impossible exhaustivité, arracher l’historiographie du 13 mai 1958 à l’emprise de toute littérature polémique.

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