Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Advances in Electrochemical Energy Materials

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039286423 / 9783039286430 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-643-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Electrochemical energy storage is becoming essential for portable electronics, electrified transportation, integration of intermittent renewable energy into grids, and many other energy and power applications. The electrode materials and their structures, in addition to the electrolytes, play key roles in supporting a multitude of coupled physicochemical processes that include electronic, ionic, and diffusive transport in electrode and electrolyte phases, electrochemical reactions and material phase changes, as well as mechanical and thermal stresses, thus determining the storage energy density and power density, conversion efficiency, performance lifetime, and system cost and safety. Different material chemistries and multiscale porous structures are being investigated for high performance and low cost. The aim of this Special Issue is to report the recent advances in materials used in electrochemical energy storage that encompass supercapacitors and rechargeable batteries.

Surface Modification to Improve Properties of Materials

Author:
ISBN: 9783038977964 9783038977971 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-797-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book contains selected contributions on surface modification to improve the properties of solid materials. The surface properties are tailored either by functionalization, etching, or deposition of a thin coating. Functionalization is achieved by a brief treatment with non-equilibrium gaseous plasma containing suitable radicals that interact chemically with the material surface and thus enable the formation of rather stable functional groups. Etching is performed in order to modify the surface morphology. The etching parameters are selected in such a way that a rich morphology of the surfaces is achieved spontaneously on the sub-micrometer scale, without using masks. The combination of adequate surface morphology and functionalization of materials leads to superior surface properties which are particularly beneficial for the desired response upon incubation with biological matter. Alternatively, the materials are coated with a suitable thin film that is useful in various applications from food to aerospace industries.

Keywords

sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) plasma --- tetrafluoromethane (CF4) plasma --- polymer polyethylene terephthalate (PET) --- surface modification --- functionalization and wettability --- optical emission spectroscopy (OES) --- electronegativity --- PVD nanocomposite coatings --- aluminum die casting --- tool life --- tribological performance --- plasma surface modification --- polymer polypropylene --- neutral oxygen atom density --- initial surface functionalization --- food packaging --- wettability --- tantalum --- hardness --- gradient nanostructured layer --- grain size --- residual stress --- dry wear behavior --- surface texture --- surface treatment --- Ti6Al4V alloy --- tribology --- biology --- materials characterization --- shot-peening --- image processing --- TIG welding --- aluminum 6061-T6 --- special surfaces --- wettability --- superhydrophobic --- cell cultures --- anti-bio adhesion --- self-cleaning fabrics --- polyethylene granules --- low-pressure MW air plasma --- optical emission spectroscopy --- XPS --- laser cobalt catalytic probe --- Alloy 718 --- surface hardness --- surface residual stress --- grain size --- fretting failure --- corrosion --- antimicrobial film --- nisin --- physical properties --- plasma treatment polyvinyl alcohol --- surface characterization --- microhole-textured tool --- CaF2 --- micro-EDM --- tribological properties --- egg shell --- stearic acid --- modification --- particle characterization --- epoxy composites --- dynamic mechanical analysis --- adhesion effectiveness --- Poly(tetrafluoroethylene) --- Teflon --- plasma treatment --- zeta potential --- surface energy --- contact angle measurement --- lectin --- bovine serum albumin --- adsorption --- cellulose thin film --- polystyrene --- gold --- surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy --- silver nanoparticles --- laser ablation in liquids --- laser synthesis of colloidal nanoparticles solution --- nanoparticle-impregnated paper --- antimicrobial activity --- fiber fines --- sheet forming --- vacuum filtration --- pulse power --- electrical stimulation --- electric field --- mushroom --- L. edodes --- Lyophyllum deeastes Sing --- surface modification --- porous silicon --- silicon surface --- carbonization --- oxidation --- aluminum --- alloy --- duralumin --- etching --- surface texture --- porous-like --- adhesive bonding --- superhydrophobic --- porous silicon --- visible light assisted organosilanization --- solid state NMR --- XPS --- ToF-SIMS --- atmospheric pressure plasma jets --- plasma polymerization --- superhydrophobicity --- wetting --- biomaterial --- polymer --- plasma --- functionalization --- surface properties --- thrombosis --- hemocompatibility --- endothealization --- vascular graft --- biocompatibility --- endothelial cells --- surface properties --- nanostructuring --- functionalization --- grafting

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


License

CC by-nc-nd (2)


Language

eng (1)

english (1)


Year
From To Submit

2020 (1)

2019 (1)