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Public Participation, Science and Society

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ISBN: 9781138574953 9780367891022 Year: Pages: 152 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-13 11:21:04
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The field of public participation is developing fast, with phenomena such as citizen science and crowdsourcing extending the resource base of research, stimulating innovation and making science more accessible to the general population. Promoting public participation means giving more weight to citizens and civil society actors in the definition of research needs and in the implementation of research and innovation. As yet, there is limited understanding of the implications of widespread use of public participation and as a result, there is a risk that it will become a burden for research and an obstacle to bridging the gap between research and society. This volume presents the findings of a three-year international study on innovative public participation. The resulting work studies the characteristics and trends of innovative public participation through a global sample of 38 case studies. It provides theoretical generalisations on the dynamics of public participation, suggestions for an evaluation framework and clear empirical examples of how public participation works in practice. Illustrated by best practice cases, the authors identify characteristics which contribute to successful public participation. The book is aimed primarily at scholars and practitioners of public participation, as well as research managers, policy makers and business actors interested in related issues. There is also a secondary market for students and scholars of European governance studies, sociology and political sciences.

Linee Guida per il monitoraggio dei coleotteri saproxilici protetti in Europa

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ISBN: 9789546428875 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/ab.e21672 Language: Italian
Publisher: Pensoft Publishers Grant: Progetto LIFE11 NAT/IT/000252 MIPP, coordinato dal Centro Nazionale Biodiversità Forestale
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-21 17:31:12
License: CC-BY-4.0

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Il convegno inaugurale dell’Unione Internazionale per la Protezione della Natura (IUPN, successivamente denominata IUCN), si è tenuto nel 1948, iniziando a creare strumenti per controllare lo stato degli animali e delle piante a livello globale. Negli anni successivi, il monitoraggio degli habitat e delle specie è diventato un’attività fondamentale nell’ambito della conservazione natura e un importante capitolo della biologia della conservazione (Goldsmith 1991, Elzinga et al. 2001, Marsh e Trenham 2008, Schmeller 2008). 

Monitoraggio di Insetti con la Partecipazione Pubblica. Layman’s Report

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ISBN: 9789546428820 Year: Pages: 44 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/ab.e22223 Language: Italian
Publisher: Pensoft Publishers
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-21 16:56:02
License: CC-BY-4.0

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Monitoring of Insects with Public Participation. Layman’s Report

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ISBN: 9789546428844 Year: Pages: 44 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/ab.e22169 Language: English
Publisher: Pensoft Publishers Grant: Progetto LIFE11 NAT/IT/000252 MIPP, coordinato dal Centro Nazionale Biodiversità Forestale
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-21 17:04:00
License: CC-BY-4.0

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The main objective of the LIFE project Monitoring of Insect with Public Participation (MIPP) is to develop and test methods for the monitoring of five species of beetles listed in Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive (Osmoderma eremita, Lucanus cervus, Cerambyx cerdo, Rosalia alpina and Morimus funereus). A second objective of the project is the collection of faunistic data, gathered by citizens, via the web and with an app for smartphones. The third aim is to inform and educate the general public on issues such as Natura 2000, Habitats Directive, monitoring and saproxylic insects.

Using Evidence in Policy and Practice

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ISBN: 9780367440121 Year: Pages: 280 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-12 23:58:13
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"This book asks how governments in Africa can use evidence to improve their policies and programmes, and ultimately, to achieve positive change for their citizens. Looking at different evidence sources across a range of contexts, the book brings policy makers and researchers together to uncover what does and doesn’t work and why. Case studies are drawn from 5 countries and the ECOWAS (west African) region, and a range of sectors from education, wildlife, sanitation, through to government procurement processes. The book is supported by a range of policy briefs and videos intended to be both practical and critically rigorous. The book uses evidence sources such as evaluations, research synthesis or citizen engagement, to show how these cases succeeded in informing policy and practice. The voices of policy makers are key to the book, ensuring that the examples deployed are useful to practitioners and researchers alike. This innovative book will be perfect for policy-makers, practitioners in government and civil society, and researchers and academics with an interest in how evidence can be used to support policy making in Africa."

Making Publics, Making Places

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925261431 Year: DOI: 10.20851/publics Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:39
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This book focuses on the surprising generative possibilities which digital and smart technologies offer media consumers, citizens, institutions and governments in making publics and places, across topics as diverse as Twitter audiences, rural news, the elasticity of the public sphere, Weibo, cultural heritage and responsive spaces in smart cities. Multidisciplinary perspectives engage with critical questions in new media scholarship. General readers, curious about how technologies are enabling social, public and civic participation, will enjoy the book’s mix of fresh approaches and insights.

Participatory Forestry: Involvement, Information and Science

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ISBN: 9783039213313 9783039213320 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-332-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Public participation in forestry is a key issue in ensuring the democratization of decision-making processes, increasing the social acceptance of policies, and reducing conflicts between forest users. Public participation also provides an opportunity for the improvement of the quality of information, public debate, personal reflection, and professionalization, raising awareness. Participation in forestry implies the involvement of stakeholders (the interest group participation approach) and/or the involvement of people (the direct citizen participation approach) in the decision-making process. Since the UN Conference on Environment and Development (1992), new norms and perspectives have emerged encouraging a bottom-up approach in forest governance. Consequently, several participatory techniques, methods, and tools for stakeholder involvement in forest governance have been developed and applied. These different experiences allow us to learn from failures and successes and contribute to knowledge improvement. The future challenges of participatory forestry deal with adaptation to changes in ecological, social, and economic contexts.

Governing Integrated Water Resources Management: Mutual Learning and Policy Transfer

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ISBN: 9783039281565 9783039281572 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-157-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has become a global paradigm for the governance of surface, coastal and groundwaters. This Special Issue contains twelve articles related to the transfer of IWRM policy principles. The articles explore three dimensions of transfer—causes, processes, outcomes—and offer a theoretically inspiring, methodologically rich and geographically diverse engagement with IWRM policy transfer around the globe. As such, they can also productively inform a future research agenda on the ‘dimensional’ aspects of IWRM governance. Regarding the causes, the contributions apply, criticise, extend or revise existing approaches to policy transfer in a water governance context, asking why countries adopt IWRM principles and what mechanisms are in place to understand the adoption of these principles in regional or national contexts. When it comes to processes, articles in this Special Issue unpack the process of policy transfer and implementation and explore how IWRM principles travel across borders, levels and scales. Finally, this set of papers looks into the outcomes of IWRM policy transfer and asks what impact IWRM principles, once implemented, gave on domestic water governance, water quality and water supply, and how effective IWRM is at addressing critical water issues in specific countries.

Keywords

dam --- local communities --- lived experiences --- environmental narratives --- Cambodia --- transitions --- water management regimes --- water resource management --- niches --- visions --- agency --- ocean governance --- fisheries management --- ecosystem-based management --- overfishing --- sustainable fishing --- European Union --- Turkey --- Europeanisation --- institutions --- policy transfer --- Water Framework Directive --- drinking water --- agriculture --- EU policy --- governance --- integrated scientific support --- water quality --- nitrates --- pesticides --- environmental policy --- policy coherence --- environmental governance --- integrated catchment management --- catchment --- conservation authorities --- governance --- governmentality --- integrated water resources management (IWRM) --- watershed councils --- Ontario --- Oregon --- Integrated Water Resources Management --- Integrated Urban Water Management --- urban water security --- governance --- Singapore --- Hong Kong --- process tracing --- Water Framework Directive --- policy implementation --- integrated water resources management --- river basin planning --- public participation --- water governance --- scale --- top-down and bottom-up --- estuaries --- governance --- sustainability --- governance models --- integrated water resources management --- IWRM --- Water Framework Directive --- WFD --- participation --- United Kingdom --- England --- water governance --- IWRM --- integrated water resources management --- drivers --- EU water framework directive --- implementation --- coordination --- participation --- Germany --- water governance --- polycentricity --- integrated water resources management --- IWRM --- policy transfer --- water governance --- Water Framework Directive --- learning

Sustainable Cultural Management

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215980 9783039215997 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-599-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The connections between culture and sustainability have been in the public agenda since the 20th century. However, whilst global sustainability programmes at international institutional levels are yet to recognise the role of culture in their sustainability policies, the bid (albeit failed) in the early 2000s to formally add “culture” to the trilogy of sustainability pillars (economic, social, and environmental) mobilised a new discourse for the reframing of cultural policy narrative, which in turn urged a reassessment of methods of cultural management reflecting the same concerns among the sector’s grassroots. The idea of sustainability and culture working together and their envisioned role in future-proofing society and human development captured the imagination of cultural commentators, policy makers and practitioners alike, keen to fulfil these principles “out there”—in cultural organizations and events mega and small, in cities and regions, local and global. The papers in this Special Issue reflect this appeal. This publication covers a wide selection of issues related to sustainable cultural management, which means that it can be recommended to a varied audience. First of all, it can be recommended to managers experienced in cultural management, where success is measured more by the degree of mission accomplishment and the social benefits achieved rather than by profit. Another group comprises the employees of cultural organizations who want to improve their knowledge of sustainable cultural management. This Special Issue can also be recommended to artists, researchers, students, state and local government employees, founders and patrons of art, and all those who want to understand the importance of sustainable cultural management.

Keywords

sustainable management of culture --- town divided by a border --- cross-border market for cultural services --- cultural offer --- Cieszyn-?eský T?šín --- sustainable consumption --- cultural services --- cultural institutions --- philharmony --- Katowice --- culture 1.0–3.0 --- patronage --- cultural and creative industries --- cultural participation --- cultural communities of practice --- EU cohesion policies --- consumer-based brand equity --- social media --- cultural institutions --- factor analysis --- CBBE --- 3C Sustainable System --- Urban sculpture planning system --- public art --- sustainable urban sculpture development --- cultural policy --- management --- heritage --- public participation --- China --- social project culture --- management by project --- evolution path --- sustainable development --- pro-environmental behavior --- grid-group cultural theory --- cognitive sociology --- contemporary art market --- art galleries --- sustainable management --- Delphi method --- foresight study --- crowdfunding --- creative-cultural industries --- culture --- film industry --- attitudes --- Romania --- sustainable development --- sustainability --- museums --- heritage --- cultural sustainability --- effectiveness --- environment --- attractivity --- event --- sustainability --- culture-led regeneration --- European Capital of Culture --- Liverpool --- ABC model --- cultural distance theory --- qualitative research methods --- integration --- Shigatse city --- management of culture --- sustainability --- old industrial areas --- post-transformation areas --- Ostrava --- marketing concept --- cultural institutions --- sustainable development --- cultural offer diversity --- culture consumer --- cultural and creative industries --- social media content exploration --- abstract and concrete information --- behavioral and emotional participation --- n/a

Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038979067 9783038979074 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-907-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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The concept of ‘sustainable urban development’ has been pushed to the forefront of policymaking and politics as the world wakes up to the impacts of climate change and the destructive effects of the Anthropocene. Climate change has emerged to be one of the biggest challenges faced by our planet today, threatening both built and natural systems with long-term consequences, which may be irreversible. While there is a vast body of literature on sustainability and sustainable urban development, there is currently limited focus on how to cohesively bring together the vital issues of the planning, development, and management of sustainable cities. Moreover, it has been widely stated that current practices and lifestyles cannot continue if we are to leave a healthy living planet to not only the next generation, but also to the generations beyond. The current global school strikes for climate action (known as Fridays for Future) evidences this. The book advocates the view that the focus needs to rest on ways in which our cities and industries can become green enough to avoid urban ecocide. This book fills a gap in the literature by bringing together issues related to the planning, development, and management of cities and focusing on a triple-bottom-line approach to sustainability.

Keywords

spatial decision support systems --- urban planning --- sustainability indicators --- urban metabolism --- sustainable regional development --- land use governance --- regional stakeholder involvement --- precision farming (PF) --- wood fuel --- technology roadmapping (TRM) --- open innovation (OI) --- Germany --- sustainability assessment --- sustainable urban development --- neighborhood sustainability --- neighborhood sustainability assessment index --- sustainable city --- Ipoh --- Malaysia --- scaling-up strategy --- sustainable development --- local new town --- neoliberal capitalism --- Wujin --- China --- low-energy transport --- carbon --- energy consumption --- sociotechnical transition --- innovation --- cities --- United Kingdom --- sustainability --- tree --- urban forest --- forest values --- urban transport --- sustainable transport --- developing cities --- medium-sized cities --- infrastructure --- transport projects --- sustainability --- knowledge management --- practitioner perceptions --- frames --- framing processes --- low carbon cities --- visioning --- urban resilience --- sustainability --- sustainability literacy --- urban development --- public participation --- urban planning --- civic engagement --- green economy --- built environment sector --- eco-cities --- sustainable urban development --- green innovation --- low carbon economy --- socio-technical transition --- urban fire --- spatio-temporal features --- SDM, humidity --- GDP --- the fire assimilation effect --- fire inertia effect --- fire caution effect --- urban land development --- natural environmental impact --- driving forces-pressure-state-impact-policy and pattern (DPSIP) --- water supply --- demand --- time-series forecasting --- ARIMA --- urban water sustainability --- Istanbul --- ecosystem approach --- urban ecology --- eco-cities --- process-function ecology --- heat island mitigation --- urban forestry --- green infrastructure --- ecological landscape management --- sustainability index --- mixed land-use --- neighbourhood --- travel behaviour --- perception --- indicator --- stakeholder --- megacity --- co-design --- co-production --- bottom-up --- anthropogenic impact --- environmental threshold --- road grades --- heavy-duty vehicles --- emissions --- sustainable transportation --- China --- water asset management --- Gap analysis --- LOS (level of service) --- PIs (performance indicators) --- customer value --- noise pollution --- low-frequency noise --- DEFRA --- human well-being --- sustainability --- power poles --- City Biodiversity Index --- Satoyama Index --- land use mixture --- land cover --- GIS --- sustainability --- sustainable development --- sustainable urban development --- sustainable city --- sustainable urban ecosystems --- sustainability assessment --- smart cities

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