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Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences: Strengthening the Prohibition of Biological Weapons

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Book Series: Practical Ethics and Public Policy Monograph ISBN: 9781921666391 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459095 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Education --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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At the start of the twenty-first century, warnings have been raised in some quarters about how – by intent or by mishap – advances in biotechnology and related fields could aid the spread of disease. Science academics, medical organisations, governments, security analysts, and others are among those that have sought to raise concern. Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences examines a variety of attempts to bring greater awareness to security concerns associated with the life sciences. It identifies lessons from practical initiatives across a wide range of national contexts as well as more general reflections about education and ethics. The eighteen contributors bring together perspectives from a diverse range of fields – including politics, virology, sociology, ethics, security studies, microbiology, and medicine – as well as their experiences in universities, think tanks and government. In offering their assessment about what must be done and by whom, each chapter addresses a host of challenging practical and conceptual questions. Education and Ethics in the Life Sciences will be of interest to those planning and undertaking training activities in other areas. In asking how education and ethics are being made to matter in an emerging area of social unease, it will also be of interest to those with more general concerns about professional conduct.

Keywords

biotechnology --- prevention --- ethics --- education

Violences au travail : Diagnostic et prévention

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9791036538568 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Keywords

travail --- violence --- prévention

Toxic Chemicals

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781439839157 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-29 23:58:26
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Catastrophic events such as the Bhopal, India tragedy and rising incidences of cancer in areas neighboring industrial facilities have heightened concern over the use of toxic chemicals in manufacturing and industry, particularly with respect to long-term exposure. While legislation and publicity have reduced the use of some chemicals, risks remain that continue to threaten the health of individuals worldwide. Based on the authors’ research conducted through their development of a program in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Toxic Chemicals: Risk Prevention Through Use Reduction examines various toxicity factors and proposes a plan to reduce the toxic impact of these hazardous substances. Explores all factors that contribute to toxicity The book begins by exploring the history of toxic chemical release reporting programs, a trend growing out of the Bhopal tragedy. It surveys their impact both in the United States through the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) program and in the 29 other countries that maintain similar programs. Then, with the goal of developing a rational method of prioritizing toxic chemicals for reduction, the authors discuss mobility, persistence, and bioconcentration adjustment factors and present a method for integrating all of these factors to estimate the relative impact of chemical release. Compares alternate emphases in existing programs The book describes programs that concentrate on reducing the release of chemicals with the greatest adverse toxic impact and those that require companies to prepare pollution prevention plans and set goals for reducing use or release. It also examines technical assistance programs that help companies search for alternative chemicals to use or process changes that eliminate the use of toxic chemicals. In addition, it explores alternative market-based approaches for achieving environmental protection. Presents a workable plan for the future In the final chapters, the authors lay out their proposed program for reducing the use of toxic chemicals. This plan builds on the existing TRI program and uses lessons learned from this and other programs. The combined research assembled by the authors and their multifaceted approach to the issue of chemical toxicity enables companies and policy makers to move to the next level of toxic chemical use reduction, resulting in a safer environment for future generations.

Keywords

Toxic Chemicals --- Prevention --- Risk

Les catastrophes naturelles dans l’Europe médiévale et moderne

Author:
ISBN: 9782810709199 DOI: 10.4000/books.pumi.23406 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Midi
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:33
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Éruptions volcaniques et tremblements de terre dans l’Europe balkanique et méditerranéenne, transgressions marines aux Pays-Bas, grands “aygats” pyrénéens, avalanches, foudre et grêle, invasions acridiennes... : autant de catastrophes naturelles envisagées, ici, aussi bien dans leur histoire - du Moyen Âge au xixe siècle - que dans les leçons qu’on peut en tirer pour orienter les nécessaires préventions de notre temps.

La prévention du risque en médecine

Author:
ISBN: 9782722601734 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ce livre est issu d’un séminaire qui s’est tenu en janvier 2012 au Collège de France, à l’initiative du professeur Pierre Corvol et de la chaire de Médecine expérimentale dont il est le titulaire. Son sous-titre, « d’une approche populationnelle à une approche personnalisée », oppose de façon volontairement schématique la conduite d’une prévention « de masse », appliquée indistinctement à l’ensemble d’une population, à une prévention ciblée, personnalisée, « à la carte ». Celle-ci devient pos...

The Political Economy of Workplace Injury in Canada

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Book Series: Fabriks: Studies in the Working Class ISSN: 19256485 ISBN: 9781926836003 9781926836010 Year: Pages: 284 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Workplace injuries are common, avoidable, and unacceptable. The Political Economy of Workplace Injury in Canada reveals how employers and governments engage in ineffective injury prevention efforts, intervening only when necessary to maintain the standard legitimacy. Dr. Bob Barnetson sheds light on this faulty system, highlighting the way in which employers create dangerous work environments yet pour billions of dollars into compensation and treatment. Examining this dynamic clarifies the way in which production costs are passed on to workers in the form of workplace injuries.

Tsunarisque

Author:
ISBN: 9782859446437 9782859448233 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-26 09:33:12
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Dimanche 26 décembre 2004. La terre tremble au large des côtes de Sumatra. C’est l’un des plus puissants séismes jamais enregistrés (magnitude 9.3). S’en suit un tsunami cataclysmique, le plus meurtrier de l’histoire avec près de 230 000 victimes. Les vagues ont ravagé les côtes indonésiennes proches, avant de se propager vers la Thaïlande, le Sri Lanka, l’Inde puis les côtes africaines. La province d’Aceh, au nord-ouest de Sumatra, est de loin la plus touchée. La moitié de la ville de Banda ...

Polyphenols for Cancer Treatment or Prevention

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038426486 9783038426493 Year: Pages: 554 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-12 11:40:45
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Polyphenols are commonly found in fruits and vegetables, and have been suggested to have protective effects against chronic diseases, such as cancers. They are a diverse group of molecules, many of which possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, epigenetic, drug sensitization, and/or modulation of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme properties. However, there is mixed evidence regarding their protective effects with respect to various cancers. Some of this controversy may be due to the combination of polyphenols administered, synergistic effects of accompanying compounds, bio-accessibility, bioavailability, effect of gut microbiota, and the type of cancer investigated. The purpose of this Special Issue is to present the recent evidence for the effect of polyphenol intake on cancer, as well as mechanisms of action. This Special Issue, entitled "Polyphenols for Cancer Treatment or Prevention", welcomes manuscript submissions of original research, meta-analyses, or reviews of the scientific literature. Authors should focus their manuscripts on polyphenol bioactives or dietary patterns naturally rich in polyphenols that have been identified and used for the prevention and or treatment of cancer.

L'éthique en matière sportive

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782379280597 DOI: 10.4000/books.putc.1479 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:51
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Si la pratique du sport est un droit de l'homme, ainsi que l'énonce la Charte Olympique, elle implique également des devoirs. L'éthique appliquée au sport, au-delà du respect des règles du jeu, entend faire observer un certain nombre d'exigences toujours plus nombreuses et ne concernant pas uniquement les sportifs, qu'ils soient amateurs ou professionnels. Il s'agit non seulement de préserver l'esprit et les « valeurs du sport » souvent mis à mal (dopage, hooliganisme, tricherie…), mais aussi de promouvoir dans le sport des valeurs sociales contemporaines (principe de dignité, respect de l'égalité entre les hommes et les femmes, préservation de l'environnement…). Dans cette perspective, les instances sportives nationales et internationales et le législateur français ont pris ces dernières années un certain nombre de mesures visant à la promotion d’un sport éthique : Code d’éthique du Comité International Olympique de 1999 et création d’une commission d’éthique ; loi du 1er février 2012 visant à renforcer l’éthique du sport et les droits des sportifs qui oblige les fédérations à adopter une charte éthique ; charte d’éthique et de déontologie du Comité National Olympique et Sportif Français du 10 mai 2012 ; décret du 4 avril 2013 instaurant un Conseil National du Sport au sein duquel est créée une Commission éthique et valeurs du sport, etc. Cet ouvrage – fruit d’une journée d’études qui a eu lieu à l’Institut National Universitaire Jean-François Champollion d’Albi le 11 décembre 2014 – se propose de définir les contours et les enjeux de l’éthique en matière sportive à travers quatre axes de réflexion : questions fondamentales ; éthique et travail du sportif ; prévention et répression des activités criminelles et à risque ; la promotion de valeurs. Il s’agit de tenter d’expliquer ce « besoin d’éthique », sorte de médiation entre la loi – trop brutale – et la religion – trop peu laïque –, selon Carbonnier, et de répondre à de nombreuses interrogations. Quels sont les domaines, les pratiques, où ce besoin d’éthique se manifeste ? Qui, des pouvoirs sportifs ou des pouvoirs publics, a la charge d’édicter des règles éthiques ? Ces règles constituent-elles un corpus autonome par rapport aux normes juridiques régissant le sport, viennent-elles en complément de ces dernières ? Dans ce cas, sont-elles contraignantes pour les acteurs du monde sportif ? Ou bien l’éthique n’est-elle qu’au fondement, la source d’inspiration des règles de droit destinées à moraliser le sport ? Plus fondamentalement, l’ouvrage tente de répondre aux questions suivantes : À quoi sert l’éthique et quelle image renvoie-t-elle du sport ? S’agit-il de préserver la pureté intrinsèque du sport ou, au contraire, l’éthique serait-elle révélatrice des défauts inhérents au sport avec pour objectif de le rendre plus vertueux ?

Keywords

répression --- devoir --- prévention --- règle --- valeur

Chapter: Soccer Fitness (Book chapter)

Book title: Science and Football VIII

Author:
ISBN: 9781138947061 9781315670300 Year: Pages: 12 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-27 11:02:13
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The present chapter will provide an overview of the existing literature and a description of the relationship between the training elements of Soccer Fitness, the training-induced effects of Soccer Fitness on cardiovascular, metabolic and musculoskeletal fitness, and the potential of Soccer Fitness for the prevention and treatment of lifestyle diseases

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