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Prebiotics and Probiotics

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ISBN: 9783038971689 9783038971696 Year: Pages: 486 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-169-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-19 11:22:00
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The purpose of this Special Issue, “Prebiotics and Probiotics”, is to focus on the importance of intestinal microbiota for human health and disease and the possibilities of influencing its composition and function with probiotics and prebiotics.The goal is to clarify that the microbiome in the maternal fetal and during pediatric age, as well as the immediate changes that occur as new microbes are acquired postnatally play major roles in subsequent health and disease. Rapidly developing technologies for multi-omic analyses and systems biology are shifting paradigms in both scientific knowledge and clinical care.Finally, the idea will be to provide health professionals with comprehensive, understandable and highly readable updated information on the intestinal microbiota, probiotics and prebiotics.]

Keywords

microbiota --- prebiotics --- probiotics

Dietary Zn and Human Health

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ISBN: 9783038970194 9783038970200 Year: Pages: XII, 216 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 13:50:52
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• Zinc (Zn) is an essential micronutrient that contributes to the proper functioning of over 300 enzymes and multiple biochemical and structural processes in the body. Zinc functions in the regulation of an extensive variety of genes, such as those involved in nucleic acid metabolism, cell signalling, apoptosis, and plays an integral role in immune system functioning. Even a mild Zn deficiency can profoundly affect growth and development, as well as impede immune differentiation and maturation. Zinc is widely distributed in foods, however, it was demonstrated that dietary constituents, such as phytate, polyphenols, and the intestinal microbiome, affect its dietary bioavailability and intestinal absorption. Regulation of zinc metabolism is achieved through a balance of absorption and excretion and involves adaptive mechanisms. The aim of this Special Issue is to explore dietary approaches that aim to improve Zn bioavailability and absorption, biomarkers of status, and the effect of Zn status on the intestinal microbiome.

Carbohydrate Intake in Non-communicable Disease Prevention and Treatment

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ISBN: 9783038978183 9783038978190 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-819-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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In 2011, carbohydrates provided 63% of the dietary energy intake to the world’s population. Historically, carbohydrate-rich diets have been associated with good health and longevity but there has been a move away from traditional carbohydrate-rich diets, with refined carbohydrate taking much criticism for contributing to non-communicable disease. The aim of this Special Issue is to discuss the appropriate use of environmentally sustainable carbohydrate-rich foods in the modern diet in developing and developed countries in the context of prevention and treatment of non-communicable disease.

Advances in Food and By-Products Processing Towards a Sustainable Bioeconomy

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ISBN: 9783039217526 9783039217533 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-753-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The bioeconomy initially focused on resource substitution, including the production of biomass from various resources; its conversion, fractionation, and processing by means of biotechnology; and chemistry and process engineering towards the production and marketing of food, feed, fuel, and fibre. Nevertheless, although resource substitution is still considered important, the emphasis has been recently shifted to the biotechnological innovation perspective of the bioeconomy, in terms that ensure environmental sustainability. It is estimated that around one-third of the food produced for human consumption is wasted throughout the world, posing not only a sustainability problem related to food security but also a significant environmental problem. Food waste streams, mainly derived from fruits and vegetables, cereals, oilseeds, meat, dairy, and fish processing, have unavoidably attracted the interest of the scientific community as an abundant reservoir of complex carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and functional compounds, which can be utilized as raw materials for added-value product formulations. This Special Issue focuses on innovative and emerging food and by-products processing methods for the sustainable transition to a bioeconomy era.

Seaweeds Secondary Metabolites: Successes in and/or Probable Therapeutic Applications

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ISBN: 9783039283002 9783039283019 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-301-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Seaweeds are recognized as highly nutritious, and their use in gastronomy is increasing. Their health benefits and their potential to prevent several diseases have also been established. In this Special Issue several health effects are discussed, with more emphasis on their antitumor activity and potential use to treat Alzheimer’s disease. The key bioactive metabolites, from which phlorotannins can be highlighted, are presented, as well as some important in vivo studies. Altogether, the chapters provide in-depth information about the biological activities of seaweed metabolites, contributing to elucidate the health effects of seaweed.

Keywords

Padina pavonica --- osteosarcoma --- apoptosis --- algae --- chemo-preventive agent --- phytol --- fucosterol --- fatty acid --- laurinterol --- Laurencia --- antitumoral --- breast cancer explants --- organotypic culture --- ex vivo --- phlorotannin --- eckmaxol --- high-speed counter-current chromatography --- NMR spectroscopy --- mass spectrometry --- isolation and purification --- Ecklonia maxima --- fucoidan --- age-related macular degeneration --- VEGF --- oxidative stress --- Saccharina latissima --- Fucus vesiculosus --- Fucus distichus subsp. evanescens --- Fucus serratus --- Laminaria digitata --- Symphyocladia latiuscula --- bromophenols --- mushroom tyrosinase --- B16F10 --- melanin --- red seaweed --- bioactives --- extraction --- biorefinery --- seaweed --- gut microbiota --- prebiotics --- dietary fibre --- complex polysaccharides --- polyphenols --- polyunsaturated fatty acids --- carotenoids --- phytochemicals --- Padina pavonica --- marine algae --- osteoporosis --- bone metabolism --- bone health --- nutraceutical --- Bifurcaria bifurcata --- linear diterpenes --- extraction --- identification --- biological activities --- macroalgae --- high value applications --- phlorotannin --- amyloid-? aggregation --- insulin glycation --- dynamic simulation --- kidney --- ischemia-reperfusion injury --- Ecklonia cava --- phlorotannins --- Alzheimer’s disease --- seaweeds --- cholinesterases --- beta-secretase --- beta-amyloid aggregation --- neuroprotection --- K14HPV16 --- genotoxicity assay --- papillomavirus --- cancer --- seaweeds --- hyperpigmentation --- skin aging --- skincare --- photo-protection --- seaweeds --- secondary metabolites --- in vivo studies --- clinical trials --- health effects --- dieckol --- eckol --- fucoxanthin --- kahalalide F

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Pediatrics

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ISBN: 9783038979500 9783038979517 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-951-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Pediatrics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The goal of this Special Issue, “Probiotics and Prebiotics in Pediatrics”, is to focus on the importance of pediatric nutrition with probiotics and prebiotics to improve gastrointestinal health in newborn, infants, and children.Specifically, the aim is to clarify if probiotics and prebiotics can influence gut microbiota composition and host-interaction favoring human health and preventing diseases.This new information will provide health care professionals with a widespread, clear and update evidence on probiotics and prebiotics and intestinal gut microbiota in pediatric care.

Keywords

acute diarrhea --- children --- Bacillus clausii --- efficacy --- randomized controlled trials --- breast feeding --- formula feeding --- human milk oligosaccharide --- 2?-fucosyllactose --- Lacto-N-neotetraose --- microbiota --- bifidobacteria --- acute gastroenteritis --- children --- Lactobacillus reuteri --- oral rehydration solution --- probiotics --- zinc --- probiotics --- allergy --- infants --- pediatrics --- human milk oligosaccharides --- human milk --- infant formula --- necrotizing enterocolitis --- preterm infant --- preterm infant --- probiotic --- human milk --- probiotic strain --- safety --- fecal microbiota --- protein hydrolyzed formulas --- cow’s milk protein --- tolerance acquisition --- non-IgE mediated allergy --- microbiome --- intestinal microbiota --- microbial programming --- nutritional programming --- allergy --- prevention --- neonatal --- preterm --- breast milk --- oligosaccharides --- diversity --- necrotizing enterocolitis --- sepsis --- growth --- constipation --- prebiotic --- intestinal transit time --- infant --- Bifidobacterium --- Lactobacillus --- probiotics --- asthma --- Childhood Asthma Control Test --- peak expiratory flow rate --- immunoglobulin E --- “Probiotics”[Mesh] --- “Pregnancy”[Mesh] --- “Infant, Newborn”[Mesh] --- Bifidobacterium breve --- probiotics --- paediatrics --- therapeutic microbiology --- celiac disease --- iron deficiency anemia --- gluten-free diet --- inulin --- prebiotics --- iron absorption --- hepcidin --- probiotics --- microbiota --- celiac disease --- gluten free diet --- probiotics --- functional gastrointestinal disorders --- functional abdominal pain disorders --- functional constipation --- infantile colic --- infant --- colic --- lactobacilli --- n/a --- fecal microbiota --- protein hydrolyzed formulas --- cow’s milk protein --- tolerance acquisition --- non-IgE mediated allergy --- n/a

Cow's Milk and Allergy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039280285 9783039280292 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-029-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The purpose of this Special Issue “Cow’s Milk and Allergy” is to provide an overview of the association of cow’s milk with allergy. This topic has two quite different faces. On the one hand, we are all aware of the importance of cow’s milk allergy in early life. What is less known is that the consumption of raw, unprocessed milk is associated with a lower incidence of asthma and rhinitis. This Special Issue takes a closer look at all of these aspects of cow’s milk and allergy and focus on the following questions:

Keywords

allergic march --- cow’s milk allergy --- genome-wide association --- polygenic risk score --- food allergy --- cow’s milk --- camel milk --- infant formula --- animal models --- raw milk --- allergy --- asthma --- protection --- cow’s milk allergy --- casein --- cell-mediated reactions --- delayed-type hypersensitivity --- extracellular vesicles --- miRNA-150 --- cow’s milk allergy --- epidemiology --- natural history --- prevalence --- Cow’s milk allergy (CMA), anaphylaxis --- sensitization pattern --- cow’s milk allergens --- CAP-FEIA (Fluorescence Enzyme Immunoassay) --- multiplex dot test --- basophil activation test (BAT), human breast milk --- cow’s milk allergy --- immune system --- dietary intervention --- bioactive peptides --- gut microbiota --- prebiotics --- probiotics --- aggregation --- allergenicity --- ?-lactoglobulin --- CML --- glycation --- sRAGE --- IgE binding --- partial hydrolysate --- cow’s milk protein allergy --- hydrolysate --- infant feeding --- Middle-East --- step-down --- infant allergy --- cow’s milk allergy --- cow’s milk allergens --- diagnosis of cow’s milk allergy --- molecular diagnosis --- treatment of cow’s milk allergy --- prevention of cow’s milk allergy --- alkaline phosphatase --- allergic diseases --- food allergy --- immune regulation --- milk processing --- raw cow’s milk --- milk allergen --- baked milk --- cow’s milk --- allergenicity modulation --- proteomics --- epigenetics --- farming effect --- food allergy --- histone acetylation --- milk processing --- raw milk --- cow’s milk allergy --- milk --- hydrolysate --- asthma --- processing --- tolerance --- allergy --- cow’s milk --- formula --- therapy --- immune cells --- Immunoglubuline E

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