Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Chapter 4 Development and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780367262297 9780429292125 Year: Pages: 54 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-14 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This paper puts sub-Saharan Africa’s economic development into perspective. While much did not go as hoped for at independence, much of the region has been on a more promising development trajectory since the mid-1990s, as we illustrate using growth, poverty, and human development indicators. We identify key weaknesses, including lack of structural transformation and the slow rate of employment growth. We refer to global shocks that have played a critical role in sub-Saharan Africa’s economic performance alongside domestic events, policies, and governance. Finally, we discuss a set of critical challenges requiring effective management for sub-Saharan Africa to realize its considerable development potential.

Growth, Structural Transformation, and Rural Change in Viet Nam: A Rising Dragon on the Move

Author:
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198796961 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796961.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:02:22
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Many developing countries—Viet Nam included—continue to struggle to raise incomes per capita. A common feature of the growth and development process is a fundamental change in the pattern of economic activity, as households reallocate labour from traditional agriculture to more productive forms of agriculture and modern industrial and service sectors. Broad structural transformation and widespread poverty reduction is the combined result of these large-scale shifts in work and labour allocation when they realize desired development goals. The roots of this book grow from when the first pilot Viet Nam Access to Resources Household Survey (VARHS) was carried out in 2002. The success of this inspired the Central Institute of Economic Management (CIEM) in Hanoi, the Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (CAP-IPSARD), the Institute of Labour Science and Social Affairs (ILSSA), and the Development Economics Research Group (DERG) of the University of Copenhagen, together with Danida and, later on, UNU-WIDER, to plan and carry out a more ambitious VARHS from 2006, increasing coverage and representativeness to more than 2,150 families and 12 provinces across the various regions of Viet Nam. The VARHS covering these very same households had, by 2014, been carried out five times, that is, every two years. It is on this high-quality panel data foundation and almost fifteen years of study and policy work using the VARHS data that the present volume builds, in its effort to bring out the essential rural microeconomic characteristics and insights of a dynamic South-East Asian economy in transition from a centrally planned towards a more market-based economy.

Variance in Approach Toward a ‘Sustainable’ Coffee Industry in Costa Rica

Author:
ISBN: 9781911529774 9781911529767 9781911529781 9781911529798 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.5334/bce Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Philosophy --- Social Sciences --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"The monograph considers influence over time of Fairtrade and Rainforest Alliance in 10 Costa Rican coffee farming communities. In-country perspectives and relevant historic and contemporary literature inform findings. Misaligned intentions to outcomes; different sustainability approaches; and variable influence is observed. There is opportunity to: consider when certifications are most useful; develop locally relevant standards; vertically integrate sourcing chains; consider how complementary mechanisms can be used alongside, or to improve certification approach. Sustainability of coffee as a cash crop, considering influence on biodiversity, and the possible implication of reduced coffee crop density for consumers, the market and farming landscapes, is considered. "

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Oxford University Press (1)

Taylor & Francis (1)

Ubiquity Press (1)


License

CC by (1)

CC by-nc-nd (1)

CC by-nc-sa (1)


Language

english (3)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (2)

2017 (1)