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Making Futures

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780262537483 9780262027939 Year: Pages: 392 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Computer Science --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:32
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Experiments in innovation, design, and democracy that search not for a killer app but for a collaboratively created sustainable future.Innovation and design need not be about the search for a killer app. Innovation and design can start in people's everyday activities. They can encompass local services, cultural production, arenas for public discourse, or technological platforms. The approach is participatory, collaborative, and engaging, with users and consumers acting as producers and creators. It is concerned less with making new things than with making a socially sustainable future. This book describes experiments in innovation, design, and democracy, undertaken largely by grassroots organizations, non-governmental organizations, and multi-ethnic working-class neighborhoods.These stories challenge the dominant perception of what constitutes successful innovations. They recount efforts at social innovation, opening the production process, challenging the creative class, and expanding the public sphere. The wide range of cases considered include a collective of immigrant women who perform collaborative services, the development of an open-hardware movement, grassroots journalism, and hip-hop performances on city buses. They point to the possibility of democratized innovation that goes beyond solo entrepreneurship and crowdsourcing in the service of corporations to include multiple futures imagined and made locally by often-marginalized publics. ContributorsMåns Adler, Erling Björgvinsson, Karin Book, David Cuartielles, Pelle Ehn, Anders Emilson, Per-Anders Hillgren, Mads Hobye, Michael Krona, Per Linde, Kristina Lindström, Sanna Marttila, Elisabet M. Nilsson, Anna Seravalli, Pernilla Severson, Åsa Ståhl, Lucy Suchman, Richard Topgaard, Laura Watts

Keywords

politics

Public Justice and the Criminal Trial in Late Medieval Italy

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Book Series: Medieval Law and Its Practice ISBN: 9789004311350 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: 231 DOI: 10.1163/9789004311350 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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This book examines the administration of justice in the small northern Italian town of Reggio Emilia at the end of the fourteenth century. Through an examination of material from the judicial archives from the period 1371-1409, this study investigates the development of public justice, inquisition procedure, and dispute resolution in late medieval Reggio Emilia, also incorporating comparative material, especially archival material from Bologna at the end of the fourteenth century. This study seeks to add to the discussion on dispute resolution and court processes in late medieval Europe, moving the discussion outside the major urban centers of late medieval Italy to the periphery of urban life. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

history --- politics

The Muslim Question in Europe

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ISBN: 9781439912782 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605456 Language: English
Publisher: Temple University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-31 11:01:28
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The book challenges the popular notion of a clash of cultures pitting Muslim and non-Muslim Europeans against one another. The study finds instead vehement conflict among three longstanding European public philosophies: liberalism, nationalism, and postmodernism. The consequential differences of outlook are demonstrated in four policy areas: 1) citizenship requirements, 2) the headscarf debate, 3) mosque-state relations and 4) counter-terrorism. The book reaches three important conclusions. First, Muslim Europeans do not represent a monolithic anti-Western bloc -- a Trojan Horse -- within Europe. They vehemently disagree among themselves but along the same basic liberal, nationalist, and postmodern contours as non-Muslim Europeans. Second, ideological discord significantly contributes to policy “messiness,” that is, to inconsistent, contradictory policies. Third, both the discord and the messiness are remarkably similar from one European country to the next, thereby casting doubt on the dominant theory in comparative migration studies that posits distinct national styles such as French republicanism, German ethno-nationalism and British multiculturalism. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- religion

The New Russian Nationalism

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781474410434 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605858 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-10 11:01:24
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Assessing the transformation of Russian nationalist discourse in the 21st century Russian nationalism, previously dominated by ‘imperial’ tendencies – pride in a large, strong and multi-ethnic state able to project its influence abroad – is increasingly focused on ethnic issues. This new ethno-nationalism has come in various guises, like racism and xenophobia, but also in a new intellectual movement of ‘national democracy’ deliberately seeking to emulate conservative West European nationalism. Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the subsequent violent conflict in Eastern Ukraine utterly transformed the nationalist discourse in Russia. This book provides an up-to-date survey of Russian nationalism as a political, social and intellectual phenomenon by leading Western and Russian experts in the field of nationalism studies. It includes case studies on migrantophobia; the relationship between nationalism and religion; nationalism in the media; nationalism and national identity in economic policy; nationalism in the strategy of the Putin regime as well as a survey-based study of nationalism in public opinion. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- history

Vital Subjects: Race and Biopolitics in Italy

Author:
ISBN: 9781781382868 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608318 Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:05
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Drawing on a range of canonical and non-canonical literary, cinematic and social scientific texts produced in post-Unification Italy, Vital Subjects: Race and Biopolitics in Italy is an interdisciplinary study of how racial and colonial discourses shaped the “making” of Italians as modern political subjects in the years between its administrative unification (1861-1870) and the end of the First World War (1919). The book includes readings of texts by Italian thinkers such as Leopoldo Franchetti and Paolo Mantegazza and it offers new readings of well- and lesser-known texts by a writer who has become Italy’s most infamous precursor to Mussolini: poet, novelist, and political provocateur Gabriele D’Annunzio. Vital Subjects concludes with an original analysis of an early film that figures prominently in the history of cinema: Giovanni Pastrone’s 1914 silent film Cabiria--produced in the wake of the Italian invasion of Libya (1911-12) and celebrating ancient Roman imperialism.

Keywords

politics --- history

Refining Child Pornography Law

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ISBN: 9780472900640 9780472119769 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610070 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-12 11:01:19
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The legal definition of child pornography is, at best, unclear. In part because of this ambiguity and in part because of the nature of the crime itself, the prosecution and sentencing of perpetrators, the protection of and restitution for victims, and the means for preventing repeat offenses are deeply controversial. In an effort to clarify the questions and begin to formulate answers, in this volume, experts in law, sociology, and social examine child pornography law and its consequences. Focusing on the roles of language and crime definition, the contributors present a range of views about the increasingly visible role that child pornography plays in the national conversation on child safety, as well as the wisdom of the punishment of those who produce, distribute, and possess materials which may be considered child pornography.

Keywords

law --- politics

Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780472900626 9780472119738 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608315 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:29
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Reformers have promoted mixed-member electoral systems as the “best of both worlds.” In this volume, internationally recognized political scientists evaluate the ways in which the introduction of a mixed-member electoral system affects the configuration of political parties. The contributors examine several political phenomena, including cabinet post allocation, nominations, preelectoral coalitions, split-ticket voting, and the size of party systems and faction systems. Significantly, they also consider various ways in which the constitutional system—especially whether the head of government is elected directly or indirectly—can modify the incentives created by the electoral system. The findings presented here demonstrate that the success of electoral reform depends not only on the specification of new electoral rules per se but also on the political context—and especially the constitutional framework—within which such rules are embedded.

Keywords

government --- politics

Partisan Gerrymandering and the Construction of American Democracy

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Book Series: Legislative Politics and Policy Making ISBN: 9780472119011 9780472029525 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.5085808 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:32
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Engstrom evaluates redistricting plans and their electoral results from all states from 1789 through the 1960s, revealing that districting practices systematically affected the competitiveness of congressional elections; shaped the partisan composition of congressional delegations; and, on occasion, determined control of the House of Representatives. Erik J. Engstrom offers a historical perspective on the effects of gerrymandering on elections and party control of the U.S. national legislature. Aside from the requirements that districts be continuous and, after 1842, that each select only one representative, there were few restrictions on congressional districting. Unrestrained, state legislators drew and redrew districts to suit their own partisan agendas. With the rise of the “one-person, one-vote” doctrine and the implementation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, however, redistricting became subject to court oversight.&#xD;Engstrom evaluates the abundant cross-sectional and temporal variation in redistricting plans and their electoral results from all the states, from 1789 through the 1960s, to identify the causes and consequences of partisan redistricting. His analysis reveals that districting practices across states and over time systematically affected the competitiveness of congressional elections; shaped the partisan composition of congressional delegations; and, on occasion, determined party control of the House of Representatives.&#xD;&#xD;“Partisan Gerrymandering and the Construction of American Democracy provides a rich look at the practice of gerrymandering. It is a nice mix of history and quantitative analysis. . . . It will be the definitive work on the subject for decades to come.” &#xD;—Charles Stewart, MIT&#xD;&#xD;Erik J. Engstrom is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Davis. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

US Nation Building in Afghanistan

Author:
ISBN: 9781472474841 9781315548623 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-17 11:01:06
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Why has the US so dramatically failed in Afghanistan since 2001? Dominant explanations have ignored the bureaucratic divisions and personality conflicts&#xD;inside the US state. This book rectifies this weakness in commentary on Afghanistan&#xD;by exploring the significant role of these divisions in the US’s difficulties&#xD;in the country that meant the battle was virtually lost before it even began. The&#xD;main objective of the book is to deepen readers’ understanding of the impact of&#xD;bureaucratic politics on nation-building in Afghanistan, focusing primarily on the&#xD;Bush administration. It rejects the ‘rational actor’ model, according to which the&#xD;US functions as a coherent, monolithic agent. Instead, internal divisions within&#xD;the foreign policy bureaucracy are explored, to build up a picture of the internal&#xD;tensions and contradictions that bedevilled US nation-building efforts. The book&#xD;also contributes to the vexed issue of whether or not the US should engage in&#xD;nation-building at all, and if so under what conditions.

Political concepts

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719059087 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Written by a powerful international team of theorists, this book offers a sophisticated analysis of the central political concepts in the light of recent debates in political theory. All political argument employs political concepts. They provide the building blocks needed to construct a case for or against a given political position. To address such issues as whether or not development aid is too low, income tax too high, or how to cope with poverty and the distribution of wealth, citizens must develop views on what individuals are entitled to, what they owe to others, and the role of individual choice and responsibility in these areas. These matters turn on an understanding of concepts such as rights, equality and liberty and the ways they relate to each other. People of different political persuasions interpret such key political concepts in different ways. This book introduces students to some of the main interpretations, pointing out their strengths and weaknesses. It covers a broad range of the main concepts employed in contemporary political and theoretical debates. Separate chapters look at liberty, rights, social justice, political obligation, nationalism, punishment, social exclusion, legitimacy, the rule of law, multiculturalism, gender, public and private, democracy, environmentalism, international justice and just war. This book is perfect for students of political theory and political ideology, and indeed anyone approaching political theory for the first time.

Keywords

ideology --- politics --- theoretical

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