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Surrender: How the Clinton Administration Completed the Reagan Revolution

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ISBN: 9780472900732 9780472109524 9780472086764 Year: Pages: 401 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.15199 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-09 11:21:11
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Illuminates recent national economic policy and warns against the single-minded commitment to balance the federal budget. The paperback edition features a new preface and afterword

Campaign Finance and Political Polarization: When Purists Prevail

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ISBN: 9780472900039 9780472072996 9780472052998 Year: Pages: 209 DOI: 10.3998/ump.13855466.0001.001 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-09 11:21:15
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Efforts to reform the U.S. campaign finance system typically focus on the corrupting influence of large contributions. Yet, as Raymond J. La Raja and Brian F. Schaffner argue, reforms aimed at cutting the flow of money into politics have unintentionally favored candidates with extreme ideological agendas and, consequently, fostered political polarization. Drawing on data from 50 states and the U.S. Congress over 20 years, La Raja and Schaffner reveal that current rules allow wealthy ideological groups and donors to dominate the financing of political campaigns. In order to attract funding, candidates take uncompromising positions on key issues and, if elected, take their partisan views into the legislature. As a remedy, the authors propose that additional campaign money be channeled through party organizations—rather than directly to candidates—because these organizations tend to be less ideological than the activists who now provide the lion’s share of money to political candidates. Shifting campaign finance to parties would ease polarization by reducing the influence of “purist” donors with their rigid policy stances. La Raja and Schaffner conclude the book with policy recommendations for campaign finance in the United States. They are among the few non-libertarians who argue that less regulation, particularly for political parties, may in fact improve the democratic process.

The Taiwan Voter

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Book Series: New Comparative Politics ISBN: 9780472123032 9780472073535 9780472053537 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.9375036 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-09 11:21:16
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The Taiwan Voter examines the critical role ethnic and national identities play in politics, utilizing the case of Taiwan. Although elections there often raise international tensions, and have led to military demonstrations by China, no scholarly books have examined how Taiwan’s voters make electoral choices in a dangerous environment. Critiquing the conventional interpretation of politics as an ideological battle between liberals and conservatives, The Taiwan Voter demonstrates in Taiwan the party system and voters’ responses are shaped by one powerful determinant of national identity—the China factor. Taiwan’s electoral politics draws international scholarly interest because of the prominent role of ethnic and national identification. While in most countries the many tangled strands of competing identities are daunting for scholarly analysis, in Taiwan the cleavages are powerful and limited in number, so the logic of interrelationships among issues, partisanship, and identity are particularly clear. The Taiwan Voter unites experts to investigate the ways in which social identities, policy views, and partisan preferences intersect and influence each other. These novel findings have wide applicability to other countries, and will be of interest to a broad range of social scientists interested in identity politics.

Le « processus de changement » en Bolivie : La politique du gouvernement d’Evo Morales (2005-2018)

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ISBN: 9782371541283 DOI: 10.4000/books.iheal.6535 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de l’IHEAL
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:35
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En 2005, les principales organisations sociales boliviennes portaient Evo Morales au pouvoir par les urnes, après plusieurs années de mobilisation contre les politiques dites « néo-libérales ». Cette élection marquait alors un tournant dans ce pays considéré comme le plus pauvre et le plus « autochtone » d’Amérique du Sud, ouvrant la voie à une plus grande souveraineté nationale sur le territoire et à de nouvelles perspectives sociales et économiques pour ses habitants. Qu’en est-il aujourd’hui ? En s’appuyant sur plus de dix années de recherche en Bolivie, les sociologues Laurent Lacroix et Claude Le Gouill retracent le contexte de l’arrivée au pouvoir d’Evo Morales et analysent les principales politiques gouvernementales, les tensions sociales qui ont accompagné la construction de l’État « plurinational », ainsi que la nouvelle place du pays à l’international dans le contexte de ce qui a été nommé le « virage à gauche » de l’Amérique du Sud.

Globalisation and Governance in the Pacific Islands

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ISBN: 192094298X Year: Pages: 427 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459255 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Politics and government; Globalization; Congresses; Oceania

Federalism and Regionalism in Australia: New Approaches, New Institutions?

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ISBN: 9781921313424 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459232 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Australia’s federal system is in a state of flux and its relevance is being challenged. Dramatic shifts are occurring in the ways in which power and responsibility are shared between governments. Pressure for reform is coming not just from above, but from below, as the needs of local and regional communities – both rural and urban – occupy an increasingly important place on the national stage. How will these competing pressures for centralisation and devolution in the structures of federalism be reconciled? In this volume, experts and policy practitioners from diverse backgrounds canvass this uncertain future to conclude that the future of state, regional and local institutions is not only a vital question of federal governance, but must be addressed in a conscious and concerted way if Australian federalism is to evolve in ways that are sufficiently legitimate, effective, efficient and adaptive.

Political Parties in the Pacific Islands

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ISBN: 9781921313769 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459447 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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While political parties remain an indispensable institutional framework for representation and governance in a democracy, the democracies of many Pacific Islands nations are undermined by the weakness and inefficacy of their local political parties. Addressing the implications of the lack of established party systems across the Pacific, this collection seeks to illuminate the underlying assumptions and suppositions behind the importance of coherent and effective parties to overall democratic functioning.&#xD;&#xD;Focusing on the political systems of East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa, the coherent structure of the volume makes it consistently useful as both an articulate analytical text and a reference tool concerning the political composition, history and direction of Pacific states.&#xD;&#xD;Featuring contributions from scholars who are familiar names to even the most casual of Pacificists, Political Parties in the Pacific is the benchmark reference work on the political parties of the Pacific: an invaluable resource for students, scholars and researchers of the Pacific and international politics.

Politics and State-building in the Solomon Islands

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ISBN: 9781921313660 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459449 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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Politics and State Building in Solomon Islands examines a crisis moment in recent Solomon Islands history. Contributors examine what happened when unrest engulfed the capital of the small Melanesian country in the aftermath of the 2006 national elections, and consider what these events show about the Solomon Islands political system, the influence of Asian interests in business and politics, and why the crisis is best understood in the context of the country’s volatile blend of traditional and modern politics. Until the disturbances of April 2006 and subsequent deterioration in bilateral relations between Australia and Solomon Islands under the Sogavare government, experts had hailed the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) as an unqualified success. Some saw it as a model for ‘cooperative intervention’ in ‘failing states’ worldwide. Following these developments success seems less certain and aspects of the RAMSI model appear flawed.&#xD;&#xD;Using the case of Solomon Islands, this book raises fundamental questions about the nature of ‘cooperative intervention’ as a vehicle for state building, asking whether it should be construed as a mainly technical endeavour or whether it is unavoidably a political undertaking with political consequences. Providing a critical but balanced analysis, Politics and State Building in Solomon Islands has important implications for the wider debate about international state-building interventions in ‘failed’ and ‘failing’ states.

Fiducial Governance: An Australian republic for the new millennium

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ISBN: 9781921666551 Year: Pages: 87 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459233 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Fiducial Governance: An Australian republic for the new millennium represents an attempt to grapple with the challenges of designing governance regimes suited to the new millennium. Power’s monograph asserts the need for the reform of Australian governance and charts Australia’s fitful progress towards a republican future. Along the way he sketches a framework for constitutional reform, mindful of the strengths and weaknesses of the current system of government and the contest of ideas about the role and configuration of Australian Heads of State. Long a frustrated Australian republican, Power contends that the republican log jam is due in significant part to a lack of respect shown by the republican policy community to the contribution long made to good governance by monarchical heads of state. This monograph seeks to draw lessons from this experience, so as to make the republican venture one of substance for the Australian public. In so doing, Power draws on a range of republican, indigenous and feminist writings in order to develop a new framework of ‘fiducial governance’ aimed at enhancing the trustworthiness and integrity of our institutions of governance, thereby paving the way for the replacement of the monarch by a directly elected head of state. This is an erudite and thoughtful book that will be of interest to those with an interest in systems of governance and to constitutional scholars, whether they be republicans or monarchists.

In the Eye of the Storm

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ISBN: 9781921666537 Year: Pages: 735 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459279 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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To read this evocative book is to be thrust into a Fiji that has, for the moment, been snuffed out by military might: a Fiji of political parties, parliamentary politics, elections, manifestoes, campaigns, democractic defence of interests, party manoeuvres, and constitutional protection of rights and freedoms. It is a comprehensive and eloquent re-telling of the story of Fiji politics from independence in 1970 to 1999 through the perspective of Fiji’s greatest living statesman, Jai Ram Reddy, by one of the world’s most distinguished scholars of its history and politics.

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