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Chapter Violence and Politics in Zimbabwe from 2008-2018 (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780198805472 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 726504
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:21:34
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"Zimbabwe’s ZANU-PF party has been locked in an internal battle of political survival which intensified as the country democratized. Political violence has become a common feature in these internal struggles and underscores the degree of competition between agents within the government. This analysis of Zimbabwe’s political violence is presented in three sequential parts: the first considers patterns and explanations for the violence in 2008; the second on subsequent low-level violence since 2008; and the last on the violence emanating from internal ZANU-PF factional struggles. There are continuities in this violence over the past ten years; first, the politics of the ruling party have become the defining feature of the Zimbabwean state; and political violence remains a direct reflection of ZANU-PF internal struggles. Second, violence is most intense surrounding elections. Violence marred all three that took place between January 2008 and August 2018, although at vastly different rates and in response to different perceived threats. Despite the repeated risks of violence during elections, Zimbabwe remains a relatively stable country with low rates of all political violence compared to the surrounding states in Africa. Third, violence is but one way that the internal competition with ZANU-PF and state institutions is performed. As ZANU-PF continues to alter its foundations, elites and principles to be ‘fit for purpose’, there are reasons to believe that violence rates will not change."

Terrorismus

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ISBN: 9783706546041 Year: Pages: 636 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437170 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4038
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:08
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"Terrorism. 9/11 in Context" is an anthology of thematic priorities that aims to establish a better understanding of the complexities of terrorism aside from one-dimensional characterisations in media and politics. The main focal points are: The definition of terrorism, its causes, mythological charging and pop cultural realization. Reactions of the state towards the terrorist challenge - the political, military and security aspects as well as media counter strategies - are also of keen interest. Further, as case-studies from the US, Latin America and Europe clearly demonstrate the state can also be a perpetrator of terrorism, either during covert operations or by adopting the mirror image of guerrillas and terrorists in counter insurgency warfare. The main thread of "Terrorism. 9/11 in Context" is the analysis of the "superstructure"- the symbolic and ideological sources of terrorism. Terrorist violence is seen as commitment for radical political change, which is fuelled not only by political and social grievances, but also by the gratification of a radical-action identity. Thus, terrorism is most of all the product of a powerful idea, which motivates and stimulates activists, giving them the strong conviction needed to follow through their "project". It's the idea that not only is it possible to wage resistance against an alleged illegitimate, corrupt authority; it is also possible to inspire others to participate in an avant-garde armed struggle. On the other hand, the perspective of politicians and authorities on the terrorist enemy is also influenced to a certain degree by imagination and projection - this process is analysed through the depiction of terrorism in cinema, media and the imitation of terrorist tactics by counter terrorism forces.

De la refundación al ocaso : Los intelectuales liberalconservadores ante la última dictadura

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Book Series: Entre los libros de la buena memoria ISBN: 9789503412763 Year: Volume: 3 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-29 15:24:41
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El presente trabajo analiza el rol de la intelectualidad liberal-conservadora argentina ante la última dictadura, el "Proceso de Reorganización Nacional" (1976-1983). El libro estudia las posiciones e intervenciones de un conjunto de catorce actores: Álvaro Alsogaray, Alberto Benegas Lynch, Germán Bidart Campos, Horacio García Belsunce, Jorge Luis García Venturini, Mariano Grondona, Juan Segundo Linares Quintana, Mario Justo López, José Alfredo Martínez de Hoz, Víctor Massuh, Jaime Perriaux, Ambrosio Romero Carranza, Carlos Sánchez Sañudo y Ricardo Zinn. La elección de estos nombres implica considerar un abanico amplio de trayectorias que componen figuras intelectuales de diversidad, unidas sin embargo por muchos más vínculos que la adscripción política.La obra se interna en la historia político-intelectual de un espacio ideológico aún poco explorado desde los estudios sobre la intelectualidad, las derechas y la propia dictadura, reponiendo los diversos espacios ocupados por estos hombres, sus proyectos, coincidencias, polémicas y desencantos en un momento clave de la historia argentina.Cita sugerida: Vicente, Martín (2015). De la refundación al ocaso : Los intelectuales liberalconservadores ante la última dictadura. La Plata : Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación ; Posadas : Universidad Nacional de Misiones ; Los Polvorines : Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento. (Entre los libros de la buena memoria ; 3) Disponible en http://libros.fahce.unlp.edu.ar/index.php/libros/catalog/book/61

The Troubles in Northern Ireland and Theories of Social Movements

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789089649591 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089649591 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:17
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This volume focuses on a number of research questions, drawn from social movement scholarship: How does nonviolent mobilisation emerge and persist in deeply divided societies? What are the trajectories of participation in violent groups in these societies? What is the relationship between overt mobilisation, clandestine operations and protests among political prisoners? What is the role of media coverage and identity politics? Can there be non-sectarian collective mobilisation in deeply divided societies? The answers to these questions do not merely try to explain contentious politics in Northern Ireland; instead, they inform future research on social movements beyond this case. Specifically, we argue that an actor-based approach and the contextualisation of contentious politics provide a dynamic theoretical framework to better understand the Troubles and the development of conflicts in deeply divided societies.

Secession and Separatist Conflicts in Postcolonial Africa

Authors: ---
Book Series: Africa: Missing Voices ISSN: 1925-5675 ISBN: 9781773851273 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: History --- Military Science --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-08-05 00:34:33
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The first book to examine the full historical arc of secession and secessionist conflict across sub-Saharan Africa.Wars fought for political separation have become omnipresent in post-colonial Africa. From the division of Sudan, to the continued fragmentation of Somalia, and the protracted struggles of Cabinda and Azawad, conflict over secession and separation continues to the present day.This is the first single volume to examine the historical arc of secession and secessionist conflict across sub-Saharan Africa. Paying particular attention to the development of secessionist conflicts and their evolving goals, Secession and Separatist Conflicts in Postcolonial Africa draws on case studies and rigorous research to examine three waves of secessionist movements, themselves defined by international conflict and change. Using detailed case studies, the authors offer a framework to understand how secession and separation occur, how these are influenced by both preceding movements and global political trends, and how their ongoing legacies continue to shape African regional politics.Deeply engaging and thoroughly researched, this book presents a nuanced and important new overview of African separatist and secessionist conflicts. It addresses the structures, goals, and underlying influences of these movements within a broader global context to impart a rich understanding of why these conflicts are waged, and how they succeed or fail.

Keywords

Africa --- Political violence --- Conflict --- War --- Crisis --- Secession --- Separatism

Anomie and Violence: Non-truth and reconciliation in Indonesian peacebuilding

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781921666230 Year: Pages: 501 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458801 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Indonesia suffered an explosion of religious violence, ethnic violence, separatist violence, terrorism, and violence by criminal gangs, the security forces and militias in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By 2002 Indonesia had the worst terrorism problem of any nation. All these forms of violence have now fallen dramatically. How was this accomplished? What drove the rise and the fall of violence? Anomie theory is deployed to explain these developments. Sudden institutional change at the time of the Asian financial crisis and the fall of President Suharto meant the rules of the game were up for grabs. Valerie Braithwaite’s motivational postures theory is used to explain the gaming of the rules and the disengagement from authority that occurred in that era. Ultimately resistance to Suharto laid a foundation for commitment to a revised, more democratic, institutional order. The peacebuilding that occurred was not based on the high-integrity truth-seeking and reconciliation that was the normative preference of these authors. Rather it was based on non-truth, sometimes lies, and yet substantial reconciliation. This poses a challenge to restorative justice theories of peacebuilding.

Dilemas, apuestas y reflexiones teórico-metodológicas para los abordajes en historia reciente

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Book Series: Estudios / Investigaciones ISSN: 15140075 ISBN: 9789503410936 Year: Volume: 52 Pages: 250 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-03 14:52:15
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“Dilemas, apuestas y reflexiones teórico-metodológicas para los abordajes en Historia Reciente” se preocupa por presentar los dilemas teóricos y metodológicos, las potencialidades  y la utilización de las fuentes para la escritura de la Historia Reciente, los condicionantes en las agendas académicas con el propósito de dejar explicitadas las preocupaciones con las que se trabaja en escritura de la historia del pasado reciente y dar cuenta cómo se construyen los objetos de estudio. El libro está organizado en dos partes. La primera dedicada a discutir conceptos, categorías y perspectivas teóricas, y la segunda orientada a reflexionar sobre posibilidades y limitaciones del heterogéneo y complejo universo de materiales utilizados en la escritura de los diferentes capítulos de ese pasado doloroso y que no pasa. No obstante esta división, los recorridos analíticos, teórico-metodológicos e historiográficos atraviesan todos los capítulos del libro, pero lo hacen desde aproximaciones disímiles, que aportan de manera significativa, sea a la reflexión crítica sobre cuestiones estructurantes de la investigación sobre el pasado reciente (la represión, sus dimensiones, modalidades y características; la militancia humanitaria, las relaciones entre violencia y política, los exilios; la temporalidad del pasado-presente; los trabajos de la memoria, la transmisión intergeneracional de pasados traumáticos), sea al conocimiento específico de capítulos concretos de la historia de las dictaduras argentina y chilena.

Terrorismus und moderne Kriegsführung

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837633269 9783839433263 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839433263 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103348
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-07 11:02:07
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Der Begriff "Terrorismus" ist definitorisch uneindeutig - und das macht jeden Akteur zu einem bestimmten Grad zum Terroristen. Dieses Paradox zieht Eva-Maria Heinke als Ausgangspunkt für eine tiefgreifende Analyse der Strategien moderner Kriegsführung heran und löst es durch die gegenwärtig einmalige Verwendung von sogenannten Fuzzy-Inferenzsystemen zum Zwecke der Typisierung politischer Gewalt auf. Die intensive Verbindung von soziologischer Gewaltforschung mit der Mathematik unscharfer Mengen macht den Grad der Verwendung politischer Gewaltstrategien erstmalig berechenbar - und ermöglicht somit einen völlig neuartigen Blick auf den strategischen Kontext des Handelns politischer Gewaltakteure.

Computational Conflict Research

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Computational Social Sciences ISBN: 9783030293338 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29333-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:10
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This open access book brings together a set of original studies that use cutting-edge computational methods to investigate conflict at various geographic scales and degrees of intensity and violence. Methodologically, this book covers a variety of computational approaches from text mining and machine learning to agent-based modelling and social network analysis. Empirical cases range from migration policy framing in North America and street protests in Iran to violence against civilians in Congo and food riots world-wide. Supplementary materials in the book include a comprehensive list of the datasets on conflict and dissent, as well as resources to online repositories where the annotated code and data of individual chapters can be found and where (agent-based) models can be re-produced and altered. These materials are a valuable resource for those wishing to retrace and learn from the analyses described in this volume and adapt and apply them to their own research interests. By bringing together novel research through an international team of scholars from a range of disciplines, Computational Conflict Research pioneers and maps this emerging field. The book will appeal to students, scholars, and anyone interested in the prospects of using computational social sciences to advance our understanding of conflict dynamics.

Building a Peace Economy?

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Book Series: New Approaches to Conflict Analysis ISBN: 9780719087301 9781526129376 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100905
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:02:20
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This book critically examines the range of policies and programmes that attempt to manage economic activity that contributes to political violence. It offers a new framework for understanding both the problem of economic activity in conflict zones as well as programmes aimed at managing these and transforming them into more peaceful economic and political relationships. Through this examination, both the problems of liberal modes of peacebuilding, implemented by the development-security industry, and opportunities for policy innovation are explored. Useful charts and frameworks throughout the book provide the reader with a range of analytical tools that can be easily used to explore war economies and related policies in a range of contexts, making this book an essential read for students, policy makers and aid practitioners working in a range of disciplines and conflict-affected areas.

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