Search results: Found 7

Listing 1 - 7 of 7
Sort by
Thaïlande : Aux origines d'une crise

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782355960024 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.776 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

La longue crise qui sévit en Thaïlande a touché tous les secteurs d'activités en révélant au monde des dysfonctionnements de la société thaïlandaise qui « posent question » aux acteurs économiques, aux chercheurs et aux journalistes. Ce carnet se justifie pour plusieurs raisons. La première est que de nombreux analystes internationaux nous ont demandé un avis sur la situation. Nous présentons ici une réponse la plus cohérente possible en fonction de nos données. La deuxième est que l'Irasec, de par sa position géographique (situé à Bangkok) est au cœur de l'événement et a pu suivre au quotidien la situation. La troisième est que l'Institut prépare une réédition de sa Monographie nationale sur la Thaïlande contemporaine dans une version remaniée et actualisée qui lui permet d'avoir une réflexion plus profonde sur les origines de la crise. Il s'agit donc de mettre ce matériel à disposition. Pour ce faire, nous avons sélectionné trois contributions de la nouvelle version de Thaïlande contemporaine, absentes de la première édition, qui abordent le problème de front en les condensant pour les besoins du carnet. Nous y avons ajouté les interviews menées dans le cadre de cette réédition, que nous présentons avant leur réécriture (les versions complètes paraîtront dans la monographie). Le chapitre de Jacques Ivanoff (Cnrs - Irasec) « Construction ethnique et ethnorégionalisme en Thaïlande », celui de Narumon Hinshiranan Arunotai (université de Chulalongkorn - Cusri) et Olivier Ferrari (chercheur associé Irasec - Cusri) « La Thainess ou la pratique de l'idéologie culturelle en Thaïlande », et celui de Arnaud Leveau (Irasec) « Une crise multicolore, état des forces en présence » seront publiés dans leur intégralité dans la Monographie nationale Thaïlande contemporaine sous la direction de Stéphane Dovert et Jacques Ivanoff (dernier trimestre 2010, www.indessavantes.com ).

Armée du Peuple, Armée du Roi : Les militaires face à la société en Indonésie et en Thaïlande

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782355960291 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1306 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

À quoi doit servir l’armée dans les grands pays d’Asie du Sud-Est ? Pendant de longues années, la réponse donnée par l'Indonésie comme par la Thaïlande a été claire. Les militaires contrôlaient la vie politique, l'activité économique, et s’efforçaient d'assurer leur emprise à tous les niveaux de la société. Depuis 1992 à Bangkok et 1998 à Jakarta, les uniformes semblent de nouveau cantonnés à leur tâche traditionnelle de défense nationale. Mais ce mouvement est-il définitif et est-il même “naturel” dans des sociétés en pleine mutation ? Ce livre, qui ouvre la collection analyses en regard s’efforce d’apporter des réponses à ces questions, dessinant ainsi ce que pourrait être l’avenir des relations entre civils et militaires dans la région.

State and Media in Thailand During Political Transition : Proceedings of the Symposium organized by the French Embassy, the German Embassy, the National Press Council of Thailand and Irasec at the Thai Journalist Association Building on May 2007, 23rd

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782956447016 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.354 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The emergence of public opinion in Thailand through media was a sign of the development of modernity in the Kingdom. Growing influence of the public opinion raised a double question to local authorities: Media tended to spread western concepts, such as “democracy” or “freedom”; which could be integrated to the local traditions; they could also set the bases of a modern state. By law or ownership concentration authorities have regularly attempted to grip on independent media. Nowadays debates on press freedom in Thailand are a new development of this long lasting antagonism. On the initiative of the French and German Embassies in Thailand, Irasec with the National Press Council of Thailand organized on May 23rd, 2007 a seminar on the relationship between State and Media in Thailand at the Thai Journalist Association. This seminar occurred at a very specific time in Thai modern politics. Since the beginning of the political crisis late 2005 and especially after the Coup d'Etat on September 2006, Thailand has committed to a long process of reforms and political reconstruction which is supposed to be followed by the approval of a new constitution by referendum. This should be the 18th Constitution since the founding of the modern State in 1932. However interrogations and worries remain over the whole process. During this political transition the role of media is particularly sensitive. The current situation in Thailand emphasizes concerns for press freedom. State censorship, self-censorship, media ownerships and ethics are of highest interest and worriment, and widely discussed in the frame of the Constitution drafting. Despite a high degree of freedom, notably in print media - a more worrisome situation is looming regarding radios, TV and especially internet, uncertainty and retrograde reforms could further damage the reliability of Thai media.

Les Chemises Rouges de Thaïlande

Author:
ISBN: 9782355960116 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.999 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Cette étude retrace les différents événements fondateurs du mouvement dit des Chemises rouges, depuis leur création embryonnaire à la veille du coup d'État du 19 septembre 2006 jusqu'à leur écrasante victoire électorale du 3 juillet 2011. Offrant un examen détaillé des actions et des motivations des différentes organisations et groupuscules qui composent les Chemises rouges, l'auteur s'attache à décrypter leur rapport au monde, les relations qui les lient à la personne de Thaksin Shinawatra et à son parti, l'ancien Thai Rak Thai, mais aussi à la monarchie et à l'histoire officielle de leur propre pays. C'est par l'invocation de personnalités, de discours et de symboles que transparaissent alors les forces et les faiblesses de ce mouvement hétérogène, diffus et pourtant décisif dans l'histoire politique contemporaine de la Thaïlande.

Myanmar:Reintegrating into the International Community

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789814759915 Year: DOI: 10.1142/9981 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-24 08:26:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Located at the junction of East Asia, South Asia and Southeast Asia, Myanmar is one of the most important countries in the world's geopolitical landscape. Its ongoing political and economic reforms arouse growing concern from the international community, especially great powers like the US, Japan, India and China. Will the demostic reform bring Myanmar back to the international community? How and to which extent does the demostic reform change Myanmar's relations with other countries?This book is based on papers presented at an international conference on Myanmar held at the Institute of Myanmar Studies in Yunnan University, China in 2014. Based on their long-term observation and studies, experts from China, Laos, Myanmar, Germany, Singapore and the US share their opinions on Myanmar's domestic reform and foreign relations, as well as the current situation and future prospect. This book contributes to better understanding of Myanmar in its dramatic political and social transition.

The Kachin Conflict : Testing the Limits of the Political Transition in Myanmar

Author:
ISBN: 9782355960154 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.241 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Fighting in Kachin state flared back up just months after President Thien Sein came to power in March 2011. The new government almost immediately began negotiating a series of peace agreements with ethnic armed groups declaring that the signature of a nationwide ceasefire with all ethnic armed groups would be a priority for this first civilian administration. By convincing the majority of groups involved in armed struggle against the Tatmadaw to sign ceasefire agreements, the predominantly civilian government succeeded in winning some credibility, both nationally and internationally. At the same time, several old fault lines have re-emerged, among them the conflict in Kachin and Northern Shan States. The roots of the conflict in Kachin State between the KIO and government troops go back to grievances over control of the territory (and its lucrative natural resources) and the preservation of ethnic identity after the end of British colonial rule in 1948. The rekindling of this old conflict, after seventeen years of ceasefire, serves as a powerful reminder of the fragility of certain aspects of the transition process. The setback to conflict and blockage of peace process with the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) and its Army (KIA) show that some structural political issues remain, such as the recognition of local power structures and decentralization. While much has been written in the media about the legal, economic, and political reforms in Myanmar; academic research about the Kachin Conflict, as well as firsthand information remains scarce. Analyzing the causes of the conflict and current impediments to peace in Kachin territories provides an illustration of the limits of the transition process. This research examines the personal experiences of a strong sample of influential Kachin people, shows the complexity of notions of war and peace in the collective Kachin memory, as well as the reinterpretation of these by local leadership for political ends.

Buddhism and Politics in Thailand

Author:
ISBN: 9782355960468 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.2951 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Despite the often-repeated assertion that Buddhism and politics are, or at least must be, separate matters, Buddhism has been closely intertwined with politics one way or another since the Buddha’s time. In Thailand, Buddhism has been used since the end of the 19th century as a tool to legitimate state power. In the following decades, it has been progressively centralized under a national hierarchy, which is still existing today. This scheme was not altered after the change of the country’s political framework in 1932 and political tensions with the sangha came to the fore during the political troubles of the 1970s. The emergence of an increasing political divide in Thailand since the mid-2000s, around two broad groups which have been dubbed the Yellow Shirts and the Red Shirts, has engulfed the monastic community, leading to a growing activism by some Buddhist groups, some temples and some monks. Numerous monks mingled with Red Shirts demonstrators in April-May 2010, and some were on the front-line when the military gave the assault on the Red Shirts’ camp in downtown Bangkok. In the most recent years, these tensions have coalesced around the controversial Dhammakaya temple and have impacted the choice of the leader of the Thai monastic community. Although, tensions within the sangha are nothing new, they have weakened the ability of Buddhism – one of the national pillars of the Thai national ideology – to be a focal point as the country is going through a difficult transition with the end of seven-decades prestigious reign and political uncertainties clouding the horizon.

Listing 1 - 7 of 7
Sort by