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Sustainability Transition Towards a Bio-Based Economy: New Technologies, New Products, New Policies

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ISBN: 9783038973805 9783038973812 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-381-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Ecology --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-29 10:05:43
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This book proposes an array of 11 key papers aimed at investigating the complex and multifaceted nature of the bio-based economy, focusing both on a conceptual understanding of the transition and on the measurement issues associated with it. More specifically, the papers included in this book can be broadly divided in two groups: (1) those aiming at adding to our understanding of the transition process towards a sustainable bio-based economy; and (2) those aiming at adding to the definition and measurement of the emerging sustainable bio-based economy. The book offers a comprehensive view of the phenomenon, providing a logical framework for understanding the ongoing transition towards a bio-based economy, as well as an overview of existing tools to assess and measure it. Policy-makers will largely benefit from the book, which contributes to taking a further step towards the much-needed transition to sustainability.

Energy and Seismic Renovation Strategies for Sustainable Cities

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ISBN: 9783038979449 9783038979456 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-945-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 09:16:44
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The principle of sustainability should be strictly connected with safety, since both aim to conserve resources: in the case of sustainability, the resources are typically thought of as environmental, while in the case of safety, the resources are basically human. In spite of this common ground, discussions on sustainability usually give insufficient attention to safety. In the last years the EU has made large investments to increase the energy efficiency of the existing building stock, paving the way for a low-carbon future; however, less effort has been made to enhance its seismic resilience. Therefore, the safety and, consequently, the sustainability of towns situated in earthquake-prone countries remain inadequate. In such countries, energy renovation actions should be combined with seismic retrofitting. However, a number of barriers considerably limit the real possibility of extensively undertaking combined retrofit actions, especially for multi-owner housing and high-rise buildings. These barriers are of different kinds: technical (e.g., unfeasibility and/or ineffectiveness of conventional retrofit solutions), financial (e.g., high renovation costs, insufficient incentives/subsidies), organizational (e.g., occupants’ disruption and relocation, renovation consensus by condominium ownerships), and cultural/social (insufficient information and skills, lack of adequate policy measures for promoting renovation actions). This book aims to overcome these barriers and to bridge the gap between sustainability and safety, so to conserve both human and environmental resources.

Multi-Objective and Multi-Attribute Optimisation for Sustainable Development Decision Aiding

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ISBN: 9783039211425 9783039211432 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-143-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Optimization is considered as a decision-making process for getting the most out of available resources for the best attainable results. Many real-world problems are multi-objective or multi-attribute problems that naturally involve several competing objectives that need to be optimized simultaneously, while respecting some constraints or involving selection among feasible discrete alternatives. In this Reprint of the Special Issue, 19 research papers co-authored by 88 researchers from 14 different countries explore aspects of multi-objective or multi-attribute modeling and optimization in crisp or uncertain environments by suggesting multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) and multi-objective decision-making (MODM) approaches. The papers elaborate upon the approaches of state-of-the-art case studies in selected areas of applications related to sustainable development decision aiding in engineering and management, including construction, transportation, infrastructure development, production, and organization management.

Keywords

port scheduling --- berth-quay crane joint scheduling --- optimization study --- hybrid mathematical model --- multi-objective decision-making (MODM) --- sustainability --- vibration suppression --- single-cylinder engine --- multi-objective evolutionary algorithms --- dynamic analysis --- crank–slider --- ecological building --- clay blocks --- compacted clay --- straw bales --- cost calculation --- group decision making --- hesitant fuzzy set --- hospital evaluation --- linguistic hesitant fuzzy set and Standard variance --- bi-objective optimization --- heuristics --- discrete time/cost trade-off --- project scheduling --- Rough Hamy aggregator --- sustainable traffic --- Rough BWM --- Rough WASPAS --- construction --- roundabout --- optimization --- genetic algorithm --- artificial neural network --- apple --- drying --- rehydration --- renewable energy --- technology selection problem --- sustainable energy evaluation --- sustainable energy developments --- sustainable developments --- hierarchical SWARA --- MULTIMOORA --- multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) --- Multiple Attribute Decision Making (MADM) --- ranking --- healthcare facility --- location-allocation problem --- multiple objective optimization --- bi-level programming --- particle swarm optimization (PSO) --- cleaner production (CP) --- extended Tomada de Decisão Interativa Multicritério (TODIM) --- probabilistic linguistic term sets (PLTSs) --- hybrid multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) --- gold mines --- conceptual framework --- organizations --- sustainability --- sustainability hierarchy --- Total Interpretive Structural Modeling (TISM) --- sustainable transport --- public transport --- emission of pollutants --- travel times --- bus pass --- MCDM --- critical information infrastructures --- fuzzy --- AHP --- WSM --- WASPAS --- MCDM --- hybrid --- management --- grey --- SWARA --- TOPSIS-GM --- ARAS-G --- Geomean --- energy efficiency --- comfort of use of buildings --- historic buildings --- sustainable development --- surface transport --- innovation in transport --- policy measures --- sustainable transport policy --- multiple criteria decision aid --- hybrid expert system --- bat algorithm --- particle swarm optimization algorithm --- multi-purpose system --- water resource management --- project --- construction --- contractor --- multiple-criteria decision-making --- AHP --- sustainable solution --- choice --- expert --- building investment project --- risk --- assessment --- verbal analysis --- multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- multi-objective decision-making (MODM) --- optimization --- engineering --- management --- sustainable development

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