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Development Policies and Policy Processes in Africa: Modeling and Evaluation

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Book Series: Advances in African Economic, Social and Political Development ISSN: 2198-7262 / 2198-7270 ISBN: 9783319607139 9783319607146 Year: Pages: 351 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60714-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 11:53:46
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The book examines the methodological challenges in analyzing the effectiveness of development policies. It presents a selection of tools and methodologies that can help tackle the complexities of which policies work best and why, and how they can be implemented effectively given the political and economic framework conditions of a country. The contributions in this book offer a continuation of the ongoing evidence-based debate on the role of agriculture and participatory policy processes in reducing poverty. They develop and apply quantitative political economy approaches by integrating quantitative models of political decision-making into existing economic modeling tools, allowing a more comprehensive growth-poverty analysis. The book addresses not only scholars who use quantitative policy modeling and evaluation techniques in their empirical or theoretical research, but also technical experts, including policy makers and analysts from stakeholder organizations, involved in formulating and implementing policies to reduce poverty and to increase economic and social well-being in African countries.

Great Policy Successes

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ISBN: 9780198843719 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198843719.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-13 11:21:03
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"With so much media and political criticism of their shortcomings and failures, it is easy to overlook the fact that many governments work pretty well much of the time. Great Policy Successes turns the spotlight on instances of public policy that are remarkably successful. It develops a framework for identifying and assessing policy successes, paying attention not just to their programmatic outcomes but also to the quality of the processes by which policies are designed and delivered, the level of support and legitimacy they attain, and the extent to which successful performance endures over time. The bulk of the book is then devoted to 15 detailed case studies of striking policy successes from around the world, including Singapore's public health system, Copenhagen and Melbourne's rise from stilted backwaters to the highly liveable and dynamic urban centres they are today, Brazil's Bolsa Familia poverty relief scheme, the US's GI Bill, and Germany's breakthrough labour market reforms of the 2000s. Each case is set in context, its main actors are introduced, key events and decisions are described, the assessment framework is applied to gauge the nature and level of its success, key contributing factors to success are identified, and potential lessons and future challenges are identified. Purposefully avoiding the kind of heavy theorizing that characterizes many accounts of public policy processes, each case is written in an accessible and narrative style ideally suited for classroom use in conjunction with mainstream textbooks on public policy design, implementation, and evaluation.

Walkable Neighborhoods: The Link between Public Health, Urban Design, and Transportation

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ISBN: 9783039219308 9783039219315 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-931-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Transportation --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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It is now widely recognized that individual-based motivational interventions alone are not sufficient to address the global pandemic of physical inactivity (lack of exercise and too much sitting time). There has been a growing interest in the effect the physically built environment can have on people’s active behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that surrounding physical environments can support active behaviors among a large number of people with long-term effects. This topic has received much attention over the last decade, mainly in the three fields of urban design, public health, and transportation. This Special Issue aims to provide multidisciplinary and evidence-based state-of-the-art research on how the locations where people live impact their active behaviors and health outcomes.

Keywords

urban design --- active living --- aging --- physical activity --- sedentary behavior --- age-friendly environments --- older adult --- physical activity --- social connectedness --- physical environment --- citizen science --- Discovery Tool --- built environment --- urban health --- urban form --- walking --- physical activity --- health promotion --- walkability --- neighborhood --- older adult --- chronic diseases --- body mass --- disease mapping --- geographic variation --- obese --- overweight --- spatial analysis --- walkability --- traffic safety --- walking --- cycling --- infrastructure --- active travel --- active transport --- neighbourhood --- scale --- built environment --- physical activity --- walking --- soft mobility --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- health outcomes --- active living --- street network configuration --- peripheral neighbourhoods --- pedestrian flow --- streetscape features --- Istanbul --- walkable neighborhood --- sitting --- elderly --- built environment --- non-communicable diseases --- Africa --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- sedentary behaviour --- neighbourhood --- walkability --- active living --- survey --- questionnaire --- mobility management --- public transport --- step counts --- city planning --- compact city --- neighborhood --- natural experiment --- built environment --- urban design --- policy evaluation --- active living --- liveability --- Australia --- walkability --- environment --- overweight --- obesity --- review

Sustainable Smart Cities and Smart Villages Research: Rethinking

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ISBN: 9783039282180 9783039282197 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-219-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Over the last years, sophisticated policy making propositions for sustainable rural and urban development have been recorded. The smart village and smart city concepts promote a human-centric vision for a new era of technology-driven social innovation. This Special Issue offers a useful overview of the most recent developments in the frequently overlapping fields of smart city and smart village research. A variety of topics including well-being, happiness, security, open democracy, open government, smart education, smart innovation, and migration have been addressed in this Special Issue. They define the direction for future research in both domains. The organization of the relevant debate is aligned around three pillars: Section A: Sustainable Smart City and Smart Village Research: Foundations • Clustering Smart City Services: Perceptions, Expectations, and Responses • Smart City Development and Residents’ Well-Being • Analysis of Social Networking Service Data for Smart Urban Planning Section B: Sustainable Smart City and Smart Village Research: Case Studies on Rethinking Security, Safety, Well-being, and Happiness • Exploring a Stakeholder-Based Urban Densification and Greening Agenda for Rotterdam Inner City—Accelerating the Transition to a Liveable Low Carbon City • The Impact of the Comprehensive Rural Village Development Program on Rural Sustainability in Korea • Analyzing the Level of Accessibility of Public Urban Green Spaces to Different Socially Vulnerable Groups of People • Consumers’ Preference and Factors Influencing Offal Consumption in the Amathole District Eastern Cape, South Africa • Sustainable Tourism: A Hidden Theory of the Cinematic Image? A Theoretical and Visual Analysis of the Way of St. James • Future Development of Taiwan’s Smart Cities from an Information Security Perspective • Towards a Smart and Sustainable City with the Involvement of Public Participation—The Case of Wroclaw Section C: Sustainable Smart City and Smart Village Research: Technical Issues • Detection and Localization of Water Leaks in Water Nets Supported by an ICT System with Artificial Intelligence Methods as a Way Forward for Smart Cities • A Study of the Public Landscape Order of Xinye Village • Spatio-Temporal Changes and Dependencies of Land Prices: A Case Study of the City of Olomouc • Geographical Assessment of Low-Carbon Transportation Modes: A Case Study from a Commuter University • Performance Analysis of a Polling-Based Access Control Combined with the Sleeping Schema in V2I VANETs for Smart Cities.

Keywords

synergetic urban landscape planning --- low carbon cities --- densification --- liveability --- greening --- sustainable urban development --- urban planning --- policy evaluation --- sustainable rural policy --- spatial econometrics model --- decomposition method --- South Korea --- low-carbon transportation --- walk --- bike --- transit --- built-environment --- perceptions --- UNCG --- Greensboro --- North Carolina --- offal --- consumers --- perception --- consumption --- meat quality --- purchase-point --- pilgrimage and religion tourism --- sustainable pilgrimage tourism --- moviescapes --- the Way of St. James --- Accessibility --- urban green space --- social demand index --- surface temperature --- smart city --- ecological wellbeing --- population density --- small-sized community --- sustainable urban management --- spatial equity --- urban planning --- smart city --- information security --- cloud computation security --- big data information security --- Internet of things information security --- Smart Cities --- social networks --- ambient behavioral analysis --- urban planning --- decision making --- sustainability --- accessibility --- land price map --- land-use development --- geographic information system --- spatio-temporal changes --- sustainability --- Olomouc --- city sustainable development --- smart city implementation concept --- residents’ participation --- participatory budgeting --- Wroclaw 1998–2018 --- smart cities --- ICTS --- energy efficiency --- polling control --- probability generating function --- vehicular Ad-hoc networks (VANETs) --- vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) --- water supply networks --- network modelling --- leak detection --- artificial neural networks --- settlement --- culture --- public landscape --- landscape order --- Xinye Village --- smart city --- usefulness experience --- safety experience --- convenience experience --- SWB --- smart cities --- information and communication technologies --- technology clusters --- innovation transfer --- sustainability --- analytics --- ICTs --- policy making --- smart cities --- smart villages --- smart urban applications --- data mining --- analytics --- cloud computing and open source technologies --- sustainability --- entrepreneurship --- economic growth --- international migration --- forced migration --- smart technologies --- ICT --- open democracy --- open government --- smart education --- smart innovation

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